Register February 2014 No. 698
Chapter NR 469
EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR HALOGENATED SOLVENT CLEANING OPERATIONS
NR 469.01   Applicability; purpose.
NR 469.02   Definitions.
NR 469.03   Batch cold cleaning machine standards.
NR 469.04   Batch vapor and in-line cleaning machine standards.
NR 469.05   Work and operational practice standards for batch vapor and in-line cleaning machines.
NR 469.06   Operational requirements associated with control devices for batch vapor and in-line cleaning machines.
NR 469.07   Idling emission limit standards for batch vapor and in-line cleaning machines.
NR 469.073   Control device and operational requirements for continuous web cleaning machines.
NR 469.077   Control device and operational requirements for remote reservoir continuous web cleaning machines.
NR 469.08   Alternative standards.
NR 469.085   Facility-wide standards.
NR 469.09   Test methods.
NR 469.10   Monitoring procedures.
NR 469.11   Recordkeeping requirements.
NR 469.12   Reporting requirements.
Ch. NR 469 Note Note: Corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, March, 1997, No. 495.
NR 469.01 NR 469.01 Applicability; purpose.
NR 469.01(1) (1) Applicability.
NR 469.01(1)(a)(a) This chapter applies to each individual batch vapor, in-line vapor, in-line cold and batch cold solvent cleaning machine that uses any solvent containing methylene chloride (CAS No. 75–09–2), perchloroethylene (CAS No. 127–18–4), trichloroethylene (CAS No. 79–01–6), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (CAS No. 71–55–6), carbon tetrachloride (CAS No. 56–23–5) or chloroform (CAS No. 67–66–3), or any combination of these halogenated HAP solvents, in a total concentration greater than 5% by weight, as a cleaning or drying agent. The concentration of these solvents may be determined using Method 18 in 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.04 (16), material safety data sheets, or engineering calculations. Wipe cleaning activities, such as using a rag containing halogenated solvent or a spray cleaner containing halogenated solvent are not covered under the provisions of this chapter.
NR 469.01 Note Note: Wipe cleaning activities may be regulated by s. NR 423.03 (7).
NR 469.01(1)(b) (b) Except as noted in ch. NR 460 Appendix T, the provisions of ch. NR 460 apply to owners or operators of any solvent cleaning machine meeting the applicability criteria of par. (a).
NR 469.01(1)(c) (c) Except as provided in par. (e), the owner or operator of each solvent cleaning machine subject to this chapter that commences construction or reconstruction after November 29, 1993, shall achieve compliance with the provisions of this chapter, except for s. NR 469.085, immediately upon startup.
NR 469.01(1)(d) (d) Except as provided in par. (e), the owner or operator of each solvent cleaning machine subject to this chapter that commenced construction or reconstruction on or before November 29, 1993, shall achieve compliance with the provisions of this chapter, except for s. NR 469.085, no later than December 2, 1997.
NR 469.01(1)(e) (e) Each continuous web cleaning machine subject to this chapter shall be in compliance with the provisions of this chapter, except for s. NR 469.085, no later than December 2, 1999.
NR 469.01(1)(f) (f) If you are an owner or operator of an area source subject to this chapter, you are exempt from the obligation to obtain a permit under ch. NR 407, provided you are not required to obtain a permit under s. NR 407.01 (1) for a reason other than your status as an area source under this chapter. Notwithstanding the previous sentence, you shall continue to comply with the provisions of this chapter applicable to area sources.
NR 469.01(1)(g) (g) The compliance date for the requirements in s. NR 469.085 depends on the date that construction or reconstruction of the affected facility commences. For purposes of this paragraph, “affected facility" means all solvent cleaning machines, except solvent cleaning machines used in the manufacture and maintenance of aerospace products, solvent cleaning machines used in the manufacture of narrow tubing and continuous web cleaning machines, located at a major source that are subject to the facility-wide limits in Table 8 of s. NR 469.085 (2) (b), and for area sources, “affected facility" means all solvent cleaning machines, except cold batch cleaning machines, located at an area source that are subject to the facility-wide limits in Table 8 of s. NR 469.085 (2) (b). The compliance dates for the requirements of s. NR 469.085 are as follows:
NR 469.01(1)(g)1. 1. Each affected facility that was constructed or reconstructed on or before August 17, 2006, shall be in compliance with the provisions of this chapter no later than May 3, 2010.
NR 469.01(1)(g)2. 2. Each affected facility that was constructed or reconstructed on or after August 17, 2006, shall be in compliance with the provisions of this chapter on May 3, 2007 or immediately upon startup, whichever is later.
NR 469.01(2) (2)Purpose. This chapter is adopted under ss. 285.11, 285.13, 285.27 (2) and 285.65, Stats., to establish emission standards for halogenated HAP solvent cleaning operations in order to protect air quality.
NR 469.01 Note Note: This chapter is based on the federal regulations contained in 40 CFR part 63 Subpart T, created December 2, 1994, as last revised on May 3, 2007.
NR 469.01 History History: Cr. Register, March, 1997, No. 495, eff. 4-1-97; CR 07-105: am. (1) (a), (c) and (d), cr. (1) (e) to (g) Register December 2008 No. 636, eff. 1-1-09; correction in (1) (b) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register February 2014 No. 698.
NR 469.02 NR 469.02 Definitions. For terms not defined in this section, the definitions contained in chs. NR 400 and 460 apply to the terms used in this chapter, with definitions in ch. NR 460 taking priority over definitions in ch. NR 400. In addition, the definitions in this section apply to the terms used in this chapter. If this section defines a term which is also defined in ch. NR 400 or 460, the definition in this section applies in this chapter rather than the definition in ch. NR 400 or 460.
NR 469.02(1) (1) “Air blanket" means the layer of air inside the solvent cleaning machine freeboard located above the solvent/air interface. The centerline of the air blanket is equidistant between the sides of the machine.
NR 469.02(1m) (1m) “Air knife system" means a device that directs forced air at high pressure, high volume or a combination of high pressure and high volume through a small opening directly at the surface of a continuous web part. The purpose of this system is to remove the solvent film from the surfaces of the continuous web part.
NR 469.02(2) (2) “Automated parts handling system" means a mechanical device that carries all parts and parts baskets at a controlled speed from the initial loading of soiled or wet parts through the removal of the cleaned or dried parts. Automated parts handling systems include, but are not limited to, hoists and conveyors.
NR 469.02(3) (3) “Batch cleaning machine" means a solvent cleaning machine in which individual parts or a set of parts move through the entire cleaning cycle before new parts are introduced into the solvent cleaning machine. An open-top vapor cleaning machine is a type of batch cleaning machine. Solvent cleaning machines, such as ferris wheel cleaners or cross-rod degreasers, that clean multiple batch loads simultaneously and are manually loaded are batch cleaning machines.
NR 469.02(4) (4) “Carbon adsorber" means a bed of activated carbon into which an air-solvent gas-vapor stream is routed and which adsorbs the solvent on the carbon.
NR 469.02(5) (5) “Clean liquid solvent" means fresh unused solvent, recycled solvent or used solvent that has been skimmed of oils or sludge and strained of metal chips or otherwise cleaned of soils.
NR 469.02(6) (6) “Cleaning capacity" means, for a cleaning machine without a solvent/air interface, the maximum volume of parts that may be cleaned at one time. In most cases, the cleaning capacity is equal to the volume (length times width times height) of the cleaning chamber.
NR 469.02(7) (7) “Cold cleaning machine" means any device or piece of equipment that contains or uses liquid solvent, into which parts are placed to remove soils from the surfaces of the parts or to dry the parts. Cleaning machines that contain and use heated, nonboiling solvent to clean the parts are classified as cold cleaning machines.
NR 469.02(8) (8) “Colorimetric detector tube" means a glass tube, sealed prior to use, containing material impregnated with a chemical that is sensitive to one halogenated HAP compound and is designed to measure the concentration of that halogenated HAP compound in air.
NR 469.02(8m) (8m) “Combined squeegee and air-knife system" means a system consisting of a combination of a squeegee system and an air-knife system within a single enclosure.
NR 469.02(9) (9) “Consumption" means the amount of halogenated HAP solvent added to the solvent cleaning machine.
NR 469.02(9m) (9m) “Continuous web cleaning machine" means a solvent cleaning machine in which parts such as film, coils, wire and metal strips are cleaned at speeds typically in excess of 11 feet per minute. Parts are generally uncoiled, cleaned such that the same part is simultaneously entering and exiting the solvent application area of the solvent cleaning machine and then recoiled or cut. For the purposes of this chapter, all continuous web cleaning machines are considered to be a subset of in-line solvent cleaning machines.
NR 469.02(10) (10) “Cover" means a lid, top or portal cover that shields the solvent cleaning machine openings from air disturbances when in place and is designed to be easily opened and closed without disturbing the vapor zone. Air disturbances include, but are not limited to, lip exhausts, ventilation fans and general room drafts. Types of covers include, but are not limited to, sliding, biparting and rolltop covers.
NR 469.02(11) (11) “Cross-rod solvent cleaning machine" means a batch solvent cleaning machine in which parts baskets are suspended from cross-rods as they are moved through the machine. In a cross-rod solvent cleaning machine, parts are loaded semi-continuously, and enter and exit the machine through a single portal.
NR 469.02(12) (12) “Downtime mode" means the time period when a solvent cleaning machine is not cleaning parts and the sump heating coils, if present, are turned off.
NR 469.02(13) (13) “Dwell" means, for a solvent cleaning machine equipped with a superheated vapor system, the technique of holding parts within the superheated vapor zone of the solvent cleaning machine. For a solvent cleaning machine not equipped with a superheated vapor system, it means the technique of holding parts within the freeboard area but above the vapor zone of the solvent cleaning machine. Dwell occurs after cleaning to allow solvent to drain from the parts or parts baskets back into the solvent cleaning machine.
NR 469.02(14) (14) “Dwell time" means the required minimum length of time that a part must dwell, as determined by s. NR 469.09 (4) or, for a solvent cleaning machine equipped with a superheated vapor system, by the manufacturer's specifications as required by s. NR 469.06 (2) (f) 2.
NR 469.02(15) (15) “Emissions" means the amount of halogenated HAP solvent added to the machine, minus the amount of liquid halogenated HAP solvent removed from the machine and the amount of halogenated HAP solvent removed from the machine in the solid waste.
NR 469.02(16) (16) “Equivalent control method" means an equivalent emission control technique or procedure as determined by the administrator.
NR 469.02(17) (17) “Existing" means any solvent cleaning machine the construction or reconstruction of which was commenced on or before November 29, 1993. A machine, the construction or reconstruction of which was commenced on or before November 29, 1993, but did not meet the definition of a solvent cleaning machine on December 2, 1994 because it did not use halogenated HAP solvent liquid or vapor covered under this chapter to remove soils, becomes an existing source when it commences to use those liquid or vapor solvents. A solvent cleaning machine moved within a contiguous facility or to another facility under the same ownership, constitutes an existing machine.
NR 469.02(18) (18) “Freeboard area" means, for a batch cleaning machine, the area within the solvent cleaning machine that extends from the solvent/air interface to the top of the solvent cleaning machine. For an in-line cleaning machine, it is the area within the solvent cleaning machine that extends from the solvent/air interface to the bottom of the entrance or exit opening, whichever is lower.
NR 469.02(19) (19) “Freeboard height" means, for a batch cleaning machine, the distance from the solvent/air interface, as measured during the idling mode, to the top of the cleaning machine. For an in-line cleaning machine, it is the distance from the solvent/air interface to the bottom of the entrance or exit opening, whichever is lower, as measured during the idling mode.
NR 469.02(20) (20) “Freeboard ratio" means the ratio of the solvent cleaning machine freeboard height to the smaller interior dimension (length, width or diameter) of the solvent cleaning machine.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.