Register January 2022 No. 793
Chapter Med 10
Authority and intent.
Ch. Med 10 Note
Note: Chapter Med 16 as it existed on October 31, 1976 was repealed and a new Chapter Med 10 was created effective November 1, 1976.
The definitions of this chapter are adopted by the medical examining board pursuant to the authority delegated by ss. 15.08 (5) 227.11
, and 448.40
, Stats., for the purposes of ch. 448
Physicians act with a high level of independence and responsibility, often in emergencies. Every physician represents the medical profession in the community and must do so in a manner worthy of the trust bestowed upon the physician and the profession. The minimally competent practice of medicine and surgery require that care of the patient is paramount. Physicians must therefore act with honesty, respect for the law, reasonable judgment, competence, and respect for patient boundaries.
Med 10.01 History
Cr. Register, October, 1976, No. 250
, eff. 11-1-76; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, May, 1989, No. 401
; CR 13-008
: am. (title), renum. to (1), cr. (2) Register September 2013 No. 693
For the purposes of this chapter:
“Adequate supervision" means a physician should be competent to perform the delegated medical act, and must have reasonable evidence that the supervised individual is minimally competent to perform the act under the circumstances.
“License" means any license, permit, certificate, or registration issued by the board or by any other credentialing jurisdiction with the authority to grant credentials to practice medicine and surgery, or any other practice authorized within ch. 448
Med 10.02 History
Cr. Register, October, 1976, No. 250
, eff. 11-1-76; cr. (2)(s), Register, October, 1977, No. 262
, eff. 11-1-77; am. (2) (m), Register, April, 1978, No. 268
, eff. 5-1-78; am. (2) (s), Register, May, 1978, No. 269
, eff. 6-1-78; reprinted to correct History note, Register, June, 1980, No. 294
; r. and recr. (2) (o), cr. (2) (t), Register, September, 1985, No. 357
, eff. 10-1-85; cr. (2) (u), Register, April, 1987, No. 376
, eff. 5-1-87; cr. (2) (v), Register, January, 1988, No. 385
, eff. 2-1-88; am. (2) (s), Register, March, 1990, No. 411
, eff. 3-1-90; cr. (2) (x), Register, September, 1990, No. 417
, eff. 10-1-90; cr. (2) (w), Register, October, 1990, No. 418
, eff. 11-1-90; am. (2) (q), Register, August, 1992, No. 440
, eff. 9-1-92; cr. (2) (y), Register, September, 1992, No. 441
, eff. 10-1-92; cr. (2) (z), Register, May, 1995, No. 473
, eff. 6-1-95; cr. (2) (za), Register, April, 1996, No. 484
, eff. 5-1-96; am. (2) (q), Register, September, 1996, No. 489
, eff. 10-1-96; corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, February, 1997, No. 494
; cr. (2) (zb), Register, May, 1998, No. 509
, eff. 6-1-98; r. (2) (v) and (y), am. (2) (za), Register, December, 1999, No. 528
, eff. 1-1-00; CR 01-031
: am. (2) (s) (intro.) and (zb) (intro.), Register October 2001 No. 550
, eff. 11-1-01; CR 02-008
: cr. (2) (zc), CR 02-055
: cr. (2) (zd), Register November 2002 No. 563
, eff. 12-1-02; CR 13-008
: r. and recr. Register September 2013 No. 693
, eff. 10-1-13.
“Unprofessional conduct" includes the following, or aiding or abetting the same:
Violating or attempting to violate ch. 448
, Stats., or any provision, condition, or term of a valid rule or order of the board.
Knowingly engaging in fraud or misrepresentation or dishonesty in applying, for or procuring a medical license, by examination for a medical license, or in connection with applying for or procuring periodic renewal of a medical license, or in otherwise maintaining such licensure.
Knowingly giving false, fraudulent, or deceptive testimony while serving as an expert witness.
Knowingly, negligently, or recklessly making any false statement, written or oral, in the practice of medicine and surgery which creates an unacceptable risk of harm to a patient, the public, or both.
Engaging in any act of fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation, including acts of omission to the board or any person acting on the board's behalf.
Obtaining any fee by fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation.
Directly or indirectly giving or receiving any fee, commission, rebate, or other compensation for professional services not actually and personally rendered, unless allowed by law. This prohibition does not preclude the legal functioning of lawful professional partnerships, corporations, or associations.
Representing or claiming as true the appearance that a physician possesses a medical specialty certification by a board recognized certifying organization, such as the American Board of Medical Specialties, or the American Osteopathic Association, if it is not true.
Engaging in uninvited in-person solicitation of actual or potential patients who, because of their particular circumstances, may be vulnerable to undue influence.
Engaging in false, misleading, or deceptive advertising.
Failure to adequately supervise delegated medical acts performed by licensed or unlicensed personnel.
Practicing or attempting to practice under any license when unable or unwilling to do so with reasonable skill and safety. A certified copy of an order issued by a court of competent jurisdiction finding that a person is mentally incompetent is conclusive evidence that the physician was, for any period covered by the order, unable to practice medicine and surgery with reasonable skill and safety.
Departing from or failing to conform to the standard of minimally competent medical practice which creates an unacceptable risk of harm to a patient or the public whether or not the act or omission resulted in actual harm to any person.
Prescribing, ordering, dispensing, administering, supplying, selling, giving, or obtaining any prescription medication in any manner that is inconsistent with the standard of minimal competence.
Performing or attempting to perform any surgical or invasive procedure on the wrong patient, or at the wrong anatomical site, or performing the wrong procedure on any patient.
Administering, dispensing, prescribing, supplying, or obtaining a controlled substance as defined in s. 961.01 (4)
, Stats., other than in the course of legitimate professional practice, or as otherwise permitted by law.
Except as otherwise provided by law, a certified copy of a relevant finding, order, or judgment by a state or federal court or agency charged with making legal determinations shall be conclusive evidence of its findings of facts and conclusions of law.
A certified copy of a finding, order, or judgment demonstrating the entry of a guilty plea, nolo contendere plea or deferred adjudication, with or without expungement, of a crime substantially related to the practice of medicine and surgery is conclusive evidence of a violation of this paragraph.
Engaging in sexually explicit conduct, sexual contact, exposure, gratification, or other sexual behavior with or in the presence of a patient, a patient's immediate family, or a person responsible for the patient's welfare.
Sexual motivation may be determined from the totality of the circumstances and shall be presumed when the physician has contact with a patient's intimate parts without legitimate medical justification for doing so.
For the purpose of this paragraph, an adult receiving treatment shall be considered a patient for 2 years after the termination of professional services.
If the person receiving treatment is a child, the person shall be considered a patient for the purposes of this paragraph for 2 years after termination of services or for 2 years after the patient reaches the age of majority, whichever is longer.
Engaging in any sexual contact or conduct with or in the presence of a patient or a former patient who lacks the ability to consent for any reason, including medication or psychological or cognitive disability.
Engaging in repeated or significant disruptive behavior or interaction with physicians, hospital personnel, patients, family members, or others that interferes with patient care or could reasonably be expected to adversely impact the quality of care rendered.
Knowingly, recklessly, or negligently divulging a privileged communication or other confidential patient health care information except as required or permitted by state or federal law.
Performing an act constituting the practice of medicine and surgery without required informed consent under s. 448.30
Aiding or abetting the practice of medicine by an unlicensed, incompetent, or impaired person or allowing another person or organization to use his or her license to practice medicine. This provision does not prohibit a Wisconsin physician or any other practitioner subject to this chapter from providing outpatient services ordered by a physician licensed in another state, if the physician who wrote the order saw the patient in the state in which the physician is licensed and the physician who wrote the order remains responsible for the patient.
Violating the practice standards under s. Cos 2.03
to practice medicine and surgery while serving as a medical director or physician who delegates and supervises services performed by non-physicians, including aiding or abetting any person's violation of s. Cos 2.03
Practicing medicine in another state or jurisdiction without appropriate licensure. A physician has not violated this paragraph if, after issuing an order for services that complies with the laws of Wisconsin, his or her patient requests that the services ordered be provided in another state or jurisdiction.
Patient abandonment occurs when a physician without reasonable justification unilaterally withdraws from a physician-patient relationship by discontinuing a patient's treatment regimen when further treatment is medically indicated and any of the following occur:
The physician fails to give the patient at least 30 days notice in advance of the date on which the physician's withdrawal becomes effective.
The physician fails to allow for patient access to or transfer of the patient's health record as required by law.
The physician fails to provide for continuity of prescription medications between the notice of intent to withdraw from the physician-patient relationship and the date on which the physician-patient relationship ends, if the prescription medications are necessary to avoid unacceptable risk of harm.