Trans 138.03(1)(a)3. 3. A repair shop, or a service agreement with a nearby repair shop, where there are repair tools, repair equipment and personnel to service such vehicles. Any service agreement shall be on the form provided by the department.
Trans 138.03(1)(b) (b) A vehicle display lot adjacent to the business office, unless all vehicles offered for sale are displayed within the business building.
Trans 138.03(1)(c) (c) The business premises which provide all required facilities shall comply with local zoning, building code and permit requirements.
Trans 138.03(2) (2) A residence, tent, or temporary stand is not a sufficiently permanent business facility within the meaning of this section. As used in this section and s. 218.0116 (3), Stats., “residence" means the domicile of a person who is an employee or owner of the dealership licensed, or applying for a license, under ss. 218.0101 to 218.0163, Stats. “Residence" does not include a building either formerly used as a residence or used as a residence by persons having no interest in an existing dealership. A motor vehicle dealer licensed by the department prior to July 1, 1991 despite having the required business office or indoor display or repair area in his or her residence may continue to use those facilities so long as ownership of the business remains unchanged and his or her dealer license is renewed continuously on or after July 1, 1991.
Trans 138.03(3) (3) More than one motor vehicle dealer, wholesaler or other business may share a single permanent building.
Trans 138.03(3)(a) (a) If a licensed motor vehicle dealer shares facilities with another motor vehicle dealer, wholesaler, or other business, each licensee shall:
Trans 138.03(3)(a)1. 1. Display a dealership sign which satisfies s. Trans 138.06.
Trans 138.03(3)(a)2. 2. Separate its own vehicle display lot from areas used by other licensees; and
Trans 138.03(3)(a)3. 3. With each license application, provide a copy of the lease agreement between the owner of the property and the dealer along with a diagram of the facilities for the designated location. If the dealer sublets the facilities from a lessee, that dealer shall provide a copy of the sublease and a copy of the lease authorizing the lessee to execute subleases.
Trans 138.03(3)(b) (b) Each licensee sharing a permanent building with another licensee shall satisfy all the requirements of par. (a) within 1 year after July 1, 1991 or the license for each noncomplying dealership may be denied or suspended until the dealership facilities comply with this section.
Trans 138.03(3)(c) (c) If the dealerships which share facilities also share majority ownership, they are exempt from the requirements of par. (a).
Trans 138.03(4) (4) The business premises which provide all required facilities shall comply with local zoning, building code and permit requirements.
Trans 138.03(5) (5) Motor vehicle wholesalers of used vehicles are subject to subs. (1) (a) 1., (b), and (3) and (4).
Trans 138.03(6) (6) A motor vehicle dealer who is not located in this state, who accepts vehicle purchase orders or lease agreements placed by fax, telephone, the Internet, mail, or some other remote means from persons within this state, and who delivers vehicles to persons within this state is exempt from the dealer business facilities requirements of sub. (1), provided that the dealer maintains a business office in another jurisdiction at which the books, records and files pertaining to vehicle sales or leases to persons in this state are maintained and the dealer makes these documents available to the department for inspection upon demand. Nothing in this section shall be construed to exempt the dealer from the license requirement of s. 218.0114 (1), Stats.
Trans 138.03 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1966, No. 125, eff. 6-1-66; am. (1), r. and recr. (2), r. (3), Register, April, 1977, No. 256, eff. 5-1-77; renum. from MVD 13.01 and r. and recr. Register, July, 1981, No. 307, eff. 8-1-81; emerg. am. (1) (b), eff. 1-13-83; am. (1) (b), r. (2), renum. (3) to be (2), Register, October, 1984, No. 346, eff. 11-1-84; am. (1) (a) 1. and 2., cr. (2) and (3), renum. (1) (c) to be (4), renum. (2) to be (5) and am., Register, June, 1991, No 426, eff. 7-1-91; CR 99-135: cr. (6) Register February 2004 No. 578, eff. 3-1-04; corrections in (2) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register February 2004 No. 578; CR 06-135: am. (1) (a) (intro.) and (6), Register August 2007 No. 620, eff. 9-1-07.
Trans 138.04 Trans 138.04Records kept. This section establishes the minimum books and records required to be kept and maintained at the licensed business premises by motor vehicle dealers and used motor vehicle wholesalers under ss. 218.0116 (3) and (5), and 342.16 (2), Stats., and the required retention periods for those records.
Trans 138.04(1) (1)Dealer required records. Motor vehicle dealers shall maintain, at a minimum, the following books and records:
Trans 138.04(1)(a) (a) Ownership records. As evidence of ownership, title for each used vehicle owned and offered for sale and manufacturer's statement of origin, or MSO, for each new vehicle owned and offered for sale. If a manufacturer or lending institution is holding the title or MSO to ensure payment at the time of sale, the dealer shall have for each such vehicle either a factory invoice, a completed dealer reassignment form, or a purchase contract evidencing trade-in or purchase. If the used vehicle is a manufacturer's buy-back under s. 218.0171, Stats., and the manufacturer holds title to the vehicle, the dealer may have in its possession a copy of the title.
Trans 138.04 Note Note: Section 218.0171, Stats., is commonly known as the lemon law.
Trans 138.04(1)(b) (b) Consignment sale documents.
Trans 138.04(1)(b)1.1. Written consignment agreement between owner and dealer for each vehicle not owned by the dealer and offered for sale by the dealer. Consignments between motor vehicle dealers are prohibited. Nor may wholesalers consign vehicles to motor vehicle dealers. Each consignment agreement shall contain:
Trans 138.04(1)(b)1.a. a. Date of consignment;
Trans 138.04(1)(b)1.b. b. Name of consignor and consignee;
Trans 138.04(1)(b)1.c. c. Description of vehicle including year, make and identification number, a description of the prior use of the vehicle and an odometer disclosure statement as specified in s. Trans 154.08 (1). The odometer disclosure statement shall be separate from the rest of the consignment agreement;
Trans 138.04(1)(b)1.d. d. Terms of agreement including duration of agreement, agreed upon minimum selling price at which the dealer is authorized to sell the vehicle for the consignee, the agreed disposition of any amount received for the vehicle above the minimum sales price, and the amount of the dealer's sales commission;
Trans 138.04(1)(b)1.e. e. A statement by the owner that either the vehicle is clear of any liens, or identifying the lienholder and stating the amount of any outstanding lien balance;
Trans 138.04(1)(b)1.f. f. Signatures by the vehicle owner and selling dealer; and
Trans 138.04(1)(b)1.g. g. An agreement between the vehicle's owner and the dealer providing that the dealer will hold the title certificate or a copy of both sides of the original title certificate for inspection by potential purchasers during the period of consignment, and that the title reassignment by the owner portion of the original title certificate will not be signed until the vehicle is actually sold. The agreement shall also provide that if the vehicle is not sold during the duration of the consignment, the dealer will promptly return the title certificate to the owner along with the vehicle.
Trans 138.04(1)(b)2. 2. Copies of any documents required to be created under s. Trans 139.08.
Trans 138.04(1)(c) (c) Vehicle condition disclosures. Vehicle general condition disclosure statements, as required by s. Trans 139.04 (4).
Trans 138.04(1)(d) (d) Odometer disclosure. Odometer disclosure statement from prior owner and odometer disclosure statement to subsequent purchaser, as required by s. Trans 139.04 (7).
Trans 138.04(1)(e) (e) Contracts. Original or copy of motor vehicle purchase contracts, as required by s. Trans 139.05, purchase orders and invoices. Copy of MV1 or MV11, Wisconsin title, registration or license plate application forms, completed for each vehicle purchaser as additional evidence of sale, and information regarding collection of sales tax and Wisconsin title and registration fees, when applicable. If the contract supersedes any prior offer or contract between the parties, copies of the superseded contract as required by s. Trans 139.05 (1) (a) 2.
Trans 138.04(1)(f) (f) Dealer record book.
Trans 138.04(1)(f)1.1. The following information shall be kept on every used vehicle, including executive and demonstrator vehicles, bought, sold, exchanged or consigned:
Trans 138.04(1)(f)1.a. a. Date of acquisition of the vehicle.
Trans 138.04(1)(f)1.b. b. Name and address of the person from whom the vehicle was acquired.
Trans 138.04(1)(f)1.c. c. The year, make and vehicle identification number, or VIN, of the vehicle.
Trans 138.04(1)(f)1.d. d. The date of the disposition of the vehicle.
Trans 138.04(1)(f)1.e. e. The name and address of the person to whom any vehicle was disposed.
Trans 138.04(1)(f)2. 2. Persons requiring a license who do not maintain their records in an electronic data processing record keeping system shall maintain the information required in subd. 1. in a permanently bound book containing consecutively pre-numbered pages with horizontal line ruling. Initial purchase entries shall be made immediately as each vehicle is acquired and sales information entered on the same line at subsequent time of sale. All entries shall be consecutively entered in ink and be legible. No blank horizontal lines shall be allowed. Vertical dividing lines shall be provided, and may be manually drawn, to divide the following information as shown: - See PDF for table PDF
Trans 138.04(1)(f)3. 3. Persons requiring a license who maintain their records in an electronic data processing record keeping system shall maintain the information required in subd. 1. in compliance with the following requirements:
Trans 138.04(1)(f)3.a. a. One record shall contain all of the information specified in subd. 1.
Trans 138.04(1)(f)3.b. b. Initial purchase entries shall be made immediately as acquired, and sales information shall be completed on the same record at the time of sale.
Trans 138.04(1)(f)3.c. c. The information shall be accessible for inspection and shall be retrievable electronically by the date acquired, name of person from whom the vehicle was acquired, VIN, date sold, and name of person to whom the vehicle was disposed.
Trans 138.04(1)(f)3.d. d. All records shall be retrievable during the inspection and a printer shall be kept on site to provide hard copy if requested. Hard copy shall include all information in the same format as specified in par. (f) 2. Horizontal and vertical lines are not required.
Trans 138.04(1)(f)3.e. e. There is an employee of the person requiring a license available to retrieve the records during the hours of operation of the business.
Trans 138.04(1)(h) (h) Electronic record keeping. Persons requiring a license who maintain their used vehicle records as specified in par. (f) in an electronic data processing record keeping system can satisfy the record retention requirement in sub. (3) with hard copy of their records when memory limitations of the electronic system prohibit electronic storage for the specified period. Hard copy shall meet the following requirements:
Trans 138.04(1)(h)1. 1. Hard copy shall include only those records of vehicles that have been disposed of. Incomplete records of vehicles acquired and still in inventory must be maintained on the electronic system until disposed of and the record is completed.
Trans 138.04(1)(h)2. 2. Hard copy shall include all information in the same format as specified in par. (f) 2. Horizontal and vertical line ruling shall not be required.
Trans 138.04(1)(h)3. 3. Hard copy shall be printed in the order of the date acquired and each report shall contain at least 12 consecutive months of vehicle acquisitions.
Trans 138.04(1)(h)4. 4. Hard copy shall contain system generated page numbers and the current date on every page.
Trans 138.04(2) (2)Wholesaler required records. Motor vehicle wholesalers (used vehicles) shall maintain those books and records included in sub. (1) (a), (d) and (f) for the period specified under sub. (3). The records and books to be maintained are limited to used vehicle record books, invoices, dealer reassignment forms, regular and conforming power of attorney forms, prior owner odometer disclosure statements and wholesaler's subsequent odometer disclosure statements.
Trans 138.04(3) (3)Retention requirements. The used vehicle information described in sub. (1) (f) shall be maintained for a period of 5 years, as required by s. 342.16, Stats., and all other required records shall be maintained for a period of 5 years from the date of sale, including copies of factory invoices, dealer reassignment forms, consignment agreements, purchase contracts, MV1 or MV11 Wisconsin title, registration or license plate applications, Wisconsin buyers guides, regular and conforming power of attorney forms, prior owner odometer disclosure statements, dealer's subsequent odometer disclosure statements, lessor's notices to lessees relating to odometer disclosure required at end of lease, and lessee's odometer disclosure statement completed at end of lease. The records shall be kept in the place of business during business hours and shall be open to inspection and copying by a representative of the department during reasonable business hours. Multi-location dealerships may keep records at a single location. If the location is out of state, the dealerships shall reimburse the department for actual and necessary expenses, plus wages pursuant to the appropriate state compensation plan or applicable labor agreement for examining the documents at that location. The actual and necessary expenses charged include the following:
Trans 138.04(3)(a) (a) Travel expenses.
Trans 138.04(3)(b) (b) Meal expenses.
Trans 138.04(3)(c) (c) Lodging expenses.
Trans 138.04(3)(d) (d) Telephone expenses.
Trans 138.04(3)(e) (e) Copying and data processing expenses.
Trans 138.04 Note Note: The current Wisconsin Title and License Plate Application forms used by dealers is form MV-11, which may be purchased from motor vehicle dealer form supply companies. MV-1 is used by the general public for this purpose and is available from motor vehicle service centers or on the Internet at http:\\www.dot.state.wi.us
Trans 138.04 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1966, No. 125, eff. 6-1-66; r. and recr. Register, April, 1977, No. 256, eff. 5-1-77; renum. from MVD 13.02 and am., Register, July, 1981, No. 307, eff. 8-1-81; am. (1) (c) to (e), Register, December, 1982, No. 324, eff. 1-1-83; am. (intro.) (1) (b) 5. and 6., r. (1) (b) r. and (2), renum. (3) to be (2), Register, October, 1984, No. 346, eff. 11-1-84; am. (1) (b), cr. (1) (b) 7., Register, June, 1991, No. 426, eff. 7-1-91; am. (1) (b) 3., (d), (g) and (2), renum. (1) (f) to be (1) (f) 2., cr. (1) (f) 1. and 3. and (h), Register, January, 1996, No. 481, eff. 2-1-96; CR 99-135: am. (intro.), (1) (intro.), (a), (b) (intro.), (e) and (2), renum. (1) (b) 1. to 7. and (g) to be (1) (b) 1. a. to g. and (3) and am. (1) (b) 1. g. and (3), cr. (1) (b) 2., Register February 2004 No. 578, eff. 3-1-04; correction in (1) (h) (intro.) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register February 2004 No. 578; CR 08-029: am. (1) (a) and (3) Register August 2008 No. 632, eff. 9-1-08.
Trans 138.05 Trans 138.05Auction dealers. Motor vehicle wholesale auction dealers shall:
Trans 138.05(1) (1) For each vehicle offered for sale, either require the consigning dealer deposit clear title or furnish title insurance at time of sale.
Trans 138.05(2) (2) Prominently display the selling dealer's name and address, and state in which the vehicle is titled, on each vehicle offered for sale, prior to each vehicle entering the auction sale building. Recommended methods are either affixing the information on the side window by grease pencil, or entering the information on a card plainly visible through either the windshield or side window.
Trans 138.05(3) (3) Maintain a copy of the signed title for each vehicle sold.
Trans 138.05(4) (4) For each motor vehicle sold at an auction sale, establish and maintain for 5 years those records as required under s. Trans 154.12 (3) as authorized under s. 342.157, Stats.
Trans 138.05(5) (5) Rescind the vehicle sale transaction if unable to furnish clear title to the purchasing dealer within 14 days following date of sale, if so requested by the purchasing dealer.
Trans 138.05(6) (6) Required records shall be kept in the place of business during business hours and shall be open to inspection and copying by a representative of the department during reasonable business hours.
Trans 138.05 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1977, No. 256, eff. 5-1-77; renum. from MVD 13.03 and am. Register, July, 1981, No. 307, eff. 8-1-81; am. (5), Register, June, 1991, No. 426, eff. 7-1-91; am. (3), r. and recr. (4), cr. (6), Register, January, 1996, No. 481, eff. 2-1-96; CR 99-135: am. (5) Register February 2004 No. 578, eff. 3-1-04; 2013 Wis. Act 363: am. (3) Register May 2014 No. 701, eff. 6-1-14.
Trans 138.06 Trans 138.06Business signs. All motor vehicle dealers, motor vehicle wholesalers and motor vehicle wholesale auction dealers shall display the following signs:
Trans 138.06(1) (1) An exterior business sign in compliance with s. 100.18 (5), Stats. The sign shall state the name of the licensee, as shown on the department license and any other name under which the licensee does business as a motor vehicle dealer, wholesaler or auction dealer. The sign shall have lettering a minimum of 4 inches high, unless smaller dimensions are required in order to comply with a local zoning or sign ordinance.
Trans 138.06(2) (2) A sign posted on or adjacent to the entrance door describing the dealer's business hours.
Trans 138.06 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1966, No. 125, eff. 6-1-66; renum. from MVD 13.03 and am. Register, April, 1977, No. 256, eff. 5-1-77; renum. from MVD 13.04, Register, July, 1981, No. 307, eff. 8-1-81; am. Register, October, 1984, No. 346, eff. 11-1-84; am. (intro.), cr. (1), (2), Register, June, 1991, No. 426, eff. 7-1-91.
Trans 138.07 Trans 138.07Lease agreement.
Trans 138.07(1) (1) Motor vehicle dealers and wholesalers shall furnish a copy of a signed lease agreement with the dealer license application whenever first applying for a license for a business location, unless the business property is owned by the dealership entity.
Trans 138.07(2) (2) Such lease agreement shall name the dealer applicant as lessee and shall contain the following items:
Trans 138.07(2)(a) (a) Names of parties to the agreement;
Trans 138.07(2)(b) (b) Consideration for lease agreement;
Trans 138.07(2)(c) (c) Description of business premises;
Trans 138.07(2)(d) (d) Terms of lease; and
Trans 138.07(2)(e) (e) Signatures of parties to the agreement.
Trans 138.07 History History: Cr. Register, July, 1981, No. 307, eff. 8-1-81; am. (1), Register, October, 1984, No. 346, eff. 11-1-84; am. (1), Register, June, 1991, No. 426, eff. 7-1-91.
Trans 138.08 Trans 138.08Temporary sales locations. A motor vehicle dealer shall be permitted to display and sell vehicles at a temporary site other than its licensed place of business, providing that:
Trans 138.08(1) (1) Each dealer furnishes the department with written notification of the sale at least 10 days in advance.
Trans 138.08(2) (2) The duration of each sale may not exceed 10 business days.
Trans 138.08(3) (3) A dealer may not participate in more than 6 sales during each licensing (calendar) year.
Trans 138.08(4) (4) Each participating dealer shall furnish each consumer a written notice of the 3-day “cooling off" rights pursuant to s. 423.203, Stats., (The Wisconsin Consumer Act).
Trans 138.08(5)(a)(a) Permanent facilities required. The dealer maintains a permanent facility in this state in the manner required by s. Trans 138.03 (1) (a), except as provided in par. (b).
Trans 138.08 Note Note: Dealers without permanent facilities in the state may not conduct any sales in this state, including sales at temporary locations, except as provided in s. Trans 138.03 (6).
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.