Register May 2012 No. 677
EXCERPTS FROM: ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE
SECTION I - POWER BOILERS
This Code covers rules for construction of power boilers
1, electric boilers2, miniature boilers
3, high-temperature water boilers4, heat recovery steam generators
5, and certain fired pressure vessels6 to be used in stationary service and includes those power boilers used in locomotive, portable, and traction service. Reference to a paragraph includes all the subparagraphs and subdivisions under that paragraph.
- See PDF for table
The Code does not contain rules to cover all details of design and construction. Where complete details are not given, it is intended that the manufacturer, subject to the acceptance of the Authorized Inspector, shall provide details of design and construction which will be as safe as otherwise provided by the rules in the Code.
The scope of jurisdiction of Section I applies to the boiler proper and to the boiler external piping.
Superheaters, economizers, and other pressure parts connected directly to the boiler without intervening valves shall be considered as parts of the boiler proper, and their construction shall conform to Section I rules.
Boiler external piping shall be considered as that piping which begins where the boiler proper or isolable superheater, or isolable economizer terminates at:
(a) the first circumferential joint for welding end connections; or
(b) the face of the first flange in bolted flanged connections; or
(c) the first threaded joint in that type of connection; and which extends up to and including the valve or valves required by this Code.
ASME Code Certification (including Data Forms and Code Symbol Stamping), and/or inspection by the Authorized Inspector,when required by this Code, is required for the boiler proper and the boiler external piping.
Construction rules for materials, design, fabrication, installation, and testing of the boiler external piping are contained in ASME B3l.l, Power Piping. Piping beyond the valve or valves required by Section I is not within the scope of Section I, and it is not the intent that the Code Symbol Stamp be applied to such piping or any other piping.
The material for forced-circulation boilers, boilers with no fixed steam and water line, and high-temperature water boilers shall conform to the requirements of the Code. All other requirements shall also be met except where they relate to special features of construction made necessary in boilers of these types, and to accessories that are manifestly not needed or used in connection with such boilers, such as water gages and water columns.
Reheaters receiving steam which has passed through part of a turbine or other prime mover and separately fired steam superheaters which are not integral with the boiler are considered fired pressure vessels and their construction shall comply with Code requirements for superheaters, including safety devices. Piping between the reheater connections and the turbine or other prime mover is not within the scope of the Code. Steam piping to the inlet connections and from the outlet connections of nonintegral separately fired superheaters is not within the scope of the Code.
A pressure vessel in which steam is generated by the application of heat resulting from the combustion of fuel (solid, liquid, or gaseous) shall be classed as a fired steam boiler.
Unfired pressure vessels in which steam is generated shall be classed as unfired steam boilers with the following exceptions:
(a) vessels known as evaporators or heat exchangers
(b) vessels in which steam is generated by the use of heat resulting from operation of a processing system containing a number of pressure vessels such as used in the manufacture of chemical and petroleum products
Unfired steam boilers shall be constructed under the provisions of Section I or Section VIII.
Expansion tanks connected to high-temperature water boilers without intervening valves shall be constructed to the requirements of Section I or Section VIII.
A pressure vessel in which an organic fluid is vaporized by the application of heat resulting from the combustion of fuel (solid, liquid, or gaseous) shall be constructed under the provisions of Section I. Vessels in which vapor is generated incidental to the operation of a processing system, containing a number of pressure vessels such as used in chemical and petroleum manufacture, are not covered by the rules of Section I.
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL
METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION
The requirements of Part PG apply to power boilers and high pressure, high-temperature water boilers and to parts and appurtenances thereto and shall be used in conjunction with the specific requirements in the applicable Parts of this Section that pertain to the methods of construction used.
PG-2 SERVICE LIMITATIONS
PG-2.1 The rules of this Section are applicable to the following services:
(a) boilers in which steam or other vapor is generated at a pressure of more than 15 psig (100kPa)
(b) high-temperature water boilers intended for operation at pressures exceeding 160 psig (1.1 MPa) and/or temperatures exceeding 250°F (120°C)
PG-2.2 For services below those specified in PG-2.1 it is intended that rules of Section IV apply; however, boilers for such services may be constructed and stamped in accordance with this Section provided all applicable requirements are met.
PG-2.3 Coil-type hot water boilers where the water can flash into steam when released directly to the atmosphere through a manually operated nozzle may be exempted from the rules of this Section provided the following conditions are met:
(a) There is no drum, header, or other steam space.
(b) No steam is generated within the coil.
(c) Tubing outside diameter does not exceed 1 in. (25 mm).
(d) Pipe size does not exceed NPS ¾ (DN 20).
(e) Nominal water capacity does not exceed 6 gal (23 L).
(f) Water temperature does not exceed 350°F (175°C).
(g) Adequate safety relief valves and controls are provided.
PG-3 REFERENCED STANDARDS
Specific editions of standards referenced in this Section are shown in A-360.
Either U.S. Customary units or SI units may be used for compliance with all requirements of this edition, but one system shall be used consistently throughout for all phases of construction.
Either the U.S. Customary units or SI units that are listed in Mandatory Appendix II are identified in the text, or are identified in the nomenclature for equations, shall be used consistently for all phases of construction (e.g., materials, design, fabrication, and reports). Since values in the two systems are not exact equivalents, each system shall be used independently of the other without mixing U.S. Customary units and SI units.
When SI units are selected, U.S. Customary values in referenced specifications that do not contain SI units shall be converted to SI values to at least three significant figures for use in calculations and other aspects of construction.
PG-5.1 Except as otherwise permitted in PG-8.2, PG-8.3, PG-10, and PG-11, material subject to stress due to pressure shall conform to one of the specifications given in Section II and shall be limited to those that are listed in the Tables of Section II, Part D. The manufacturer shall ensure that the correct material has been received and is properly identified before proceeding with construction (see A-302.4). Materials shall not be used at temperatures above those for which stress values are limited, for Section I construction, in the Tables of Section II, Part D. Specific additional requirements described in PG-5 through PG-13 shall be met as applicable.
PG-5.2 Material covered by specifications in Section II is not restricted as to the method of production unless so stated in the specification, and as long as the product complies with the requirements of the specification.
PG-5.3 If, in the development of the art of boiler construction, it is desired to use materials other than those herein described, data should be submitted to the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee in accordance with the requirements of Appendix 5 of Section II, Part D. Material not completely identified with any approved Code specifications may be used in the construction of boilers under the conditions outlined in PG-10.