In every corridor, spaced not more than 30 feet apart and not further than 15 feet from any wall;
In each common use room, including living rooms, dining rooms, family rooms, lounges and recreation rooms but not including kitchens; and
A potable water supply shall be maintained at all times. If a public water supply is available, it shall be used. If a public water supply is not available, the well or wells shall comply with ch. NR 812
An adequate supply of hot water shall be available at all times. The temperature of hot water at a plumbing fixture used by residents may not exceed the range of 110°
(b) Sewage disposal.
All sewage shall be discharged into a municipal sewage system, if one is available. Otherwise the sewage shall be collected, treated and disposed of by means of an independent sewage system approved by the department of industry, labor and human relations under applicable state law and by the local authority.
Plumbing for potable water and for drainage for the disposal of excreta, infectious discharge and wastes shall comply with ch. SPS 382
The heating and air conditioning systems shall be capable of maintaining adequate temperatures and providing freedom from drafts.
Minimum temperatures of 72°
C.) shall be maintained during the day and 70°
C.) during the night in all bedrooms and in all areas used by the residents.
There shall be at least one operational non-pay telephone on the premises and as many additional telephones as are judged necessary in an emergency.
Facilities for the incineration of soiled dressings and similar wastes, as well as garbage and refuse, shall be provided when other methods of disposal are not available.
An incinerator may not be flue-fed nor shall any upper floor charging chute be connected with the combustion chamber.
(g) General lighting.
Adequate lighting shall be provided in all areas of the facility. Lighting shall be of a type that does not produce discomfort due to high brightness, glare or reflecting surfaces. No candles, oil lanterns or other open-flame method of illumination may be used.
The facility shall be well-ventilated through the use of windows or mechanical ventilation or a combination of both. No room may be used for living or sleeping purposes that does not have at least one openable window leading to the outside and direct outside ventilation by means of windows, louvers, or air conditioning or other mechanical ventilation. Other rooms and areas which do not have outside windows and which are used by residents or staff shall be provided with functioning mechanical ventilation to change the air on a basis commensurate with the type of use.
Kitchens, bathrooms, janitor closets and soiled linen rooms shall be ventilated.
When mechanical ventilation is provided, the resident area corridors and the lounge, dining, living and recreation areas shall be under positive pressure; and
No transom, louver or grill may be in or above a resident room door exiting to a corridor.
In all facilities nonconductive wall plates shall be provided for electrical outlets if the system is not properly grounded.
In newly constructed facilities at least 2 duplex-type wall outlets shall be provided in close proximity to each resident bed.
DHS 134.83 History
Cr. Register, June, 1988, No. 390
, eff. 7-1-88; correction in (8) (a) 1. made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, August, 1995, No. 476
correction in (8) (c) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, April, 2000, No. 532
; CR 04-053
: am. (4) (a) and (8) (a) 2., r. (5) (b), (c) and (d) Register October 2004 No. 586
, eff. 11-1-04; corrections in (5) (e) 1. and (6) (a) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register October 2007 No. 622
; correction in (8) (c) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2012 No. 673
One copy of the schematic and preliminary plans shall be submitted to the department for review and approval of the functional layout; and
One copy of the working plans and specifications shall be submitted to the department for review and approval before construction is begun. The department shall notify the facility in writing of any divergence in the plans and specifications, as submitted, from the rules in this chapter.
The plans and specifications required under par. (a)
shall show the general arrangement of the building, including a room schedule, fixed equipment for each room and room numbers, together with other pertinent information. Plans submitted shall be drawn to scale.
(a) Assignment of residents.
Except as provided in s. DHS 134.31 (3) (f) 1.
, residents of different sexes shall be separated by means of separate wings, floors or rooms.
Be located so that a person must pass through the bedroom to get to any other part of the facility;
Be located so that a person must pass through a toilet room or bathroom to get to any other part of the facility;
Be located so that a person must pass through a kitchen or laundry to get to the resident's room; or
Be located so that a person must pass through a kitchen or laundry to get to any other part of the facility.
Bedrooms in existing facilities shall have a floor area of at least 60 square feet per bed in multiple resident bedrooms and 80 square feet in single resident bedrooms, exclusive of vestibule, closets, built-in vanity and wardrobe, toilet rooms and built-in lockers.
Bedrooms in new facilities shall have a floor area of at least 80 square feet per bed in multiple resident rooms and 100 square feet in single rooms, exclusive of vestibule, closets, built-in vanity and wardrobe, toilet rooms and built-in lockers.
In all facilities, the ceiling height in bedrooms shall be a minimum of 7 feet, 6 inches.
(e) Bed arrangement.
The beds shall be arranged so that they are at least 3 feet apart, and a clear aisle space of at least 3 feet shall be provided between any bed and the entrance to the room.
In type II facilities, the bottom sill of windows in residents' rooms shall be no more than 3 feet from the floor.
(g) Closet space.
A closet or locker shall be provided for each resident in the resident's bedroom. Space allowed for each closet or locker shall be at least 15 inches wide by 18 inches deep by 5 feet in height, with clothes racks and shelves accessible to the resident.
(h) Room identification.
Each bedroom shall be identified with a unique number placed on or near the door.
(i) Design and proximity to baths.
Residents' rooms shall be designed and equipped for the comfort of residents and shall be designed and equipped for the privacy of residents unless specifically contraindicated by program needs. Each bedroom shall have within it or adjacent to it, or shall be conveniently located near, adequate toilet and bathing facilities.
DHS 134.84(3)(a)(a) General.
All lavatories shall have both hot and cold running water. Toilets shall be water-flushed and equipped with open front seats without lids.
(b) Employee and family facilities.
Toilets, baths and lavatories for use by employees and family members shall be separate from those used by residents, except in small facilities.
(c) Physically handicapped facilities.
Resident bathrooms and bathroom appliances shall be equipped for use by physically handicapped persons.
(d) Grab bars.
Grab bars shall be installed and firmly secured in toilet and bathing compartments.
(e) Wheelchair access.
On floors housing residents who use wheelchairs there shall be at least one toilet room large enough to accommodate wheelchairs.
DHS 134.84 Note
Requirements for wheelchair access to toilets in health care facilities are contained in ch. SPS 362
Separate toilet and lavatory facilities shall be provided for males and females in at least the following numbers:
One toilet and one lavatory for every 8 male residents. One urinal may be substituted for one toilet for every 24 ambulatory male residents.
One bathtub or shower shall be provided for every 20 residents, but in no case may there be fewer than 2 bathing facilities.
Each bathtub, shower and toilet shall be separated in such a manner that it can be used independently and afford privacy, unless specifically contraindicated by program needs, and shall be located on the same floor as the bedrooms of the residents who use it.
DHS 134.84(4)(a)(a) Multipurpose room area.
Each facility and each building housing residents within a facility complex shall have at least one furnished room or area, located near the residents' bedrooms, which can be used for dining, activity therapy or social activities of residents. This room or area, exclusive of walkways, shall provide a minimum of 15 square feet per resident except that in new construction minimum square footage per resident shall be as follows:
For facilities with 16 or fewer residents, 60 square feet per resident;
For facilities with 17 to 25 residents, 50 square feet per resident;
For facilities with 26 to 50 residents, 30 square feet per resident; and
For facilities with more than 50 residents, 25 square feet per resident.
(b) Sufficiency of space in multipurpose rooms or areas.
If a multipurpose room is used for dining, diversional, social and other resident activities, there shall be sufficient space in the room for these activities or the activities shall be scheduled in such a way as to accommodate all activities and minimize their interference with each other.
(c) Dining area.
Every facility or every building housing residents within a facility complex shall have at least one furnished dining room large enough to seat at least half of the residents at one time. Television trays or portable card tables may not be used as dining tables. Under no circumstances may the dining room be used as a bedroom.
Every facility shall have a kitchen which shall be adequate to meet food service needs and shall be arranged and equipped for the refrigeration, storage, preparation and serving of food, as well as for dish and utensil cleaning and refuse storage and removal.
The kitchen shall be located on the premises, or a sanitary method of transporting food shall be provided;
Kitchen and food preparation areas may not open into resident rooms, toilet rooms or a laundry room or area;
Adequate and convenient handwashing facilities shall be provided in the kitchen for use by food handlers, including hot and cold running water, soap and sanitary towels. Use of a common towel is prohibited;
At least a 2-compartment sink for manual dishwashing shall be provided in kitchen or dishwashing areas. A 3-compartment sink shall be provided when replacement is necessary; and
Rooms subject to sewage backflow or to condensation or leakage from overhead water or waste lines may not be used for food storage or preparation unless the food is effectively protected from contamination, which may involve storing the food a minimum of 6 inches above the floor, insulating water pipes or providing another means of preventing contamination of the food.