“Repair" means the act or process of restoring to original soundness, including redecorating, refinishing, nonstructural repairs or maintenance, or the replacement of existing fixtures, systems or equipment with the equivalent fixture, system or equipment.
“Shingle" means a unit of roof-covering material that has been manufactured to specific dimensions and is applied in overlapping fashion. “Shingle" includes all of the following:
“Fiberglass asphalt shingle" means a type of shingle with an internal mat composed of nonwoven, resin-bonded glass fibers, that is impregnated and coated with asphalt.
“Laminated shingle" means a shingle with a second layer of asphalt and mat laminated to the first layer, usually in a design pattern to simulate the dimensional appearance of natural slate or wood shakes.
“Organic asphalt shingle" means a shingle with an internal mat composed of organic fibers, such as cellulose, that is saturated and coated with asphalt.
“Strip shingle" means a rectangular shingle that relies either on a sealant or on a combination of weight and stiffness to resist wind uplift, rather than using interlocking tabs.
A “single-wythe wall" is a masonry wall consisting of one unit of thickness.
A “smoke chamber" is that part of a fireplace which acts as a funnel to compress the smoke and gases from the fire so that they will enter the chimney above.
A “smoke pipe" is a connector between the solid or liquid fuel-burning appliance and the chimney.
“Solid unit" means a masonry unit which has a net cross-sectional area parallel to the bearing face which is 75% or more of the gross cross-sectional area.
“Stabilized" means the condition where vegetation is established or other practices are in place on exposed soil surfaces so as to reduce erosion.
“Stair," “stairs," or “stairway" means one or more risers and the necessary treads, which form a continuous passage from one elevation to another. Multiple stairways can be connected by platforms and landings.
A “story" is that portion of a building located above the basement, between the floor and the ceiling.
A “stove" is a nonportable solid-fuel-burning, vented, nonducted heat-producing appliance located in the space that it is intended to heat. This definition does not include cooking appliances.
“Strain" means a change in the physical shape of a material caused by stress.
“Stress" means internal resistance to an external force expressed in load per unit area; stresses acting perpendicular (compression or tension) to the surface, shear stresses acting in the plane of the surface, or bending stresses which cause curving.
“Structural analysis" is a branch of the physical sciences which uses the principles of mechanics in analyzing the impact of loads and forces and their effect on the physical properties of materials in the form of internal stress and strain.
The “throat" of a fireplace is the slot-like opening above the firebox through which flames, smoke and other products of combustion pass into the smoke chamber.
“Vent" means a vertical flue or passageway to vent fuel-burning appliances.
A “vent connector" is a connector between a fuel-burning appliance and the chimney or vent.
“Water-resistive barrier" means a material, including flashing, behind an exterior wall covering that is intended to resist liquid water that has penetrated behind the permanent weather-resistant finish from further intruding into the exterior wall assembly.
“Waters of the state" includes those portions of Lake Michigan and Lake Superior within the boundaries of Wisconsin, and all lakes, bays, rivers, streams, springs, ponds, wells, impounding reservoirs, marshes, watercourses, drainage systems and other surface waters or groundwaters, natural or artificial, public or private, within the state or its jurisdiction.
“Window" means a glazed opening in an exterior wall, including glazed portions of doors, within a conditioned space.
“Wisconsin Administrative Permit" means a permit issued by a municipality that does not conduct inspections or plan reviews under this code.
“Wisconsin insignia" means a device or seal approved by the department to certify compliance with this code.
SPS 320.07 History
Cr. Register, November, 1979, No. 287
, eff. 6-1-80; cr. (34m) and (36m), Register, February, 1985, No. 350
, eff. 3-1-85; am. (8), (22), (36m), (50), (58), (62) and (74), r. (18) and (53), renum. (26) to (29m) and am., cr. (34r), (38m), (40m), (59m) and (65m), r. and recr. (38), Register, January, 1989, No. 397
, eff. 2-1-89; am. (16), (34m), (40), (52) (a) (intro.) and (b), cr. (21m), Register, March, 1992, No. 435
, eff. 4-1-92; am. (16), cr. (intro), (8m), (28t), (28v), (63m), (65r) and (77m), Register, September, 1992, No. 441
, eff. 12-1-92; am. (4) and (65r), renum. (62) to be (73r), cr. (26), (62), (78m), Register, November, 1995, No. 479
, eff. 12-1-95; emerg. cr. (7m), (34L) and (40f), eff. 5-8-96; correction in (23) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, October, 1996, No. 490
; emerg. cr. (7m), (34L) and (40f), eff. 5-8-96; cr. (7m), (15m), (34g), (34h) and (34i), renum. (34k) to be (34e), Register, February, 1997, No. 494
, eff. 3-1-97; r. (22), (27m), (39), (73r) and (74), Register, January, 1999, No. 517
, eff. 2-1-99; cr. (19m), (40t) and (59t), Register, April, 2000, No. 532
, eff. 7-1-00; r. (4m), (28), (28r), (41m), (45), (56m), (60) and (73m), cr. (10m), (15g), (24m), (24r), (33m), (34f), (53), (53m), and (55m), r. and recr. (17) and (36) and am. (47) and (61), Register, March, 2001, No. 543
, eff. 4-1-01; CR 00-159
: cr. (60m) and (75m), Register September 2001 No. 549
eff. 12-1-01; CR 02-077
: cr. (10t), r. and recr. (29) and (35) Register May 2003 No. 569
, eff. 8-1-03; CR 05-113
: cr. (19r), (46m) and (67m), r. (28v) and (63m), r. and recr. (65r) Register December 2006 No. 612
, eff. 4-1-07; CR 06-071
: am. (52) (b), cr. (52m) Register December 2006 No. 612
, eff. 4-1-07; CR 08-043
: cr. (5m), (18), (34s), (53f) and (77f), r. (29m) and (52) Register March 2009 No. 639
, eff. 4-1-09; correction in (intro.), (16), (23), (50), (75m) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 6., 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672
; CR 15-041
: am. (34f), r. (34m), cr. (36r), (37m), am. (47), (50), (62) (intro.), (66), r. (67), (67m) Register December 2015 No. 720
, eff. 1-1-16; CR 15-043
: cr. (12m) Register December 2015 No. 720
, eff. 1-1-16; correction in (12m) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2015 No. 720
: emerg. cr. (10r), eff. 2-6-17; CR 17-017
: cr. (10r) Register March 2018 No. 747
, eff. 4-1-18; CR 21-047: am. (25), (27), cr. (59p) Register May 2022 No. 797, eff. 6-1-22.
SPS 320.08 Wisconsin uniform building permit. SPS 320.08(1)(1)
Except as provided under s. SPS 320.09 (9) (b)
, a Wisconsin uniform building permit shall be obtained from the municipality administering and enforcing this code or from a registered UDC inspection agency administering and enforcing this code in a municipality where the department has jurisdiction pursuant to s. 101.651 (3) (b)
, Stats., before any on–site construction, including excavation for a structure, may begin.
A person who obtains a Wisconsin uniform building permit from a registered UDC inspection agency shall retain the same agency to conduct the inspections for the project under s. SPS 320.10
SPS 320.08 Note
Section SPS 320.09 (9) (b)
permits the issuance of a footing and foundation permit prior to the issuance of the Wisconsin uniform building permit.
SPS 320.08 History
Cr. Register, November, 1979, No. 287
, eff. 6-1-80; am. Register, September, 1992, No. 441
, eff. 12-1-92; CR 00-159
: r. and recr., Register September 2001 No. 549
eff. 12-1-01; CR 03-097
: am. (1) Register November 2004 No. 587
, eff. 1-1-05; correction in (1) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register August 2007 No. 620
; correction in (1) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register March 2009 No. 639
; correction in (1), (2) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672
SPS 320.09 Procedure for obtaining uniform building permit. SPS 320.09(1)(1)
Application for a Wisconsin uniform building permit shall be on forms obtained from the department, the municipality or the authorized UDC inspection agency administering and enforcing this code. No application shall be accepted that does not contain all the information requested on the form.
SPS 320.09 Note
See ch. SPS 325 Appendix A
for a copy of the Wisconsin uniform building permit and application.
SPS 320.09 Note
Note: Any municipality exercising jurisdiction may require reasonable supplementary information not contained on the Wisconsin building permit application.
A Wisconsin uniform building permit application for the construction or installation of a dwelling shall be filed with the municipality or the authorized UDC inspection agency administering and enforcing this code.
Pursuant to s. 101.63 (7m)
, Stats., each municipality shall contact the department to register and enroll in the department's online building permit system. Municipalities or its contracted agent shall then file all building permits in the format acceptable to the department no later than the 15th of the following month after the date the permit was issued.
SPS 320.09 Note
To register for the electronic building permit process the department may be contacted by telephone at (608) 266-2112, or via email at DSPSSBUDCTech@wisconsin.gov
If the municipality administering and enforcing this code fails to file the electronic permit form information by the end of the first month following the date of issuance, the municipality, or the contracted inspection agency of that municipality shall refund to the person to whom the building permit was issued the amount of the permit fees less the fee paid to the state for the Wisconsin uniform building permit seal.
The Wisconsin uniform building permit shall not be issued nor shall the permit information be submitted electronically to the department prior to the receipt of all completed forms, fees, plans, and documents required to process the application and completion of other local prerequisite permitting requirements.
SPS 320.09 Note
Note: The department requires copies of permits that are issued for new dwelling construction or installation only. Permits issued for additions, alterations, accessory buildings, etc., should not be filed with the department.
When required by local ordinance, permit applications for additions, alterations and repairs shall be filed with municipalities and counties in accordance with their adopted ordinances.
SPS 320.09 Note
Note: The Department of Safety and Professional Services requires copies of permits that are issued for new dwelling construction only. Any permits issued for additions, alterations, repairs, garage construction, etc. are not required to be filed with the department.
Building permits for additions, alterations and repairs are not required in municipalities where the department has jurisdiction under s. 101.651 (3) (b)
The permit application shall be reviewed by a certified UDC inspector.
A permit may be issued only after approval of the requirements under this section by a certified UDC inspector.
The municipality shall, by ordinance, determine fees to cover expenses of plan examination, inspection and the issuance of the Wisconsin uniform building permit.
The municipality shall purchase a Wisconsin uniform building permit seal from the department for each new dwelling in accordance with s. SPS 302.34
UDC inspection agency fees shall be determined by contract between the municipality and the agency or between the department and the agency, where the agency has been authorized to conduct inspections on behalf of the department.
A UDC inspection agency shall purchase a Wisconsin uniform building permit seal from the department in accordance with s. SPS 302.34
At least 2 sets of plans for all one- and 2-family dwellings shall be submitted to the municipality or authorized UDC inspection agency administering and enforcing this code, for examination and approval at the time the Wisconsin uniform building permit application is filed.
The required building plans shall be legible and drawn to scale or dimensioned and shall include all of the following:
The location of the dwelling and any other buildings, wells, surface waters and dispersal systems on the site with respect to property lines and surface waters adjacent to the site.
The areas of land-disturbing construction activity and the location of all erosion and sediment control measures to be employed in order to comply with s. SPS 321.125
The pre-construction ground surface slope and direction of runoff flow within the proposed areas of land disturbance.
The size and location of all rooms, doors, windows, structural features, exit passageways and stairs.
The location of plumbing fixtures, chimneys, heating and cooling appliances, and a heating distribution layout.
The location and construction details of wall bracing on each building side and floor level. The details may consist of the Wall Bracing Compliance Worksheet or a legend showing which wall bracing method is used and the lengths or number of braced wall panels and demarcation of the circumscribed rectangles if more than one is used.
The elevations shall show all of the following:
The exterior appearance of the building, including the type of exterior materials.
The location, size and configuration of doors, windows, roof, chimneys, exterior grade, footings and foundation walls.
All plans submitted for approval shall be accompanied by sufficient data, calculations and information to determine if the dwelling will meet the requirements of this code.
The data and information for determining compliance with the energy conservation standards shall be submitted in a format approved by the department.
Except as required under s. SPS 321.33
, a municipality exercising jurisdiction may not require plans or calculations to be stamped or sealed by an architect or engineer.
The name of the initial downstream receiving water of the state from the dwelling shall be identified, regarding erosion and sediment control.
Where a dwelling is intended to be identically and repetitively constructed at different locations, a master plan may be submitted for approval.
If the plans conform to the provisions of the code, an approval and a master plan number shall be issued.
The number issued may be used in lieu of submitting building plans for each location.
A plot plan shall be submitted for each location at the time of application for the Wisconsin uniform building permit.