Knowledge of effective means by which pupils may recognize, avoid, prevent and halt physically or psychologically intrusive or abusive situations which may be harmful to pupils, including child abuse, sexual abuse and child enticement. Instruction shall be designed to help pupils develop positive psychological, emotional and problem-solving responses to such situations and avoid relying on negative, fearful or solely reactive methods of dealing with such situations. Instruction shall include information on available school and community prevention and intervention assistance or services and shall be provided to pupils in elementary schools.
Reading instruction. 118.015(1)(1)
Purpose and intent.
It is the purpose and intent of this section to provide for a developmental reading program for pupils at all grade levels.
(2) Employment of reading specialists.
Each school district shall employ a reading specialist certified by the department to develop and coordinate a comprehensive reading curriculum in grades kindergarten to 12. At the discretion of the state superintendent, a school district may contract with other school districts or cooperative educational service agencies to employ a certified reading specialist on a cooperative basis.
(3) Duties of reading specialist.
The reading specialist shall:
Develop and implement a reading curriculum in grades kindergarten to 12.
Act as a resource person to classroom teachers to implement the reading curriculum.
Work with administrators to support and implement the reading curriculum.
Conduct an annual evaluation of the reading curriculum.
Coordinate the reading curriculum with other reading programs and other support services within the school district.
(4) School board duties.
The school board shall:
Develop a program of reading goals for the district for grades kindergarten to 12.
Make an assessment of existing reading needs in grades kindergarten to 12 in the district based on the reading goals established under par. (a)
Make an annual evaluation of the reading curriculum of the school district.
Assessments of reading readiness. 118.016(1)
In the 2013-14 school year, each school board and the governing body of each charter school established under s. 118.40 (2r)
shall, using the appropriate, valid, and reliable assessment of literacy fundamentals selected by the department, annually assess each pupil enrolled in 4-year-old kindergarten to first grade in the school district or in the charter school for reading readiness. Beginning in the 2014–15 school year, each school board and the governing body of each charter school established under s. 118.40 (2r)
shall, using the appropriate, valid, and reliable assessment of literacy fundamentals selected by the department, annually assess each pupil enrolled in 4-year-old kindergarten to second grade in the school district or in the charter school for reading readiness. The department shall ensure that the assessment evaluates whether a pupil possesses phonemic awareness and letter sound knowledge.
The school board or governing body of the charter school shall report the results of a pupil's assessment under sub. (1)
to the pupil's parent or guardian.
The school board of the school district or governing body of the charter school in which the pupil is enrolled shall provide a pupil whose assessment under sub. (1)
indicates that he or she is at risk of reading difficulty with interventions or remedial reading services, as described under s. 121.02 (1) (c)
History: 2011 a. 166
; 2013 a. 20
Foreign language instruction. 118.017(1)
All instruction shall be in the English language, except:
Those programs established under subch. VII of ch. 115
where instruction shall be in the English language and in the non-English language of the bilingual-bicultural education program.
The school board may cause any foreign language to be taught to pupils who desire it.
The school board may cause any course to be taught in a foreign language if the purpose is to facilitate the instruction of English speaking pupils in that language.
A school board may grant foreign language credit to a pupil who has satisfactorily completed a high school course in American sign language.
History: 1983 a. 412
; Stats. 1983 s. 118.017; 1989 a. 280
Human growth and development instruction. 118.019(1)(1)
The purpose of this section is to foster a partnership between parents of pupils attending schools in the school district and the schools in the school district to promote the optimal health and well-being of the pupils. The provisions of this section are in addition to, and do not supplant, the requirements under ss. 118.01 (2) (d) 2. c.
and 118.13 (1)
, which are critical to maintaining the physical and psychological health of each pupil.
"Age-appropriate" means suitable to a particular age group of pupils based on their developing cognitive and emotional capacity and consistent with adolescent development and community standards.
"Medically accurate information" means information that is scientifically-based and published, where appropriate, in peer-reviewed journals and textbooks.
A school board may provide an instructional program in human growth and development in grades kindergarten to 12. If the school board elects to provide an instructional program under this section, when the school board establishes the curriculum for the instructional program, the school board shall make determinations as to whether and, if so, for what subjects covered in the curriculum the pupils shall be separated by gender. If an instructional program is provided, the following instructional program is recommended:
Present medically accurate information to pupils and, when age-appropriate, address the following topics:
The importance of communication about sexuality between the pupil and the pupil's parents or guardians.
Reproductive and sexual anatomy and physiology, including biological, psychosocial, emotional, and intellectual changes that accompany maturation.
The benefits of and reasons for abstaining from sexual activity. Instruction under this subdivision shall stress the value of abstinence as the only reliable way to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, and shall identify the skills necessary to remain abstinent.
Methods for developing healthy life skills, including setting goals, making responsible decisions, communicating, and managing stress.
How alcohol and drug use affect responsible decision making.
The impact of media and one's peers on thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to sexuality.
The nature and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.
Address self-esteem and personal responsibility, positive interpersonal skills, and healthy relationships.
Identify counseling, medical, and legal resources for survivors of sexual abuse and assault, including resources for escaping violent relationships.
Address the positive connection between marriage and parenting.
Present information about avoiding stereotyping and bullying, including how to refrain from making inappropriate remarks, avoiding engaging in inappropriate physical or sexual behaviors, and how to recognize, rebuff, and report any unwanted or inappropriate remarks or physical or sexual behaviors.
An instructional program under this section shall use instructional methods and materials that, consistent with s. 118.13 (1)
, do not discriminate against a pupil based upon the pupil's race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnic or cultural background or against sexually active pupils or children with disabilities. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit a school board from approving an instructional program under this section that includes instruction on abstinence from sexual activity or that is abstinence-centered.
(2m) Required subjects.
If a school board provides instruction in any of the areas under sub. (2) (a)
, the school board shall ensure that instruction conforms to s. 118.13 (1)
and that the following is provided, when age appropriate, in the same course and during the same year:
Presents abstinence from sexual activity as the preferred choice of behavior for unmarried pupils.
Emphasizes that abstinence from sexual activity before marriage is the only reliable way to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
Provides instruction in parental responsibility and the socioeconomic benefits of marriage for adults and their children.
Explains pregnancy, prenatal development, and childbirth.
Explains the criminal penalties under ch. 948
for engaging in sexual activities involving a child.
Explains the sex offender registration requirements under s. 301.45
. Instruction under this paragraph shall include who is required to report under s. 301.45
, what information must be reported, who has access to the information reported, and the implications of being registered under s. 301.45
Provides medically accurate information about the human papilloma virus and the human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
(2s) Provision of instruction.
Subject to s. 120.13 (37m)
, nothing in this section prohibits a school district from providing instruction under this section, in whole or in part, to pupils while the pupils are separated from members of the opposite sex.
(3) Distribution of curriculum to parents; notice.
Each school board that provides an instructional program in human growth and development shall annually provide the parents or guardians of each pupil enrolled in the school district with an outline of the human growth and development curriculum used in the pupil's grade level, information regarding how the parent or guardian may inspect the complete curriculum and instructional materials, an explanation of the exemption under sub. (4)
, and a statement that pupils exempted from instruction under this section will still receive instruction in the subjects under s. 118.01 (2) (d) 2. c.
, unless exempted, and s. 118.01 (2) (d) 8.
The school board shall make the complete human growth and development curriculum and all instructional materials available for inspection by a parent or guardian upon his or her request at any time, including prior to their use in the classroom.
(4) Exemption for individual pupils.
No pupil may be required to take instruction in human growth and development or in the specific subjects under subs. (2)
if the pupil's parent or guardian files with the teacher or school principal a written request that the pupil be exempted.
(5) Advisory committee.
In any school district that offers a human growth and development curriculum, the school board shall appoint an ad hoc advisory committee whose role is to advise the school board on the design and implementation of the human growth and development curriculum and to review the curriculum. Parents, teachers, school administrators, pupils, health care professionals, members of the clergy, and other residents of the school district shall comprise the committee. No one category of member shall constitute more than one-fifth of the membership of the committee, except that parents may comprise more than one-fifth of the membership of the committee. No more than one quarter of the members of the committee may be made up of employees of the school district or their spouses or members of the school board or their spouses.
Special observance days.
On the following days when school is held or, if the day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, on a school day immediately preceding or following the respective day, the day shall be appropriately observed:
January 15, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.
February 12, Abraham Lincoln's birthday.
February 15, Susan B. Anthony's birthday.
February 22, George Washington's birthday.
March 17, for "The Great Hunger" in Ireland from 1845 to 1850.
April 9, Prisoners of War Remembrance Day.
April 22, Environmental Awareness Day.
The last Friday in April, Arbor Day, except that if the governor by proclamation sets apart one day to be designated as Arbor and Bird Day under s. 14.16 (1)
, that day shall be appropriately observed.
June 14, if school is held, Robert M. La Follette, Sr. Day.
September 16, Mildred Fish Harnack Day.
September 17, U.S. Constitution Day.
Wednesday of the 3rd week in September, as part of Wonderful Wisconsin Week under s. 14.16 (8)
, Wisconsin Day.
Friday of the 3rd week in September, POW-MIA Recognition Day.
Wednesday of the 4th week in September, Bullying Awareness Day.
September 28, Frances Willard Day.
October 12, Christopher Columbus' birthday.
History: 1975 c. 204
; 1979 c. 214
; 1985 a. 232
; 1987 a. 11
; 1989 a. 146
; 1993 a. 333
; 1999 a. 83
; 2001 a. 16
; 2003 a. 305
; 2005 a. 149
; 2009 a. 309
Arbor day observance.
The principal of a public, private, or tribal school may request one free tree provided from state forest nurseries by the department of natural resources under s. 28.06
for each 4th grade pupil in the school for planting in conjunction with an annual observance and celebration of arbor day.
History: 1981 c. 59
; 2009 a. 302
The school board shall adopt all the textbooks necessary for use in the schools under its charge. The list of the adopted books shall be filed with the school district clerk.