subch. III of ch. SPS 320 Subchapter III — Definitions
SPS 320.07 SPS 320.07Definitions. In chs. SPS 320 to 325:
SPS 320.07(1) (1)“Accessory building" means a detached building, not used as a dwelling unit but is incidental to that of the main building and which is located on the same lot. Accessory building does not mean farm building.
SPS 320.07(2) (2)“Addition" means new construction performed on a dwelling which increases the outside dimensions of the dwelling.
SPS 320.07(3) (3)“Allowable stress" means the specified maximum permissible stress of a material expressed in load per unit area.
SPS 320.07(4) (4)“Alteration" means an enhancement, upgrading or substantial change or modification other than an addition or repair to a dwelling or to electrical, plumbing, heating, ventilating, air conditioning and other systems within a dwelling.
SPS 320.07(5) (5)“Approved" means an approval by the department or its authorized representative. (Approval is not to be construed as an assumption of any legal responsibility for the design or construction of the dwelling or building component.)
SPS 320.07(5m) (5m)“Attached," defining the relationship between another building and a dwelling, means at least one of the following conditions is present:
SPS 320.07(5m)(a) (a) There is a continuous, weatherproof roof between the two structures.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: The sides are not required to be enclosed with walls.
SPS 320.07(5m)(b) (b) There is a continuous, structural floor system between the two structures.
SPS 320.07(5m)(c) (c) There is a continuous foundation system between the two structures.
SPS 320.07(6) (6)“Attic" means a space under the roof and above the ceiling of the topmost part of a dwelling.
SPS 320.07(7) (7)A “balcony" is a landing or porch projecting from the wall of a building.
SPS 320.07(7m) (7m)“Base flood elevation" means the depth or peak elevation of flooding, including wave height, which has a one percent or greater chance of occurring in any given year.
SPS 320.07(8) (8)“Basement" means that portion of a dwelling below the first floor or groundfloor with its entire floor below grade.
SPS 320.07(8m) (8m)“Best management practices" is defined in s. 101.653, Stats., and means practices, techniques or measures that the department determines to be effective means of preventing or reducing pollutants of surface water generated from construction sites.
SPS 320.07(9) (9)“Building component" means any subsystem, subassembly or other system designed for use in or as part of a structure, which may include structural, electrical, mechanical, plumbing and fire protection systems and other systems affecting health and safety.
SPS 320.07(10) (10)“Building system" means plans, specifications and documentation for a system of manufactured building or for a type or a system of building components, which may include structural, electrical, mechanical, plumbing and variations which are submitted as part of the building system.
SPS 320.07(10m) (10m)“Business day" means any day other than Saturday, Sunday or a legal holiday.
SPS 320.07(10r) (10r)“Camping unit” has the meaning given in s. SPS 327.08 (9).
SPS 320.07(10t) (10t)“Carport" means a structure used for storing motorized vehicles that is attached to a dwelling and that has at least 2 sides completely unenclosed.
SPS 320.07(11) (11)“Ceiling height" means the clear vertical distance from the finished floor to the finished ceiling.
SPS 320.07(12) (12)“Certified inspector" means a person certified by the department to engage in the administration and enforcement of this code.
SPS 320.07(12m) (12m)Ch. SPS 325 Appendix" means chs. SPS 320 to 325 Appendix.
SPS 320.07(13) (13)A “chimney" is one or more vertical, or nearly so, passageways or flues for the purpose of conveying flue gases to the atmosphere.
SPS 320.07(14) (14)“Chimney connector". Same as smoke pipe.
SPS 320.07(15) (15)“Closed construction" means any building, building component, assembly or system manufactured in such a manner that it cannot be inspected before installation at the building site without disassembly, damage or destruction.
SPS 320.07(15g) (15g)“Coarse aggregate" means granular material, such as gravel or crushed stone, that is predominately retained on a sieve with square openings of 4.75 mm or 0.18 inch.
SPS 320.07(15m) (15m)“Coastal floodplain" means an area along the coast of Lake Michigan or Lake Superior below base flood elevation that is subject to wave runup or wave heights of 3 feet or more.
SPS 320.07(16) (16)“Code" means chs. SPS 320 to 325, the Wisconsin uniform dwelling code.
SPS 320.07(17) (17)“Combustion air" means the total amount of air necessary for the complete combustion of a fuel.
SPS 320.07(18) (18)“Common use area" means kitchens, hallways, basements, garages and all habitable rooms.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: These areas must meet the circulation requirements under s. SPS 321.035.
SPS 320.07(19) (19)“Compliance assurance program" means the detailed system documentation and methods of assuring that manufactured dwellings and dwelling components are manufactured, stored, transported, assembled, handled and installed in accordance with this code.
SPS 320.07(19m) (19m)“Composting toilet system" means a method that collects, stores and converts by bacterial digestion nonliquid-carried human wastes or organic kitchen wastes, or both, into humus.
SPS 320.07(19r) (19r)“Control practice" means a method or device implemented to prevent or reduce erosion or the resulting deposition of soil or sediment.
SPS 320.07(20) (20)“Cooling load" is the rate at which heat must be removed from the space to maintain a selected indoor air temperature during periods of design outdoor weather conditions.
SPS 320.07(21) (21)“Dead load" means the vertical load due to all permanent structural and nonstructural components of the building such as joists, rafters, sheathing, finishes and construction assemblies such as walls, partitions, floors, ceilings and roofs, and systems.
SPS 320.07(21m) (21m)“Deck" means an unenclosed exterior structure, attached or adjacent to the exterior wall of a building, which has a floor, but no roof.
SPS 320.07(23) (23)“Department" means the department of safety and professional services.
SPS 320.07(24) (24)“Detached building" means any building which is not physically connected to the dwelling.
SPS 320.07(24m) (24m)“Dilution air" means air that is provided for the purpose of mixing with flue gases in a draft hood or draft regulator.
SPS 320.07(24r) (24r)“Direct-vent appliance" means a gas-burning appliance that is constructed and installed so that all air for combustion is derived directly from the outside atmosphere and all flue gases are discharged to the outside atmosphere.
SPS 320.07(25) (25)“Dwelling" means any building, the initial construction of which is commenced on or after the effective date of this code, which contains one or 2 dwelling units.
SPS 320.07(26) (26)“Dwelling contractor" means any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of performing erosion control or construction work such as framing, roofing, siding, insulating, masonry or window replacement work covered under this code and who takes out a building permit. “Dwelling contractor" does not include the owner of an existing dwelling, an owner who will reside in a new dwelling or a person, firm or corporation engaging exclusively in electrical, plumbing, or heating, ventilating and air conditioning work.
SPS 320.07(27) (27)“Dwelling unit" means a structure, or that part of a structure, which is used or intended to be used as a home, residence or sleeping place by one person or by 2 or more persons maintaining a common household, to the exclusion of all others.
SPS 320.07(28t) (28t)“Erosion" means the detachment and movement of soil, sediment or rock fragments by water, wind, ice or gravity.
SPS 320.07(29) (29)“Exit" means a direct, continuous, unobstructed means of egress from inside the dwelling to the exterior of the dwelling.
SPS 320.07(30) (30)“Farm operation" is the planting and cultivating of the soil and growing of farm products substantially all of which have been planted or produced on the farm premises.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: According to s. 102.04 (3), Stats., the farm operation includes the management, conserving, improving and maintaining of the premises, tools, equipment improvements and the exchange of labor or services with other farmers; the processing, drying, packing, packaging, freezing, grading, storing, delivery to storage, carrying to market or to a carrier for transportation to market and distributing directly to the consumer; the clearing of such premises and the salvaging of timber and the management and use of wood lots thereon but does not include logging, lumbering and wood-cutting operations unless the operations are conducted as an accessory to other farm operations.
SPS 320.07(31) (31)“Farm premises" is defined to be the area which is planted and cultivated. The farm premises does not include greenhouses, structures or other areas unless used principally for the production of food or farm products.
SPS 320.07(32) (32)“Farm products" are defined as agricultural, horticultural and arboricultural crops. Animals considered within the definition of agricultural include livestock, bees, poultry, fur-bearing animals, and wildlife or aquatic life.
SPS 320.07(33) (33)“Farming" means the operation of a farm premises owned or rented by the operator.
SPS 320.07(33m) (33m)“Fireblocking" means a material or device used to retard or prevent the spread of flame or hot gases through concealed spaces into adjacent rooms or areas.
SPS 320.07(34) (34)“Firebox" means that part of the fireplace used as the combustion chamber.
SPS 320.07(34e) (34e)“First floor" means the first floor level above any groundfloor or basement or, in the absence of a groundfloor or basement, means the lowest floor level in the dwelling.
SPS 320.07(34f) (34f)“Flight" means a continuous series of risers and treads, with no intermediate landings.
SPS 320.07(34g) (34g)“Floodfringe area" means that portion of the floodplain outside of the floodway that is at or below base flood elevation. The term “floodfringe" is intended to designate an area of standing, rather than flowing, water.
SPS 320.07(34h) (34h)“Floodplain" means land which is subject to flooding which is at or below base flood elevation. The floodplain includes the floodway and floodfringe areas.
SPS 320.07(34i) (34i)“Floodway" means the channel of a river or stream and those portions of the floodplain adjoining the channel required to carry the flood discharge. The term “floodway" is intended to designate an area of flowing, rather than standing, water.
SPS 320.07(34s) (34s)“Foundation" means the structural system used to transfer the weight of the building to the earth.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: The foundation may include one or more components such as footings, piers, columns, slabs and walls.
SPS 320.07(35) (35)“Garage" means a structure used for storing motorized vehicles that has any more than 2 sides completely enclosed.
SPS 320.07(36) (36)“Gas appliance" means any device that uses gas as a fuel or raw material to produce light, heat, power, refrigeration or air conditioning.
SPS 320.07(36m) (36m)“Groundfloor" means that level of a dwelling, below the first floor, located on a site with a sloping or multilevel grade and which has a portion of its floor line at grade.
SPS 320.07(36r) (36r)“Guard" means a barrier erected to prevent a person from falling to a lower level.
SPS 320.07(37) (37)“Habitable room" means any room used for sleeping, living or dining purposes, excluding such enclosed places as kitchens, closets, pantries, bath or toilet rooms, hallways, laundries, storage spaces, utility rooms, and similar spaces.
SPS 320.07(37m) (37m)“Handrail" means a horizontal or sloping rail intended for grasping by a hand, for guidance or support or preventing a fall down a stair.
SPS 320.07(38) (38)“Hearth" means the floor area within the fire chamber of a fireplace.
SPS 320.07(38m) (38m)“Hearth extension" means the surfacing applied to the floor area extending in front of and at the sides of the fireplace opening.
SPS 320.07(40) (40)“Heating load" is the estimated heat loss of each room or space to be heated, based on maintaining a selected indoor air temperature during periods of design outdoor weather conditions. The total heat load includes: the transmission losses of heat transmitted through the wall, floor, ceiling, glass or other surfaces; and either the infiltration losses or heat required to warm outdoor air used for ventilation.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: Infiltration losses include heat required to warm outside air which leaks through cracks and crevices, around doors and windows or through open doors and windows.
SPS 320.07(40m) (40m)“Hollow unit" means a masonry unit which has a net cross-sectional area parallel to the bearing face which is less than 75% of the gross cross-sectional area.
SPS 320.07(40t) (40t)“Incinerating toilet" means a self-contained device for the treatment of nonliquid carried wastes that deposits the wastes directly into a combustion chamber, reduces the solid portion to ash and evaporates the liquid portion.
SPS 320.07(41) (41)“Independent inspection agency" means any person, firm, association, partnership or corporation certified by the department to perform certified inspections under this code.
SPS 320.07(42) (42)“Initial construction" means the date of issuance of the Wisconsin uniform building permit.
SPS 320.07(43) (43)“Insignia." See “Wisconsin insignia."
SPS 320.07(44) (44)“Installation" means the assembly of a manufactured building on site and the process of affixing a manufactured building to land, a foundation, footing or an existing building.
SPS 320.07(46) (46)“Kitchen" means an area used, or designed to be used, for the preparation of food.
SPS 320.07(46m) (46m)“Land disturbing construction activity" means any man-made alteration of the land surface resulting in a change in the topography or existing vegetative or non-vegetative soil cover, that may result in storm water runoff and lead to an increase in soil erosion and movement of sediment. Land disturbing construction activity includes clearing and grubbing, demolition, excavating, pit or trench dewatering, filling and grading activities.
SPS 320.07(47) (47)“Landing" means the level portion of a stairs located between flights of stairs or located at the top and base of a stairs.
SPS 320.07(48) (48)“Listed and listing" means equipment or building components which are tested by an independent testing agency and accepted by the department.
SPS 320.07(49) (49)“Live load" means the weight superimposed on the floors, roof and structural and nonstructural components of the dwelling through use and by snow, ice or rain.
SPS 320.07(50) (50)“Loft" means an upper room or floor which has at least 50% of the common wall open to the floor below. The opening may be infringed upon by an open guard constructed in compliance with s. SPS 321.04 (2), but not by a window or half-wall guard. All habitable rooms of lofts are open to the floor below.
SPS 320.07(51) (51)“Manufacture" means the process of making, fabricating, constructing, forming or assembling a product from raw, unfinished, semifinished or finished materials.
SPS 320.07(52m) (52m)“Manufactured home" has the meaning as given in s. 101.91 (2), Stats.
SPS 320.07 Note Note: Section 101.91 (2), Stats., reads as follows:
SPS 320.07 Note (2) “Manufactured home" means any of the following:
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.