CHAPTER 154
ADVANCE DIRECTIVES
SUBCHAPTER I
DEFINITIONS
154.01   Definitions.
SUBCHAPTER II
DECLARATION TO HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS
154.02   Definitions.
154.03   Declaration to health care professionals.
154.05   Revocation of declaration.
154.07   Duties and immunities.
154.11   General provisions.
154.13   Filing declaration.
154.15   Penalties.
SUBCHAPTER III
DO-NOT-RESUSCITATE ORDERS
154.17   Definitions.
154.19   Do-not-resuscitate order.
154.21   Revocation of do-not-resuscitate order.
154.225   Guardians and health care agents.
154.23   Liability.
154.25   General provisions.
154.27   Specifications and distribution of do-not-resuscitate bracelet.
154.29   Penalties.
SUBCHAPTER IV
AUTHORIZATION FOR FINAL DISPOSITION
154.30   Control of final disposition of certain human remains.
subch. I of ch. 154 SUBCHAPTER I
DEFINITIONS
154.01 154.01 Definitions. In this chapter:
154.01(1g) (1g)“Advanced practice registered nurse” means a nurse licensed under ch. 441 who is currently certified by a national certifying body approved by the board of nursing as a nurse practitioner, certified nurse-midwife, certified registered nurse anesthetist, or clinical nurse specialist.
154.01(1r) (1r)“Attending health care professional" means a health care professional who has primary responsibility for the treatment and care of the patient.
154.01(2g) (2g)“Department" means the department of health services.
154.01(3) (3)“Health care professional" means [who is, or who holds a compact privilege under subch. IX of ch. 448] any of the following:
154.01(3)(a) (a) A physician licensed under ch. 448.
154.01(3)(b) (b) A physician assistant licensed under ch. 448.
154.01(3)(c) (c) An advanced practice registered nurse.
154.01 Note NOTE: Sub. (3) is shown as affected by 2019 Wis. Acts 90 and 100. Language added by 2019 Wis. Act 100 is shown in brackets. Corrective legislation is pending. As renumbered and amended by 2019 Wis. Act 90, sub. (3) reads:
Effective date text (3) “Health care professional” means any of the following:
Effective date text (a) A physician licensed under ch. 448.
Effective date text (b) A physician assistant licensed under ch. 448.
Effective date text (c) An advanced practice registered nurse.
154.01 Note NOTE: As amended by 2019 Wis. Act 100, sub. (3) reads:
Effective date text (3) “Health care professional” means a person who is licensed, certified or registered under ch. 441, 448, or 455 or who holds a compact privilege under subch. IX of ch. 448.
154.01(4) (4)“Inpatient health care facility" has the meaning provided under s. 50.135 (1) and includes community-based residential facilities, as defined in s. 50.01 (1g).
154.01(5) (5)“Life-sustaining procedure" means any medical procedure or intervention that, in the judgment of the attending health care professional, would serve only to prolong the dying process but not avert death when applied to a qualified patient. “Life-sustaining procedure" includes assistance in respiration, artificial maintenance of blood pressure and heart rate, blood transfusion, kidney dialysis and other similar procedures, but does not include:
154.01(5)(a) (a) The alleviation of pain by administering medication or by performing any medical procedure.
154.01(5)(b) (b) The provision of nutrition or hydration.
154.01(5m) (5m)“Persistent vegetative state" means a condition that reasonable medical judgment finds constitutes complete and irreversible loss of all of the functions of the cerebral cortex and results in a complete, chronic and irreversible cessation of all cognitive functioning and consciousness and a complete lack of behavioral responses that indicate cognitive functioning, although autonomic functions continue.
154.01(8) (8)“Terminal condition" means an incurable condition caused by injury or illness that reasonable medical judgment finds would cause death imminently, so that the application of life-sustaining procedures serves only to postpone the moment of death.
subch. II of ch. 154 SUBCHAPTER II
DECLARATION TO HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS
154.02 154.02 Definitions. In this subchapter:
154.02(1) (1)“Declaration" means a written, witnessed document voluntarily executed by the declarant under s. 154.03 (1), but is not limited in form or substance to that provided in s. 154.03 (2).
154.02(2) (2)“Feeding tube" means a medical tube through which nutrition or hydration is administered into the vein, stomach, nose, mouth or other body opening of a qualified patient.
154.02(3) (3)“Qualified patient" means a declarant who has been diagnosed and certified in writing to be afflicted with a terminal condition or to be in a persistent vegetative state by 2 health care professionals, one of whom is the attending health care professional and one of whom is a physician, who have personally examined the declarant.
154.02 History History: 1995 a. 200; 2019 a. 90.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 186 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on September 1, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 1, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-1-20)