Each school board shall provide an instructional program designed to give pupils:
Knowledge of the human body and the means to maintain lifelong health, including:
Knowledge of the theory and practice of physical education, including the development and maintenance of physical fitness;
Knowledge of the nutritive value of foods, as outlined in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, a publication of the federal departments of health and human services and agriculture, and knowledge of the role of a nutritious diet in promoting health, preventing chronic disease, and maintaining a healthy weight.
Knowledge of physiology and hygiene, sanitation, the effects of controlled substances under ch. 961
and alcohol upon the human system, symptoms of disease and the proper care of the body. No pupil may be required to take instruction in these subjects if his or her parent files with the teacher a written objection thereto. If a pupil does not take instruction in these subjects as a result of parental objection, the pupil may not be required to be examined in the subjects and may not be penalized in any way for not taking such instruction, but if the subjects receive credit toward graduation, the school board may require the pupil to complete an alternative assignment that is similar to the subjects in the length of time necessary to complete. Instruction in physiology and hygiene shall include instruction on sexually transmitted diseases and shall be offered in every high school.
Awareness about drug abuse, including prescription drug abuse, and prevention.
An appreciation of artistic and creative expression and the capacity for self-expression.
Knowledge of morality and the individual's responsibility as a social being, including the responsibility and morality of family living and the value of frugality and other basic qualities and principles referred to in article I, section 22
, of the constitution insofar as such qualities and principles affect family and consumer education.
Knowledge of the prevention of accidents and promotion of safety on the public highways, including instruction on the relationship between highway safety and the use of alcohol and controlled substances, including prescription drugs, under ch. 961
The skills needed to make sound decisions, knowledge of the conditions which may cause and the signs of suicidal tendencies, knowledge of the relationship between youth suicide and the use of alcohol and controlled substances, including prescription drugs, under ch. 961
and knowledge of the available community youth suicide prevention and intervention services. Instruction shall be designed to help prevent suicides by pupils by promoting the positive emotional development of pupils.
Knowledge of effective means by which pupils may recognize, avoid, prevent and halt physically or psychologically intrusive or abusive situations which may be harmful to pupils, including child abuse, sexual abuse and child enticement. Instruction shall be designed to help pupils develop positive psychological, emotional and problem-solving responses to such situations and avoid relying on negative, fearful or solely reactive methods of dealing with such situations. Instruction shall include information on available school and community prevention and intervention assistance or services and shall be provided to pupils in elementary schools.
Reading instruction. 118.015(1)(1)
Purpose and intent.
It is the purpose and intent of this section to provide for a developmental reading program for pupils at all grade levels.
Employment of reading specialists.
Each school district shall employ a reading specialist certified by the department to develop and coordinate a comprehensive reading curriculum in grades kindergarten to 12. At the discretion of the state superintendent, a school district may contract with other school districts or cooperative educational service agencies to employ a certified reading specialist on a cooperative basis.
Duties of reading specialist.
The reading specialist shall:
Develop and implement a reading curriculum in grades kindergarten to 12.
Act as a resource person to classroom teachers to implement the reading curriculum.
Work with administrators to support and implement the reading curriculum.
Conduct an annual evaluation of the reading curriculum.
Coordinate the reading curriculum with other reading programs and other support services within the school district.
School board duties.
The school board shall:
Develop a program of reading goals for the district for grades kindergarten to 12.
Make an assessment of existing reading needs in grades kindergarten to 12 in the district based on the reading goals established under par. (a)
Make an annual evaluation of the reading curriculum of the school district.
If the school board maintains an Internet site for the school district, include a link to the guidebook related to dyslexia and related conditions that is published on the department's Internet site under s. 115.28 (56) (b)
Assessments of reading readiness. 118.016(1)(a)
In the 2014–15 and 2015-16 school years, each school board and the operator of each charter school established under s. 118.40 (2r)
shall, using the appropriate, valid, and reliable assessment of literacy fundamentals selected by the department, annually assess each pupil enrolled in 4-year-old kindergarten to 2nd grade in the school district or in the charter school for reading readiness. The department shall ensure that the assessment evaluates whether a pupil possesses phonemic awareness and letter sound knowledge.
Beginning in the 2016-17 school year, each school board and the operator of each charter school established under s. 118.40 (2r)
shall, using the appropriate, valid, and reliable assessment of literacy fundamentals selected by the school board or operator, annually assess each pupil enrolled in 4-year-old kindergarten to 2nd grade in the school district or in the charter school for reading readiness. The school board or operator shall ensure that the assessment evaluates whether a pupil possesses phonemic awareness and letter sound knowledge. A school board or operator may administer computer adaptive assessments.
The department shall pay to the school board or operator, from the appropriation under s. 20.255 (1) (f)
, the per pupil cost of the selected assessment. If the appropriation under s. 20.255 (1) (f)
in any fiscal year is insufficient to pay the full amount of aid under this paragraph, the state superintendent shall prorate state aid payments among the school boards and operators of charter schools entitled to the aid.
The school board or operator of the charter school shall report the results of a pupil's assessment under sub. (1)
to the pupil's parent or guardian.
The school board of the school district or operator of the charter school in which the pupil is enrolled shall provide a pupil whose assessment under sub. (1)
indicates that he or she is at risk of reading difficulty with interventions or remedial reading services, as described under s. 121.02 (1) (c)
Foreign language instruction. 118.017(1)(1)
All instruction shall be in the English language, except:
Those programs established under subch. VII of ch. 115
where instruction shall be in the English language and in the non-English language of the bilingual-bicultural education program.
The school board may cause any foreign language to be taught to pupils who desire it.
The school board may cause any course to be taught in a foreign language if the purpose is to facilitate the instruction of English speaking pupils in that language.
A school board may grant foreign language credit to a pupil who has satisfactorily completed a high school course in American sign language.
History: 1983 a. 412
; Stats. 1983 s. 118.017; 1989 a. 280
Human growth and development instruction. 118.019(1)(1)
The purpose of this section is to foster a partnership between parents of pupils attending schools in the school district and the schools in the school district to promote the optimal health and well-being of the pupils. The provisions of this section are in addition to, and do not supplant, the requirements under ss. 118.01 (2) (d) 2. c.
and 118.13 (1)
, which are critical to maintaining the physical and psychological health of each pupil.
“Age-appropriate" means suitable to a particular age group of pupils based on their developing cognitive and emotional capacity and consistent with adolescent development and community standards.
“Medically accurate information" means information that is scientifically-based and published, where appropriate, in peer-reviewed journals and textbooks.
A school board may provide an instructional program in human growth and development in grades kindergarten to 12. If the school board elects to provide an instructional program under this section, when the school board establishes the curriculum for the instructional program, the school board shall make determinations as to whether and, if so, for what subjects covered in the curriculum the pupils shall be separated by gender. If an instructional program is provided, the following instructional program is recommended:
Present medically accurate information to pupils and, when age-appropriate, address the following topics:
The importance of communication about sexuality between the pupil and the pupil's parents or guardians.
Reproductive and sexual anatomy and physiology, including biological, psychosocial, emotional, and intellectual changes that accompany maturation.
The benefits of and reasons for abstaining from sexual activity. Instruction under this subdivision shall stress the value of abstinence as the only reliable way to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, and shall identify the skills necessary to remain abstinent.
Methods for developing healthy life skills, including setting goals, making responsible decisions, communicating, and managing stress.
How alcohol and drug use affect responsible decision making.
The impact of media and one's peers on thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to sexuality.
The nature and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.
Address self-esteem and personal responsibility, positive interpersonal skills, and healthy relationships.
Identify counseling, medical, and legal resources for survivors of sexual abuse and assault, including resources for escaping violent relationships.
Address the positive connection between marriage and parenting.
Present information about avoiding stereotyping and bullying, including how to refrain from making inappropriate remarks, avoiding engaging in inappropriate physical or sexual behaviors, and how to recognize, rebuff, and report any unwanted or inappropriate remarks or physical or sexual behaviors.
An instructional program under this section shall use instructional methods and materials that, consistent with s. 118.13 (1)
, do not discriminate against a pupil based upon the pupil's race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnic or cultural background or against sexually active pupils or children with disabilities. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit a school board from approving an instructional program under this section that includes instruction on abstinence from sexual activity or that is abstinence-centered.
If a school board provides instruction in any of the areas under sub. (2) (a)
, the school board shall ensure that instruction conforms to s. 118.13 (1)
and that the following is provided, when age appropriate, in the same course and during the same year:
Presents abstinence from sexual activity as the preferred choice of behavior for unmarried pupils.
Emphasizes that abstinence from sexual activity before marriage is the only reliable way to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
Provides instruction in parental responsibility and the socioeconomic benefits of marriage for adults and their children.
Explains pregnancy, prenatal development, and childbirth.
Explains the criminal penalties under ch. 948
for engaging in sexual activities involving a child.
Explains the sex offender registration requirements under s. 301.45
. Instruction under this paragraph shall include who is required to report under s. 301.45
, what information must be reported, who has access to the information reported, and the implications of being registered under s. 301.45
Provides medically accurate information about the human papilloma virus and the human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
Explains the process under s. 48.195
under which a parent of a newborn child may relinquish custody of the child to a law enforcement officer, emergency medical services practitioner, or hospital staff member.
Provision of instruction.
Subject to s. 120.13 (37m)
, nothing in this section prohibits a school district from providing instruction under this section, in whole or in part, to pupils while the pupils are separated from members of the opposite sex.
Distribution of curriculum to parents; notice.
Each school board that provides an instructional program in human growth and development shall annually provide the parents or guardians of each pupil enrolled in the school district with an outline of the human growth and development curriculum used in the pupil's grade level, information regarding how the parent or guardian may inspect the complete curriculum and instructional materials, an explanation of the exemption under sub. (4)
, and a statement that pupils exempted from instruction under this section will still receive instruction in the subjects under s. 118.01 (2) (d) 2. c.
, unless exempted, and s. 118.01 (2) (d) 8.
The school board shall make the complete human growth and development curriculum and all instructional materials available for inspection by a parent or guardian upon his or her request at any time, including prior to their use in the classroom.
Exemption for individual pupils.
No pupil may be required to take instruction in human growth and development or in the specific subjects under subs. (2)
if the pupil's parent or guardian files with the teacher or school principal a written request that the pupil be exempted.
In any school district that offers a human growth and development curriculum, the school board shall appoint an ad hoc advisory committee whose role is to advise the school board on the design and implementation of the human growth and development curriculum and to review the curriculum. Parents, teachers, school administrators, pupils, health care professionals, members of the clergy, and other residents of the school district shall comprise the committee. No one category of member shall constitute more than one-fifth of the membership of the committee, except that parents may comprise more than one-fifth of the membership of the committee. No more than one quarter of the members of the committee may be made up of employees of the school district or their spouses or members of the school board or their spouses.
Special observance days.
On the following days when school is held or, if the day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, on a school day immediately preceding or following the respective day, the day shall be appropriately observed:
January 15, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.
February 12, Abraham Lincoln's birthday.
February 15, Susan B. Anthony's birthday.
February 22, George Washington's birthday.
March 17, for “The Great Hunger" in Ireland from 1845 to 1850.
April 9, Prisoners of War Remembrance Day.