NR 815.03 Note Note: Endangerment, as it applies to Class V injection wells that are not prohibited under subchapter III, is any exceedance of an enforcement standard established under ch. 160, Stats., when measured at a point of standards application as defined in s. 160.01 (5), Stats.
NR 815.03(17) (17) “Existing injection well" means any injection well constructed or in use prior to November 1, 2004.
NR 815.03(18) (18) “Fluid" means any material or substance that flows or moves whether a semisolid, liquid, sludge, gas or any other form or state.
NR 815.03(19) (19) “Formation" means a body of consolidated or unconsolidated geologic materials characterized by a degree of lithologic homogeneity that is prevailingly, but not necessarily, tabular and may be mapped on the earth's surface or traced in the subsurface.
NR 815.03(20) (20) “Generator" means the person responsible for an act or process that produces hazardous waste.
NR 815.03(21) (21) “Groundwater" has the meaning given in s. 160.01 (4), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Groundwater" in s. 160.01 (4), Stats., means any of the waters of the state, as defined in s. 281.01 (18), Stats., occurring in a saturated subsurface geological formation of rock or soil.
NR 815.03(22) (22) “Hazardous waste" has the meaning given in s. 291.01 (7), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Hazardous waste" in s. 291.01 (7), Stats., means any solid waste identified by the department as hazardous waste under s. 291.05 (1), (2) or (4), Stats.
NR 815.03(23) (23) “Hazardous waste facility" has the meaning given in s. 291.01 (8), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Hazardous waste facility" in s. 291.01 (8), Stats., means a site or structure for the treatment, storage or disposal of hazardous waste and includes all of the contiguous property under common ownership or control surrounding the site or structure.
NR 815.03(24) (24) “Improved sinkhole" means a naturally occurring karst depression or opening, or any other natural crevice found in volcanic terrain or other geologic settings, that has been modified by a person for the purpose of dispersing or otherwise discharging fluids into the subsurface.
NR 815.03(25) (25) “Injection well" means a well that is used to place a fluid underground.
NR 815.03(26) (26) “Injection zone" means a geological formation, a portion of a formation or a group of formations that is intersected by a well and that receives or may receive a fluid from an injection well.
NR 815.03(27) (27) “Land disposal system" means a facility for disposing of liquid wastes consisting of any of the following:
NR 815.03(27)(a) (a) An absorption or seepage pond system.
NR 815.03(27)(b) (b) A ridge and furrow system.
NR 815.03(27)(c) (c) A spray irrigation system.
NR 815.03(27)(d) (d) A subsurface soil absorption system or mound system.
NR 815.03(27)(e) (e) An overland flow system.
NR 815.03(27)(f) (f) Any other land area receiving liquid waste discharges.
NR 815.03(28) (28) “Land treatment" means the discharge of a fluid by means of a system that utilizes the physical, chemical and biological abilities of the soil to decompose any pollutant contained in the fluid. Land treatment systems include:
NR 815.03(28)(a) (a) Absorption or seepage pond systems.
NR 815.03(28)(b) (b) Ridge and furrow systems.
NR 815.03(28)(c) (c) Spray irrigation systems.
NR 815.03(28)(d) (d) Overland flow systems.
NR 815.03(28)(e) (e) Subsurface absorption field systems.
NR 815.03(28)(f) (f) Landspreading systems for liquid wastes or organic by-product solids.
NR 815.03(28)(g) (g) Sludge spreading systems.
NR 815.03(28)(h) (h) Any other land area receiving liquid wastes, by-product solids or sludge discharges.
NR 815.03(29) (29) “Large-capacity cesspool" means any cesspool that is designed to receive untreated sanitary waste from 20 or more people per day.
NR 815.03(30) (30) “Liquid waste" means process wastewater and waste liquid products including, but not limited to silage leachate, whey, whey permeate, whey filtrate, contact cooling water, cooling or boiler water containing water treatment additives, and wash water generated in industrial, commercial and agricultural operations that result in a point source discharge to a land treatment system.
NR 815.03 Note Note: As used in this chapter, “liquid waste" does not include the following: alcohol fuel production wastes from systems defined as private alcohol fuel production systems under s. 289.44 (1) (c), Stats., that are operated in accordance with s. 283.61 (2), Stats., animal waste regulated under ch. NR 243 or liquid manure applied in accordance with sound agricultural practices, domestic sewage from systems defined as private sewage systems in s. 145.01 (12), Stats., effluent from publicly owned or privately owned wastewater treatment works regulated under ch. NR 206, or mining wastes backfilled or otherwise disposed of in a prospecting excavation or a mine in accordance with a permit issued under ch. NR 131 or 132 or subch. III of ch. 295, Stats., except runoff, leachate, decantate, or other wastewater collected for disposal on land outside of the permitted prospecting or mining site.
NR 815.03(31) (31) “Municipal wastewater" means effluent from a publicly owned wastewater treatment works or a privately owned domestic wastewater treatment works.
NR 815.03(32) (32) “New injection well" means a well that is constructed or first used for underground injection on or after November 1, 2004.
NR 815.03(33) (33) “Operator" means the person responsible for the supervision, management or operation of any facility or activity subject to regulation through the underground injection control program.
NR 815.03(34) (34) “Owner" means the person holding title to the property upon which an injection well is located.
NR 815.03(35) (35) “Permit" means an authorization, license or equivalent control document issued by the state through a regulatory agency that has been delegated responsibility for managing any activity that would be subject to regulation as an injection well through the federal underground injection control program.
NR 815.03 Note Note: A permit may be issued as an individual, group, area or emergency permit; however, a permit does not include authorization by rule or any draft permit that has not yet been the subject of final action by the regulatory agency.
NR 815.03(36) (36) “Person" has the meaning given in s. 990.01 (26), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Person" in s. 990.01 (26), Stats., is to be construed according to common and approved usage and by definition includes all partnerships, associations and bodies politic or corporate.
NR 815.03(37) (37) “Plugging" means the act of stopping the flow of water, oil or gas into or out of a formation through a well penetrating that formation.
NR 815.03(38) (38) “Point of injection" means the last accessible point, as determined by the department or other designated regulatory agency, where a sample of a substance may be collected prior to placement of the substance underground through an injection well.
NR 815.03 Note Note: The point of injection for a subsurface fluid distribution system may be a septic tank or distribution box located prior to the drainfield. The point of injection for a drywell or well may be at or just prior to the wellbore itself.
NR 815.03(39) (39) “Pollutant" has the meaning given in s. 283.01 (13), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Pollutant" in s. 283.01 (13), Stats., means any dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, sewage, garbage, refuse, oil, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive substance, heat, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt and industrial, municipal and agricultural waste discharged into water.
NR 815.03(40) (40) “Private onsite wastewater treatment system" has the meaning given for private sewage system in s. 145.01 (12), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Private sewage system" in s. 145.01 (12), Stats., means a sewage treatment and disposal system serving a single structure with a septic tank and soil absorption field located on the same parcel as the structure. This term also means an alternative sewage system approved by the department of safety and professional services including a substitute for the septic tank or soil absorption field, a holding tank, a system serving more than one structure or a system located on a different parcel than the structure. A private sewage system may be owned by the property owner or by a special purpose district.
NR 815.03(41) (41) “Privately owned domestic wastewater treatment work" means facilities which treat domestic wastewater, permitted under ch. 283, Stats., and owned and operated by non-municipal entities or enterprises such as, but not limited to, mobile home parks, restaurants, hotels, motels and country clubs.
NR 815.03(42) (42) “Project" means a group of wells under the control of a single person and managed as a single facility or activity.
NR 815.03(43) (43) “Publicly owned treatment work" has the meaning specified under s. NR 211.03 (11).
NR 815.03 Note Note: Section NR 211.03 (11) defines “publicly owned treatment work" as a treatment works which is owned by a municipality and any sewers that convey wastewater to such a treatment works. This definition includes any devices or systems used by a municipality in the storage, treatment, recycling and reclamation of municipal sewage or liquid industrial wastes. The term also means the municipality or local unit of government which has jurisdiction over the indirect discharges to, and the discharges from, such a treatment works.
NR 815.03(44) (44) “Radioactive waste" means any waste that contains radioactive material in concentrations that exceed those listed in 10 CFR part 20, appendix B, table II, column 2.
NR 815.03(45) (45) “RCRA" means the solid waste disposal act as amended by the resource conservation and recovery act of 1976, Pub. L. 94-580, as amended by Pub. L. 95-609, Pub. L. 96-510, 42 USC 6901 et seq.
NR 815.03(46) (46) “Regulatory agency" has the meaning given in s. 160.01 (7), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Regulatory agency" in s. 160.01 (7), Stats., means the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection, the Department of Safety and Professional Services, the Department of Transportation, the Department of Natural Resources and other state agencies which regulate activities, facilities or practices which are related to substances which have been detected in or have a reasonable probability of entering the groundwater resources of the state.
NR 815.03(47) (47) “Safe drinking water act" or “SDWA" means the safe drinking water act, Pub. L. 93-523, as amended; 42 USC 300f et seq.
NR 815.03(48) (48) “Sanitary waste" means sewage containing wastes primarily from humans and housekeeping activities, such wastes include those collected from toilets, showers, wash basins, sinks used for cleaning domestic areas, sinks used for domestic food preparation, domestic clothes washing operations, and sinks or washing machines where food and beverage serving dishes, glasses and utensils are cleaned.
NR 815.03 Note Note: Sanitary waste may be generated at residential, commercial, industrial or recreational facilities provided that the waste is not mixed with the waste from an industrial process. Sanitary waste may also include clearwater, filter backwash or effluent from water treatment devices or similar discharges from other household appliances as approved by the Department of Safety and Professional Services.
NR 815.03(49) (49) “Schedule of compliance" means a schedule of remedial measures included in a permit, including an enforceable sequence of interim requirements that leads to compliance with a specified statute or administrative rule.
NR 815.03(50) (50) “Septic system" means a sewage treatment and disposal system consisting of a septic tank and a soil absorption field that is used to disperse or otherwise discharge sanitary waste underground.
NR 815.03 Note Note: A septic system may also be a private onsite wastewater treatment system or a private sewage system as defined in s. 145.01 (12), Stats.
NR 815.03(51) (51) “Sewage" means the water-carried wastes created in and to be conducted away from residences, industrial establishments and public buildings as defined in s. 101.01 (12), Stats., with any surface water or groundwater as may be present in the water-carried wastes.
NR 815.03(52) (52) “Site" means the land or water area where any facility or activity is physically located or conducted, including adjacent land used in connection with the facility or activity.
NR 815.03(53) (53) “Sludge" means the accumulated solids generated during the biological, physical or chemical treatment of potable water or wastewater.
NR 815.03(54) (54) “State" means the state of Wisconsin.
NR 815.03(55) (55) “State director" means the chief administrative officer of the state regulatory agency operating an approved underground injection control program, a delegated representative of the chief administrative officer, or both.
NR 815.03 Note Note: If responsibility for administering portions of the underground injection control program is divided among 2 or more state regulatory agencies, state director means the chief administrative officer, or a delegated representative of the chief administrative officer, of the state regulatory agency authorized to perform the procedure or function to which reference is made.
NR 815.03(56) (56) “Stratum" means a single stratigraphic bed or layer, regardless of thickness, that consists throughout its thickness of approximately the same kind of geologic material.
NR 815.03(57) (57) “Substance" has the meaning given in s. 160.01 (8), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Substance" in s. 160.01 (8), Stats., means any solid, liquid, semisolid, dissolved solid or gaseous material, naturally occurring or man-made chemical, parameter for measurement of water quality or biological organism which, in its original form, or as a metabolite or a degradation or waste product, may decrease the quality of groundwater.
NR 815.03(58) (58) “Subsurface fluid distribution system" means an assemblage of perforated pipes or drain tiles, or any similar conveyance, intended to disperse or otherwise discharge a fluid underground.
NR 815.03(59) (59) “UIC program" or “underground injection control program" means the federal underground injection control program authorized by part C of the safe drinking water act or an approved state underground injection control program.
NR 815.03(60) (60) “Underground injection" means well injection.
NR 815.03(61) (61) “Underground source of drinking water" means any aquifer or groundwater, or portion of any aquifer or groundwater, located within the jurisdictional boundaries of the state.
NR 815.03(62) (62) “Wastewater" means all sewage.
NR 815.03(63) (63) “Well" means any of the following:
NR 815.03(63)(a) (a) A bored, drilled or driven shaft.
NR 815.03(63)(b) (b) A dug hole whose depth is greater than its largest surface dimension.
NR 815.03(63)(c) (c) An improved sinkhole.
NR 815.03(63)(d) (d) A subsurface fluid distribution system.
NR 815.03 Note Note: For the purposes of this chapter, a nonperforated underground piping system such as a sanitary sewer, storm sewer, conductor, telecommunications conduit, petroleum or natural gas pipeline or other similar conveyance is not considered to be a well.
NR 815.03(64) (64) “Well injection" means the placement of a fluid underground through a well.
NR 815.03 History History: CR 01-104: cr. Register October 2004 No. 586, eff. 11-1-04.
subch. II of ch. NR 815 Subchapter II — Injection Well Classes and Underground Sources of Drinking Water
NR 815.04 NR 815.04Classification of injection wells. Injection wells are classified as follows:
NR 815.04(1) (1)Class i injection well. A class I well is any of the following:
NR 815.04(1)(a) (a) A well used for underground injection of a fluid classified as a hazardous waste or a fluid containing any substance classified as a hazardous waste below the lowermost formation containing an underground source of drinking water.
NR 815.04(1)(b) (b) A well used for underground injection of a fluid containing an industrial or municipal waste below the lowermost formation containing an underground source of drinking water.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.