Register November 2014 No. 707
Chapter SPS 314
FIRE PREVENTION
Subchapter I — Adoption and Application of NFPA® 1, Fire Code
SPS 314.001   Adoption and application.
Subchapter II — Modifications of NFPA 1, Fire Code
SPS 314.01   Administration.
SPS 314.03   Definitions.
SPS 314.10   General fire safety.
SPS 314.11   Building services.
SPS 314.13   Fire protection systems.
SPS 314.15   Fire department service delivery concurrency evaluation.
SPS 314.16   Hose threads during construction.
SPS 314.20   Open flame devices and pyrotechnics.
SPS 314.27   Manufactured home and recreational vehicle sites.
SPS 314.50   Commercial cooking equipment for mobile kitchens.
SPS 314.53   Mechanical refrigeration.
SPS 314.65   Explosives, fireworks and model rocketry.
Ch. SPS 314 Note Note: Chapter Ind 65 as it existed on April 30, 1989 was repealed and a new chapter ILHR 14 was created effective May 1, 1989; Chapter ILHR 14 as it existed on March 31, 1992 was repealed and a new chapter ILHR 14 was created effective April 1, 1992. Chapter ILHR 14 was renumbered to chapter Comm 14 under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1., Stats., and corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 6. and 7., Stats., Register, December, 1996, No. 492. Chapter Comm 14 as it existed on June 30, 2002 was repealed and a new Chapter Comm 14 was created effective July 1, 2002. Chapter Comm 14 as it existed on February 29, 2008 was repealed and a new chapter Comm 14 was created effective March 1, 2008. Chapter Comm 14 was renumbered chapter SPS 314 under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 1., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
subch. I of ch. SPS 314 Subchapter I — Adoption and Application of NFPA® 1, Fire Code
SPS 314.001 SPS 314.001 Adoption and application.
SPS 314.001(1) (1) NFPA 1 .
SPS 314.001(1)(a)(a) Adoption of model fire code. NFPA 1, Fire Code — 2012, subject to the modifications specified in this chapter, is hereby incorporated by reference into this chapter.
SPS 314.001 Note Note: A copy of NFPA 1, Fire Code, is on file in the offices of the Department and the Legislative Reference Bureau. Copies of NFPA 1, Fire Code, may be purchased from the National Fire Protection Association at 11 Tracy Drive, Avon, MA 02322; and may be purchased or accessed free of charge at www.nfpa.org.
SPS 314.001(1)(b) (b) Application of model fire code. The use, operation and maintenance of public buildings and places of employment shall comply with NFPA 1 as referenced in par. (a), except as otherwise provided in this chapter.
SPS 314.001(2) (2)Alternate model fire code. Where a municipality has by ordinance adopted requirements of an alternate model fire code and any additional requirements, that, in total, are equivalent to NFPA 1 as referenced in sub. (1), the department will not consider that ordinance to be in conflict with sub. (1); and property owners or managers, or employers, need only comply with that ordinance.
SPS 314.001 Note Note: In assisting a municipality that has adopted or plans to adopt an alternate model fire code, Departmental staff typically will provide expertise relating only to NFPA 1 and this chapter, and should not be expected to be familiar with the alternate fire code and any local requirements needed to establish equivalency with NFPA 1 and this chapter. Creating that equivalency is the responsibility of that municipality, not the Department.
SPS 314.001 History History: CR 06-120: cr. Register February 2008 No. 626, eff. 3-1-08; CR 09-104: am. (1) (a), (b), renum. (2) (a) to be (2) and am., r. (2) (b) Register December 2010 No. 660, eff. 1-1-11; correction in (1) (title) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 2., Stats., Register December 2010 No. 660; CR 13-105: am. (1) (a), (2) Register August 2014 No. 704, eff. 9-1-14.
subch. II of ch. SPS 314 Subchapter II — Modifications of NFPA 1, Fire Code
Subch. II of ch. SPS 314 Note Note: The sections in this subchapter are generally numbered to correspond to the chapter and section numbering of NFPA 1, Fire Code; for example, s. SPS 314.01 contains modifications of NFPA 1, chapter 1.
SPS 314.01 SPS 314.01 Administration.
SPS 314.01(1)(1) Scope. These are department rules in addition to the requirements in NFPA 1 section 1.1:
SPS 314.01(1)(a)1.1. This chapter applies to all public buildings and places of employment that exist on or after September 1, 2014, except as provided in pars. (b) to (d).
SPS 314.01(1)(a)2. 2. This chapter applies to the inspection, testing, and maintenance of all fire safety features as specified in this chapter, for all public buildings and places of employment that exist on or after September 1, 2014, except as provided in pars. (b) to (d).
SPS 314.01 Note Note: As established in s. SPS 314.01 (2) (a) 1., this chapter does not prescribe how to design public buildings. However, this chapter includes requirements that may apply during the construction of a public building, such as the safeguards in NFPA 1 chapter 16 for fire safety during construction. See Chs. SPS 361 to 366 for design requirements for public buildings and places of employment.
SPS 314.01(1)(b) (b) This chapter does not apply to buildings or situations listed under the exclusions in s. 101.01 (11) and (12), Stats., or under the exemptions in s. 101.05, Stats.
SPS 314.01 Note Note: See Appendix for a reprint of the above-referenced sections of the Statutes.
SPS 314.01(1)(c)1.1. This chapter does not apply to any of the buildings, structures, or situations specified in subds. 3. and 4.
SPS 314.01(1)(c)2. 2. All of the buildings, structures, or situations in subds. 3. to 8. are neither public buildings nor places of employment under this chapter.
SPS 314.01(1)(c)3.a.a. Buildings or structures located on Indian reservation land that are held either in trust by the United States, or in fee by the tribe or a tribal member.
SPS 314.01(1)(c)3.b. b. Buildings or structures which are located on off-reservation Indian land that is held in trust by the United States – and which are held either in trust by the United States, or in fee by the tribe or a tribal member.
SPS 314.01(1)(c)4. 4. Buildings and portions of buildings that are either federally owned or exempted by federal statutes, regulations, or treaties.
SPS 314.01(1)(c)5. 5. Buildings and structures that are on a farm premises and used exclusively for farming purposes, provided any use of the building or structure by the public consists only of consumers directly receiving farm commodities, substantially all of which have been planted or produced on the farm premises. In this application, "substantially all" means at least 90 percent of the commodities were planted or produced on the farm premises.
SPS 314.01 Note Note: As referenced in par. (b) and Note, see Appendix for a reprint of the exclusions referenced in s. 101.01 (11) and (12) of the Statutes, which includes definitions of "farming" and "farm premises."
SPS 314.01(1)(c)6. 6. A one- or 2-family dwelling used as a foster home, treatment foster home, or group home, or as a residential care center for children and youth that has a capacity for 8 or fewer children, all as defined in s. 48.02, Stats.
SPS 314.01 Note Note: The definitions in s. 48.02 of the Statutes limit foster homes to no more than 4 children unless the children are siblings, limit treatment foster homes to no more than 4 children, and limit group homes to no more than 8 children. Where permitted by the Department of Children and Families, a group home or a residential care center for children and youth that has a capacity for 8 or fewer children may be located in a one- or 2-family dwelling as a community living arrangement, as defined in s. 46.03 (22) of the Statutes.
SPS 314.01(1)(c)7. 7. A one- or 2-family dwelling in which a public or private day care center for 8 or fewer children is located.
SPS 314.01 Note Note: Chapter DCF 250, as administered by the Department of Children and Families, defines a "family child care center" as a being "a facility where a person provides care and supervision for less than 24 hours a day for at least 4 and not more than 8 children who are not related to the provider." Chapter DCF 250 applies various licensing and other requirements to these centers, including for fire protection and other aspects of the physical plant.
SPS 314.01(1)(c)8. 8. That portion of or space within a one- or 2-family dwelling in which a home occupation is located.
SPS 314.01(1)(d) (d) In this section, "home occupation" means any business, profession, trade or employment conducted in a person's dwelling unit, that may involve the person's immediate family or household and a maximum of one other unrelated person, but does not involve any of the following:
SPS 314.01(1)(d)1. 1. Explosives, fireworks or repair of motor vehicles.
SPS 314.01(1)(d)2. 2. More than 25% of the habitable floor area of the dwelling unit.
SPS 314.01(1)(e)1.1. The requirements in sub. (11) apply to all fire responses, rather than only to fire responses for public buildings and places of employment.
SPS 314.01(1)(e)2. 2. The requirements in sub. (13) (d) 2. apply to fire responses to first alarms for all buildings, rather than only for public buildings.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.