NR 815.03(36) (36) “Person" has the meaning given in s. 990.01 (26), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Person" in s. 990.01 (26), Stats., is to be construed according to common and approved usage and by definition includes all partnerships, associations and bodies politic or corporate.
NR 815.03(37) (37) “Plugging" means the act of stopping the flow of water, oil or gas into or out of a formation through a well penetrating that formation.
NR 815.03(38) (38) “Point of injection" means the last accessible point, as determined by the department or other designated regulatory agency, where a sample of a substance may be collected prior to placement of the substance underground through an injection well.
NR 815.03 Note Note: The point of injection for a subsurface fluid distribution system may be a septic tank or distribution box located prior to the drainfield. The point of injection for a drywell or well may be at or just prior to the wellbore itself.
NR 815.03(39) (39) “Pollutant" has the meaning given in s. 283.01 (13), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Pollutant" in s. 283.01 (13), Stats., means any dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, sewage, garbage, refuse, oil, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive substance, heat, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt and industrial, municipal and agricultural waste discharged into water.
NR 815.03(40) (40) “Private onsite wastewater treatment system" has the meaning given for private sewage system in s. 145.01 (12), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Private sewage system" in s. 145.01 (12), Stats., means a sewage treatment and disposal system serving a single structure with a septic tank and soil absorption field located on the same parcel as the structure. This term also means an alternative sewage system approved by the department of safety and professional services including a substitute for the septic tank or soil absorption field, a holding tank, a system serving more than one structure or a system located on a different parcel than the structure. A private sewage system may be owned by the property owner or by a special purpose district.
NR 815.03(41) (41) “Privately owned domestic wastewater treatment work" means facilities which treat domestic wastewater, permitted under ch. 283, Stats., and owned and operated by non-municipal entities or enterprises such as, but not limited to, mobile home parks, restaurants, hotels, motels and country clubs.
NR 815.03(42) (42) “Project" means a group of wells under the control of a single person and managed as a single facility or activity.
NR 815.03(43) (43) “Publicly owned treatment work" has the meaning specified under s. NR 211.03 (11).
NR 815.03 Note Note: Section NR 211.03 (11) defines “publicly owned treatment work" as a treatment works which is owned by a municipality and any sewers that convey wastewater to such a treatment works. This definition includes any devices or systems used by a municipality in the storage, treatment, recycling and reclamation of municipal sewage or liquid industrial wastes. The term also means the municipality or local unit of government which has jurisdiction over the indirect discharges to, and the discharges from, such a treatment works.
NR 815.03(44) (44) “Radioactive waste" means any waste that contains radioactive material in concentrations that exceed those listed in 10 CFR part 20, appendix B, table II, column 2.
NR 815.03(45) (45) “RCRA" means the solid waste disposal act as amended by the resource conservation and recovery act of 1976, Pub. L. 94-580, as amended by Pub. L. 95-609, Pub. L. 96-510, 42 USC 6901 et seq.
NR 815.03(46) (46) “Regulatory agency" has the meaning given in s. 160.01 (7), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Regulatory agency" in s. 160.01 (7), Stats., means the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection, the Department of Safety and Professional Services, the Department of Transportation, the Department of Natural Resources and other state agencies which regulate activities, facilities or practices which are related to substances which have been detected in or have a reasonable probability of entering the groundwater resources of the state.
NR 815.03(47) (47) “Safe drinking water act" or “SDWA" means the safe drinking water act, Pub. L. 93-523, as amended; 42 USC 300f et seq.
NR 815.03(48) (48) “Sanitary waste" means sewage containing wastes primarily from humans and housekeeping activities, such wastes include those collected from toilets, showers, wash basins, sinks used for cleaning domestic areas, sinks used for domestic food preparation, domestic clothes washing operations, and sinks or washing machines where food and beverage serving dishes, glasses and utensils are cleaned.
NR 815.03 Note Note: Sanitary waste may be generated at residential, commercial, industrial or recreational facilities provided that the waste is not mixed with the waste from an industrial process. Sanitary waste may also include clearwater, filter backwash or effluent from water treatment devices or similar discharges from other household appliances as approved by the Department of Safety and Professional Services.
NR 815.03(49) (49) “Schedule of compliance" means a schedule of remedial measures included in a permit, including an enforceable sequence of interim requirements that leads to compliance with a specified statute or administrative rule.
NR 815.03(50) (50) “Septic system" means a sewage treatment and disposal system consisting of a septic tank and a soil absorption field that is used to disperse or otherwise discharge sanitary waste underground.
NR 815.03 Note Note: A septic system may also be a private onsite wastewater treatment system or a private sewage system as defined in s. 145.01 (12), Stats.
NR 815.03(51) (51) “Sewage" means the water-carried wastes created in and to be conducted away from residences, industrial establishments and public buildings as defined in s. 101.01 (12), Stats., with any surface water or groundwater as may be present in the water-carried wastes.
NR 815.03(52) (52) “Site" means the land or water area where any facility or activity is physically located or conducted, including adjacent land used in connection with the facility or activity.
NR 815.03(53) (53) “Sludge" means the accumulated solids generated during the biological, physical or chemical treatment of potable water or wastewater.
NR 815.03(54) (54) “State" means the state of Wisconsin.
NR 815.03(55) (55) “State director" means the chief administrative officer of the state regulatory agency operating an approved underground injection control program, a delegated representative of the chief administrative officer, or both.
NR 815.03 Note Note: If responsibility for administering portions of the underground injection control program is divided among 2 or more state regulatory agencies, state director means the chief administrative officer, or a delegated representative of the chief administrative officer, of the state regulatory agency authorized to perform the procedure or function to which reference is made.
NR 815.03(56) (56) “Stratum" means a single stratigraphic bed or layer, regardless of thickness, that consists throughout its thickness of approximately the same kind of geologic material.
NR 815.03(57) (57) “Substance" has the meaning given in s. 160.01 (8), Stats.
NR 815.03 Note Note: “Substance" in s. 160.01 (8), Stats., means any solid, liquid, semisolid, dissolved solid or gaseous material, naturally occurring or man-made chemical, parameter for measurement of water quality or biological organism which, in its original form, or as a metabolite or a degradation or waste product, may decrease the quality of groundwater.
NR 815.03(58) (58) “Subsurface fluid distribution system" means an assemblage of perforated pipes or drain tiles, or any similar conveyance, intended to disperse or otherwise discharge a fluid underground.
NR 815.03(59) (59) “UIC program" or “underground injection control program" means the federal underground injection control program authorized by part C of the safe drinking water act or an approved state underground injection control program.
NR 815.03(60) (60) “Underground injection" means well injection.
NR 815.03(61) (61) “Underground source of drinking water" means any aquifer or groundwater, or portion of any aquifer or groundwater, located within the jurisdictional boundaries of the state.
NR 815.03(62) (62) “Wastewater" means all sewage.
NR 815.03(63) (63) “Well" means any of the following:
NR 815.03(63)(a) (a) A bored, drilled or driven shaft.
NR 815.03(63)(b) (b) A dug hole whose depth is greater than its largest surface dimension.
NR 815.03(63)(c) (c) An improved sinkhole.
NR 815.03(63)(d) (d) A subsurface fluid distribution system.
NR 815.03 Note Note: For the purposes of this chapter, a nonperforated underground piping system such as a sanitary sewer, storm sewer, conductor, telecommunications conduit, petroleum or natural gas pipeline or other similar conveyance is not considered to be a well.
NR 815.03(64) (64) “Well injection" means the placement of a fluid underground through a well.
NR 815.03 History History: CR 01-104: cr. Register October 2004 No. 586, eff. 11-1-04.
subch. II of ch. NR 815 Subchapter II — Injection Well Classes and Underground Sources of Drinking Water
NR 815.04 NR 815.04Classification of injection wells. Injection wells are classified as follows:
NR 815.04(1) (1)Class i injection well. A class I well is any of the following:
NR 815.04(1)(a) (a) A well used for underground injection of a fluid classified as a hazardous waste or a fluid containing any substance classified as a hazardous waste below the lowermost formation containing an underground source of drinking water.
NR 815.04(1)(b) (b) A well used for underground injection of a fluid containing an industrial or municipal waste below the lowermost formation containing an underground source of drinking water.
NR 815.04(1)(c) (c) A well used for underground injection of a fluid containing a radioactive waste below the lowermost formation containing an underground source of drinking water.
NR 815.04(2) (2)Class ii injection well. A class II well is any of the following:
NR 815.04(2)(a) (a) A well used for underground injection of a fluid that was brought to the surface in connection with activities that are related to the conventional production of oil or natural gas, or the underground storage of natural gas, that may be commingled with wastewater that is produced during production operations, except for any wastewater that is classified as a hazardous waste at the time of injection.
NR 815.04(2)(b) (b) A well used for enhanced recovery of oil or natural gas.
NR 815.04(2)(c) (c) A well used for storage of hydrocarbons that are liquid at standard temperature and pressure.
NR 815.04(3) (3)Class iii injection well. A class III well is a well used for solution mining of minerals including, but is not limited to:
NR 815.04(3)(a) (a) A well used to mine sulfur by the Frasch process.
NR 815.04(3)(b) (b) A well used for in-situ production of uranium or other metals from ore bodies that have not been conventionally mined.
NR 815.04 Note Note: A well used for solution mining of conventional mines, such as stopes leaching, is classified as a class V injection well.
NR 815.04(3)(c) (c) A well used for solution mining of salts or potash.
NR 815.04(4) (4)Class iv injection well. A class IV well is any of the following:
NR 815.04(4)(a) (a) A well used for underground injection of a hazardous waste or radioactive waste or a fluid containing a hazardous waste or radioactive waste into a formation that contains an underground source of drinking water.
NR 815.04(4)(b) (b) A well used for underground injection of hazardous waste or radioactive waste or a fluid containing a hazardous waste or radioactive waste above a formation which contains an underground source of drinking water.
NR 815.04(5) (5)Class v injection well. Any well used for underground injection that is not classifiable as a class I, II, III or IV injection well.
NR 815.04 History History: CR 01-104: cr. Register October 2004 No. 586, eff. 11-1-04.
NR 815.05 NR 815.05Underground source of drinking water.
NR 815.05(1)(1) Any aquifer or groundwater, or portion of any aquifer or groundwater, located within the jurisdictional boundaries of the state is an underground source of drinking water.
NR 815.05(2) (2) No regulatory agency may exempt any aquifer or groundwater, or portion of an aquifer or groundwater, located within the jurisdictional boundaries of the state from designation as an underground source of drinking water.
NR 815.05 History History: CR 01-104: cr. Register October 2004 No. 586, eff. 11-1-04.
subch. III of ch. NR 815 Subchapter III — Regulated Activities
NR 815.06 NR 815.06Prohibitions. The following activities are prohibited:
NR 815.06(1) (1) Construction of a class I injection well or use of a well as a class I injection well.
NR 815.06 Note Note: Use of a well to place a hazardous waste underground is prohibited as specified in s. NR 665.0430. Use of a well to place municipal or domestic wastewater underground is prohibited as specified in s. NR 206.07 (2) (d). Use of a well to place a pollutant underground is prohibited as specified in s. NR 214.04 (3).
NR 815.06(2) (2) Construction of a class II injection well or use of a well as a class II injection well.
NR 815.06(3) (3) Construction of a class III injection well or use of a well as a class III injection well.
NR 815.06(4) (4) Construction of a class IV injection well or use of a well as a class IV injection well, unless the well is to be used to reinject treated contaminated groundwater back into the formation from which the groundwater was drawn and is approved by the department as part of a remedial action necessary for the cleanup of soil or groundwater contamination as specified in s. NR 665.0430 (2)
NR 815.06 Note Note: Injection for remediation purposes requires a written approval from the department in order to meet the requirements of ss. NR 140.28 (5) and 812.05. Injection requires a written exemption be granted under s. NR 140.28 (5). Injection of groundwater that meets the definition of hazardous waste or contains a hazardous waste for remediation purposes requires a written approval under s. NR 665.0430 (2).
NR 815.06(5) (5) Construction of a class V injection well or use of a well as a class V injection well without the approval of the department, or other designated regulatory agency as specified in subch. IV, unless the construction or use of the class V injection well is specifically allowed by administrative rule. The following activities are allowed:
NR 815.06(5)(a) (a) Circulation of water or food-grade heat exchange fluid through a closed-loop heat pump system in a drillhole.
NR 815.06(5)(b) (b) Construction of a structure such as, but not limited to, a building foundation, support footing, elevator shaft, lift station, utility conduit, sump, mine shaft or equipment vault.
NR 815.06(5)(c) (c) Placement of a solid object such as, but not limited to, a cathodic protection device, coffin, piling, pole or post.
NR 815.06(5)(d) (d) Horticultural or agricultural practices, other than those activities that involve the use of a well or drillhole for the placement of a waste material or drainage water underground.
NR 815.06(5)(e) (e) Injection activities conducted in conjunction with placement of backfill into an underground nonferrous metallic mine approved under ch. NR 132 or in connection with placement of backfill into an underground ferrous mine approved under subch. III of ch. 295, Stats.
NR 815.06 Note Note: Use of any unauthorized injection well is prohibited under federal law, as specified in 40 CFR 144.11.
NR 815.06(6) (6) Operation, maintenance, conversion, plugging, closure or any other alteration of an injection well in a manner that results in a violation of the provisions of ch. 160, Stats., or otherwise results in the endangerment of an underground source of drinking water.
NR 815.06 Note Note: Endangerment of an underground source of drinking water is prohibited under federal law, as specified in 40 CFR 144.12.
NR 815.06(7) (7) Construction or use of a large-capacity cesspool.
NR 815.06 Note Note: Use of a large-capacity cesspool is prohibited under federal law, as specified in 40 CFR 144.85. Use of any cesspool is prohibited as specified in ch. SPS 383.
NR 815.06(8) (8) Construction or use of a new injection well to disperse or otherwise discharge a fluid containing a waste from motorized vehicle repair or maintenance activities underground.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.