subch. I of ch. NR 815 Subchapter I — General
NR 815.01 NR 815.01Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to establish uniform minimum standards and methods in conformity with s. 281.17 (8), Stats., for the following:
NR 815.01(1) (1) Construction or use of a well for the purpose of placing a fluid underground.
NR 815.01(2) (2) Protection of underground sources of drinking water, aquifers and groundwater from contamination that may occur as a result of the use of an injection well.
NR 815.01 History History: CR 01-104: cr. Register October 2004 No. 586, eff. 11-1-04.
NR 815.02 NR 815.02Applicability. The provisions of this chapter apply to new and existing injection wells as follows:
NR 815.02(1) (1)Specific inclusions. Injection wells that are governed by this chapter include, but are not limited to:
NR 815.02(1)(a) (a) Any injection well on a drilling platform that is located within the jurisdictional boundaries of the state.
NR 815.02(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in sub. (2), any well that is constructed or used to place a fluid underground.
NR 815.02(1)(c) (c) Any well used by a generator of hazardous waste, or by the owner or operator of a hazardous waste management facility, to dispose of a fluid containing hazardous waste. This includes the disposal of hazardous waste into a waste disposal system that would otherwise be a septic system or cesspool regardless of the capacity of the waste disposal system.
NR 815.02(1)(d) (d) Any septic system, cesspool or other well that is used by a multiple-family dwelling, multiple dwellings, community system or regional system to place a fluid underground.
NR 815.02(2) (2)Specific exclusions. The following are not governed by this chapter:
NR 815.02(2)(a) (a) Any injection well on a drilling platform or other site that is located in its entirety beyond the jurisdictional boundaries of the state.
NR 815.02(2)(b) (b) Any private onsite wastewater treatment system approved according to the provisions of ch. SPS 383 that is used to dispose of sanitary waste from an individual single-family dwelling.
NR 815.02(2)(c) (c) Any well that is not used to place a fluid underground.
NR 815.02 History History: CR 01-104: cr. Register October 2004 No. 586, eff. 11-1-04; correction in (2) (b) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register January 2012 No. 673.
NR 815.03 NR 815.03Definitions. In this chapter:
NR 815.03(1) (1) “Approval" means any of the following: authorization by administrative rule, written letter of authorization or issuance of a permit.
NR 815.03(2) (2) “Aquifer" means a geological layer consisting of unconsolidated material, usually sand or gravel or both, or bedrock lying below the ground surface that is entirely or partially saturated with water and permeable enough to allow water to be extracted, as from a well.
NR 815.03(3) (3) “Backfill" means a substance containing, but not limited to, any of the following: sand, gravel, cement, mill tailings, mill refuse, fly ash or other solids used as part of the mining process or for the purpose of closing a mine shaft or reclaiming an area subjected to mining activities.
NR 815.03(4) (4) “Bedrock" means any naturally formed consolidated or coherent material of the earth's crust, composed of one or more minerals, rock fragments or organic material that underlies any soil or other unconsolidated surficial material or is exposed at the surface. Bedrock includes, but is not limited to limestone, dolomite, sandstone, shale and igneous and metamorphic crystalline rock, including granite, rhyolite, quartzite, gabbro, basalt, gneiss, schist, diorite and greenstone.
NR 815.03(5) (5) “Borehole" means a circular hole that is deeper than it is wide, constructed in earth material for the purpose of either installing a well or obtaining geologic or groundwater related data.
NR 815.03 Note Note: The department recognizes a borehole to be a type of a drillhole.
NR 815.03(6) (6) “By-product solids" means waste materials from the animal product or food processing industry including, but not limited to remains of butchered animals, paunch manure and vegetable waste materials such as leaves, cuttings, peelings and actively fermenting sweet corn silage.
NR 815.03(7) (7) “Cesspool" means a drywell that solely receives untreated sanitary waste and which sometimes has an open bottom or perforated sides or both.
NR 815.03 Note Note: As used in this chapter, the term includes those excavations that are defined as cesspools in s. SPS 381.01 (53).
NR 815.03(8) (8) “Closure" means ceasing the discharge of a fluid to a well.
NR 815.03(9) (9) “Conversion" means a change in the operation of an injection well that results in a change in the existing classification of the injection well or results in a change in the injection well's type designation within a specific class of injection wells.
NR 815.03(10) (10) “Department" means the department of natural resources.
NR 815.03(11) (11) “Discharge" has the meaning given in s. 292.01 (3), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Discharge" in s. 292.01 (3), Stats., means, but is not limited to, any of the following: spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, placing, emitting, emptying or dumping.
NR 815.03(12) (12) “Domestic wastewater" means the wastewater normally discharged from plumbing facilities in private dwellings or commercial domestic establishments and includes, but is not limited to sanitary, bath, laundry, dishwashing, garbage disposal and cleaning wastes.
NR 815.03 Note Note: A commercial domestic establishment is a business providing lodging facilities such as, but not limited to, a motel, hotel, boarding house or assisted-living center.
NR 815.03(13) (13) “Drillhole" means an excavation, opening or driven point well deeper than it is wide that extends more than 10 feet below the ground surface.
NR 815.03(14) (14) “Drywell" means a well, other than an improved sinkhole or subsurface fluid distribution system, that is completed above the water table so that its bottom or sides are typically dry except when receiving or draining fluids.
NR 815.03(15) (15) “Dwelling" means a structure, or that part of a structure, which is used or intended to be used as a home, residence or sleeping place by one person or by 2 or more persons maintaining a common household, to the exclusion of all others.
NR 815.03(16) (16) “Endangerment" means the movement of a fluid containing any substance into an underground source of drinking water, if the presence of the substance may cause a violation of a primary drinking water maximum contaminant level established in 40 CFR part 142 or otherwise adversely affect the health of persons.
NR 815.03 Note Note: Endangerment, as it applies to Class V injection wells that are not prohibited under subchapter III, is any exceedance of an enforcement standard established under ch. 160, Stats., when measured at a point of standards application as defined in s. 160.01 (5), Stats.
NR 815.03(17) (17) “Existing injection well" means any injection well constructed or in use prior to November 1, 2004.
NR 815.03(18) (18) “Fluid" means any material or substance that flows or moves whether a semisolid, liquid, sludge, gas or any other form or state.
NR 815.03(19) (19) “Formation" means a body of consolidated or unconsolidated geologic materials characterized by a degree of lithologic homogeneity that is prevailingly, but not necessarily, tabular and may be mapped on the earth's surface or traced in the subsurface.
NR 815.03(20) (20) “Generator" means the person responsible for an act or process that produces hazardous waste.
NR 815.03(21) (21) “Groundwater" has the meaning given in s. 160.01 (4), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Groundwater" in s. 160.01 (4), Stats., means any of the waters of the state, as defined in s. 281.01 (18), Stats., occurring in a saturated subsurface geological formation of rock or soil.
NR 815.03(22) (22) “Hazardous waste" has the meaning given in s. 291.01 (7), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Hazardous waste" in s. 291.01 (7), Stats., means any solid waste identified by the department as hazardous waste under s. 291.05 (1), (2) or (4), Stats.
NR 815.03(23) (23) “Hazardous waste facility" has the meaning given in s. 291.01 (8), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Hazardous waste facility" in s. 291.01 (8), Stats., means a site or structure for the treatment, storage or disposal of hazardous waste and includes all of the contiguous property under common ownership or control surrounding the site or structure.
NR 815.03(24) (24) “Improved sinkhole" means a naturally occurring karst depression or opening, or any other natural crevice found in volcanic terrain or other geologic settings, that has been modified by a person for the purpose of dispersing or otherwise discharging fluids into the subsurface.
NR 815.03(25) (25) “Injection well" means a well that is used to place a fluid underground.
NR 815.03(26) (26) “Injection zone" means a geological formation, a portion of a formation or a group of formations that is intersected by a well and that receives or may receive a fluid from an injection well.
NR 815.03(27) (27) “Land disposal system" means a facility for disposing of liquid wastes consisting of any of the following:
NR 815.03(27)(a) (a) An absorption or seepage pond system.
NR 815.03(27)(b) (b) A ridge and furrow system.
NR 815.03(27)(c) (c) A spray irrigation system.
NR 815.03(27)(d) (d) A subsurface soil absorption system or mound system.
NR 815.03(27)(e) (e) An overland flow system.
NR 815.03(27)(f) (f) Any other land area receiving liquid waste discharges.
NR 815.03(28) (28) “Land treatment" means the discharge of a fluid by means of a system that utilizes the physical, chemical and biological abilities of the soil to decompose any pollutant contained in the fluid. Land treatment systems include:
NR 815.03(28)(a) (a) Absorption or seepage pond systems.
NR 815.03(28)(b) (b) Ridge and furrow systems.
NR 815.03(28)(c) (c) Spray irrigation systems.
NR 815.03(28)(d) (d) Overland flow systems.
NR 815.03(28)(e) (e) Subsurface absorption field systems.
NR 815.03(28)(f) (f) Landspreading systems for liquid wastes or organic by-product solids.
NR 815.03(28)(g) (g) Sludge spreading systems.
NR 815.03(28)(h) (h) Any other land area receiving liquid wastes, by-product solids or sludge discharges.
NR 815.03(29) (29) “Large-capacity cesspool" means any cesspool that is designed to receive untreated sanitary waste from 20 or more people per day.
NR 815.03(30) (30) “Liquid waste" means process wastewater and waste liquid products including, but not limited to silage leachate, whey, whey permeate, whey filtrate, contact cooling water, cooling or boiler water containing water treatment additives, and wash water generated in industrial, commercial and agricultural operations that result in a point source discharge to a land treatment system.
NR 815.03 Note Note: As used in this chapter, “liquid waste" does not include the following: alcohol fuel production wastes from systems defined as private alcohol fuel production systems under s. 289.44 (1) (c), Stats., that are operated in accordance with s. 283.61 (2), Stats., animal waste regulated under ch. NR 243 or liquid manure applied in accordance with sound agricultural practices, domestic sewage from systems defined as private sewage systems in s. 145.01 (12), Stats., effluent from publicly owned or privately owned wastewater treatment works regulated under ch. NR 206, or mining wastes backfilled or otherwise disposed of in a prospecting excavation or a mine in accordance with a permit issued under ch. NR 131 or 132 or subch. III of ch. 295, Stats., except runoff, leachate, decantate, or other wastewater collected for disposal on land outside of the permitted prospecting or mining site.
NR 815.03(31) (31) “Municipal wastewater" means effluent from a publicly owned wastewater treatment works or a privately owned domestic wastewater treatment works.
NR 815.03(32) (32) “New injection well" means a well that is constructed or first used for underground injection on or after November 1, 2004.
NR 815.03(33) (33) “Operator" means the person responsible for the supervision, management or operation of any facility or activity subject to regulation through the underground injection control program.
NR 815.03(34) (34) “Owner" means the person holding title to the property upon which an injection well is located.
NR 815.03(35) (35) “Permit" means an authorization, license or equivalent control document issued by the state through a regulatory agency that has been delegated responsibility for managing any activity that would be subject to regulation as an injection well through the federal underground injection control program.
NR 815.03 Note Note: A permit may be issued as an individual, group, area or emergency permit; however, a permit does not include authorization by rule or any draft permit that has not yet been the subject of final action by the regulatory agency.
NR 815.03(36) (36) “Person" has the meaning given in s. 990.01 (26), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Person" in s. 990.01 (26), Stats., is to be construed according to common and approved usage and by definition includes all partnerships, associations and bodies politic or corporate.
NR 815.03(37) (37) “Plugging" means the act of stopping the flow of water, oil or gas into or out of a formation through a well penetrating that formation.
NR 815.03(38) (38) “Point of injection" means the last accessible point, as determined by the department or other designated regulatory agency, where a sample of a substance may be collected prior to placement of the substance underground through an injection well.
NR 815.03 Note Note: The point of injection for a subsurface fluid distribution system may be a septic tank or distribution box located prior to the drainfield. The point of injection for a drywell or well may be at or just prior to the wellbore itself.
NR 815.03(39) (39) “Pollutant" has the meaning given in s. 283.01 (13), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Pollutant" in s. 283.01 (13), Stats., means any dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, sewage, garbage, refuse, oil, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive substance, heat, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt and industrial, municipal and agricultural waste discharged into water.
NR 815.03(40) (40) “Private onsite wastewater treatment system" has the meaning given for private sewage system in s. 145.01 (12), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Private sewage system" in s. 145.01 (12), Stats., means a sewage treatment and disposal system serving a single structure with a septic tank and soil absorption field located on the same parcel as the structure. This term also means an alternative sewage system approved by the department of safety and professional services including a substitute for the septic tank or soil absorption field, a holding tank, a system serving more than one structure or a system located on a different parcel than the structure. A private sewage system may be owned by the property owner or by a special purpose district.
NR 815.03(41) (41) “Privately owned domestic wastewater treatment work" means facilities which treat domestic wastewater, permitted under ch. 283, Stats., and owned and operated by non-municipal entities or enterprises such as, but not limited to, mobile home parks, restaurants, hotels, motels and country clubs.
NR 815.03(42) (42) “Project" means a group of wells under the control of a single person and managed as a single facility or activity.
NR 815.03(43) (43) “Publicly owned treatment work" has the meaning specified under s. NR 211.03 (11).
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.