Tax 2.465(2)(a)2. 2. The air freight forwarder is principally engaged in the business of air freight forwarding.
Tax 2.465(2)(a)3. 3. The air freight forwarder's air freight forwarding business is carried on principally with the direct air carrier.
Tax 2.465(2)(b) (b) “Combined group" has the same meaning as in s. Tax 2.60 (2) (a).
Tax 2.465(2)(c) (c) “Direct air carrier" means a business entity principally engaged in air transportation through the direct operation of aircraft under a certificate issued by the federal aviation administration.
Tax 2.465(2)(d) (d) “Engaged in business in and outside this state" has the same meaning as in s. Tax 2.39 (2) (b).
Tax 2.465(2)(e) (e) “Originating revenue in this state" means all revenue derived from shipments that were first physically consigned to a qualified air freight forwarder in this state for transportation, regardless of the method or methods of transportation.
Tax 2.465(2)(f) (f) “Qualified air freight forwarder" means a person to whom all of the following apply:
Tax 2.465(2)(f)1. 1. The person is engaged primarily in the facilitation of the transportation of property by air.
Tax 2.465(2)(f)2. 2. The person does not operate aircraft.
Tax 2.465(2)(f)3. 3. The person is in the same combined group as an affiliated direct air carrier.
Tax 2.465(3) (3) Apportionment formula computation. For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, a qualified air freight forwarder that is engaged in business in and outside this state shall apportion its apportionable income to this state on the basis of the ratio obtained by taking the arithmetical average of the following 3 ratios:
Tax 2.465(3)(a) (a) The ratio which aircraft arrivals and departures within this state scheduled by the affiliated direct air carrier during the calendar or fiscal year bears to the total aircraft arrivals and departures within and without this state scheduled by such direct air carrier during the same period; provided that if the affiliated direct air carrier conducts nonscheduled operations all arrivals and departures shall be substituted for scheduled arrivals and departures.
Tax 2.465(3)(b) (b) The ratio which the revenue tons handled by the affiliated direct air carrier at airports within this state during the calendar or fiscal year bears to the total revenue tons handled at airports within and without this state during the same period.
Tax 2.465(3)(c) (c) The ratio which such qualified air freight forwarder's originating revenue in this state for the calendar or fiscal year bears to the total revenue of such qualified air freight forwarder within and without this state for the same period.
Tax 2.465 History History: CR 13-078: cr. Register April 2014 No. 700, eff. 5-1-14.
Tax 2.47 Tax 2.47 Apportionment of apportionable income of interstate motor carriers.
Tax 2.47(1)(1)General. The apportionable income of a motor carrier engaged in business in and outside this state shall be apportioned to Wisconsin as described in this section, except if the motor carrier is in a combined group, its Wisconsin share of the combined group's apportionable income is computed as provided in s. 71.255 (5), Stats., and further detailed in s. Tax 2.61 (7).
Tax 2.47 Note Note: A motor carrier that is a corporation may be in a combined group for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2009. See s. Tax 2.61 (2) for a description of corporations required to use combined reporting.
Tax 2.47(1m) (1m) Definitions. In this section:
Tax 2.47(1m)(a) (a) “Engaged in business in and outside this state" has the same meaning as in s. Tax 2.39 (2) (b).
Tax 2.47(1m)(b) (b) “Ton mile" means the movement of one ton of persons or property, or both, the distance of one mile. For carriage of persons, each person shall be considered the equivalent of 200 pounds.
Tax 2.47(2) (2) Apportionment formula computation. For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1997, a motor carrier that is engaged in business in and outside this state shall apportion its apportionable income to this state on the basis of the arithmetical average of the following 2 factors:
Tax 2.47(2)(a) (a) The ratio of the gross receipts from carriage of persons or property, or both, first acquired for carriage in Wisconsin to the total gross receipts from carriage of persons or property, or both, everywhere.
Tax 2.47(2)(b) (b) The ratio of ton miles of carriage in Wisconsin to ton miles of carriage everywhere.
Tax 2.47 Note Note: Motor carriers that are in combined groups must adjust the numerator and denominator of each of these factors and then convert the arithmetical average of these factors to the modified sales factor. The modified sales factor then determines the company's Wisconsin share of the combined group's apportionable income. See s. 71.255 (5), Stats., and s. Tax 2.61 (7) for details.
Tax 2.47(3) (3) Substitution of factors. Whenever gross receipts data is not available the department may authorize or direct substitution of a similar factor, such as gross tonnage, and whenever ton mile data is not available the department may similarly authorize substitution of a similar factor, such as revenue miles.
Tax 2.47(4) (4) Mercantile and manufacturing businesses. This section does not apply to any mercantile or manufacturing business which engages in some interstate carriage as an incident of the mercantile or manufacturing business.
Tax 2.47 Note Note: Section Tax 2.47 interprets ss. 71.04 (8) (c) and 71.25 (10) (c), Stats.
Tax 2.47 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1966, No. 124, eff. 5-1-66; am. (intro.). Register, August, 1973, No. 212, eff. 9-1-73; r. and recr. Register, October, 1996, No. 490, eff. 1-1-97; EmR0943: emerg. am. (title), (2) (title) and (intro.), cr. (intro.), r. and recr. (1), eff. 12-31-09; CR 10-001: am. (title), (2) (title) and (intro.), r. and recr. (1), cr. (1m) Register June 2010 No. 654, eff. 7-1-10; correction to (1) (title) made under s. 13.92 (4)(b) 7., Stats., Register June 2010 No. 654.
Tax 2.475 Tax 2.475Apportionment of apportionable income of interstate railroads and car line companies.
Tax 2.475(1)(1)General. The apportionable income of a railroad or car line company engaged in business in and outside this state shall be apportioned to Wisconsin as described in this section, except if the company is in a combined group, its Wisconsin share of the combined group's apportionable income is computed as provided in s. 71.255 (5), Stats., and further detailed in s. Tax 2.61 (7).
Tax 2.475 Note Note: A railroad or car line company that is a corporation may be in a combined group for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2009. See s. Tax 2.61 (2) for a description of corporations required to use combined reporting.
Tax 2.475(1m) (1m) Definitions.
Tax 2.475(1m)(a)(a) “Engaged in business in and outside this state" has the same meaning as in s. Tax 2.39 (2) (b).
Tax 2.475(1m)(b) (b) “Gross receipts from carriage" means gross receipts received for the carriage of property or persons net of interline payments made to other railroads as a result of the interchange of carriage between and among railroads. Gross receipts from carriage includes interline payments received from other railroads.
Tax 2.475(1m)(c) (c) “Revenue ton mile" means the movement of one net ton of property or persons, or both, the distance of one mile, for consideration. For carriage of persons, each person shall be considered the equivalent of 150 pounds, and the average weight of the contents of head end cars, or “baggage cars," is considered to be 4 tons.
Tax 2.475(2) (2) Interstate railroads. With respect to the imposition of Wisconsin franchise or income tax measured by or on net income for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1991, the apportionable income of a railroad engaged in business in and outside this state shall be apportioned to Wisconsin on the basis of the arithmetical average of the following 2 factors:
Tax 2.475(2)(a) (a) The ratio of the gross receipts from carriage of property or persons, or both, first acquired for carriage in Wisconsin to the total gross receipts from carriage of property or persons, or both, everywhere.
Tax 2.475(2)(b) (b) The ratio of revenue ton miles of carriage in Wisconsin to revenue ton miles of carriage everywhere.
Tax 2.475 Note Note: Railroads that are in combined groups must adjust the numerator and denominator of each of these factors and then convert the arithmetical average of these factors to the modified sales factor. The modified sales factor then determines the company's Wisconsin share of the combined group's apportionable income. See s. 71.255 (5), Stats., and s. Tax 2.61 (7) for details.
Tax 2.475(3) (3) Substitution of factors. Whenever gross receipts data is not available the department may authorize or direct substitution of a similar factor, such as gross tonnage, and whenever revenue ton mile data is not available the department may similarly authorize substitution of a similar factor, such as revenue miles.
Tax 2.475(4) (4) Car line companies. With respect to the imposition of Wisconsin franchise or income tax measured by or on net income for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1991, the income of a car line company engaged in business in and outside this state shall be allocated or apportioned to Wisconsin as provided in s. 71.04 (4) or 71.25 (6), Stats., and s. Tax 2.39.
Tax 2.475 Note Note: Section 71.26 (1) (a), Stats., was amended by 1991 Wis. Act 39, effective for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1991. For taxable years beginning before January 1, 1991, railroads and car line companies were exempt from Wisconsin franchise and income taxation.
Tax 2.475 Note Note: Section Tax 2.475 interprets ss. 71.04 (8) (c) and 71.25 (10) (c), Stats.
Tax 2.475 History History: Emerg. cr. eff. 2-17-92; cr. Register, August, 1992, No. 440, eff. 9-1-92; EmR0943: emerg. am. (title), (2) (intro.) and (4), cr. (intro.) and (1) (a), renum. (1) (a) and (b) to be (1) (b) and (c), eff. 12-31-09; CR 10-001: am. (title), (2) (intro.) and (4), r. and recr. (1), cr. (1m) Register June 2010 No. 654, eff. 7-1-10; corrections to (1) (title) and (1m) (title) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 2., Stats., Register June 2010 No. 654; CR 17-019: am. (1) (title), (2) (intro.) Register June 2018 No. 750 eff. 7-1-18.
Tax 2.48 Tax 2.48 Apportionment of apportionable income of interstate pipeline companies.
Tax 2.48(1)(1)General. With respect to the imposition of Wisconsin franchise or income tax measured by or on net income, the apportionable income of a pipeline company engaged in business in and outside this state shall be apportioned to Wisconsin on the basis of the arithmetical average of the 3 factors in subs. (3), (4) and (5), except if the pipeline company is in a combined group, its Wisconsin share of the combined group's apportionable income is computed as provided in s. 71.255 (5), Stats., and further detailed in s. Tax 2.61 (7).
Tax 2.48 Note Note: A pipeline company that is a corporation may be in a combined group for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2009. See s. Tax 2.61 (2) for a description of corporations required to use combined reporting.
Tax 2.48(2) (2) Definitions. In this section:
Tax 2.48(2)(a) (a) “Compensation" includes:
Tax 2.48(2)(a)1. 1. Wages, salaries, commissions and any other form of remuneration paid to employees for personal services.
Tax 2.48(2)(a)2. 2. The value of board, rent, housing, lodging and other benefits or services furnished to employees by the taxpayer in return for personal services, provided that these amounts constitute income to the recipient under the federal Internal Revenue Code for the year for which the payroll factor is computed. In the case of employees not subject to the federal Internal Revenue Code, such as citizens of foreign countries employed in foreign countries, the determination of whether the benefits or services constitute income to the employees shall be made as though the employees are subject to the federal Internal Revenue Code.
Tax 2.48(2)(a)3. 3. Deductible management or service fees paid, or management or service fees allocated by the department under s. 71.10 (1), 71.30 (2) or 71.80 (1) (b), Stats., to a related corporation, as defined in section 267 (f) (1) of the Internal Revenue Code, as consideration for the performance of personal services. The recipient of these fees may not include the compensation paid to its employees with respect to the personal services in either the numerator or denominator of its payroll factor.
Tax 2.48(2)(am) (am) “Engaged in business in and outside this state" has the same meaning as in s. Tax 2.39 (2) (b).
Tax 2.48(2)(b) (b) “Traffic unit" means the transportation for a distance of one mile of one barrel of oil, one gallon of gasoline or one thousand cubic feet of natural or casinghead gas, or other appropriate measure of product.
Tax 2.48(3) (3) Property factor.
Tax 2.48(3)(a)(a) Numerator; denominator. The numerator of the property factor shall include the average value of the real and tangible personal property owned and used by the taxpayer in Wisconsin in the production of apportionable income during the tax period. The denominator shall include average value of all of the real and tangible personal property located everywhere owned and used by the taxpayer in the production of apportionable income during the tax period. Property in transit on the date or dates for determining its average value, as described in par. (e), shall be considered to be at its destination, for purposes of computing the property factor. The value of mobile or movable property such as construction equipment, trucks or airplanes which is located within and without Wisconsin during the tax period shall be determined for purposes of the numerator of the factor on the basis of a ratio of time used, serviced or stored within Wisconsin to total time used, serviced or stored during the tax period. However, an automobile assigned to a traveling employee shall be included in the numerator of the factor if the employee's compensation is assigned to Wisconsin under the payroll factor.
Tax 2.48(3)(b) (b) Valuation. Property owned by the taxpayer is generally valued at its cost net of depreciation and write-offs as determined for Wisconsin franchise or income tax purposes. Any adjustments to net income which affect property, such as capitalizations of repairs, depreciation or amortization adjustments and adjustments to inventory, shall also be included in the property factor. The value of depletable property, such as mines, oil and gas wells and timber, shall be original cost reduced by any extraction to the extent that depletion has been allowed. Inventories shall be included in the factor in accordance with the valuation method used for Wisconsin franchise or income tax purposes. In any case in which the property factor is distorted by reason of the taxpayer depreciating property in Wisconsin by a method different from that used to depreciate property outside Wisconsin, or in any case in which the Wisconsin net cost cannot be ascertained, the department shall authorize or direct some other method of determining the property fraction that will produce an equitable result.
Tax 2.48(3)(c) (c) Leasehold improvements. Leasehold improvements shall, for purposes of the property factor, be treated as property owned by the taxpayer regardless of whether the taxpayer is entitled to remove the improvements or the improvements revert to the lessor upon expiration of the lease. The original cost of leasehold improvements net of amortization shall be included in the factor.
Tax 2.48(3)(d) (d) Construction in progress. Property or equipment under construction during the tax period, except inventoriable goods in process, shall be excluded from the factor until the property is actually used by the taxpayer in the regular course of its trade or business. If the property is partially used by the taxpayer in the regular course of its trade or business while under construction, the value of the property to the extent used shall be included in the property factor.
Tax 2.48(3)(e) (e) Averaging property values. As a general rule the “average value" of property shall be determined by averaging the value at the beginning and ending of the tax period, but the department may require or the taxpayer may utilize the averaging of monthly values during the tax period if monthly averaging is reasonably required to properly reflect the average value of the taxpayer's property. Averaging by monthly values will generally be applied if substantial fluctuations in the values of the property exist during the tax period, or where property is acquired after the beginning of the tax period or disposed of before the end of the tax period.
Tax 2.48(4) (4) Payroll factor.
Tax 2.48(4)(a)(a) Numerator; denominator. The numerator of the payroll factor shall include the total amount paid in Wisconsin during the tax period by the taxpayer for compensation in the production of apportionable income. The denominator shall include the total compensation paid everywhere during the tax period by the taxpayer in the production of apportionable income.
Tax 2.48(4)(b) (b) Compensation paid in Wisconsin. Except as provided in par. (c), compensation is paid in Wisconsin if one of the following applies:
Tax 2.48(4)(b)1. 1. The individual's service is performed entirely within Wisconsin.
Tax 2.48 Note Example: Corporation A has a terminal located in Wisconsin. The compensation of an Illinois resident who works at the Wisconsin terminal is included in the numerator of the payroll factor since the employee's service is performed entirely in Wisconsin.
Tax 2.48(4)(b)2. 2. The individual's service is performed within and without Wisconsin, but the service performed without Wisconsin is incidental to the individual's service within Wisconsin.
Tax 2.48 Note Example: Corporation B has its headquarters and a storage and distribution facility in Wisconsin. Corporation B also has a distribution facility located in Indiana. The manager of the Wisconsin storage and distribution facility spends two weeks during the tax year at the storage and distribution facility located in Indiana training the new facility manager. The compensation of the Wisconsin facility manager is included in the numerator of the payroll factor because the service performed in Indiana is incidental to the service performed in Wisconsin
Tax 2.48(4)(b)3. 3. A portion of the service is performed within Wisconsin and the base of operations of the individual is in Wisconsin.
Tax 2.48 Note Example: Corporation C has a sales office located in Wisconsin. A salesperson working out of the Wisconsin office solicits sales in Wisconsin, Minnesota and Iowa. Since a portion of the salesperson's service is performed in Wisconsin and the salesperson's base of operations is in Wisconsin, the compensation of the salesperson is included in the numerator of the payroll factor.
Tax 2.48(4)(b)4. 4. A portion of the service is performed within Wisconsin and, if there is no base of operations, the place from which the individual's service is directed or controlled is in Wisconsin.
Tax 2.48 Note Example: Corporation D has its regional sales office in Wisconsin. An Iowa resident works out of her home as a salesperson for Corporation D and solicits sales in Iowa, Illinois and Wisconsin. The salesperson is directed from the regional sales office located in Wisconsin. The compensation of the Iowa salesperson is included in the numerator of the payroll factor since a portion of her service is performed in Wisconsin, she has no base of operations and she is directed from Wisconsin.
Tax 2.48(4)(b)5. 5. A portion of the service is performed within Wisconsin and neither the base of operations of the individual nor the place from which the service is directed or controlled is in any state in which some part of the service is performed, but the individual's residence is in Wisconsin.
Tax 2.48 Note Example: Corporation E is headquartered in and has its sales office in Indiana. It has a terminal located in Wisconsin. A Wisconsin resident salesperson solicits sales in Wisconsin and Minnesota. The compensation of the Wisconsin salesperson is included in the numerator of the payroll factor since a portion of the salesperson's service is performed in Wisconsin, the salesperson is a resident of Wisconsin, and the salesperson is directed or controlled from Indiana but performs no service in Indiana.
Tax 2.48(4)(b)6. 6. The individual is neither a resident of nor performs services in Wisconsin, but is directed or controlled from an office in Wisconsin and returns to Wisconsin periodically for business purposes and the state in which the individual resides does not have jurisdiction to impose income or franchise taxes on the employer.
Tax 2.48 Note Example: Corporation F has its sales office in Wisconsin. A salesperson resides in Nebraska and solicits sales in Nebraska and Kansas. Corporation F does not have nexus in Nebraska or Kansas. The salesperson returns to the Wisconsin sales office for two weeks each year for meetings and training. The compensation of the Nebraska salesperson is included in the numerator of the payroll factor since the salesperson is directed from an office in Wisconsin, returns to Wisconsin periodically for business purposes and Corporation F does not have nexus in Nebraska.
Tax 2.48(4)(c) (c) Management fee situs. The situs of management or service fees described in sub. (2) (a) 3. is in Wisconsin to the extent the related corporation's employees performing the services meet one of the requirements in par. (b).
Tax 2.48(4)(d) (d) Services. An individual shall be considered to be performing a service in Wisconsin during the year if the individual performs services for at least 5 days during the year. The compensation of any one employee may not be split between 2 or more states during the year; however, this does not apply if the employee is transferred or changes positions during the year.
Tax 2.48(4)(e) (e) Excluded compensation. Compensation related to the operation, maintenance, protection or supervision of real or tangible and intangible personal property used in the production of nonapportionable income, and amounts paid to retired employees shall be excluded from both the numerator and the denominator of the payroll factor. Except for management or service fees paid to a related corporation, payments made to an independent contractor or any other person not properly classifiable as an employee are also excluded.
Tax 2.48(4)(f) (f) Elimination of factor. In any case in which the company has no employees nor pays management or service fees to a related corporation, or in which the department determines that employees are not a substantial income producing factor, the department may order or permit the elimination of the payroll factor and the use of the arithmetical average of the other 2 factors to arrive at the Wisconsin apportionment percentage.
Tax 2.48(5) (5) Traffic unit factor. The numerator shall be the total number of traffic units in Wisconsin during the tax period. The denominator shall be the total number of traffic units everywhere during the tax period.
Tax 2.48 Note Note: Pipeline companies that are in combined groups must adjust the numerator and denominator of each of these factors and then convert the arithmetical average of these factors to the modified sales factor. The modified sales factor then determines the company's Wisconsin share of the combined group's apportionable income. See s. 71.255 (5), Stats., and s. Tax 2.61 (7) for details.
Tax 2.48 Note Note: Section Tax 2.48 interprets s. 71.25 (10) (c), Stats.
Tax 2.48 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1969, No. 167, eff. 12-1-69; am. (intro.), Register, August, 1973, No. 212, eff. 9-1-73; am. (1) (intro.), r. (1) (a), (b) and (c), r. and recr. (2), cr. (3), (4) and (5), Register, June, 1991, No. 426, eff. 7-1-91; reprinted to restore dropped copy in (3) (e), Register, March, 1999, No. 519; EmR0943: eff. 12-31-09 and CR 10-001: am. (title) and (1), cr. (2) (am) Register June 2010 No. 654, eff. 7-1-10.
Tax 2.49 Tax 2.49 Apportionment of apportionable income of interstate financial institutions.
Tax 2.49(1)(1)Scope. A financial institution that is engaged in business both in and outside this state shall apportion its apportionable income as provided in this section, except if the financial institution is in a combined group, its Wisconsin share of the combined group's apportionable income is computed as provided in s. 71.255 (5), Stats., and further detailed in s. Tax 2.61 (7). Nonapportionable income shall be allocated as provided in s. 71.25 (5) (b), Stats.
Tax 2.49 Note Note: A financial institution that is a corporation may be in a combined group for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2009. See s. Tax 2.61 (2) for a description of corporations required to use combined reporting.
Tax 2.49(2) (2) Definitions. In this section:
Tax 2.49(2)(a) (a) “Billing address" means the address indicated in the taxpayer's books and records on the first day of the taxable year, or on a later date in the taxable year when the customer relationship began, to which a taxpayer under this section regularly sends any notice, statement, or bill to the taxpayer's customer. The billing address of a customer who is a natural person means the address of that person's domicile.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.