183.0705(1)(1)A dissolved limited liability company may publish notice of its dissolution and request persons having claims, whether known or unknown, against the company to present them in accordance with the notice.
183.0705(2) (2)A notice under sub. (1) must satisfy all of the following:
183.0705(2)(a) (a) It must be published as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985, in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in this state in which the dissolved limited liability company's principal office is located or, if it has none located in this state, in the county in which the office of the company's registered agent is or was last located.
183.0705(2)(b) (b) It must describe the information required to be contained in a claim, state that the claim must be in writing, and provide a mailing address to which the claim is to be sent.
183.0705(2)(c) (c) It must state that a claim against the company is barred unless an action to enforce the claim is commenced not later than 2 years after publication of the notice.
183.0705(3) (3)If a dissolved limited liability company publishes a notice in accordance with sub. (2), unless the claimant commences an action to enforce the claim against the company within 2 years after the publication date of the notice, the claim of each of the following claimants is barred:
183.0705(3)(a) (a) A claimant that did not receive notice in a record under s. 183.0704.
183.0705(3)(b) (b) A claimant whose claim was timely sent to the company but not acted on.
183.0705(3)(c) (c) A claimant whose claim is contingent at, or based on an event occurring after, the date of dissolution.
183.0705(4) (4)A claim not barred under this section or s. 183.0704 may be enforced against all of the following:
183.0705(4)(a) (a) A dissolved limited liability company, to the extent of its undistributed assets.
183.0705(4)(b) (b) Except as otherwise provided in s. 183.0706, if assets of the limited liability company have been distributed after dissolution, a member or transferee to the extent of that person's proportionate share of the claim or of the limited liability company's assets distributed to the member or transferee after dissolution, whichever is less, but a person's total liability for all claims under this paragraph may not exceed the total amount of assets distributed to the person after dissolution.
183.0705 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0706 183.0706 Court proceedings.
183.0706(1)(1)A dissolved limited liability company that has published a notice under s. 183.0705 may file an application with the circuit court in the county where the company's principal office is located or, if the principal office is not located in this state, where the office of its registered agent is or was last located, for a determination of the amount and form of security to be provided for payment of claims that are reasonably expected to arise after the date of dissolution based on facts known to the company which, at the time of application, are contingent or have not been made known to the company or which are based on an event occurring after the date of dissolution.
183.0706(2) (2)Security is not required for any claim that is or is reasonably anticipated to be barred under s. 183.0705.
183.0706(3) (3)Not later than 10 days after the filing of an application under sub. (1), the dissolved limited liability company shall give notice of the proceeding to each claimant holding a contingent claim known to the company.
183.0706(4) (4)In a proceeding under this section, the court may appoint a guardian ad litem to represent all claimants whose identities are unknown. The reasonable fees and expenses of the guardian, including all reasonable expert witness fees, must be paid by the dissolved limited liability company.
183.0706(5) (5)A dissolved limited liability company that provides security in the amount and form ordered by the court under sub. (1) satisfies the company's obligations with respect to claims that are contingent, have not been made known to the company, or are based on an event occurring after the date of dissolution, and such claims may not be enforced against a member or transferee on account of assets received in liquidation.
183.0706 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0707 183.0707 Disposition of assets in winding up.
183.0707(1)(1)In winding up its activities and affairs, a limited liability company shall apply its assets to discharge its obligations to creditors, including members that are creditors.
183.0707(2) (2)After a limited liability company complies with sub. (1), any surplus must be distributed in the following order, subject to any charging order in effect under s. 183.0503:
183.0707(2)(a) (a) To members and dissociated members in satisfaction of liabilities for distributions previously approved under s. 183.0404.
183.0707(2)(b) (b) To members and dissociated members first for the return of their contributions in proportion to their respective values as specified in the records required to be kept under s. 183.0402 (2), or, in the case of a company treated as a partnership for tax purposes, the partnership capital account of each such member.
183.0707(2)(c) (c) To members and dissociated members for their transferable interests in proportion to their respective rights to share in distributions from the limited liability company before dissolution, except to the extent necessary to comply with any transfer effective under s. 183.0502.
183.0707(3) (3)If a limited liability company does not have sufficient surplus to comply with sub. (2) (a), any surplus must be distributed among the owners of transferable interests in proportion to the value of the respective unreturned contributions.
183.0707(4) (4)All distributions made under subs. (2) and (3) must be paid in money.
183.0707 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0708 183.0708 Administrative dissolution.
183.0708(1)(1)The department may commence a proceeding under sub. (2) to dissolve a limited liability company administratively if any of the following applies:
183.0708(1)(a) (a) The company does not pay, within one year after they are due, any fees or penalties required to be paid to the department under this chapter.
183.0708(1)(b) (b) The company does not have on file with the department its annual report within one year after it is due.
183.0708(1)(c) (c) The company is without a registered agent in this state for at least one year.
183.0708(1)(d) (d) The company does not notify the department within one year that its registered agent or registered office has been changed, that its registered agent has resigned, or that its registered office has been discontinued.
183.0708(1)(e) (e) The company violates s. 940.302 (2) or 948.051 (2).
183.0708(2) (2)If the department determines that one or more grounds exist for administratively dissolving a limited liability company, the department may give the company notice of the determination. The notice shall be in writing and addressed to the registered agent of the limited liability company.
183.0708(3)(a)(a) Within 60 days after the notice under sub. (2) takes effect under s. 183.0103 (5), the limited liability company shall, with respect to each ground for administrative dissolution, either correct it or demonstrate to the reasonable satisfaction of the department that it does not exist.
183.0708(3)(b) (b) If the limited liability company fails to satisfy par. (a), the department may administratively dissolve the company. The department shall enter a notation in its records to reflect each ground for administrative dissolution and the effective date of dissolution and shall give the company notice of those facts. The notice shall be in writing and addressed to the registered agent of the limited liability company.
183.0708(3m) (3m)
183.0708(3m)(a)(a) If a notice under sub. (2) or (3) (b) is returned to the department as undeliverable, the department shall again give notice to the limited liability company. Except as provided under par. (b), this notice shall be in writing and addressed to the principal office of the company.
183.0708(3m)(b) (b) If the notice under par. (a) is returned to the department as undeliverable or if the limited liability company's principal office cannot be determined from the records of the department, the department shall give notice by posting the notice on the department's Internet site.
183.0708(4) (4)A limited liability company that is administratively dissolved continues in existence as an entity but may not carry on any activities except as necessary to wind up its activities and affairs and liquidate its assets under ss. 183.0702, 183.0704, 183.0705, 183.0706, and 183.0707, or to apply for reinstatement under s. 183.0709.
183.0708(4m) (4m)A limited liability company's right to the exclusive use of its name terminates on the date of the administrative dissolution under sub. (3) (b).
183.0708(5) (5)The administrative dissolution of a limited liability company does not terminate the authority of its registered agent.
183.0708 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0709 183.0709 Reinstatement.
183.0709(1)(1)A limited liability company that is administratively dissolved under s. 183.0708 may apply to the department for reinstatement. The application shall include all of the following:
183.0709(1)(a) (a) The name of the company and the effective date of its administrative dissolution.
183.0709(1)(b) (b) A statement that each ground for dissolution either did not exist or has been cured.
183.0709(1)(c) (c) A statement that the company's name satisfies s. 183.0112.
183.0709(2)(a)(a) Upon application, the department shall reinstate a limited liability company if the department determines all of the following:
183.0709(2)(a)1. 1. That the application contains the information required by sub. (1) and the information is correct.
183.0709(2)(a)2. 2. That all fees and penalties owed by the company to the department under this chapter have been paid.
183.0709(2)(b) (b) Upon reinstatement of a limited liability company under par. (a), the department shall enter a notation in its records revising the notation specified in s. 183.0708 (3) (b) to reflect cancellation of the dissolution and reinstatement of the company. The notation shall state both the department's determination under par. (a) and the effective date of reinstatement. The department shall provide notice of the reinstatement to the company or its representative.
183.0709(4) (4)When reinstatement under this section is effective, all of the following rules apply:
183.0709(4)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (c), the reinstatement relates back to and takes effect as of the effective date of the administrative dissolution.
183.0709(4)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (c), the limited liability company resumes carrying on its activities and affairs as if the administrative dissolution had never occurred.
183.0709(4)(c) (c) The rights of a person arising out of an act or omission in reliance on the dissolution before the person knew or had notice of the reinstatement are not affected.
183.0709 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0710 183.0710 Appeal from denial of reinstatement.
183.0710(1)(1)If the department denies a limited liability company's application for reinstatement under s. 183.0709, the department shall serve the company with a written notice, addressed to the registered agent of the company, that explains each reason for the denial.
183.0710(2) (2)The company may appeal the denial of reinstatement to the circuit court for the county where the company's principal office or, if none in this state, the office of its registered agent is located, within 30 days after service of the notice of denial is effective under s. 183.0103 (5). To appeal, the company shall petition the court to set aside the administrative dissolution and attach to the petition copies of the department's notice of administrative dissolution under s. 183.0708 (3) (b), the company's application for reinstatement under s. 183.0709 (1), and the department's notice of denial under sub. (1).
183.0710(3) (3)The court may order the department to reinstate the company or may take other action that the court considers appropriate.
183.0710(4) (4)The court's final decision may be appealed as in other civil proceedings.
183.0710 History History: 2021 a. 258.
subch. VIII of ch. 183 subchapter VIII
ACTIONS BY MEMBERS
183.0801 183.0801 Direct action by member.
183.0801(1)(1)Subject to sub. (2), a member may maintain a direct action against another member, a manager, or the limited liability company to enforce the member's rights and protect the member's interests, including rights and interests under the operating agreement or this chapter or arising independently of the membership relationship.
183.0801(2) (2)A member maintaining a direct action under this section must plead and prove an actual or threatened injury that is not solely the result of an injury suffered or threatened to be suffered by the limited liability company.
183.0801 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0802 183.0802 Derivative action. A member may maintain a derivative action to enforce a right of a limited liability company if any of the following applies:
183.0802(1) (1)The member first makes a demand on the other members of a member-managed limited liability company, or the managers of a manager-managed limited liability company, requesting that they cause the limited liability company to bring an action to enforce the right, and the managers or other members do not bring the action within a reasonable time.
183.0802(2) (2)A demand under sub. (1) would be futile.
183.0802 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0803 183.0803 Proper plaintiff. A derivative action to enforce a right of a limited liability company may be maintained only by a person that is a member at the time the action is commenced and to which any of the following applies:
183.0803(1) (1)The person was a member when the conduct giving rise to the action occurred.
183.0803(2) (2)The person's status as a member devolved on the person by operation of law or pursuant to the terms of the operating agreement from a person that was a member at the time of the conduct.
183.0803 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0804 183.0804 Pleading. In a derivative action under s. 183.0802, the complaint must state with particularity one of the following:
183.0804(1) (1)The date and content of plaintiff's demand and the response to the demand by the managers or other members.
183.0804(2) (2)Why demand should be excused as futile.
183.0804 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0805 183.0805 Special litigation committee.
183.0805(1)(1)If a limited liability company is named as or made a party in a derivative proceeding, the company may appoint a special litigation committee to investigate the claims asserted in the proceeding and determine whether pursuing the action is in the best interests of the company. If the company appoints a special litigation committee, on motion by the committee made in the name of the company, except for good cause shown, the court shall stay discovery for the time reasonably necessary to permit the committee to make its investigation. This subsection does not prevent the court from doing any of the following:
183.0805(1)(a) (a) Enforcing a person's right to information under s. 183.0410.
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2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 267 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on November 16, 2022. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 16, 2022, are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-16-22)