(4) Gates and gateways.
“Gates and gateways" means a gate or gateway width of which is no less than the aggregate width required for exits under chs. SPS 361
on May 1, 1978 for a building the occupant load of which is the same as the occupant load of the migrant labor camp.
“Camp operator" means a person who maintains a migrant labor camp.
“Common use facilities" means structures or areas other than sleeping or living quarters designed to be used by camp occupants not members of the same family.
“Occupant" means any person who lives in a migrant labor camp.
“Service buildings" means common use facilities for toilets, lavatories, showers and laundry facilities.
Except as provided under par. (b)
, plans and specifications for all new construction including additions to existing buildings intended for use as housing or common use facilities shall be approved by the department before letting contracts or commencing work.
DWD 301.07 Note
Note: Plans and specifications for all new construction, including additions to existing buildings, may also require the approval of the Department of Safety and Professional Services under the Wisconsin Commercial Building Code. Contact the Department of Safety and Professional Services, Division of Safety and Buildings, 201 W. Washington Avenue, Madison, WI 53703 for further information.
An operator constructing any of the following buildings shall not be required to submit plans and specifications under par. (a)
if the operator submits notice of intent to construct such a building to the department prior to constructing such a building:
Single story buildings for use as housing for not more than 2 families.
Buildings for use by not more than 10 persons not members of the same family.
Common use facilities containing less than 25,000 cubic feet total volume providing they have no floor or roof span greater than 30 feet and are not more than 2 stories high.
Three copies of plans and one copy of specifications are required for approval.
A plot plan of the migrant camp which includes the location and grades of adjoining streets, alleys, lot lines and any other buildings on the same lot or property.
Intended use or uses of all rooms, and the number of persons to be accommodated therein.
All requirements of chs. SPS 361
, Wisconsin Commercial Building Code applicable to approval of plans shall apply unless specifically exempted from this code.
One set of approved plans shall be kept by the owner or camp operator and made available to the inspector.
The department may, upon written application by a camp operator and inspection by a migrant labor inspector, grant written permission to individual camp operators to vary temporarily from particular provisions set forth in this section, which variance may not extend beyond March 31 of the year immediately following the year of approval, if the extent of the variance is clearly specified and if the camp operator demonstrates to the department that:
A variance is necessary to obtain a beneficial use of an existing facility;
A variance is necessary to prevent a practical difficulty or unnecessary hardship; and
The department may, upon written application by a camp operator and inspection by a migrant labor inspector, grant written permission to a camp operator to permanently vary from the provisions of this section if:
Appropriate alternative measures have been taken to protect the health and safety of the occupants and to assure that the purpose of the provisions from which variance is sought will be observed.
Written application for a variance under this subsection shall be filed with the department. A variance shall not be effective until granted in writing by the department.
DWD 301.07 Note
Note: The application form for a variance may be obtained by request from the Bureau of Migrant, Refugee, and Labor Services, P.O. Box 7972, Madison WI 53707-7972.
Housing sites shall be well drained and free from depressions in which water may stagnate.
Housing shall not be subject to, or in proximity to conditions which create or are likely to create or attract insects or be subject to noise, traffic, or any similar hazardous condition.
Grounds within the housing site shall be free from debris, noxious plants (poison ivy, etc.) and uncontrolled weeds or brush.
The housing site shall provide a space for recreation reasonably related to the size of the facility and type of occupancy.
No mobile home unit shall be located less than 10 feet from any other building or from the boundary line of the premises on which it is located.
To insure that the housing site is not subject to a hazardous condition arising from pesticide application, the camp operator shall give notice to camp occupants immediately or as soon as reasonably possible, of the aerial application of pesticides on immediately adjacent land, as defined in ch. ATCP 29
, which is owned or controlled by another party, such notice having been received by the camp operator. Camp operators shall request this notice from persons who own or control adjacent land.
To insure that the housing site is not subject to a hazardous condition arising from pesticide application, the camp operator shall provide to camp occupants advance notice of at least 24 hours of any pesticide application on any land adjacent to the camp which is owned or controlled by the camp operator. If the application date or time is changed so that the application will occur before or after the intended date or time specified in the original notice of application, a new notice shall be given as soon as possible prior to the application. In this subdivision, “adjacent land"means land within 250 feet of the housing site, including land separated from the camp by a roadway.
As used in subds. 1.
, notice shall be given in English and in the language of the camp occupants, if other than English, by posting a written statement on a camp bulletin board or at the location where the camp occupants report for work in a place where it can be easily seen by the camp occupants. The notice shall include, but not be limited to: the intended date and time of application, the location of the land on which the pesticide is expected to be applied, the trade or common name of the pesticide and a statement from the pesticide label of the practical treatment for potential side effects, including but not limited to emergency first aid measures and information for physicians on treatment of poisons.
An adequate and convenient supply of water safe for human consumption shall be provided for the camp occupants. As used in this subsection, “safe for human consumption" means:
That a water sample obtained within the 6 month period prior to the date the camp is to be occupied has been found bacteriologically safe by a state approved laboratory; and
That the water sample has been analyzed by the approved laboratory for nitrate concentration and found to contain a nitrate-nitrogen level not exceeding 10 milligrams per litre. If the nitrate-nitrogen level exceeds 10 milligrams per litre, a camp may be certified provided that:
A notice is posted at each water outlet, and actual notice is provided, in language understandable by the camp occupants, stating that the water may be hazardous to the health of infants under 6 months of age and to pregnant women; and
A supply of water containing a nitrate-nitrogen level not exceeding 10 milligrams per litre is provided for consumption by infants and pregnant women and the notice informs the camp occupants that this supply of water for infants and pregnant women is available.
The department shall conduct the water sampling and testing for each camp. The cost of the testing and sampling shall be included in the application fee under s. DWD 301.07 (1) (a)
DWD 301.07 Note
Note: The requirement for water testing applies only to well water. In addition, the camp operator has the option of doing sampling and testing in the 6 month period before occupancy and submitting the results to the department.
Facilities shall be provided and maintained for effective disposal of excreta and liquid waste in a manner which neither creates nor is likely to create a nuisance, or a hazard to health.
Raw or treated liquid waste shall not be discharged or allowed to accumulate on the ground surface of the camp.
If public sewer systems are available, all facilities for disposal of excreta and liquid wastes shall be connected thereto.
If public sewers are not available, a subsurface septic tank, seepage system or other type of liquid waste treatment and disposal system shall be provided.
Housing shall comply with the following codes or sections of this code.
Housing shall have flooring constructed of rigid materials, smooth finished, readily cleanable, and so located as to prevent the entrance of ground and surface water.
Each room used for sleeping purposes shall contain at least 50 square feet of floor space for each occupant.
In a room where workers cook, live, and sleep a minimum of 100 square feet per person shall be provided.
Only a single family may live in a one-family housing unit, except as approved by the department. A single family may include parents and their unmarried children, grandparents, unaccompanied married children, and dependent minor relatives. The department may allow other individuals to share a one-family housing unit with a family, taking into consideration the following factors:
Housing used for a family with one or more children over 6 years of age shall have a room or partitioned sleeping area for the spouses. The partition shall be of rigid materials and installed so as to provide reasonable privacy.
In dormitory accommodations a camp operator shall make available upon request curtains, or partitions to permit reasonable privacy between individual sleeping units. A double bunk bed shall be considered an individual sleeping unit.
Separate sleeping accommodations shall be provided for all the members of each sex or for each family.
Partitions between living units in a multifamily shelter shall extend from the floor to the ceiling of the shelter.
There shall be adequate and separate arrangements for hanging clothing and storing personal effects for each person or family.
The floor area in each living unit shall have a minimum ceiling height of 7 feet.
Each habitable room shall have at least one window or skylight opening directly to the out-of-doors.
The minimum total window or skylight areas, including windows in doors, shall equal at least 10% of the usable floor area.
The total window area which opens shall equal at least 45% of the minimum window or skylight area required, unless comparable adequate ventilation is supplied by mechanical or some other method.
All outside openings shall be protected with screening of not less than 16 mesh.
All screen doors shall be tight fitting, in good repair and equipped with self-closing devices.
All living quarters and service buildings shall be provided with permanently installed, operable heating equipment capable of maintaining a temperature of at least 68°
A stove or other source of heat utilizing combustible fuel shall be installed and vented in such a manner as to prevent fire hazards and a dangerous concentration of gases and shall be in compliance with chs. SPS 361
, Wisconsin Commercial Building Code.
If a solid or liquid fuel stove is used in a room with wood or other combustible flooring, the stove shall sit on a concrete slab, insulated metal sheet, or other fireproof material, extending at least 24 inches beyond the perimeter of the base of the stove.
Any wall or ceiling within 24 inches of a solid or liquid fuel stove or a stovepipe shall be of fireproof material.