Register June 2019 No. 762
Chapter DHS 140
REQUIRED SERVICES OF LOCAL HEALTH DEPARTMENTS
Authority and purpose.
Level I local health department.
Level II local health department.
Level III local health department.
Local health officer qualifications.
Local health department level designation.
Ch. DHS 140 Note
Chapter HFS 140 was renumbered chapter DHS 140 under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 1., Stats., and corrections made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2009 No. 637
DHS 140.01 Authority and purpose.
This chapter is promulgated under the authority of s. 251.20
, Stats., which directs the department to specify by rule required services for each of 3 levels of local health departments. Under s. 251.05 (2)
, Stats., all local health departments are to provide at least level I services, while level II and level III local health departments are to provide additional services.
DHS 140.01 History
Cr. Register, July, 1998, No. 511
, eff. 8-1-98.
DHS 140.03 Definitions.
In this chapter:
“Community health assessment" means the regular, systematic collection, assembly, analysis and dissemination of information on the health of the community.
Community health improvement plan” means the written plan developed by a local health department with the involvement of key policy makers and the general public to implement the services and functions specified under s. 250.03 (1) (L)
, Stats., pursuant to s. 251.05 (3) (c)
, Stats., and the requirements of this chapter.
“Department" means the Wisconsin department of health services.
“Environmental health program" means the assessment, management, control and prevention of environmental factors that may adversely affect the health, comfort, safety or well-being of individuals within the jurisdiction of the local health department by individuals qualified under s. 440.98
, Stats., and ch. DHS 139
“Epidemiological investigation" means the systematic examination and detailed inquiry into the circumstances and causal factors associated with a given disease or injury.
“General public health nursing program" means the organization and delivery of public health nursing services by public health nurses qualified under s. 250.06 (1)
, Stats., and s. DHS 139.08
to individuals within the jurisdiction of the local health department.
“Health promotion" means programs and services that increase the public understanding of health, assist in the development of more positive health practices and enhance or maintain the health of the community as a whole.
“Human health hazard" means a substance, activity or condition that is known to have the potential to cause acute or chronic illness or death if exposure to the substance, activity or condition is not abated or removed.
“Local health department" means an agency of local government that has any of the forms specified in s. 250.01 (4)
“Local health officer" means the person in charge of a local health department who meets the qualifications and is responsible for carrying out the duties established under s. 251.06
“Other disease prevention" means programs and services that reduce the risk of disease, disability, injury or premature death caused by such factors as risky behaviors, poor health practices or environmental agents of disease.
“Public health system" means organized community efforts aimed at the prevention of disease and the promotion and protection of health, including activities of public and private agencies and voluntary organizations and individuals.
“State health officer" means the individual appointed under s. 250.02 (1)
, Stats., by the secretary of the department to develop public health policy for the state and direct state public health programs.
“Surveillance" means the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of data concerning disease, injuries or human health hazards, and the timely dissemination of these data to persons responsible for preventing and controlling disease or injury and others who need to know.
DHS 140.03 History
Cr. Register, July, 1998, No. 511
, eff. 8-1-98; corrections in (2), (3) and (5) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 6.
, Stats., Register January 2009 No. 637
; CR 18-014: cr. (1m) Register June 2019 No. 762, eff. 7-1-19; correction in (1m) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register June 2019 No. 762.
DHS 140.04 Level I local health department. DHS 140.04(1)(1)
A level I local health department shall provide leadership for developing and maintaining the public health system within its jurisdiction by conducting all of the following:
Identify health problems, environmental public health hazards, and social and economic risks that affect the public's health.
Develop recommendations regarding public health policy, processes, programs, or interventions, including the community health improvement plan.
Conduct timely investigations of health problems and environmental public health hazards in coordination with other governmental agencies and stakeholders.
Establish written protocols for obtaining laboratory services at all times.
Conduct activities required of local health departments under ch. DHS 144
, relating to immunization of students.
Comply with the requirements of ch. DHS 145
, relating to prevention, monitoring, conducting epidemiological investigations, and control of communicable diseases, including outbreaks.
Improve public recognition and awareness of communicable diseases and other illnesses of public health importance.
Provide or facilitate community-based initiatives to prevent communicable diseases.
Develop and implement interventions intended to reduce the incidence, prevalence or onset of chronic diseases or to prevent or ameliorate injuries that are the leading causes of disability and premature death in the local health department's jurisdiction, as identified in the community health assessment or the most recent state public health agenda.
Identify and implement strategies to improve access to health services.
Participate in the development of response strategies and plans in accordance with local, state, and national guidelines to address public health emergencies as defined in s. 323.02 (16)
Communicate and coordinate with health care providers, emergency service providers, and other agencies and organizations that respond to a disaster, outbreak or emergency.
Define the role of public health personnel in responding to a disaster, outbreak, or emergency, and activate these personnel during any such occurrence.
Maintain and execute an agency plan for providing continuity of operations during a disaster, outbreak, or emergency, including a plan for accessing resources necessary for response or recovery.
Establish processes to ensure the local health department is immediately notified of an actual or potential disaster, outbreak, or emergency.
Implement strategies intended to protect the health of vulnerable populations during a disaster, outbreak, or emergency.
Develop and implement interventions, policies, and systems to promote practices that support positive public health outcomes and resilient communities.