NR 216.456   Responsible parties.
NR 216.46   Erosion control plan requirements.
NR 216.47   Storm water management plan requirements.
NR 216.48   Reporting and monitoring requirements.
NR 216.49   Conformance with other applicable regulations.
NR 216.50   Amendments.
NR 216.51   Department actions.
NR 216.52   Use of information.
NR 216.54   Transfers.
NR 216.55   Notice of termination.
Ch. NR 216 Note Note: Corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, August, 1997, No. 500. Chapter NR 216 as it existed on July 31, 2004 was repealed and a new chapter NR 216 was created Register July 2004 No. 583, effective August 1, 2004.
NR 216.001 NR 216.001Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to establish criteria defining those storm water discharges needing WPDES storm water permits, as required by s. 283.33, Stats., and to implement the appropriate performance standards of subchs. III and IV of ch. NR 151. The goal of this chapter is to minimize the discharge of pollutants carried by storm water runoff from certain industrial facilities, construction sites and municipal separate storm sewer systems as identified in this chapter.
NR 216.001 History History: CR 03-028: cr. Register July 2004 No. 583, eff. 8-1-04.
NR 216.002 NR 216.002Definitions. For the purposes of this chapter the following definitions are applicable:
NR 216.002 Note Note: Additional definitions may be found in s. NR 205.03.
NR 216.002(1) (1)“Best management practices" or “BMPs" means structural or non-structural measures, practices, techniques or devices employed to avoid or minimize soil, sediment or pollutants carried in runoff to waters of the state.
NR 216.002(2) (2)“Construction site" means an area upon which one or more land disturbing construction activities occur that in total will disturb one acre or more of land, including areas that are part of a larger common plan of development or sale where multiple separate and distinct land disturbing construction activities may be taking place at different times on different schedules but under one plan such that the total disturbed area is one acre or more. A long-range planning document that describes separate construction projects, such as a 20-year transportation improvement plan, is not a common plan of development.
NR 216.002(3) (3)“Contaminated storm water" means storm water that comes into contact with material handling equipment or activities, raw materials, intermediate products, final products, waste materials, byproducts or industrial machinery in the source areas listed in s. NR 216.27 (3) (e).
NR 216.002(4) (4)“Department" means the department of natural resources.
NR 216.002(5) (5)“Discharge" has the meaning given it in s. 283.01 (4), Stats.
NR 216.002(6) (6)“Discharge of pollutant" or “discharge of pollutants" has the meaning given it in s. 283.01 (5), Stats.
NR 216.002(7) (7)“Erosion" means the process by which the land's surface is worn away by the action of wind, water, ice or gravity.
NR 216.002(8) (8)“Final stabilization" means that all land disturbing construction activities at the construction site have been completed and that a uniform perennial vegetative cover has been established with a density of at least 70% of the cover for the unpaved areas and areas not covered by permanent structures or that employ equivalent permanent stabilization measures.
NR 216.002(9) (9)“General WPDES permit" or “general permit" means a permit for the discharge of pollutants issued by the department under s. 283.35, Stats.
NR 216.002(10) (10)“Great Lakes areas of concern" means geographic areas that are severely degraded within the Great Lakes basin that include areas within the lower Fox river and Green Bay, Menominee river, Sheboygan river, St. Louis river and bay and the Milwaukee estuary.
NR 216.002(11) (11)“Illicit discharge" means any discharge to a municipal separate storm sewer system that is not composed entirely of storm water except discharges authorized by a WPDES permit or other discharge not requiring a WPDES permit such as landscape irrigation, individual residential car washing, fire fighting, diverted stream flows, uncontaminated groundwater infiltration, uncontaminated pumped groundwater, discharges from potable water sources, foundation drains, air conditioning condensation, irrigation water, lawn watering, flows from riparian habitats and wetlands, and similar discharges.
NR 216.002 Note Note: A discharge listed in the definition above may be regulated on a case-by-case basis under s. NR 216.07 (3) (b) or s. 283.31, Stats., if the MS4 permittee, municipality, or the department identifies it as a significant source of a pollutant to waters of the state.
NR 216.002(12) (12)“Impaired water" means a waterbody impaired in whole or in part and listed by the department pursuant to 33 USC 1313 (d) (1) (A) and 40 CFR 130.7, for not meeting a water quality standard, including a water quality standard for a specific substance or the waterbody's designated use.
NR 216.002(13) (13)“Infiltration system" means a device or practice such as a basin, trench, rain garden or swale designed specifically to encourage infiltration, but does not include natural infiltration in pervious surfaces such as lawns, redirecting of rooftop downspouts onto lawns or minimal infiltration from practices, such as swales or road side channels designed for conveyance and pollutant removal only.
NR 216.002(14) (14)“Land disturbing construction activity" means any man-made alteration of the land surface resulting in a change in the topography or existing vegetative or non-vegetative soil cover that may result in storm water runoff and lead to increased soil erosion and movement of sediment into waters of the state. Land disturbing construction activity includes clearing and grubbing, demolition, excavating, pit trench dewatering, filling and grading activities.
NR 216.002(15) (15)“Landowner" means any person holding fee title, an easement or other interest in property that allows the person to undertake land disturbing construction activity on the property.
NR 216.002(16) (16)“Major outfall" means a municipal separate storm sewer system outfall that meets one of the following criteria:
NR 216.002(16)(a) (a) A single pipe with an inside diameter of 36 inches or more, or from an equivalent conveyance (cross sectional area of 1,018 inch2) which is associated with a drainage area of more than 50 acres.
NR 216.002(16)(b) (b) A municipal separate storm sewer system that receives storm water runoff from lands zoned for industrial activity that is associated with a drainage area of more than 2 acres or from other lands with 2 or more acres of industrial activity, but not land zoned for industrial activity that does not have any industrial activity present is not classified as a major outfall under this paragraph.
NR 216.002(17) (17)“Municipal separate storm sewer system" or “MS4" means a conveyance or system of conveyances including roads with drainage systems, municipal streets, catch basins, curbs, gutters, ditches, constructed channels or storm drains, which meets all the following criteria:
NR 216.002(17)(a) (a) Owned or operated by a municipality.
NR 216.002(17)(b) (b) Designed or used for collecting or conveying storm water.
NR 216.002(17)(c) (c) Which is not a combined sewer conveying both sanitary and storm water.
NR 216.002(17)(d) (d) Which is not part of a publicly owned wastewater treatment works that provides secondary or more stringent treatment.
NR 216.002(18) (18)“Municipality" means any city, town, village, county, county utility district, town sanitary district, town utility district, school district or metropolitan sewage district or any other public entity created pursuant to law and having authority to collect, treat or dispose of sewage, industrial wastes, storm water or other wastes.
NR 216.002(19) (19)“Outfall" means the point at which storm water is discharged to waters of the state or to a storm sewer.
NR 216.002(20) (20)“Permittee" means a person who has applied for and received WPDES permit coverage for storm water discharge under this chapter.
NR 216.002(21) (21)“Person" means an individual, owner, operator, corporation, partnership, association, municipality, interstate agency, state agency or federal agency.
NR 216.002(22) (22)“Point source" means a discernible, confined and discrete conveyance of storm water for which a permit is required under s. 283.33, Stats.
NR 216.002(23) (23)“Pollutant" has the meaning given it in s. 283.01 (13), Stats.
NR 216.002(24) (24)“Pollution" has the meaning given it in s. 283.01 (14), Stats.
NR 216.002(25) (25)“Pollution prevention" means taking measures to eliminate or reduce pollution.
NR 216.002(26) (26)“Section 313 water priority chemical" means a chemical or chemical category which is all of the following:
NR 216.002(26)(a) (a) Listed at 40 CFR 372.65 pursuant to 42 USC 11023.
NR 216.002(26)(b) (b) Present at or above threshold levels at a facility subject to EPCRA s. 313 reporting requirements.
NR 216.002(26)(c) (c) Listed in appendix D of 40 CFR 122 on either table II, table III or table V or is listed as a hazardous substance pursuant to 33 USC 1321 (b) (2) (A) of the clean water act at 40 CFR 116.4.
NR 216.002(27) (27)“Sediment" means settleable solid material that is transported by runoff, suspended within runoff or deposited by runoff away from its original location.
NR 216.002(28) (28)“SIC" means standard industrial classification. SIC codes cited in this chapter are from the 1987 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual.
NR 216.002(29) (29)“Significant contributor" means a person who discharges to waters of the state pollutants that contribute to or have the reasonable potential to contribute to an exceedence of a water quality standard.
NR 216.002(30) (30)“Significant materials" means materials related to industrial activity that may contaminate storm water, including: raw materials; fuels; materials such as solvents, detergents and plastic pellets; finished materials such as metallic products; raw materials used in food processing or production; hazardous substances designated under 42 USC 9601 to 9675; any chemical the facility is required to report pursuant to 42 USC 11023; fertilizers; pesticides; and waste products such as ashes, slag and sludge that have the potential to be released with storm water discharges.
NR 216.002 Note Note: 42 USC 9601 to 9675 is also known as the comprehensive environmental response, compensation and liability act (CERCLA). 42 USC 11023 is also known as the emergency planning and community right-to-know act (EPCRA), or as section 313 of title III of the superfund amendments and reauthorization act (SARA) of 1986.
NR 216.002(31) (31)“Source area controls" means best management practices intended to prevent storm water runoff from contacting materials that can potentially contaminate it or if contact occurs, to reduce pollutants at the source of contamination.
NR 216.002(32) (32)“Stabilize" means the process of making a site steadfast or firm, minimizing soil movement by the use of practices such as mulching and seeding, sodding, landscaping, paving, graveling or other appropriate measures.
NR 216.002(33) (33)“Storm water" means runoff from precipitation including rain, snow, ice melt or similar water that moves on the land surface via sheet or channelized flow.
NR 216.002(34) (34)“Storm water outfall" means the point where a municipal separate storm sewer system discharges to waters of the state, or leaves one municipality and enters another.
NR 216.002(35) (35)“SWPPP" means storm water pollution prevention plan.
NR 216.002(36) (36)“TMDL" has the meaning given it in 40 CFR 130.2(i).
NR 216.002(37) (37)“Treatment BMP" means a storm water treatment system, works or practice that is designed to reduce or remove pollutants from contaminated storm water.
NR 216.002(38) (38)“Urbanized area" means a place and the adjacent densely settled surrounding territory that together have a minimum population of 50,000 people, as determined by the U.S. bureau of the census based on the latest decennial federal census.
NR 216.002(39) (39)“Urban storm water planning area" means the boundary defined by a municipality that serves as the appropriate planning area for the abatement of storm water runoff pollution into waters of the state.
NR 216.002(40) (40)“Waters of the state" has the meaning given it in s. 283.01 (20), Stats.
NR 216.002(41) (41)“Working day" means any day except Saturday and Sunday and holidays designated in s. 230.35 (4) (a), Stats.
NR 216.002(42) (42)“WPDES permit" means a Wisconsin pollutant discharge elimination system permit issued pursuant to ch. 283, Stats.
NR 216.002 History History: CR 03-028: cr. Register July 2004 No. 583, eff. 8-1-04.
NR 216.003 NR 216.003General permits.
NR 216.003(1)(1)Conditions and duration. In addition to the terms and conditions listed under this chapter, if a storm water discharge general permit is issued, it may require compliance with the terms and conditions identified in s. NR 205.08. The term of the permit shall be the maximum period of time provided by federal law.
NR 216.003 Note Note: A maximum time period of 5 years is allowed under federal law.
NR 216.003(2) (2) Limited coverage of general permits. Under s. 283.35, Stats., the department may issue a general permit that applies only to certain classes or categories of storm water discharges, or only to storm water discharges located in a designated area of the state, or both. Any limitation of the coverage of a general storm water discharge permit shall be stated in the permit. When the department receives a notice of intent or application for general permit coverage, it shall determine whether the discharge is for a class or category of storm water discharge that is covered by a general permit and is located within an area of the state to which the general permit applies. If the discharge is for a class or category that requires permit coverage but is not covered by a general permit or is for a discharge located outside of the area to which a general permit applies, the department shall treat the notice of intent or application as an application for an individual WPDES permit, and the landowner shall obtain an individual WPDES permit under this chapter for the discharge.
NR 216.003 History History: CR 03-028: cr. Register July 2004 No. 583, eff. 8-1-04.
NR 216.004 NR 216.004Noncompliance.
NR 216.004(1)(1)Any act of noncompliance with the provisions of any storm water discharge permit issued under this chapter is a violation of the permit and is grounds for enforcement action or denial of continued coverage under a general permit.
NR 216.004(2) (2)Permittees shall submit reports of noncompliance with requirements contained in a compliance schedule of the permit in writing within 14 days after the compliance schedule deadline. Reports of noncompliance shall include: a description of the noncompliance; its cause; the steps taken or planned to reduce, eliminate and prevent reoccurrence of the noncompliance; and the effect of the noncompliance on the permittee's ability to meet remaining deadlines.
NR 216.004(3) (3)The permittee shall immediately notify the department in accordance with ch. NR 706, in the event that a spill or accidental release of any hazardous material or substance results in the discharge of pollutants to waters of the state or creates a condition that may contaminate storm water discharged to waters of the state. The department shall be notified via the 24-hour toll-free spill hotline.
NR 216.004 Note Note: The department's 24-hour toll-free spill hotline is 1-800-943-0003.
NR 216.004(4) (4)The permittee shall take all reasonable steps to minimize or prevent any adverse impacts on the waters of the state resulting from noncompliance with a storm water discharge permit.
NR 216.004 History History: CR 03-028: cr. Register July 2004 No. 583, eff. 8-1-04.
NR 216.005 NR 216.005Long-term storm water maintenance requirements. The long-term storm water management practices installed by the landowner in accordance with a storm water management plan shall be maintained in accordance with the long-term maintenance agreement submitted to the department pursuant to s. NR 216.47 (5).
NR 216.005 Note Note: Pursuant to the requirements to maintain the long-term storm water management practices in accordance with ss. NR 151.12 and 151.24, the department may take enforcement action under this section and s. 281.98, Stats., against a landowner for not maintaining long-term storm water management practices.
NR 216.005 History History: CR 03-028: cr. Register July 2004 No. 583, eff. 8-1-04.
subch. I of ch. NR 216 Subchapter I — Municipal Storm Water Discharge Permits
NR 216.01 NR 216.01Purpose. The purpose of this subchapter is to identify municipalities that are required to obtain WPDES municipal storm water permits, and to establish the application and permit requirements for municipal storm water discharge permits, as required by s. 283.33, Stats. The goal of this subchapter is to address storm water quality concerns associated with urban runoff and prevent to the maximum extent practicable the discharge of pollutants from municipal separate storm sewer systems as identified in s. NR 216.02. The department shall consider other environmental problems facing municipalities and emphasize cost effective best management practices when determining what is practicable.
NR 216.01 History History: CR 03-028: cr. Register July 2004 No. 583, eff. 8-1-04.
NR 216.02 NR 216.02Permit coverage required. The following owners or operators of municipal separate storm sewer systems shall obtain coverage under a WPDES municipal storm water permit under this subchapter:
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.