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Tax 2.105(5)(c)4. 4. If federal adjustments or changes on an amended return filed with the internal revenue service or another state pertain to a year which has been previously field audited by the department and the field audit has been finalized, an assessment or refund nevertheless may be made. However, the assessment or refund shall only relate to those federal adjustments or the changes on the amended return. Notice of the assessment or refund shall be given to the taxpayer within 90 days of the date the department received the report of federal adjustments or an amended Wisconsin return from the taxpayer.
Tax 2.105 Note Examples: 1) Federal adjustments were made to an individual's 1989 calendar-year basis federal income tax return; the adjustments became final on June 1, 1994. On August 15, 1994, within 90 days after the adjustments became final, the department received the taxpayer's report of the adjustments. Although the 4-year period provided by s. 71.77 (2), Stats., for making adjustments to the 1989 Wisconsin return expired on April 15, 1994, the department had until November 13, 1994, 90 days after the date the department received a report of the adjustments, to give notice of an assessment to the taxpayer.
Tax 2.105 Note 2) An individual filed an amended 1993 calendar-year basis New York return on June 1, 1994. An amended Wisconsin return, reflecting the changes on the amended New York return, was filed with the department on July 12, 1994. Under the 4-year assessment period in s. 71.77 (2), Stats., the department has 4 years from April 15, 1994, the due date of the 1993 return, in which to notify the taxpayer of any assessment relating to the changes on the amended New York return.
Tax 2.105(6) (6)Taxpayer's failure to report federal adjustments or file amended Wisconsin returns.
Tax 2.105(6)(a)(a) Adjustments and amended returns relating to taxable year 1987 and thereafter. If a taxpayer fails to report federal adjustments or the filing of an amended federal or other state return, relating to the taxable year 1987 and thereafter, within the 90-day period described in sub. (3) (b), the department may assess additional Wisconsin franchise or income tax or economic development surcharge relating to the adjustments or amended return within 4 years after discovery by the department.
Tax 2.105 Note Example: An individual taxpayer filed a 1993 calendar-year basis Wisconsin income tax return on April 15, 1994. The internal revenue service made adjustments to the 1993 federal income tax return which the taxpayer did not report to the department within 90 days after the adjustments became final. The internal revenue service reports these adjustments to the department under the exchange of information agreement between the two agencies on May 1, 1996. The department may issue an assessment for the adjustments any time on or before May 1, 2000.
Tax 2.105(6)(b) (b) Adjustments and amended returns relating to 1986 and prior taxable years. If a taxpayer fails to report federal adjustments or the filing of an amended federal or other state return which related to 1986 or prior taxable years within the 90-day period described in sub. (3) (b), the department may assess additional Wisconsin franchise or income tax relating to the adjustments or amended return within 10 years after the date the original Wisconsin return for the year was filed or within 2 years after the date when the federal determination of tax becomes final, whichever is later. A return filed before the last date prescribed by law, commonly April 15 for an individual reporting on a calendar-year basis, is considered as filed on the last date prescribed by law under s. 71.77 (8), Stats.
Tax 2.105 Note Example: An individual taxpayer filed a 1986 income tax return on April 15, 1987. The taxpayer filed an amended return with Ohio on January 1, 1988. The result of the amended return was a reduction in the net tax paid to Ohio on income also reported to Wisconsin. The taxpayer did not notify the department within 90 days of filing the amended Ohio return. The department has until April 15, 1997, to issue an assessment for the Ohio amended return's effect on the Wisconsin credit for taxes paid to other states.
Tax 2.105 Note Note: Section 71.76, 1989 Stats., was amended by 1991 Wis. Act 39, effective for federal changes or corrections to a federal income tax return that became final on or after August 15, 1991, and for amended federal and other state returns filed on or after August 15, 1991. Under the statute in effect immediately prior to the enactment of 1991 Wis. Act 39, a taxpayer was required to report internal revenue service adjustments to taxable income that affected the income reportable or tax payable to Wisconsin, and to file an amended Wisconsin return if information contained on an amended federal or other state tax return affected income reportable or tax payable to Wisconsin.
Tax 2.105 Note Note: Section Tax 2.105 interprets ss. 71.255 (1) and (7), 71.75 (2), 71.76, 71.77 (2) and (7) and 77.96 (4), Stats.
Tax 2.105 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1979, No. 277, eff. 2-1-79; correction in (3) (a) 1. a. made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 4., Stats., Register, July, 1987, No. 379; r. (2), (4) and (5) (d); renum. (1), (3), (5) (a) to (c) and (6) to be (2), (4), (6) and (7) and am. (2), (4) (a) 1.b., c. and e, (b), (6) (a) to (c) and (7), cr. (1), (3) and (5), Register, February, 1990, No. 410, eff. 3-1-90; r. and recr. Register, May, 1996, No. 485, eff. 6-1-96; CR 10-095: am. (1), (2), (3), (4) (a) (intro.), 2., 3., (b), (5) (a), (c) 2., (6) (a), cr. (4) (a) 1. f. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10; CR 12-011: am. (1), (3) (a), (b), (4) (a) (intro.), 1. f., 2., 3., (b), (5) (c) 2., (6) (a) Register July 2012 No. 679, eff. 8-1-12.
Tax 2.11 Tax 2.11 Credit for sales and use tax paid on fuel and electricity.
Tax 2.11(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
Tax 2.11(1)(a) (a) Fuel and electricity "consumed in manufacturing" means only fuel and electricity used to operate machines and equipment used directly in the step-by-step manufacturing process. Fuel and electricity are not "consumed in manufacturing" if they are used in providing plant heating, cooling, air conditioning, communications, lighting, safety and fire prevention, research and product development, receiving, storage, sales, distribution, warehousing, shipping, advertising or administrative department activities. However, fuel and electricity used directly in manufacturing steam which is used by the manufacturer in further manufacturing or in heating a facility, or both, is consumed in manufacturing.
Tax 2.11(1)(b) (b) "Manufacturing" has the meaning specified in s. 77.51 (7h) (a), Stats., by virtue of s. 71.28 (3) (a) 1., Stats.
Tax 2.11(1)(c) (c) "Paid" has the meaning specified in s. 71.22 (8), Stats.
Tax 2.11(1)(d) (d) "Sales and use tax under ch. 77 paid by the corporation" has the meaning specified in s. 71.28 (3) (a) 2., Stats.
Tax 2.11(2) (2)Credit allowable.
Tax 2.11(2)(a)(a) Under s. 71.28 (3), Stats., a corporation may reduce its income or franchise tax liability for the year by an amount equal to the Wisconsin state and county sales and use taxes it has paid on fuel and electricity consumed in manufacturing personal property within Wisconsin.
Tax 2.11(2)(b) (b) If separate gas or electric meters are not used to accurately measure the fuel and electricity consumed in manufacturing in Wisconsin, a reasonable allocation is necessary.
Tax 2.11(2)(c) (c) The credit is allowable for all Wisconsin and Wisconsin county sales and use taxes paid during the taxable year on fuel or electricity destined for manufacturing purposes, regardless of when the fuel or electricity was or is to be consumed.
Tax 2.11 Note Note: Refer to Streets and Roads Construction Corporation v. Wisconsin Department of Revenue, Wisconsin Tax Appeals Commission, Docket No. I-6239, July 28, 1981, and Fort Howard Paper Company v. Wisconsin Department of Revenue, Wisconsin Tax Appeals Commission, Docket No. I-8266, November 1, 1983.
Tax 2.11(3) (3)Carry forward of unused credit.
Tax 2.11(3)(a)(a) If a corporation is entitled to a sales and use tax credit under s. 71.28 (3), Stats., the credit, to the extent not offset by the tax liability of the same year, may be offset against the tax liability of the subsequent year and each succeeding year up to a total of 15 years until the credit has been completely offset.
Tax 2.11 Note Note: The carry forward of the sales tax credit was increased from 5 to 15 years by 1985 Wis. Act 29, and the 15 year carry forward first applies to credits carried forward from the 1980 taxable year.
Tax 2.11(3)(b) (b) The sales tax credit shall first be offset against the income or franchise tax liability computed for the tax year before an unused credit from a prior year may be applied.
Tax 2.11(4) (4)Credit includable in net income. Under s. 71.26 (2), Stats., the credit computed for sales and use taxes paid on fuel and electricity consumed in manufacturing under s. 71.28 (3), Stats., shall be included in net income for the tax year. Except for tax-option corporations, the entire credit computed for the tax year is includable in net income, even though the credit is not entirely used or no income or franchise tax liability exists. Under s. 71.34 (1k) (e), Stats., tax-option corporations shall only include in net income the amount of credit computed under s. 71.28 (3), Stats., and used to offset the income or franchise tax liability of the current year.
Tax 2.11 Note Note: Section Tax 2.11 interprets ss. 71.26 (2), 71.28 (3) and 71.34 (1k) (e), Stats.
Tax 2.11 History History: Cr. Register, February, 1978, No. 266, eff. 3-1-78; am. (2) (a) r. (1) (d), (2) (b) and (3) (a), renum. (3) (b) and (c) to be (3) (a) and (b), cr. (4), Register, September, 1983, No. 333, eff. 10-1-83; am. (1) (intro.) and (3), renum. (1) (a) to (c) to be (1) (d), (b) and (a) and am., cr. (1) (c), r. and recr. (2) and (4), Register, February, 1990, No. 410, eff. 3-1-90; corrections in (1) (b) and (4) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register April 2010 No. 652.
Tax 2.12 Tax 2.12 Claims for refund and other amended returns.
Tax 2.12(1)(1)Scope. This section applies to amended Wisconsin franchise or income tax returns, including amended combined returns, amended partnership returns, amended economic development surcharge returns and amended farmland preservation credit and homestead credit claims.
Tax 2.12(2) (2)Definitions. In this section:
Tax 2.12(2)(a) (a) "Claim for refund" means an amended Wisconsin return or credit claim as described in sub. (1), on which a refund is requested.
Tax 2.12(2)(b) (b) "Timely filed," in the case of an amended return or credit claim, means either of the following:
Tax 2.12(2)(b)1. 1. If the amended return or credit claim is mailed, it is mailed in a properly addressed envelope with postage prepaid and is received by the department, or is received at the destination that the department or the department of administration prescribes, within 5 business days after the last day of the statutory limitation period or extended limitation period.
Tax 2.12(2)(b)2. 2. If the amended return or credit claim is not mailed, it is in the possession of the department, or is received at the destination that the department or the department of administration prescribes, prior to the expiration of the statutory limitation period or extended limitation period.
Tax 2.12(3) (3)General.
Tax 2.12(3)(a)(a) The department shall accept amended returns and credit claims to correct previously filed original, other amended or adjusted Wisconsin franchise or income tax returns, partnership returns, economic development surcharge returns or farmland preservation credit or homestead credit claims.
Tax 2.12(3)(b) (b) A refund of taxes or credits under ch. 71, Stats., or economic development surcharge under s. 77.96 (4), Stats., may be claimed only by filing an amended return or credit claim, on a form and in the manner described in subs. (5) and (6).
Tax 2.12(3)(c) (c) An amended Wisconsin return shall be filed with the department if either an amended federal return is filed or an amended return is filed with another state for which a credit for taxes has been allowed against Wisconsin taxes, and the changes to the amended federal or other state return affect the amount of Wisconsin net franchise or income tax or economic development surcharge payable, a Wisconsin credit or a Wisconsin net operating loss, net business loss or capital loss carried forward.
Tax 2.12(3)(d) (d) An amended Wisconsin return filed to report internal revenue service adjustments as provided in s. Tax 2.105 (4) (a) shall include a copy of the final federal audit report.
Tax 2.12(3)(e) (e) An amended return or credit claim does not begin or extend the statute of limitation periods for assessing additional tax or economic development surcharge or claiming a refund.
Tax 2.12(4) (4)Timely filing.
Tax 2.12(4)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), if an amended return or credit claim shows a refund, it shall be filed within 4 years of the unextended due date of the original return.
Tax 2.12(4)(b) (b) The 4-year filing limitation in par. (a) does not apply in the following situations:
Tax 2.12(4)(b)1. 1. Except as provided in subds. 3. and 4., a claim for refund may not be filed for any year covered by a field audit that resulted in a refund or no change in the tax owed, or in an assessment that has become final under s. 71.88 (1) (a) or (2) (a), 71.89 (2), 73.01 or 73.015, Stats., provided the department advises the taxpayer that the field audit is final unless the taxpayer appeals the result.
Tax 2.12(4)(b)2. 2. Except as provided in subds. 3. and 4., a claim for refund may not be filed for any item of income or deduction assessed as a result of an office audit, provided the assessment has become final under s. 71.88 (1) (a) or (2) (a), 71.89 (2), 73.01 or 73.015, Stats. Section 71.88 (1) (a), Stats., provides that a taxpayer may file a petition for redetermination within 60 days of receipt of a notice of additional assessment, refund or denial of refund. If a taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination of a notice of assessment, refund or refund denial, the adjustments made in the notice are final and conclusive. The taxpayer is not entitled to a refund on any subsequent claim for refund based on the same adjustments as those in the notice of assessment, refund or denial of refund.
Tax 2.12 Note Examples: 1) Taxpayer A files an amended 2000 return to claim additional business expenses. The department allows only a portion of the claimed additional expenses, based on a difference in interpretation of the law. A notice of refund is issued March 1, 2003. The taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination. In December 2003, the taxpayer files another amended return claiming the same additional business deductions as those disallowed in the prior notice of refund. The taxpayer is not entitled to a refund on the claim for refund. The March 1, 2003, notice of refund is final.
Tax 2.12 Note 2) Taxpayer B files an amended 2000 return to claim additional business expenses. The department disallows a portion of the claimed additional expenses, due to lack of substantiation of the expenses as requested in a letter to the taxpayer. A notice of refund is issued March 1, 2003. The taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination. In December 2003, the taxpayer submits adequate substantiation to support the full deduction. The deduction is not allowed and no additional refund will be issued. Since no petition for redetermination was filed for the March 1, 2003, notice of refund, that notice is final.
Tax 2.12 Note 3) Taxpayer C files a timely 1998 return claiming a refund of earned income credit and excess income tax withheld. During the processing of the return the taxpayer is sent a letter requesting additional information to substantiate the earned income credit. The taxpayer does not respond to the request for additional information. A notice of refund is issued in July 1999, to refund the excess income tax withheld only. The taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination. The taxpayer files a timely 1999 return claiming a refund of earned income credit and excess income tax withheld. During the processing of this return the taxpayer is sent a letter requesting additional information to substantiate the earned income credit. This letter requests the same information that was requested for the processing of the 1998 return. The taxpayer submits the additional information needed for both the 1998 and 1999 returns. Since the taxpayer did not submit a petition for redetermination for the 1998 notice of refund, that notice is final. A notice of refund for the earned income credit is issued for 1999 only.
Tax 2.12(4)(b)3.a.a. For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2000, a claim for refund for each year for which an amount due is calculated as a result of items adjusted in an office audit or field audit assessment or refund may be filed within 4 years of the date of the adjustment notice, provided no petition for redetermination was filed and, if the adjustment notice was an assessment, the amount due was paid. No refund claim may be filed under this subd. 3. a. for any year that resulted in a refund or no change in the amount owed.
Tax 2.12 Note Examples: 1) Taxpayer D files a timely 2000 return. The department completes an office audit of this return by issuing a notice of refund dated March 30, 2005. The notice of refund allows an additional itemized deduction credit and disallows a portion of the claimed business expenses. The taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination. The notice of refund is final, and the taxpayer is not entitled to any refund on a subsequent claim for refund for the disallowed business expenses.
Tax 2.12 Note 2) Taxpayer E files timely 2000 and 2001 returns. The department completes an audit of the returns and issues a notice of refund dated March 30, 2005. The notice of refund allows an additional itemized deduction credit for each year but also disallows a portion of the claimed business expenses for each year, with the net result being a refund for each year. The taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination. The notice of refund is final, and the taxpayer is not entitled to any refund on a subsequent claim for refund for the disallowed business expenses.
Tax 2.12 Note 3) Taxpayer F files a timely 2000 return on April 15, 2001. The department completes an office audit of this return by issuing a notice of additional tax due dated March 30, 2005. The notice of additional tax due allows an additional itemized deduction credit and disallows a portion of the claimed business expenses. The taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination. The taxpayer has until March 30, 2009, to file a claim for refund for the disallowed business expenses.
Tax 2.12 Note 4) Taxpayer G files timely 2000 and 2001 returns. The department completes an office audit of these returns by issuing a notice of refund dated March 30, 2005. The notice of refund allows an additional itemized deduction credit resulting in a refund for 2000 and disallows a portion of the claimed business expenses for an assessment for 2001, with the net result being a refund for the two years combined. The taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination. The taxpayer has until March 30, 2009, to file a claim for refund for the disallowed business expenses for the year 2001.
Tax 2.12 Note 5) Taxpayer H files timely 2000 and 2001 returns. The department completes an office audit of these returns by issuing a notice of additional tax due dated March 30, 2005. The notice of additional tax due allows an additional itemized deduction credit resulting in a refund for 2000 and disallows a portion of the claimed business expenses resulting in an assessment for 2001, with the net result being an assessment for the two years combined. The taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination. The taxpayer has until March 30, 2009, to file a claim for refund for the disallowed business expenses for the year 2001.
Tax 2.12(4)(b)3.b. b. For taxable years beginning prior to January 1, 2000, a claim for refund for each year for which an amount due is calculated as a result of items adjusted in an office audit or field audit net assessment may be filed within 2 years of the date of the assessment notice, provided no petition for redetermination was filed and the amount due was paid. No refund claim may be filed under this subd. 3. b. for any year that resulted in a refund or no change in the amount owed or, in the case of a multiple year audit resulting in a net refund, for any year for which an amount due is calculated.
Tax 2.12 Note Examples: 1) Taxpayer I files a timely 1999 return on April 15, 2000. The department completes an office audit of this return by issuing a notice of refund dated March 30, 2004. The notice of refund allows an additional itemized deduction credit and disallows a portion of the claimed business expenses. The taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination. The notice of refund is final, and the taxpayer is not entitled to any refund on a subsequent claim for refund for the disallowed business expenses.
Tax 2.12 Note 2) Taxpayer J files timely 1998 and 1999 returns. The department completes an office audit of these returns by issuing a notice of refund dated March 30, 2003. The notice of refund allows an additional itemized deduction credit resulting in a refund for 1998 and disallows a portion of the claimed business expenses for an assessment for 1999, with the net result being a refund for the two years combined. The taxpayer does not file a petition for redetermination. The notice of refund is final, and the taxpayer is not entitled to any refund on a subsequent claim for refund for 1998 or 1999.
Tax 2.12(4)(b)4. 4. A claim for refund of an overpayment attributable to a capital loss carryback may be filed by a corporation, or designated agent of a combined group, within 4 years after the due date, or extended due date, for filing the return for the taxable year of the capital loss that is carried back.
Tax 2.12 Note Note: For combined groups, see s. Tax 2.61 (6) (c) for rules applicable to capital gains and losses.
Tax 2.12(4)(b)5. 5. If the limitation period for making an assessment or refund has been extended by written agreement between a taxpayer and the department, a claim for refund relating to the year or years covered by the extension agreement may be filed during the extension period.
Tax 2.12 Note Note: For combined groups, refer to s. Tax 2.65 for rules applicable to the designated agent of a combined group.
Tax 2.12(4)(b)6. 6. An amended Wisconsin return filed under the provisions of sub. (3) (c) shall be filed with the department within 90 days after the date the amended federal or other state return is filed.
Tax 2.12(4)(b)7. 7. An amended Wisconsin return filed under the provisions of sub. (3) (d) shall be filed with the department within 90 days of the date on which the federal audit adjustments become final.
Tax 2.12(4)(b)8. 8. An amended Wisconsin return filed under the provisions of s. 71.30 (4), Stats., to claim a reduction of income resulting from a renegotiation or price redetermination of a defense contract or subcontract shall be filed within one year of the final determination.
Tax 2.12 Note Note: Refer to s. Tax 2.105 for additional information regarding amended Wisconsin returns required as a result of filing amended federal or other state returns, or reports required as a result of federal audit adjustments made by the internal revenue service.
Tax 2.12(5) (5)Forms.
Tax 2.12(5)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b) or (c), a claim for refund shall be filed on the same form as the original form, in the manner prescribed in sub. (6).
Tax 2.12(5)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (c), a claim for refund shall be filed on a form 1X, in the manner prescribed in sub. (6), if any of the following apply:
Tax 2.12(5)(b)1. 1. The original return was filed on a form 1, 1A or WI-Z.
Tax 2.12(5)(b)2. 2. The original return was filed using "telefile" or "netfile."
Tax 2.12(5)(b)3. 3. The original credit claim was filed with a form 1 or 1A.
Tax 2.12(5)(c) (c) The department may prescribe a special form for taxpayers to use in claiming a refund, to address a specific tax issue. In this situation, the special form may be used in lieu of the amended form prescribed in par. (a) or (b).
Tax 2.12 Note Example: Wisconsin form 1X-R was developed in 1993 to address the issue of the flow-through of interest exempt from Wisconsin taxes received from a qualified retirement plan.
Tax 2.12(5)(d) (d) An amended Wisconsin return or credit claim filed for a purpose other than to request a refund is not required to be filed on a specific form.
Tax 2.12(6) (6)Manner.
Tax 2.12(6)(a)(a) An amended return or credit claim shall be in writing, indicate the reporting period for which the change was made and contain a statement setting forth the specific grounds upon which the amended form is based.
Tax 2.12(6)(b) (b) An amended return or credit claim other than form 1X shall be identified as an amended form by checking the "amended return" box if one is provided on the form or by marking "AMENDED" across the top of the first page of the amended form.
Tax 2.12(6)(c) (c) A claim for refund may not be made a part of or attached to any original Wisconsin return or credit claim.
Tax 2.12(6)(d) (d) An amended return or credit claim shall be mailed to the department at the address specified on the form or in its instructions.
Tax 2.12 Note Note: Subchapter VII of ch. 77, Stats., was amended by 1999 Wis. Act 9 to create a recycling surcharge effective for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2000, and by 2011 Wis. Act 32 to change the recycling surcharge to the economic development surcharge effective July 1, 2011. For taxable years ending before April 1, 1999, subch. VII of ch. 77, Stats., provided for a temporary recycling surcharge; the term "economic development surcharge" as used in this section refers to the "temporary recycling surcharge" for those years and to the "recycling surcharge" prior to July 1, 2011.
Tax 2.12 Note Note: Section Tax 2.12 interprets ss. 71.255 (1), (4), and (7), 71.30 (4), 71.738 (2m), 71.74, 71.75, 71.76, 71.77, 71.80 (18) and 77.96 (4), Stats.
Tax 2.12 History History: Cr. Register, August, 1976, No. 248, eff. 9-1-76; am. (1) (a), Register, September, 1983, No. 333, eff. 10-1-83; am, (1) (a) and (b), r. and recr. (1) (c) and (2), Register, February, 1990, No. 410, eff. 3-1-90; r. and recr. Register, May, 1996, No. 485, eff. 6-1-96; CR 02-033:am. (1), (3) (a), (b), (c) and (e), (4) (b) 1., 2., 4., 5., and (6) (b) to (d), r. and recr. (2), (4) (b) 3., and (5) (a), renum. and am. (5) (b) to be (5) (c), cr. (5) (b) and (d), Register October 2002 No. 562, eff. 11-1-02; CR 10-095: am. (1), (4) (b) 4. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10; CR 12-011: am. (1), (3) (a) to (c), (e) Register July 2012 No. 679, eff. 8-1-12.
Tax 2.12 Annotation Cross Reference: See s. Tax 2.67 (2) (e) for rules relating to amended returns for combined groups.
Tax 2.30 Tax 2.30 Property located outside Wisconsin — depreciation and sale.
Tax 2.30(1) (1)Scope. This section applies only with respect to resident individuals, estates, and trusts.
Tax 2.30(2) (2)Definition. In this section, "Internal Revenue Code" means the Internal Revenue Code in effect for the taxable year specified in s. 71.01 (6), Stats.
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