NR 200.065(1)(d) (d) The department may require the applicant to monitor 11 times for chloride for major municipal discharges or minor municipal discharges when the source of wastewater is from hard water communities, or for industrial process wastewater discharges from dairies, canneries, meat processors, water utilities that utilize ion-exchange water softening and other industrial categories expected to have high chloride levels.
NR 200.065(1)(e) (e) The department may require the applicant to monitor 4 times for the metals arsenic, cadmium, lead, nickel and zinc for major municipal discharges or minor municipal discharges when levels of those metals measured in the wastewater treatment system sludge from a facility are abnormally high compared with other similar facilities in the state.
NR 200.065(1)(f) (f) The department may require the applicant to monitor for the dioxin and furan congeners listed in s. NR 106.115 (2) for a major municipal discharge or minor municipal discharge when sources of wastewater include a pulp or paper mill or both, a leather tannery, a petroleum refinery or an organic chemical manufacturer or for a primary industrial discharge if the industry is a pulp or paper mill or both, a leather tannery, a petroleum refinery or an organic chemical manufacturer.
NR 200.065(1)(g) (g) The department may require monitoring for any other pollutant not specified in Table 1 if its presence could be reasonably expected based on wastewater sources.
NR 200.065(1)(h) (h) An applicant for permit reissuance may apply test data collected to fulfill current permit required monitoring or data collected for other reasons to fulfill these requirements if:
NR 200.065(1)(h)1. 1. No more than 5 years have elapsed since the monitoring; and
NR 200.065(1)(h)2. 2. No operational changes have occurred since the monitoring.
NR 200.065(1)(i) (i) Unless the monitoring is required by federal regulations, the department may exempt applicants from some or all of the monitoring requirements in this subsection for reasons including, but not limited to, any of the following:
NR 200.065(1)(i)1. 1. Parameters such as flow, hardness or pH measured in the discharge or receiving water would result in proposed effluent limitations for a pollutant much greater than anticipated discharge levels for that pollutant, based upon measurements from similar discharges.
NR 200.065(1)(i)2. 2. Proposed effluent limitations for a pollutant would be much greater than anticipated discharge levels for that pollutant, based on previous measurements made since significant facility changes have occurred.
NR 200.065(1)(i)3. 3. Previous monitoring from similar facilities indicate the absence of significant quantities of a pollutant or class of pollutants.
NR 200.065(2) (2)New discharge. The department may require a person applying for a new discharge permit to conduct pilot studies or other tests or provide effluent data from similar facilities to project pollutant levels in the proposed discharge.
NR 200.065 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1999, No. 527, eff. 12-1-99; correction in (1) (f) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register February 2010 No. 650; CR 17-002: am. Table 1 Register April 2018 No. 748, eff. 5-1-18.
NR 200.07 NR 200.07Application forms.
NR 200.07(1) (1) Application for a discharge permit shall be in a form approved by the department. Different application forms are used to provide information from different types of sources of discharge. The department may prescribe forms prepared by the environmental protection agency for use when appropriate or may modify such forms as necessary.
NR 200.07(2) (2) Application forms may be obtained by contacting the department.
NR 200.07 Note Note: Persons may obtain application forms by writing to the department regional office or the Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Watershed Management, Box 7921, Madison, Wisconsin 53707 or by calling one of those offices. Persons requesting an application form should say they wish to apply for a WPDES permit and provide their name, address, telephone number and a brief description of the facility which will generate the wastewater discharge.
NR 200.07(3) (3) Application forms shall be filed with the department at the address provided on the application.
NR 200.07(4) (4) Persons submitting application forms or electronic permit application agreements to the department shall sign the form or agreement and certify to the accuracy of the information pursuant to s. NR 205.07 (1) (g).
NR 200.07(5)(a)(a) Applications for new or existing manufacturing, commercial, mining, silvicultural, and non-contact cooling water dischargers, sewage sludge generators, and publicly owned treatment works. In addition to any other information required under ch. 283, Stats., or other WPDES permit application regulations, an owner or operator of a facility applying for a WPDES permit shall submit the information specified in 40 CFR 122. 21(f) through (h), (j), (k) and (q) that is required for the applicant’s type of discharge. The applicant shall submit this information on the application form in sub. (1), or as an attachment to the form.
NR 200.07(5)(b) (b) Applications for discharges from aquatic animal production facilities. In addition to any available monitoring data, owners or operators of aquatic animal production facilities shall include the all of following information in the permit application:
NR 200.07(5)(b)1. 1. The maximum daily and average monthly flow from each outfall.
NR 200.07(5)(b)2. 2. The number of ponds, raceways, and similar structures.
NR 200.07(5)(b)3. 3. The name of the receiving water and the source of intake water.
NR 200.07(5)(b)4. 4. For each species of aquatic animal, the total yearly and maximum harvestable weight.
NR 200.07(5)(b)5. 5. The calendar month of maximum feeding and the total mass of food fed during that month.
NR 200.07 Note Note: Application requirements for concentrated animal feeding operations are included in ch. NR 243. Additional application requirements for stormwater sources are found in ch. NR 216. Application requirements for facilities with cooling water intake structures may be found in 40 CFR 122.21(r).
NR 200.07 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1985, No. 353, eff. 6-1-85; am. (1), (4) (intro.), Register, November, 1996, No. 491, eff. 12-1-96; am. (2) to (4), Register, November, 1999, No. 527, eff. 12-1-99; CR 17-002: cr. (5) Register April 2018 No. 748, eff. 5-1-18.
NR 200.09 NR 200.09Incomplete application. The department may require an applicant to submit data necessary to complete any deficient application, may require any additional data other than that requested in the application or may require the applicant to submit a complete new application where the deficiencies are extensive or the appropriate form has not been used. Within 60 days of the date of receipt of a request from the department for additional data, the applicant shall submit the data. A permit may not be issued until a complete application is submitted to the department. A permit application will not be considered complete until the requirements of s. 23.11, Stats., and ch. NR 150 are met, and all required information is submitted.
NR 200.09 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1985, No. 353, eff. 6-1-85; am. Register, December, 1995, No. 480, eff. 1-1-96; am. Register, November, 1999, No. 527, eff. 12-1-99.
NR 200.10 NR 200.10Time periods for action on permit applications and modification requests.
NR 200.10(1) (1) Within 100 business days of receipt of a complete permit application or request for modification of an existing permit the department shall publish a class 1 notice under ch. 985, Stats., indicating its intended action.
NR 200.10(2) (2) Where a complete reissuance application has been received at least 180 calendar days prior to the permit expiration date, the department shall, at least 25 business days prior to the expiration date, publish a class 1 notice under ch. 985, Stats., indicating its intended action. Where a complete reissuance application is not received at least 180 calendar days prior to the permit expiration date, the time deadline in sub. (1) shall apply.
NR 200.10(3) (3) The department's final decision on a permit application or request for modification shall be made within 50 business days after completion of the hearing process under s. 283.49, Stats., and consideration of the environmental impact of the project as required by s. 1.11, Stats.
NR 200.10(4) (4) The time deadlines in subs. (1) to (3) are not applicable to permit applications or modification requests submitted to the department by a municipality.
NR 200.10 Note Note: One hundred business days is approximately 140 calendar days; 50 business days is approximately 70 calendar days; 25 business days is approximately 30 calendar days.
NR 200.10(5) (5) The time deadlines in sub. (2) are not applicable if the department determines, pursuant to s. 283.53, Stats., that the permittee is not in substantial compliance with all the terms, conditions, requirements and schedules of compliance of the expiring permit.
NR 200.10 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1985, No. 353, eff. 6-1-85; correction in (3) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, November, 1996, No. 491; cr. (5), Register, November, 1999, No. 527, eff. 12-1-99.
NR 200.11 NR 200.11 Draft Permit.
NR 200.11(1) (1) Once an application is complete, the department shall tentatively decide whether to prepare a draft permit or to deny the application.
NR 200.11(2) (2) If the department tentatively decides to deny the permit application, the department shall issue a notice of intent to deny. A notice of intent to deny the permit application shall follow the same procedures as any draft permit prepared under this section. If the department's final decision is that the tentative decision to deny the permit application was incorrect, the department shall withdraw the notice of intent to deny and proceed to prepare a draft permit under sub. (4).
NR 200.11(3) (3) If the department tentatively decides to issue a WPDES permit, a draft permit shall be prepared under sub. (4).
NR 200.11(4) (4) A draft permit shall contain terms and conditions required pursuant to ch. 283, Stats., and all rules promulgated pursuant to ch. 283, Stats.
NR 200.11(5) (5) All draft permits prepared by the department under this section shall be accompanied by a fact sheet if required under ch. NR 201. The department shall provide public notice of the draft permit and fact sheet, and opportunity for a public hearing under ch. NR 203 and ch. 283, Stats.
NR 200.11 History History: CR 14-027: cr. Register July 2015 No. 715, eff. 8-1-15; correction in (2), (3) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register July 2015 No. 715.
subch. III of ch. NR 200 Subchapter III — Application for Water Quality Standards Variances
NR 200.20 NR 200.20General.
NR 200.20(1) (1) When the department issues, reissues or modifies a permit to include a water quality based effluent limitation under s. 283.13 (5), Stats., the permittee may apply to the department for a variance from the water quality standard used to derive the limitation. 
NR 200.20(2) (2) In order to obtain a variance, a permittee shall demonstrate, by the greater weight of credible evidence, that attaining the water quality standard is not feasible because of one or more of the following:
NR 200.20(2)(a) (a) Naturally occurring pollutant concentrations prevent the attainment of the standard.
NR 200.20(2)(b) (b) Natural, ephemeral, intermittent or low flow conditions or water levels prevent the attainment of the standard, unless these conditions may be compensated for by the discharge of sufficient volume of effluent discharges without violating water conservation requirements.
NR 200.20(2)(c) (c) Human caused conditions or sources of pollution prevent the attainment of the standard and cannot be remedied or would cause more environmental damage to correct than to leave in place.
NR 200.20(2)(d) (d) Dams, diversions or other types of hydrological modifications preclude the attainment of the standard, and it is not feasible to restore the water body to its original condition or to operate the modification in a way that would result in the attainment of the standard.
NR 200.20(2)(e) (e) Physical conditions related to the natural features of the water body, such as the lack of proper substrate, cover, flow, depth, pools, riffles, and the like, unrelated to water quality, preclude attainment of aquatic life protection uses.
NR 200.20(2)(f) (f) The standard, as applied to the permittee, will cause substantial and widespread adverse social and economic impacts in the area where the permittee is located.
NR 200.20 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1999, No. 527, eff. 12-1-99.
NR 200.21 NR 200.21Time deadline for filing variance requests.
NR 200.21(1)(1)Applications. A permittee who wishes to apply for a variance from a water quality based effluent limitation shall submit an application for a variance within the time period specified in s. 283.15 (2) (am) (1), Stats.
NR 200.21(2) (2)Expedited variance. As an alternative to sub. (1), a permittee may apply for a variance as part of the application for permit reissuance under s. 283.15 (2) (a), Stats. Any application for a variance under s. 283.15, Stats., shall comply with application requirements of s. NR 200.20. The department may notify a permit applicant before the permit application for reissuance is submitted that the permittee may apply for a variance to the water quality based effluent limitations that are likely to be included in the final permit or may seek renewal of a variance that has already been granted.
NR 200.21 Note Note: Submittal of a variance application with the application for permit reissuance is the preferred method for submittal.
NR 200.21 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1999, No. 527, eff. 12-1-99; CR 17-002: renum. 200.21 to (1) and am., cr. (2) Register April 2018 No. 748, eff. 5-1-18.
NR 200.22 NR 200.22Information to be included in an application for a variance.
NR 200.22(1) (1) A permittee applying for a variance shall supply the following information:
NR 200.22(1)(a) (a) Facility name, address and WPDES permit number.
NR 200.22(1)(b) (b) The name, address and telephone [number] of a facility contact person.
NR 200.22(1)(c) (c) The date the permit was issued, reissued or modified which gives rise to the request for a variance.
NR 200.22(1)(d) (d) Each water quality standard, pollutant and corresponding effluent limitation for which a variance is being requested.
NR 200.22(1)(e) (e) Results of monitoring data for the pollutant for which the permittee is seeking a variance which represents the past and current levels of effluent quality. Monitoring shall conform with the following:
NR 200.22(1)(e)1. 1. The submittal shall specify sample location, sample type, sampling dates, analysis dates and laboratory name and certification number.
NR 200.22(1)(e)2. 2. Data quantity shall be sufficient to allow appropriate statistical treatment to characterize effluent quality over time.
NR 200.22(1)(e)3. 3. Samples shall be collected on days when contributions from industrial, commercial or other processes or sources of wastewater are expected to be at normal levels.
NR 200.22(1)(e)4. 4. Results of monitoring shall be summarized in tabular or graphical format or both.
NR 200.22(1)(e)5. 5. Any changes, such as changes in contract lab or method of analysis or treatment or process changes that occurred which may have affected results or could explain data trends shall be noted and an explanation provided.
NR 200.22(1)(e)6. 6. In addition, for this data to be considered to be representative, the permittee shall supply information to demonstrate that:
NR 200.22(1)(e)6.a. a. Sample results fall above the limit of quantitation for the analytical method used or that the most sensitive approved analytical method listed for the pollutant in ch. NR 219 was used with proper technique to produce the results.
NR 200.22(1)(e)6.b. b. Proper laboratory quality control procedures were used to generate the data. To make this demonstration, the permittee shall supply, for several representative analytical runs, the raw data for samples, calibrations, calibration verifications and quality control steps. The raw data for quality control steps shall include results of replicate samples, identity of samples used for replicate samples, matrix spikes, matrix spike concentrations used, reagent blanks, method blanks and quality control limits. Raw data, replicate sample, matrix spike and quality control limit have the meanings specified in s. NR 149.03.
NR 200.22 Note Note: In the revisions to Ch. NR 149, replicate samples are referred to and defined as “replicates".
NR 200.22(1)(e)6.c. c. Proper sampling quality control procedures designed to minimize sample contamination were used. This demonstration shall include a description of sampling procedures and submittal of results of field blanks. A field blank is a volume of reagent grade water which is handled in such a way so as to duplicate as closely as possible the exposure of a water sample to potential sources of contamination during sampling, preservation and transportation to the laboratory.
NR 200.22(1)(f) (f) Changes which could be made to enhance treatment or source reduction of flows coming to the treatment facility or which would reduce the level of toxicity or the discharge of the pollutant for which the permittee is seeking a variance. This information shall include the following:
NR 200.22(1)(f)1. 1. An estimate of capital and operating costs for the changes and a reasonable schedule for planning and accomplishing the work.
NR 200.22(1)(f)2. 2. If the source of the pollutant is believed to be from dissolution of metals from water supply distribution piping materials:
NR 200.22(1)(f)2.a. a. Information on past and current water supply treatment practices which may increase or decrease the corrosive nature of the water supply including what changes have been made and when.
NR 200.22(1)(f)2.b. b. Data on the water supply stability or corrosivity, using one of various methods of determination, for the raw and treated water supply.
NR 200.22(1)(f)2.c. c. Other potential water sources or methods of water supply treatment as an alternative.
NR 200.22(1)(g) (g) Information which establishes the significance of industrial and commercial wastewater sources versus domestic wastewater sources of the pollutant for which a variance is requested. This may include an approximate mass-balance calculation of treatment system loadings from all sources.
NR 200.22(1)(h) (h) For facilities which monitor the treatment system sludge pursuant to requirements in ch. NR 204 or 214 for the pollutant for which a variance is requested, results of the most recent 3 years of sludge testing, along with volumes disposed of so as to perform an approximate mass balance of the pollutant entering and leaving the plant.
NR 200.22(1)(i) (i) If a variance is being requested for whole effluent toxicity in conjunction with a specific chemical pollutant or if whole effluent toxicity failures have been experienced and they are believed to have resulted from the pollutant for which the variance is being requested, evidence which points to the pollutant as the cause of the whole effluent toxicity failures.
NR 200.22(1)(j) (j) Effluent limitations which the permittee believes it can currently achieve.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.