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Tax 2.63 Controlled group election.
Tax 2.64 Alternative apportionment for combined groups including specialized industries.
Tax 2.65 Designated agent of combined group.
Tax 2.66 Combined estimated tax payments.
Tax 2.67 Combined returns.
Tax 2.82 Nexus.
Tax 2.85 Penalty for failure to produce records under s. 71.80 (9m), Stats.
Tax 2.87 Reduction of delinquent interest rate under s. 71.82 (2) (b), Stats.
Tax 2.88 Interest rates.
Tax 2.89 Estimated tax requirements for short taxable years.
Tax 2.90 Withholding; wages.
Tax 2.91 Withholding; fiscal year taxpayers.
Tax 2.92 Withholding tax exemptions.
Tax 2.93 Withholding from wages of a deceased employee and from death benefit payments.
Tax 2.935 Reduction of delinquent interest rate under s. 71.82 (2) (d), Stats.
Tax 2.94 Tax-sheltered annuities.
Tax 2.95 Reporting of installment sales by natural persons and fiduciaries.
Tax 2.955 Credit for taxes paid to other states.
Tax 2.956 Historic structure and rehabilitation of nondepreciable historic property credits.
Tax 2.957 Relocated business credit or deduction.
Tax 2.96 Extensions of time to file corporation franchise or income tax returns.
Tax 2.98 Disaster area losses.
Tax 2.985 Electronic medical records credit.
Tax 2.99 Dairy and livestock farm investment credit.
Tax 2.01 Tax 2.01 Residence. Individuals claiming a change of residence, i.e., domicile, from Wisconsin to another state shall file form I-827, "Residence Questionnaire", or the "Residence Questionnaire" which is a part of the 1NPR income tax form, with the Wisconsin department of revenue by attaching it to their Wisconsin income tax return for the year they claim to have changed residence, and shall furnish other information the department may require.
Tax 2.01 Note Note: Forms may be obtained from the department of revenue's web site at www.revenue.wi.gov.
Tax 2.01 Note Note: Section Tax 2.01 interprets s. 71.02, Stats.
Tax 2.01 History History: 1-2-56; r. (1); renum. (2) to be (1); renum. (3) to be (2) and am., Register, September, 1964, No. 105, eff. 10-1-64; am. Register, February, 1975, No. 230, eff. 3-1-75; r. (1), renum. (2) and am., Register, July, 1987, No. 379, eff. 8-1-87; am. Register, February, 1990, No. 410, eff. 3-1-90.
Tax 2.02 Tax 2.02 Reciprocity.
Tax 2.02(1)(1)Purpose. This section explains the reciprocity agreements between Wisconsin and other states.
Tax 2.02(2) (2)Definitions. The following definitions pertain only to Wisconsin. Definitions of the same terms in other states may vary. In this section:
Tax 2.02(2)(a) (a) "Personal service income" means all salaries, wages, commissions and fees earned by an employee and all commissions and fees earned by a self-employed person in the conduct of a profession or vocation. Personal service income does not include income derived from activities involving the substantial use of capital or labor of others.
Tax 2.02(2)(b) (b) "Resident" means a natural person who is domiciled in this state.
Tax 2.02(3) (3)Wisconsin law.
Tax 2.02(3)(a)(a) Under s. 71.05 (2), Stats., income earned by a nonresident individual for performing personal services in Wisconsin shall be excluded from Wisconsin gross income to the extent the individual's state of residence imposes an income tax on the personal service income, if the state of residence allows either of the following:
Tax 2.02(3)(a)1. 1. A similar exclusion for personal service income earned by individuals domiciled in Wisconsin while working in that state.
Tax 2.02(3)(a)2. 2. A credit against the tax imposed by that state on the personal service income equal to the Wisconsin tax on the personal service income.
Tax 2.02(3)(b) (b) Under s. 71.64 (8), Stats., a Wisconsin employer of a nonresident individual residing in a state with which Wisconsin has a reciprocity agreement under sub. (4) need not withhold Wisconsin income tax from personal service income earned in Wisconsin by the nonresident.
Tax 2.02(4) (4)Agreements with other states.
Tax 2.02(4)(a)(a) Wisconsin has formal reciprocity agreements with:
Tax 2.02(4)(a)1. 1. Kentucky, for the years beginning on and after January 1, 1961.
Tax 2.02(4)(a)2. 2. Illinois, for the years beginning on and after January 1, 1971.
Tax 2.02(4)(a)3. 3. Michigan, for income earned after October 1, 1967 and years beginning on and after January 1, 1968.
Tax 2.02(4)(a)4. 4. Minnesota, for the years beginning on and after January 1, 1968.
Tax 2.02(4)(b) (b) Wisconsin practices reciprocity with Indiana, since prior to 1960, on the basis of an informal agreement and acquiescence by Wisconsin and Indiana.
Tax 2.02(5) (5)Effect of reciprocity.
Tax 2.02(5)(a)(a) Personal service income included under reciprocity agreements is taxed by an employee's state of residence rather than by an employee's state of employment. Wisconsin will not tax personal service income earned in Wisconsin by residents of states with which Wisconsin has reciprocity, and those states may not tax personal service income which a Wisconsin resident earns in those states, except as described in subs. (6), (7), (8) and (9).
Tax 2.02(5)(b) (b) For personal service income included under reciprocity agreements, an employer need only withhold income tax for the state of residence of an employee.
Tax 2.02(5)(c) (c) Federal law regulates withholding on wages earned by employees engaged in interstate transportation activities.
Tax 2.02 Note Note: Additional information on withholding on wages earned by employees engaged in interstate transportation activities may be obtained by writing to Wisconsin Department of Revenue, Compliance Bureau, P.O. Box 8902, Madison, WI 53708.
Tax 2.02(6) (6)Provisions of agreement with Illinois.
Tax 2.02(6)(a)(a) The reciprocity agreement with Illinois is limited to "wages, salaries, commissions, and any other form of remuneration paid to employees for personal services." However, the agreement does not extend to fees of lawyers, accountants and other self-employed persons deriving personal service income, to lottery winnings, or to persons identified in pars. (c) and (d).
Tax 2.02(6)(b) (b) The Illinois Income Tax Act, Article 15, section 1501 (a) (20), defines a resident as "an individual (i) who is in this State for other than a temporary or transitory purpose during the taxable year; or (ii) who is domiciled in this State but is absent from the State for a temporary or transitory purpose during the taxable year." Because of the differences in the definition of resident for Illinois and Wisconsin purposes, a person domiciled in Wisconsin may simultaneously be a resident of Illinois, or a person may be domiciled in Illinois but not be a resident of Illinois.
Tax 2.02 Note Example: A person is domiciled in Wisconsin and takes a job in Illinois. The person does not intend to give up his or her Wisconsin domicile, but instead intends to return to Wisconsin once his or her job in Illinois is completed, in 2 to 3 years. Assume that Illinois considers the person's stay in Illinois as other than temporary or transitory. Therefore, the person is a resident of Illinois. The person is also a resident of Wisconsin because he or she is still domiciled in Wisconsin.
Tax 2.02 Note Note: The term "temporary or transitory" as used in the definition of an Illinois resident set forth in sub. (6) (b) is not defined in either Illinois law or regulations. Therefore, whether or not the purpose for which an individual is in, or is absent from, Illinois is temporary or transitory in character depends upon the facts and circumstances of each particular case.
Tax 2.02(6)(c) (c) The reciprocity agreement with Illinois does not apply to any form of compensation described in par. (a) paid on or after January 1, 1974 to any individual who, at the time of payment, is simultaneously a resident of Illinois and a domiciliary of Wisconsin. All income of this person is taxable by Wisconsin. However, a credit against Wisconsin income tax may be claimed for income tax paid to Illinois.
Tax 2.02(6)(d) (d) An individual who is domiciled in Illinois but is not a resident of Illinois is subject to the Wisconsin income tax on income earned in Wisconsin.
Tax 2.02(7) (7)Provisions of agreement with Michigan. The reciprocity agreement with Michigan is limited to income from "personal services, including salaries, wages or commissions." The agreement does not include income which Michigan considers to be "business income," such as fees of self-employed persons such as professionals.
Tax 2.02(8) (8)Provisions of agreements with Indiana and Kentucky. The reciprocity agreements with Indiana and Kentucky are limited to wages, salaries and commissions.
Tax 2.02(9) (9)Provisions of agreement with Minnesota.
Tax 2.02(9)(a)(a) The reciprocity agreement with Minnesota is limited to income from personal services, including wages, salaries, tips, fees, commissions, bonuses, or similar earnings, provided the taxpayer personally renders the services. The reciprocity exclusion for personal service income does not apply where the personal or professional service income is earned as a part of a business operated by the taxpayer which has employees that do more than incidental duties for the business, or where there is the sale or delivery of goods which is more than an incidental part of the business. A partner's salary from a partnership where the selling of goods or services of the employees is more than incidental is subject to the reciprocity exclusion, but the partnership profits are not excluded. Distributions from a tax-sheltered annuity are also considered subject to the reciprocity exclusion.
Tax 2.02(9)(b) (b) To qualify for the reciprocity exclusion, the Minnesota agreement requires the taxpayer to have a place of abode in Wisconsin, and the taxpayer is required to customarily return to it at least once a month.
Tax 2.02(10) (10)Procedure for nonresidents.
Tax 2.02(10)(a)(a) Nonresident persons, other than residents of Minnesota, employed in Wisconsin and residing in a state with which Wisconsin has reciprocity shall file form W-220, "Nonresident Employee's Withholding Reciprocity Declaration," with their Wisconsin employers to be exempt from withholding of Wisconsin income taxes. Upon receipt of this form, Wisconsin employers may not withhold Wisconsin income tax from Wisconsin personal service income of the employee.
Tax 2.02(10)(b) (b) Persons who are residents of Minnesota employed in Wisconsin shall file form W-222, "Statement of Minnesota Residency," with their Wisconsin employers to be exempt from withholding of Wisconsin income taxes. Form W-222 should be filed within 30 days of beginning employment in Wisconsin, changing to a new employer in Wisconsin, or establishing Minnesota residency while continuing to work in Wisconsin. Upon receipt of this form, Wisconsin employers may not withhold Wisconsin income tax from Wisconsin personal service income of the employee. To continue the exemption from year to year, a new form W-222 is required to be filed by January 31 of each year.
Tax 2.02(10)(c) (c) The reciprocity exclusion does not apply to Wisconsin lottery winnings of nonresident persons.
Tax 2.02(11) (11)Procedure for Wisconsin residents.
Tax 2.02(11)(a)(a) Wisconsin residents employed in a state with which Wisconsin has reciprocity shall file form 1-ES, "Wisconsin Estimated Tax Voucher," with the Wisconsin department of revenue if their out-of-state employers do not withhold Wisconsin income tax from their personal service income and if they will have a sufficient Wisconsin tax liability to be required to make payments of estimated tax.
Tax 2.02(11)(b) (b) Wisconsin residents may have their employers cease withholding the other state's income tax from their personal service income and may claim a refund from that state if income taxes are withheld from their personal service income after the effective date of a reciprocity agreement.
Tax 2.02(11)(c) (c) Wisconsin residents earning personal service income in states where it is taxable by the other state may claim a credit on their Wisconsin income tax returns for net income taxes paid to these states.
Tax 2.02 Note Note: Refer to s. Tax 2.955 for information on the credit for tax paid to other states.
Tax 2.02(12) (12)Delinquent taxes. Reciprocity agreements do not affect the withholding of delinquent Wisconsin income taxes, interest, penalties and costs under s. 71.91 (7), Stats.
Tax 2.02 Note Note: Forms may be obtained from the department of revenue's web site at www.revenue.wi.gov.
Tax 2.02 Note Note: Out-of-state employers of Wisconsin residents wishing to withhold Wisconsin income tax from those employees' incomes may contact Wisconsin Department of Revenue, Compliance Bureau, P.O. Box 8902, Madison, WI 53708.
Tax 2.02 Note Note: The State of Maryland enacted an income tax law, Ch. 1, Laws 1992, 1st Spec. Sess., on May 1, 1992, which resulted in the termination of reciprocity between Wisconsin and Maryland, effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1991. Prior to enactment of Maryland Ch. 1, Laws 1992, 1st Spec. Sess., Wisconsin practiced reciprocity with Maryland since prior to 1960, based on an informal agreement and acquiescence by Wisconsin and Maryland. Under the provisions of prior Maryland law and s. 71.05 (2), Stats., a Wisconsin resident could exclude from Maryland taxation, the income from salaries, wages, and compensation for personal services to the extent Wisconsin taxed the income of and accorded similar treatment to Maryland residents.
Tax 2.02 Note Note: Section Tax 2.02 interprets ss. 71.05 (2) and 71.64 (8), Stats.
Tax 2.02 History History: Cr. Register, April 1978, No. 268, eff. 5-1-78; r. and recr., Register, March, 1991, No. 423, eff. 4-1-91; am. (3) (a) (intro.), 1., (4) (a) 1. to 4., (b) (intro.), (5) (a), (6) (b), (7) and (8), r. (4) (b) 1. and 2. and (9), renum. (10) to (13) to be (9) to (12) and am. (10) (a), (b), (11) (a) and (12), Register, April, 1993, No. 448, eff. 5-1-93.
Tax 2.03 Tax 2.03 Corporation returns.
Tax 2.03(1) (1)Forms. The department shall provide forms for filing franchise or income tax returns and credit claims. Except as provided in s. Tax 2.09 or as otherwise approved by the department, tax returns and credit claims shall only be filed using the forms prescribed by the department.
Tax 2.03(2) (2)Information returns. Information returns required of corporations are specified in s. Tax 2.04.
Tax 2.03(3) (3)Filing returns.
Tax 2.03(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b) and s. Tax 2.67 (2) (b), all forms and information required to be filed or furnished by corporations shall be filed or furnished by providing the information requested on the appropriate forms, signing the returns or forms as appropriate and submitting them by one of the following means:
Tax 2.03(3)(a)1. 1. Filing them by the use of electronic means as prescribed by the department.
Tax 2.03(3)(a)2. 2. Mailing them to the address specified by the department on the form or in the instructions.
Tax 2.03(3)(a)3. 3. Delivering them to the department or to the destination that the department or the department of administration prescribes.
Tax 2.03(3)(b)1.1. The department may require the franchise or income tax return of a corporation be filed electronically. The department shall provide notification at least 90 days prior to the due date of the first franchise or income tax return required to be filed electronically of the requirement to file electronically. This paragraph does not apply to combined returns subject to the electronic filing requirement in s. Tax 2.67 (2) (b).
Tax 2.03(3)(b)2. 2. The secretary of revenue may waive the requirement to file the franchise or income tax return of a corporation electronically when the secretary determines that the requirement causes an undue hardship, if the person does all of the following:
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