140.01   Definitions.
140.02   Notaries.
140.04   Authority to perform notarial act.
140.05   Requirements for certain notarial acts.
140.06   Personal appearance required.
140.07   Identification of individual.
140.08   Authority to refuse to perform notarial act.
140.09   Signature if individual unable to sign.
140.10   Notarial act in this state.
140.11   Notarial act in another state.
140.12   Notarial act under authority of federally recognized Indian tribe.
140.13   Notarial act under federal authority.
140.14   Foreign notarial act.
140.145   Notarial act performed for remotely located individual.
140.147   Notarial act performed for remote execution of estate planning documents.
140.15   Certificate of notarial act.
140.16   Short form certificates.
140.17   Official stamp.
140.18   Stamping device.
140.20   Notification regarding performance of notarial act for remotely located individuals; selection of technology; acceptance of tangible copy of electronic record.
140.24   Database of notaries public.
140.26   Validity of notarial acts.
140.27   Rules; powers of the department.
140.30   Uniformity of application and construction.
140.31   Relation to electronic signatures in global and national commerce act.
140.34   Short title.
140.01 140.01 Definitions. In this chapter:
140.01(1) (1)“Acknowledgment” means a declaration by an individual before a notarial officer that the individual has signed a record for the purpose stated in the record and, if the record is signed in a representative capacity, that the individual signed the record with proper authority and signed it as the act of the individual or entity identified in the record.
140.01(2) (2)“Department” means the department of financial institutions.
140.01(3) (3)“Domestic partner" has the meaning given in s. 770.01 (1).
140.01(4) (4)“Electronic” means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities.
140.01(5) (5)“Electronic signature” means an electronic symbol, sound, or process attached to or logically associated with a record and executed or adopted by an individual with the intent to sign the record.
140.01(6) (6)“In a representative capacity” means acting as any of the following:
140.01(6)(a) (a) An authorized officer, agent, partner, trustee, or other representative for a person other than an individual.
140.01(6)(b) (b) A public officer, personal representative, guardian, or other representative, in the capacity stated in a record.
140.01(6)(c) (c) An agent or attorney-in-fact for a principal.
140.01(6)(d) (d) An authorized representative of another in any other capacity.
140.01(7) (7)“Notarial act” means an act, whether performed with respect to a tangible or electronic record, that a notarial officer may perform under the law of this state. The term includes taking an acknowledgment, administering an oath or affirmation, taking a verification on oath or affirmation, witnessing or attesting a signature, certifying or attesting a copy, and noting a protest of a negotiable instrument.
140.01(8) (8)“Notarial officer” means a notary public or other individual authorized to perform a notarial act.
140.01(9) (9)“Notary public” means an individual commissioned to perform a notarial act.
140.01(10) (10)“Official stamp” means a physical image affixed to or embossed on a tangible record or an electronic image attached to or logically associated with an electronic record.
140.01(11) (11)“Person” means an individual, corporation, business trust, statutory trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.
140.01(12) (12)“Record” means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
140.01(13) (13)“Sign” means, with present intent to authenticate or adopt a record, any of the following:
140.01(13)(a) (a) To execute or adopt a tangible symbol.
140.01(13)(b) (b) To attach to or logically associate with the record an electronic symbol, sound, or process.
140.01(14) (14)“Signature” means a tangible symbol or an electronic signature that evidences the signing of a record.
140.01(15) (15)“Stamping device” means any of the following:
140.01(15)(a) (a) A physical device capable of affixing to or embossing on a tangible record an official stamp.
140.01(15)(b) (b) An electronic device or process capable of attaching to or logically associating with an electronic record an official stamp.
140.01(16) (16)“State” means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
140.01(17) (17)“Tamper-evident” means that any change to a record generates evidence of the change.
140.01(18) (18)“Verification on oath or affirmation” means a declaration, made by an individual on oath or affirmation before a notarial officer, that a statement in a record is true.
140.01 History History: 2019 a. 125.
140.02 140.02 Notaries.
140.02(1)(1)Notaries public who are not attorneys.
2021-22 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2023 Wis. Act 272 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on July 9, 2024. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 9, 2024, are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-9-24)