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REEB 18.09(1)(d) (d) As directed by order of a court;
REEB 18.09(1)(e) (e) Upon a good faith decision based upon advice of an attorney not representing any party to the contract;
REEB 18.09(1)(f) (f) Upon authorization granted within the contract; or
REEB 18.09(1)(g) (g) As otherwise provided by law.
REEB 18.09(2) (2)Notification of disbursement. Prior to making a disbursement of trust funds under sub. (1) (a) where the broker has knowledge that not all parties agree that the rejection or withdrawal occurred prior to binding acceptance, and prior to making a disbursement under sub. (1) (e), (f) and (g) where the broker has knowledge that either party disagrees with the disbursement, the broker shall attempt to notify all parties in writing of the intent to disburse. The notice shall be delivered by certified mail to the parties' last known addresses and shall state to whom and when the disbursement will be made. The disbursement may not occur until 30 days after the date on which the notice is sent.
REEB 18.09(3) (3)Withdrawal of commissions.
REEB 18.09(3)(a)(a) A broker shall withdraw commissions or fees earned by the broker from real estate trust accounts maintained by the broker within 24 hours after transactions are consummated or terminated, or after the commissions or fees are earned in accordance with the contract involved.
REEB 18.09(3)(b) (b) A broker providing property management services shall disburse the fee earned for providing property management services as a regular monthly basis unless otherwise agreed in a written property management agreement signed by the parties to that agreement.
REEB 18.09 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1981, No. 304, eff. 5-1-81; renum. from REB 9.09 and am. (3) (intro.), Register, February, 1983, No. 326, eff. 3-1-83; am. (2), (3) (a) and (b) and (4), Register, June, 1984, No. 342, eff. 7-1-84; r. and recr., Register, July, 1993, No. 451, eff. 8-1-93; renum. (3) to be (3) (a), cr. (3) (b), Register, August, 1994, No. 464, eff. 9-1-94.
REEB 18.10 REEB 18.10 Commingling prohibited. A broker shall deposit only real estate trust funds in the broker's real estate trust account and shall not commingle the broker's personal funds or other funds in the trust account except that a broker may deposit and keep a sum not to exceed $300.00 from the broker's personal funds in any real estate trust account, which sum shall be specifically identified and deposited to cover service charges relating to the trust account. A broker shall deposit additional personal funds in the broker's real estate trust account within 10 business days following receipt of a statement or other notification from a depository institution that a service charge has been made against the account for which insufficient personal funds are available in the account.
REEB 18.10 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1981, No. 304, eff. 5-1-81; renum. from REB 9.10, Register, February, 1983, No. 326, eff. 3-1-83; am. Register, July, 1984, No. 342, eff. 7-1-84; am. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92; am. Register, August, 1994, No. 464, eff. 9-1-94.
REEB 18.11 REEB 18.11 Non-depositable items.
REEB 18.11(1) (1)Other than promissory notes. With the exception of promissory notes, a broker shall not hold any instrument, equity or thing of value which is not depositable in a real estate trust account. Non-depositable items other than promissory notes shall be held by one of the parties to a transaction or some other party, subject to an escrow agreement prepared by the parties or an attorney.
REEB 18.11(2) (2)Promissory notes. A broker may accept and hold earnest money downpayments in the form of promissory notes received from the parties to a transaction, if the broker, the parties or the parties' attorney or attorneys:
REEB 18.11(2)(a) (a) Delete or modify the earnest money provisions in a form approved pursuant to s. REEB 16.03 to show receipt of a promissory note;
REEB 18.11(2)(b) (b) Grant the broker the authority to hold the note; and
REEB 18.11(2)(c) (c) Provide appropriate disbursement directions for the broker.
REEB 18.11 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1981, No. 304, eff. 5-1-81; renum. from REB 9.11, Register, February, 1983, No. 326, eff. 3-1-83; am. Register, August, 1994, No. 464, eff. 9-1-94; correction in (2) (a) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register November 2011 No. 671.
REEB 18.12 REEB 18.12 Branch office trust account. In the event a branch office, as defined in s. RL 17.02 (1), maintains one or more real estate trust accounts, separate from any trust account at the broker's main office, a separate bookkeeping system shall be maintained in that branch office.
REEB 18.12 Note Note: 2001 Wis. Act 16 repealed s. 452.12 (3) (b), Stats., on which ss. RL 17.02 (1) and 18.12 were based. Section RL 17.02 (1) was repealed eff. 7-1-05. This section will be repealed in future rule making by the board.
REEB 18.12 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1981, No. 304, eff. 5-1-81; renum. from REB 9.12 and am. Register, February, 1983, No. 326, eff. 3-1-83; am. Register, August, 1994, No. 464, eff. 9-1-94; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 2000, No. 534.
REEB 18.13 REEB 18.13 Bookkeeping system. Each broker shall maintain and be responsible for a bookkeeping system in the broker's office consisting of at least the following:
REEB 18.13(1) (1)Cash journal. A broker shall maintain a record, called a journal, which shall show the chronological sequence in which real estate trust funds are received and disbursed as follows:
REEB 18.13(1)(a) (a) For funds received, the journal shall include the date, the name of the party who is giving the money, and the amount.
REEB 18.13(1)(b) (b) For disbursements, the journal shall include the date, the payee, the number of the check, share draft or draft and the amount.
REEB 18.13(1)(c) (c) The journal shall identify each transaction by including the name of the principal, an identification number or other means of identification which will link the journal to the transactions and the ledger described in sub. (2).
REEB 18.13(1)(d) (d) The journal shall show a running balance for each day on which receipts or disbursements are entered.
REEB 18.13(2) (2)Ledger. A broker shall maintain a record which shows the receipts and the disbursements as they affect each particular transaction e.g., transactions between buyer and seller, landlord and tenant, etc. The ledger entry shall include the names of both parties to a transaction, the dates and the amounts received and the name of the party giving the money if different from the buyer. The ledger entry shall include the date, payee, number of the check, share draft or draft and amount when funds are disbursed. The ledger shall show a running balance and segregate each transaction. The broker shall maintain a separate ledger or separate section of the ledger for each of the various kinds of real estate transactions, e.g., sales, rental collections or mortgage and land contract collections.
REEB 18.13(3) (3)Account reconciliation. The broker or a person designated by the broker shall reconcile the real estate trust account in writing each month except in the case where there has been no activity during the month. The written reconciliation shall include the ending account statement balance, the date and amounts of the deposits in transit, the number of the check, share draft or draft and amount of checks, share drafts or drafts written but not paid by the depository institution as of the ending date shown on the account statement to be reconciled, and the reconciled account statement ending balance.
REEB 18.13(4) (4)Trial balance. The broker shall prepare or have prepared, in conjunction with sub. (3), a written listing, "trial balance", of all open items in the real estate trust account. The list must show the names of the parties to the transaction and the amount held in trust for the parties at the time corresponding to the account reconciliation. The broker may in lieu of the names of the parties to the transaction substitute the ledger page number or other means of identification from the ledger to label the funds in the trial balance.
REEB 18.13(5) (5)Validation. The broker or a person designated by the broker shall review the reconciled account statement balance, the open ledger account listing, and the journal running balance to ensure that all of these records are valid and in agreement as of the date the account statement has been reconciled.
REEB 18.13(6) (6)Use of computers. A computerized system may be used to maintain the broker's bookkeeping system if:
REEB 18.13(6)(a) (a) The system complies fully with subs. (1) to (5).
REEB 18.13(6)(b) (b) All bookkeeping entries required by this chapter are made in the computerized system, even if other records are being simultaneously maintained.
REEB 18.13(6)(c) (c) A backup copy of the bookkeeping records required under subs. (1) to (2) is made on any day on which entries are made in the computerized bookkeeping system. The backup copy shall be made on a disk or other medium which is separate and distinct from that on which the source documents reside.
REEB 18.13(6)(d) (d) After complying with subs. (3) to (5), the document which records the account reconciliation, trial balance and validation is immediately copied to a backup medium and maintained by the broker.
REEB 18.13(6)(e) (e) All records which are not maintained as written paper records are capable of being immediately converted to written paper records and immediately made available without charge to the department for the purposes of department audit or investigation.
REEB 18.13(6)(f) (f) All computerized trust account records are retained pursuant to s. REEB 15.04.
REEB 18.13 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1981, No. 304, eff. 5-1-81; renum. from REB 9.13, Register, February, 1983, No. 326, eff. 3-1-83; am. (intro.), (1) (b), (2) to (5), Register, June, 1984, No. 342, eff. 7-1-84; am. (1) (intro.), (a) and (b), (2) and (4), renum. (1) (c) to be (1) (d), cr. (1) (c) and (6), Register, August, 1994, No. 464, eff. 9-1-94; correction in (6) (f) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register November 2011 No. 671.
REEB 18.14 REEB 18.14 Violation of rules. A broker who fails to comply with the rules in this chapter shall be considered to have demonstrated incompetency to act as a real estate broker in a manner as to safeguard the interests of the public, as specified in s. 452.14 (3), Stats.
REEB 18.14 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1981, No. 304, eff. 5-1-81; renum. from REB 9.14 and am. Register, February, 1983, No. 326, eff. 3-1-83; am. Register, June, 1984, No. 342, eff. 7-1-84.
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