A single-wall heat exchanger may not be used with a toxic heat transfer fluid.
SPS 323.04(6)(a)(a) Enclosed spaces.
Except as provided in par. (c)
, no space heating or water-heating appliance shall be installed in a bedroom, bathroom, closet, or garage unless listed for such installation.
Appliances installed in garages shall have burners and burner ignition devices located at least 18 inches above the floor and shall be protected or located so the furnace is not subject to damage from a vehicle.
Vented decorative gas appliances and decorative gas appliances for installation in vented fireplaces may be installed in bedrooms or bathrooms only when both of the following conditions are met:
The volume of the space in which the appliance is located is not less than 50 cubic feet per 1000 Btu/h of the combined input rating of all fuel-burning appliances installed in that space. The space may be made up of more than one room if the rooms are connected through doorway openings without doors.
Water heaters may be installed in a closet located in a bathroom or bedroom where the closet is used exclusively for the water heater, where the enclosed space has a weather-stripped solid door with a self-closing device, and where all air for combustion is obtained from the outdoors.
SPS 323.04 Note
Section SPS 323.06
still requires combustion air to be provided to the appliance.
SPS 323.04 History
Cr. Register, November, 1979, No. 287
, eff. 6-1-80; r. and recr. (1) (b), and am. (4) (b), Register, February, 1985, No. 350
, eff. 3-1-85; correction in (3) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, February, 1985, No. 350
; am. (intro.) and Table 23.04-A, r. (4), renum. Figures to ILHR 23.045, Register, January, 1989, No. 397
, eff. 2-1-89; correction in (3) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, January, 1989, No. 397
; am. (intro.) and (1) (e), r. and recr. Table 23.04-B, Register, March, 1992, No. 435
, eff. 4-1-92; r. (1) (e) and cr. (4), Register, March, 2001, No. 543
, eff. 4-1-01; CR 08-028
: am. (3) Register November 2008 No. 635
, eff. 12-1-08; CR 08-043
: renum. (intro.), (1) to (3) and (4) to be (1) to (4) and (6) and am. (1), cr. (5) Register March 2009 No. 639
, eff. 4-1-09; correction in (6) (c) 1. b. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register March 2009 No. 639
; correction in (1) (c), (4), (6) (c) 1. b. made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672
; CR 15-041: renum. (4) to (4) (a), cr. (4) (b) Register December 2015 No. 720, eff. 1-1-16.
Solid-fuel-burning appliances shall be installed as specified in this section unless the manufacturer or listing specifies the use of protection or clearances other than those specified in this section. All solid-fuel-burning appliances shall be tested and listed by an accepted testing agency.
SPS 323.045 Note
Factory-built fireplaces shall comply with s. SPS 321.32
SPS 323.045(2)(a)(a) Servicing.
Every appliance shall be located to permit access to the appliance. Sufficient clearance shall be maintained around the equipment to permit cleaning of surfaces; the replacement of air filters, blowers, motors, controls and chimney connectors; the lubrication and servicing of moving parts; and the adjustment and servicing of stokers and appliance components.
Solid-fuel-burning appliances may not be installed in a garage unless listed for that application.
Solid-fuel-burning appliances shall be connected to one of the following types of chimneys:
1. `Factory-built chimneys or vents'.
A listed residential-type and building heating appliance chimney may be used with solid-fuel-burning appliances if the chimneys have been tested 3 times to a minimum flue gas temperature exposure of 2100°
F, under the conditions specified by the listing agency, for at least 10 minutes each time.
SPS 323.045 Note
Note: Products listed and labeled as complying with UL 103 - “Type HT" meet this requirement. UL 103 uses several temperature ranges for different products but only the “Type HT"-designated products have met the 2100°F testing requirement.
Wood-burning equipment shall not be connected to a flue serving a fireplace or other equipment.
The chimney shall be designed to create a natural draft to carry away the products of combustion or provision shall be made for mechanically maintaining constant updraft during equipment operation.
A listed, multifuel appliance may be vented into a single flue.
All solid-fuel-burning appliances shall be connected to chimneys with factory-built chimney material, Type L vent material or steel pipe with minimum thicknesses as specified in Table 323.045-A.
The required clearance to combustibles for chimney connectors shall be 18 inches. This clearance may be reduced in accordance with Table 323.045-B. The specified protection shall be applied to and cover all combustible material as specified in Figure 323.045-A.
Connectors and chimneys for solid fuel-burning appliances shall be designed, located and installed to permit ready access for internal inspection and cleaning.
The horizontal length shall not exceed 75% of the total vertical height of the entire venting system measured from the appliance outlet.
The connector shall maintain a rise of at least 1/4 inch per foot from the appliance outlet to the chimney inlet.
Connectors shall be securely supported and joints fastened with a minimum of 3 sheet metal screws or rivets.
Appliances used mainly for wood burning shall have the joints assembled so that the crimped end points towards the stove. Appliances burning coal shall have the joints assembled so that the crimped end points away from the appliance.
A connector to a masonry chimney shall extend through the wall to the innerface of the liner but not beyond.
The effective area of the connector shall not be less than the area of the appliance flue collar.
No chimney connectors may pass through any floor, ceiling, window, door or combustible wall nor be concealed in any closet, attic or similar space. A connector may pass through a combustible wall if the connector is guarded at the point of passage by one of the following methods:
Metal ventilated thimble not less than 12 inches larger in diameter than the connector.
All combustible material in the wall is cut away from the connector a sufficient distance to provide the required 18-inch clearance. Any material used to close up such openings shall be noncombustible.
A manual, cast iron damper to control draft shall be provided in the chimney connector. The damper shall not obstruct more than 80% of the connector area. Listed solid-fuel appliances whose listing prohibits the use of manual dampers in the connector shall not require a manual damper to be installed.
CONSTRUCTION USING COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL
“B" Equals the reduced clearance permitted in accordance with Table 323.045-B. The wall protection should extend far enough in each direction to make `C' equal to `A'.
CONNECTOR CLEARANCES WITH SPECIFIED FORMS OF PROTECTION1,2,3,4
- See PDF for table
SPS 323.045 Note
1 Spacers and ties shall be of noncombustible material.
SPS 323.045 Note
2 All methods of protection require adequate ventilation between protective material and adjacent combustible walls and ceilings.
SPS 323.045 Note
3 Mineral wool batts (blanket or board) shall have a minimum density of 8 pounds per cubic foot and a minimum melting point of 1550° F.
SPS 323.045 Note
4 If a single wall connector passes through the masonry wall there shall be at least 1/2 inch of open ventilated air space between the connector and the masonry.
(5) Mounting on floors.
Appliances shall be placed on surfaces as described in Table 323.045-C. Solid-fuel-burning appliances listed specifically for installation on a floor constructed of combustible material may be installed in accordance with the terms of the listing and the manufacturer's instructions.
(5m) Mounting on the ground.
Ground-based solid-fuel-burning appliances shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.
Solid-fuel-burning appliances shall be installed with clearances not less than specified in Table 323.045-D, except as provided in pars. (b)
Listed appliances exception.
Listed appliances shall be installed in accordance with the terms of their listing if greater clearances other than those specified by Table 323.045-D are required in accordance with the listing.
Clearance with protection exception.
Solid-fuel-burning appliances may be installed with reduced clearances provided the combustible material is protected as described in Table 323.045-E. The specified protection shall be applied to and cover all combustible material as specified in Figure 323.045-B.
Accessories for solid fuel-burning appliances such as heat exchangers, stove mats, floor pad and protection shields, shall be listed and shall be installed in accordance with the terms of their listing.
(8) Supplemental units.
Supplemental solid-fuel-burning units connected to a furnace shall be connected to the warm air side of the furnace as illustrated in Figures 323.045-C to E, and shall be installed in accordance with all of the following:
(a) Return air duct.
The area of the return air duct shall be at least equal to the area of the warm air supply duct. The return air duct shall be of the same material as specified for supply air ducts. Return air grilles shall not be located in bathrooms, kitchens, garages, utility spaces or in a confined space defined under s. SPS 323.06
in which a draft diverter or draft regulator is located.
The blower on the furnace shall maintain the manufacturer's specifications for cubic feet per minute air flow and static pressure when the supplemental unit is in operation.
(c) Outside air intake.
The outside air intake shall be connected to the cold air return plenum of the furnace. A volume damper shall be placed in the duct for the fresh air intake.
The thermostat control on the supplemental heating unit shall activate the blower motor at a temperature between 100°
(e) Supplemental units.
Supplemental solid-fuel-burning units shall be installed to maintain a 3-foot clearance between the unit and the furnace or shall be installed in accordance with the listings of both the supplemental unit and the furnace if such an installation is specifically covered by the listings.
- See PDF for table
STANDARD CLEARANCES FOR
PROTECTION OF COMBUSTIBLE WALLS
(9) Supply ducts.
Supply ducts connected to solid-fuel-burning appliances shall have the following minimum clearances to combustibles:
(a) Horizontal ducts.
The clearance from combustibles for horizontal ducts shall be as specified in Table 323.045-F.
SPS 323.045 Note
1 Clearance can be reduced in accordance with Table 323.045-B
Air shall travel 6 feet and change directions equivalent to one 90°
turn before entering an enclosure of combustible material.
Ducts shall have 3/16 inch clearance between the duct and any combustible material.
(10) Combination appliances.
Appliances capable of burning multi-types of fuel shall be listed and installed in accordance with their listing.
SPS 323.045 History
Cr. Register, February, 1985, No. 350
, eff. 3-1-85; am. (1), (3) (a) 1., (4) (b), (5), (6) (a), (6) (b) 2., (8) (intro.) and (9) (a), renum. Tables 23.045-B to E to be Tables 23.045-C, D, B and F and am. B and F, Figures 23.045-C to E renum. from Figures 23.01-A to C, cr. (2) (c), (3) (b) to (e) and (8) (e), Table 23.045-E and Figure 23.045-B, r. and recr. (6) (b) 1., Register, January, 1989, No. 397
, eff. 2-1-89; am. (1), (2) (b) (intro.), (3) (a) 1., (8) (a) and Table A, cr. (2) (b) 4., r. and recr. Table C, Register, March, 1992, No. 435
, eff. 4-1-92;
am. Table C, Register, November, 1995, No. 479
, eff. 12-1-95; r. (2) (b) and renum. and am. (2) (c) to be (2) (b), Register, March, 2001, No. 543
, eff. 4-1-01; CR 08-043
: am. (2) (b) Register March 2009 No. 639
, eff. 4-1-09; correction in (3) (a) 2., (4) (a), (b), (5) (a), (6) (a) (intro.), 1., 2., (8) (intro.), (a), (9) (a), Figure 323.045-A, Table 323.045-E, 323.045-F made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7.
, Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672
; CR 15-041: renum. (5) (a) to (5), cr. (5m), cr. (6) (a) (title), renum. (6) (a) (intro.) to (a) and am. (intro.), am. (8) (intro.) Register December 2015 No. 720, eff. 1-1-16.