NR 151.095(8)(b) (b) Enforcement following notice and direct enforcement. The department shall provide notice to the owner or operator of an existing livestock facility in accordance with sub. (6) or (7) prior to the department initiating enforcement action under s. 281.98, Stats., except in cases of repeated mismanagement, such as allowing repeated manure storage overflows, where the department may pursue direct enforcement under s. 281.98, Stats., for the second and subsequent offenses.
NR 151.095 Note Note: The implementation and enforcement procedures in this section are limited to actions taken by the department under s. 281.98, Stats., for noncompliance with a livestock performance standard or prohibition. Pursuant to other statutory authority, the department may take direct enforcement action without cost sharing against a livestock producer for willful or intentional acts or other actions by a producer that pose an imminent or immediate threat to human health or the environment.
NR 151.095 Note Note: An owner or operator of a new livestock facility is required to meet the livestock performance standards and prohibitions at the time the new facility is created. This requirement shall be met regardless of cost sharing.
NR 151.095(9) (9) Notification to municipalities. The department shall notify the appropriate municipality, including a county land conservation committee, prior to taking any of the following actions under this subsection:
NR 151.095(9)(a) (a) Contacting an owner or operator to investigate compliance with livestock performance standards and prohibitions.
NR 151.095(9)(b) (b) Issuing a notice under sub. (6) or (7) to an owner or operator.
NR 151.095(9)(c) (c) Taking enforcement action under s. 281.98, Stats., against an owner or operator for failing to comply with a livestock performance standard or prohibition in this subchapter.
NR 151.095(9)(d) (d) Notification is not required if the site is an imminent threat to public health or fish and aquatic life.
NR 151.095 History History: CR 00-027: cr. Register September 2002 No. 561, eff. 10-1-02; CR 09-112: am. (1) (intro.), (5) (b) 2. c., 5., (c) 3., (d) 2. a., c., (6) (b) 2. b., (7) (b) 1. b., (8) (b), r. (6) (a) 3. h., (7) (a) 3. e. Register December 2010 No. 660, eff. 1-1-11.
NR 151.096 NR 151.096Local livestock operation ordinances and regulations.
NR 151.096(1)(1)Local regulations that exceed state standards; approval required.
NR 151.096(1)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (b), a local governmental unit may not enact a livestock operation ordinance or regulation for water quality protection that exceeds the performance standards or prohibitions in ss. NR 151.05 to 151.08 or the related conservation practices or technical standards in ch. ATCP 50, unless the local governmental unit obtains approval from the department under sub. (2), or receives approval from DATCP pursuant to s. ATCP 50.60.
NR 151.096(1)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to any of the following:
NR 151.096(1)(b)1. 1. Local ordinances or regulations that address cropping practices that are not directly related to the livestock operation.
NR 151.096(1)(b)2. 2. Local ordinances or regulations enacted prior to October 1, 2002.
NR 151.096 Note Note: See s. 92.15, Stats. A person adversely affected by a local livestock regulation may oppose its adoption at the local level. The person may also challenge a local regulation in court if the person believes that the local governmental unit has violated sub. (1) or s. 92.15, Stats. A local governmental unit is responsible for analyzing the legal adequacy of its regulations, and may exercise its own judgment in deciding whether to seek state approval under this section.
NR 151.096 Note Note: Subsection (1) does not limit or expand the application of s. 92.15, Stats., to ordinances or regulations enacted prior to October 1, 2002.
NR 151.096(2) (2) Department approval.
NR 151.096(2)(a)(a) To obtain department approval under sub. (1) for an existing or proposed regulation, the head of the local governmental unit or the chair of the local governmental unit's governing board shall do all of the following:
NR 151.096(2)(a)1. 1. Submit a copy of the livestock operation ordinance or regulation or portion thereof to the department and to the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
NR 151.096(2)(a)2. 2. Identify the provisions of the regulation for which the local governmental unit seeks approval.
NR 151.096(2)(a)3. 3. Submit supporting documentation explaining why the specific regulatory provisions that exceed the performance standards, prohibitions, conservation practices or technical standards are needed to achieve water quality standards, and why compliance cannot be achieved with a less restrictive standard.
NR 151.096(2)(b) (b) The department shall notify the local governmental unit in writing within 90 calendar days after the department receives the ordinance or regulation as to whether the ordinance or regulation, or portion thereof is approved or denied and shall state the reasons for its decision. Before the department makes its decision, the department shall solicit a recommendation from DATCP. If the department finds the regulatory provisions are needed to achieve water quality standards, the department may approve the ordinance or regulation or portion thereof.
NR 151.096(3) (3) Local permits. Local permits or permit conditions are not subject to the review and approval procedures in this section unless the permit conditions are codified in a local ordinance or regulation.
NR 151.096 Note Note: A local permit requirement does not, in and of itself, violate sub. (1), but permit conditions codified in a local ordinance or regulation must comply with sub. (1). If a local governmental unit routinely requires permit holders to comply with uncodified water quality protection standards that exceed state standards, those uncodified requirements may be subject to court challenge for noncompliance with s. 92.15, Stats., and sub. (1) as de facto regulatory enactments. A local governmental unit may forestall a legal challenge by codifying standard permit conditions and obtaining any necessary state approval under this section. The department will review codified regulations, but will not review individual permits or uncodified permit conditions under sub. (2).
NR 151.096 History History: CR 00-027: cr. Register September 2002 No. 561, eff. 10-1-02.
NR 151.097 NR 151.097Variances.
NR 151.097(1)(1)The department may grant a variance to the performance standards, technical standards or other non-statutory requirements in this subchapter.
NR 151.097(2) (2)The department may not grant a variance solely on the basis of economic hardship.
NR 151.097(3) (3)The department may grant a variance only if all of the following conditions are met:
NR 151.097(3)(a) (a) Compliance with the performance standard or technical standard is not feasible due to site conditions. This condition does not apply to research activities conducted as part of a planned agricultural research and farming curriculum.
NR 151.097(3)(b) (b) The landowner or operator will implement best management practices or other corrective measures that ensure a level of pollution control that will achieve a level of water quality protection comparable to that afforded by the performance standards in this subchapter.
NR 151.097(3)(c) (c) The conditions for which the variance is requested are not created by the landowner or operator or their agents or assigns. This condition does not apply to research activities conducted as part of a planned agricultural research and farming curriculum.
NR 151.097(4) (4)The department shall use the following process when administering a variance request:
NR 151.097(4)(a) (a) The landowner or operator shall submit the variance request to the department or governmental unit, including a county land conservation committee within 60 days of receiving the notice.
NR 151.097(4)(b) (b) The governmental unit shall forward any variances that it receives to the department. The department may consider a recommendation from the governmental unit concerning acceptance of the variance request.
NR 151.097(4)(c) (c) The department shall make its determination based on the factors in sub. (3).
NR 151.097(4)(d) (d) The department shall notify the landowner or operator and the governmental unit of its determination. If the variance is granted, the department or governmental unit shall send to the landowner or operator an amended notice.
NR 151.097(4)(e) (e) The period of time required to make a ruling on a variance request does not extend the compliance periods allowed under ss. NR 151.09 and 151.095.
NR 151.097 Note Note: The department may consider decisions made by a governmental unit, in accordance with local ordinance provisions, when making its determination whether to accept or deny the variance.
NR 151.097 History History: CR 00-027: cr. Register September 2002 No. 561, eff. 10-1-02.
subch. III of ch. NR 151 Subchapter III — Non-Agricultural Performance Standards
NR 151.10 NR 151.10Purpose. This subchapter establishes performance standards, as authorized by s. 281.16 (2) (a), Stats., for non-agricultural facilities and practices that cause or may cause nonpoint runoff pollution. These performance standards are intended to limit nonpoint runoff pollution in order to achieve water quality standards. Design guidance and the process for developing technical standards to implement this section are set forth in subch. V.
NR 151.10 History History: CR 00-027: cr. Register September 2002 No. 561, eff. 10-1-02.
NR 151.105 NR 151.105Construction site performance standard for non-permitted sites.
NR 151.105(1)(1)Applicability. Except as provided under sub. (2), this section applies to all of the following:
NR 151.105(1)(a) (a) A construction site that consists of land disturbing construction activity of less than one acre.
NR 151.105 Note Note: Land disturbing construction sites of less than one acre are not regulated under subch. III of ch. NR 216 unless designated by the department under s. NR 216.51 (3).
NR 151.105(1)(b) (b) Construction projects that are exempted by federal statutes or regulations from the requirement to have a national pollutant discharge elimination system permit issued under 40 CFR 122, for land disturbing construction activity.
NR 151.105(2) (2) Exemptions. This section does not apply to the following:
NR 151.105(2)(a) (a) One- and two- family dwellings regulated by the department of commerce pursuant to s.101.653, Stats.
NR 151.105(2)(b) (b) Agricultural facilities and practices.
NR 151.105(2)(c) (c) Silviculture activities.
NR 151.105(3) (3) Responsible party. The landowner of the construction site or other person contracted or obligated by other agreement with the landowner to implement and maintain construction site BMPs is the responsible party and shall comply with this section.
NR 151.105(4) (4) Requirements. Erosion and sediment control practices at each site where land disturbing construction activity is to occur shall be used to prevent or reduce all of the following:
NR 151.105(4)(a) (a) The deposition of soil from being tracked onto streets by vehicles.
NR 151.105(4)(b) (b) The discharge of sediment from disturbed areas into on-site storm water inlets.
NR 151.105(4)(c) (c) The discharge of sediment from disturbed areas into adjacent waters of the state.
NR 151.105(4)(d) (d) The discharge of sediment from drainage ways that flow off the site.
NR 151.105(4)(e) (e) The discharge of sediment by dewatering activities.
NR 151.105(4)(f) (f) The discharge of sediment eroding from soil stockpiles existing for more than 7 days.
NR 151.105(4)(g) (g) The transport by runoff into waters of the state of chemicals, cement and other building compounds and materials on the construction site during the construction period. However, projects that require the placement of these materials in waters of the state, such as constructing bridge footings or BMP installations, are not prohibited by this paragraph.
NR 151.105 Note Note: In accordance with subch. V, the department has developed technical standards to help meet the construction site performance standards. These technical standards are available from the department at dnr.wi.gov.
NR 151.105(5) (5) Location. BMPs shall be located so that treatment occurs before runoff enters waters of the state.
NR 151.105(6) (6) Implementation. The BMPs used to comply with this section shall be implemented as follows:
NR 151.105(6)(a) (a) Erosion and sediment control practices shall be constructed or installed before land disturbing construction activities begin.
NR 151.105(6)(b) (b) Erosion and sediment control practices shall be maintained until final stabilization.
NR 151.105(6)(c) (c) Final stabilization activity shall commence when land disturbing activities cease and final grade has been reached on any portion of the site.
NR 151.105(6)(d) (d) Temporary stabilization activity shall commence when land disturbing construction activities have temporarily ceased and will not resume for a period exceeding 14 calendar days.
NR 151.105(6)(e) (e) BMPs that are no longer necessary for erosion and sediment control shall be removed by the responsible party.
NR 151.105 History History: CR 09-112: cr. Register December 2010 No. 660, eff. 1-1-11.
NR 151.11 NR 151.11Construction site performance standard for sites of one acre or more.
NR 151.11(1)(1)Determination of soil loss. In this section, soil loss is calculated using the appropriate rainfall or runoff factor, also referred to as the R factor, or an equivalent design storm using a type II distribution, with consideration given to the geographic location of the site and the period of disturbance.
NR 151.11 Note Note: The universal soil loss equation and its successors, revised universal soil loss equation and revised universal soil loss equation 2, utilize an R factor which has been developed to estimate soil erosion, averaged over extended time periods. The R factor can be modified to estimate monthly and single-storm erosion.
NR 151.11(2) (2) Applicability. This section applies to any construction site that consists of one acre or more of land disturbing construction activity.
NR 151.11(2)(a) (a) Subsections (3), (4), (5), (6), and (7) apply to all of the following:
NR 151.11(2)(a)1. 1. Construction sites for which the department received a notice of intent in accordance with subch. III of ch. NR 216 before January 1, 2011.
NR 151.11(2)(a)2. 2. Construction sites for which the department of commerce received a notice of intent in accordance with ch. SPS 360 before January 1, 2011.
NR 151.11(2)(a)3. 3. Construction sites for which a bid has been advertised or construction contract signed for which no bid was advertised, before January 1, 2011.
NR 151.11(2)(b) (b) Subsections (3) (a) to (d), (4), (5), (6m), (7), and (8) apply to all of the following:
NR 151.11(2)(b)1. 1. Construction sites for which the department received a notice of intent in accordance with subch. III of ch. NR 216 on or after January 1, 2011.
NR 151.11(2)(b)2. 2. Construction sites for which a bid has been advertised or construction contract signed for which no bid was advertised, on or after January 1, 2011.
NR 151.11(3) (3) Exemptions. This section does not apply to the following:
NR 151.11(3)(a) (a) Construction projects that are exempted by federal statutes or regulations from the requirement to have a national pollutant discharge elimination system permit issued under 40 CFR 122, for land disturbing construction activity.
NR 151.11(3)(b) (b) Transportation facilities, except transportation facility construction projects that are part of a larger common plan of development such as local roads within a residential or industrial development.
NR 151.11 Note Note: Transportation facility performance standards are given in subch. IV.
NR 151.11(3)(c) (c) Nonpoint discharges from agricultural facilities and practices.
NR 151.11 Note Note: This exemption is for nonpoint discharges from agricultural facilities and practices, such as cropping and pasturing. Subchapter III of ch. NR 216 also exempts nonpoint discharges, but regulates point source discharges of storm water, such as the construction of barns, manure storage facilities, sand settling lanes, and barnyard runoff control systems. Under s. NR 216.42 (2), such construction sites are subject to the construction performance standards of this section.
NR 151.11(3)(d) (d) Nonpoint discharges from silviculture activities.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.