SPS 382.40(3)(d)1.d. d. The colored bands shall be at least 3 inches wide and shall bear text identifying the water or the specific use.
SPS 382.40(3)(d)1.e. e. Tags used to identify water outlets, valves and piping shall be of metal or plastic in the shape specified in Table 382.40–1a.
SPS 382.40(3)(d)1.f. f. The lettering on the triangular and circular tags shall be at least 1/2 inch in height.
SPS 382.40(3)(d)1.g. g. A hose bibb intended to discharge water that does not meet drinking water quality as specified in s. SPS 382.70, shall be labeled as nonpotable or so identified for the specific use or uses, and shall be equipped with a removable handle.
SPS 382.40(3)(d)2. 2. Piping downstream of cross connection control assemblies as listed in Table 382.22–1 shall be labeled with bands or tags as specified in subd. 1. a. to f.
SPS 382.40(3)(d)3. 3. Where a building or a structure is served by 2 distribution systems, one system supplied by a public water supply and the other system supplied by a private well, each water distribution system shall be identified to indicate the supply source.
SPS 382.40(3)(d)4. 4. The installation of each reduced pressure principle backflow preventer, reduced pressure fire protection principle backflow preventer, reduced pressure detector fire protection backflow preventer, spill resistant vacuum breaker and pressure vacuum breaker shall display a department assigned identification number.
SPS 382.40(3)(d)4.a. a. The method to display the department assigned identification number shall be a weather-resistant tag, securely attached to the cross connection control assembly.
SPS 382.40(3)(d)4.b. b. The tag shall contain at least the following information. - See PDF for table PDF
SPS 382.40(3)(d)4.c. c. The department assigned identification number shall be printed in the blank area with a permanent, waterproof marker or similar indelible method.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: To obtain a Department-assigned identification number for a cross connection control assembly, contact the Department's Division of Industry Services at P.O. Box 7162, Madison, WI 53707-7162; or at telephone (608) 266-2112 or (877) 617-1565 or 711 (Telecommunications Relay); or at fax (608) 267-9723; or at the Division's Web site at http://dsps.wi.gov/programs/industry-services.
SPS 382.40(3)(e) (e) Multipurpose piping system.
SPS 382.40(3)(e)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., a multipurpose piping system shall be designed and installed in accordance with this section and NFPA 13D.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: Pursuant to this subdivision and sub. (2), materials for multipurpose piping systems need to be acceptable under the NFPA 13D standard and s. SPS 384.30, Table 384.30–9.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: See s. SPS 321.095 of the Dwelling Code and s. SPS 362.0903 (10) of the Commercial Building Code as to fire protection provisions for multipurpose piping systems.
SPS 382.40(3)(e)2. 2. Fire department connections are prohibited in a multipurpose piping system.
SPS 382.40(4) (4)Control valves.
SPS 382.40(4)(a)(a) Private water mains. Private water mains shall be provided with control valves as specified in this subsection.
SPS 382.40(4)(a)1. 1. `Corporation cocks.'
SPS 382.40(4)(a)1.a.a. If a private water main 2" or less in diameter connects to a public water main, a corporation cock shall be installed at the connection to the public water main.
SPS 382.40(4)(a)1.b. b. If a private water main 2-1/2" or larger in diameter connects to a public water main, a corporation cock shall be installed not more than 8 feet from the connection to the public water main.
SPS 382.40(4)(a)2. 2. `Curb stops.'
SPS 382.40(4)(a)2.a.a. Except as provided in subd. 2. b., if a private water main connects to public water main, a curb stop shall be installed in the private water main between the corporation cock and the property line.
SPS 382.40(4)(a)2.b. b. If a private water main 2-1/2" or larger in diameter connects to a public water main, one control valve may serve as the corporation cock and the curb stop. The control valve shall be located not more than 8 feet from the connection to the public water main and shall be accessible for operation.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: See ch. SPS 382 Appendix A-382.40 (4) for further explanatory material.
SPS 382.40(4)(b) (b) Water services. Water services shall be provided with control valves as specified in this subsection.
SPS 382.40(4)(b)1. 1. `Corporation cocks.'
SPS 382.40(4)(b)1.a.a. If a water service 2" or less in diameter connects to a public water main, a corporation cock shall be installed at the connection to the public water main.
SPS 382.40(4)(b)1.b. b. If a water service 2-1/2" or larger in diameter connects to a public water main, a corporation cock shall be installed not more than 8 feet from the connection to the public water main.
SPS 382.40(4)(b)2. 2. `Curb stops.'
SPS 382.40(4)(b)2.a.a. Except for water services serving farm buildings and farm houses, a curb stop shall be installed in each water service which connects to a private water main. The curb stop shall be located outside the building served by the water service.
SPS 382.40(4)(b)2.b. b. Except as provided in subd. 2. c., a curb stop shall be installed in each water service which connects to a public water main. The curb stop shall be located between the corporation cock and the property line.
SPS 382.40(4)(b)2.c. c. If a water service 2-1/2" or larger in diameter connects to a public water main, one control valve may serve as the corporation cock and the curb stop. The control valve shall be located not more than 8 feet from the connection to a public water main and shall be accessible for operation.
SPS 382.40(4)(b)3. 3. `Building control valves.' If a water service serves a building, a building control valve shall be provided in the water service as specified in this subsection.
SPS 382.40(4)(b)3.a. a. If the water service connects to a public water supply or to a private water supply which has an external pressure tank, the building control valve shall be installed inside the building and located within 3 feet of developed length from the point where the water service first enters the building. If a water meter is provided, the building control valve shall be located upstream of the water meter.
SPS 382.40(4)(b)3.b. b. If a private water supply includes an internal pressure tank, the building control valve shall be installed inside the building and located within 3 feet of developed length downstream from the internal pressure tank.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: See ch. SPS 382 Appendix for further explanatory material.
SPS 382.40(4)(c) (c) Water distribution systems.
SPS 382.40(4)(c)1.1. Control valves shall be installed in water distribution systems serving public buildings as specified in this subdivision.
SPS 382.40(4)(c)1.a. a. If a water meter is provided, a control valve shall be installed within 3 feet of developed length downstream from the outlet of the water meter. If bypass piping is provided around a water meter, a control valve shall be installed in the bypass piping.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: See sub. (8) (d) 3. for the requirements relating to the bypassing of water meters.
SPS 382.40(4)(c)1.b. b. A control valve shall be installed in the supply piping to each water heater and water treatment device and in the fixture supply to each plumbing fixture, plumbing appliance and piece of equipment. The control valve may be part of the bypass piping or an internal part of a water treatment device. When the valve is an internal part of the water treatment device, the device shall be removable for service.
SPS 382.40(4)(c)1.c. c. If a hot water circulation system is provided, a control valve shall be installed on both the inlet and outlet piping to the circulation pump. If a hot water circulation system has 2 or more return pipe lines, a balancing control valve shall be installed in each return piping line.
SPS 382.40(4)(c)1.d. d. The water distribution system for buildings with more than 4 dwelling units or living units shall be provided with control valves in such numbers and at such locations so that the water supplied to all the units within the building can be isolated into groups of 4 of less units.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: See sub. (8) (g) for the valve requirements for water temperature control.
SPS 382.40(4)(c)2. 2. Control valves shall be installed in water distribution systems serving one- and 2-family dwellings as specified in this subdivision.
SPS 382.40(4)(c)2.a. a. If a water meter is provided, a control valve shall be installed within 3 feet of developed length downstream from the outlet of the water meter. If bypass piping is provided around a water meter, a control valve shall be installed in the bypass piping.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: See sub. (8) (d) 3. for the requirements relating to the bypassing of water meters.
SPS 382.40(4)(c)2.b. b. A control valve shall be installed in the supply piping to each water heater and water treatment device and in the fixture supply to each water closet, exterior hose bibb, plumbing appliance and piece of equipment. When the valve is an internal part of the water treatment device, the device shall be removable for service.
SPS 382.40(4)(c)2.c. c. If a hot water circulation system is provided, a control valve shall be installed on both the inlet and outlet piping to the circulation pump. If a hot water circulation system has 2 or more return pipe lines, a balancing control valve shall be installed in each return piping line.
SPS 382.40(5) (5)Hot water supply systems.
SPS 382.40(5)(a)(a) General. Water heating systems shall be sized to provide sufficient hot water to supply peak demand.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: Residential exclusion see s. SPS 325.01 (2).
SPS 382.40(5)(b) (b) Temperature maintenance. If the developed length of hot water distribution piping from the source of the hot water supply to a plumbing fixture or appliance exceeds 100 feet, a circulation system or self-regulating electric heating cable shall be provided to maintain the temperature of the hot water within the distribution piping.
SPS 382.40(5)(b)1. 1. If a circulation system is used to maintain the temperature, no uncirculated hot water distribution piping may exceed 25 feet in developed length.
SPS 382.40(5)(b)2. 2. If a self-regulating electric heating cable is used to maintain the temperature, the cable shall extend to within 25 feet of each fixture or the appliance.
SPS 382.40(5)(b)3. 3. Water distribution piping conveying circulated water or served by a self-regulating electric heating cable shall be insulated to limit the heat loss at the external surface of the pipe insulation to a maximum of 25 BTUs per hour per square foot for aboveground piping and 35 BTUs per hour per square foot for underground piping. The maximum heat loss shall be determined at a temperature differential, T, equal to the maximum water temperature minus a design ambient temperature no higher than 65° F.
SPS 382.40(5)(b)4. 4. Water distribution piping served by self-regulating electric heating cable shall be identified as being electrically traced in accordance with ch. SPS 316.
SPS 382.40(5)(b)5. 5. The installation of self-regulating electric heating cable may be subcontracted by a plumber to another trade.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: See A-382.40 (5) for pipe insulation requirements.
SPS 382.40(5)(c) (c) Water heaters. All water heaters and safety devices shall be designed and constructed in accordance with s. SPS 384.20 (5) (p).
SPS 382.40 Note Note: Water heaters are to be installed in accordance with the requirements specified in chs. SPS 361 to 366 and chs. SPS 320 to 325 with respect to energy efficiency, enclosures and venting.
SPS 382.40(5)(d) (d) Safety devices. Water heaters shall be equipped with safety devices as specified in this paragraph.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)1. 1. All pressurized storage-type water heaters and unfired hot water storage tanks shall be equipped with one or more combination temperature and pressure relief valves. The temperature steam rating of a combination temperature and pressure relief valve or valves shall equal or exceed the energy input rating in BTU per hour of the water heater. No shut off valve or other restricting device may be installed between the water heater or storage tank and the combination temperature and pressure relief valve.
SPS 382.40 Note Note: The temperature steam rating of a combination temperature and pressure relief valve is commonly referred to as the AGA temperature steam rating.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)2. 2. All pressurized non-storage type water heaters shall be provided with a pressure relief valve installed at the hot water outlet with no shut off valve between the heater and the relief valve.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)3. 3. Temperature and pressure relief valves shall be installed so that the sensing element of the valve extends into the heater or tank and monitors the temperature in the top 6" of the heater or tank.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)4. 4. A vacuum relief valve shall be installed in each water heater and hot water storage tank which, when measured from the bottom of the heater or tank, is located more than 20 feet above any faucet or outlet served by the heater or tank.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)5. 5. Every relief valve which is designed to discharge water or steam shall be connected to a discharge pipe.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)5.a. a. The discharge pipe and fittings shall be made of a material acceptable for water distribution piping in accordance with s. SPS 384.30 (4) (e) 1.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)5.b. b. The discharge pipe and fittings shall have a diameter not less than the diameter of the relief valve outlet.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)5.c. c. The discharge pipe may not be trapped.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)5.d. d. No valve may be installed in the discharge pipe.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)5.e. e. The discharge pipe shall be installed to drain by gravity flow to a floor served by a floor drain or to a receptor in accordance with s. SPS 382.33 (8). The outlet of the discharge pipe shall terminate within 6" over the floor or receptor, but not less than a distance equal to twice the diameter of the outlet pipe. The outlet of the discharge pipe may not be threaded.
SPS 382.40(5)(d)5.f. f. The discharge pipe for a water heater shall terminate within the same room or enclosure within which the water heater or hot water storage tank is located.
SPS 382.40(5)(e) (e) Controls.
SPS 382.40(5)(e)1.1. All hot water supply systems shall be equipped with automatic temperature controls capable of adjustments from the lowest to the highest acceptable temperature settings for the intended use.
SPS 382.40(5)(e)2. 2. A separate means shall be provided to terminate the energy supplied to each water heater and each hot water circulation system.
SPS 382.40(6) (6)Load factors for water supply systems.
SPS 382.40(6)(a)(a) Intermittent flow fixtures. The load factor for intermittent flow fixtures on water supply piping shall be computed in terms of water supply fixture units as specified in Tables 382.40-1b and 382.40-2 for the corresponding fixture and use. Water supply fixture units may be converted to gallons per minute in accordance with Table 382.40-3 or 382.40-3e.
SPS 382.40(6)(b) (b) Continuous flow devices. The load factor for equipment which demands a continuous flow of water shall be computed on the basis of anticipated flow rate in terms of gallons per minute. - See PDF for table PDF - See PDF for table PDF
a All nonpotable water outlets shall be identified at the point of use for each outlet with the following legends or as otherwise approved by the department.
b Tag should reflect the intended use.
c Serving an individual or similar plumbing fixtures or appliances. - See PDF for table PDF - See PDF for table PDF - See PDF for table PDF
SPS 382.40 Note Note: Values not specified in the table may be calculated by interpolation.
Table 382.40–3e
Conversion of Water Supply Fixture Units to Gallons
Per Minute for Water Treatment Devices
a Serving
an Individual Dwellingb - See PDF for table PDF
SPS 382.40(7) (7)Sizing of water supply piping. The sizing of the water supply system shall be based on the empirical method and limitations outlined in this subsection or on a detailed engineering analysis acceptable to the department.
SPS 382.40(7)(a) (a) Methodology. The determination of minimum pipe sizes shall take into account the pressure losses which occur throughout the entire water supply system and the flow velocities within the water distribution system. Calculations for sizing a water distribution system shall include:
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.