304.09(1)(1)In this section:
304.09(1)(a) (a) “Member of the family" means spouse, domestic partner under ch. 770, child, sibling, parent or legal guardian.
304.09(1)(b) (b) “Victim" means a person against whom a crime has been committed.
304.09(2) (2)The notice of the pardon application shall state the name of the convict, the crime of which he or she was convicted, the date and term of sentence and the date if known, when the application is to be heard by the governor. The notice shall be served on the following persons, if they can be found:
304.09(2)(a) (a) The judge who participated in the trial of the convict.
304.09(2)(b) (b) The district attorney who participated in the trial of the convict.
304.09(2)(c) (c) The victim or, if the victim is dead, an adult member of the victim's family.
304.09(3) (3)The notice shall inform the persons under sub. (2) of the manner in which they may provide written statements or participate in any applicable hearing. The applicant shall serve notice on the persons under sub. (2) (a) and (b) at least 3 weeks before the hearing of the application. The governor shall make a reasonable attempt to serve notice on the person under sub. (2) (c) at least 3 weeks before the hearing of the application. The notice shall be published at least once each week for 2 successive weeks before the hearing in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the offense was committed. If there is no such newspaper, the notice shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the door of the courthouse of the county for 3 weeks before the hearing and published once each week for 2 consecutive weeks before the hearing in a newspaper published in an adjoining county. Publication as required in this subsection shall be completed by a date designated by the governor. The date shall be a reasonable time prior to the hearing date.
304.09 History History: 1983 a. 364; 1989 a. 31 s. 1708; Stats. 1989 s. 304.09; 1997 a. 181; 2009 a. 28.
304.10 304.10 Pardon application papers; victim's statement.
304.10(1)(1)An application for pardon shall be accompanied by the following papers:
304.10(1)(a) (a) Notice of application and acknowledgments or affidavits showing due service and affidavits showing due publication and posting whenever required;
304.10(1)(b) (b) A certified copy of the court record entries, the indictment or information, and any additional papers on file in the court, if obtainable, as the governor requires;
304.10(1)(c) (c) A full sworn statement by the applicant of all facts and reasons upon which the application is based;
304.10(1)(d) (d) Written statements by the judge and the district attorney who tried the case, if obtainable, indicating their views regarding the application and stating any circumstances within their knowledge in aggravation or extenuation of the applicant's guilt;
304.10(1)(e) (e) A certificate of the keeper of the prison where the applicant has been confined showing whether the applicant has conducted himself or herself in a peaceful and obedient manner.
304.10(2) (2)When a victim or member of the victim's family receives notice under s. 304.09 (3), he or she may provide the governor with written statements indicating his or her views regarding the application and stating any circumstances within his or her knowledge in aggravation or extenuation of the applicant's guilt. Upon receipt of any such statement, the governor shall place the statement with the other pardon application papers.
304.10(3) (3)Any statement or paper containing a reference to the address of a victim or a member of the victim's family which is contained in a statement or other paper accompanying a pardon application is not subject to s. 19.35 and shall be closed to the public. The governor, using the procedure under s. 19.36 (6), shall delete any reference to the address in any statement or paper made public.
304.10 History History: 1983 a. 364; 1989 a. 31 s. 1709; Stats. 1989 s. 304.10; 1991 a. 269, 316; 1995 a. 224.
304.11 304.11 Conditional pardon; enforcement.
304.11(1)(1)In case a pardon is granted upon conditions the governor may issue a warrant to carry the conditions into effect.
304.11(2) (2)If it appears to the governor during the term of the sentence that the convicted person violated or failed to comply with any such condition, the governor may issue a warrant to any sheriff commanding the sheriff to arrest the convicted person and bring the convicted person before the governor.
304.11(3) (3)If upon inquiry it further appears to the governor that the convicted person has violated or failed to comply with any of those conditions, the governor may issue his or her warrant remanding the person to the institution from which discharged, and the person shall be confined and treated as though no pardon had been granted, except that the person loses any applicable good time which he or she had earned. If the person is returned to prison, the person is subject to the same limitations as a revoked parolee under s. 302.11 (7). The department shall determine the period of incarceration under s. 302.11 (7) (am). If the governor determines the person has not violated or failed to comply with the conditions, the person shall be discharged subject to the conditional pardon.
304.11 History History: 1983 a. 528; 1989 a. 31 s. 1710; Stats. 1989 s. 304.11; 1991 a. 316; 2001 a. 109.
304.115 304.115 Emergency removal. When an emergency exists which in the opinion of the secretary makes it advisable, the secretary may permit the temporary removal of a convicted person for such period and upon such conditions as the secretary determines. The secretary may delegate this authority to the deputy and the wardens and superintendents of the state prisons.
304.115 History History: 1989 a. 31 s. 1711; Stats. 1989 s. 304.115.
304.115 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. DOC 325.02, Wis. adm. code.
304.12 304.12 Execution and record of warrants. When a convicted person is pardoned or the person's sentence is commuted, or the person is remanded to prison for the violation of any of the conditions of that person's pardon, the officer to whom the warrant is issued after executing it shall make return thereon to the governor forthwith and shall file with the clerk of the court in which the offender was convicted a certified copy of the warrant and return, and the clerk shall enter and file the same with the records of the case.
304.12 History History: 1989 a. 31 s. 1712; Stats. 1989 s. 304.12; 1991 a. 316.
304.13 304.13 Uniform act for out-of-state parolee supervision; state compacts.
304.13(1m)(1m)The governor of this state is authorized and directed to enter into a compact on behalf of this state with any state of the United States legally joining therein in the form substantially as follows:
A COMPACT.
Entered into by and among the contracting states, signatories hereto, with the consent of the congress of the United States of America, granted by an act entitled “An act granting the consent of congress to any two or more states to enter into agreements or compacts for cooperative effort and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime and for other purposes".
The contracting states solemnly agree:
304.13(1m)(a) (a) That it shall be competent for the duly constituted judicial and administrative authorities of a sending state to permit any person convicted of an offense within the sending state and placed on probation or released on extended supervision or parole to reside in any receiving state while on probation, extended supervision or parole, if:
304.13(1m)(a)1. 1. Such person is in fact a resident of or has family residing within the receiving state and can obtain employment there; or
304.13(1m)(a)2. 2. Though not a resident of the receiving state and not having family residing there, the receiving state consents to such person being sent there.
304.13(1m)(a)3. 3. Before granting such permission, opportunity shall be granted to the receiving state to investigate the home and prospective employment of such person.
304.13(1m)(a)4. 4. A resident of the receiving state, within the meaning of this subsection, is one who has been an actual inhabitant of such state continuously for more than one year prior to coming to the sending state and has not resided within the sending state more than 6 continuous months immediately preceding the commission of the offense for which that person has been convicted.
304.13(1m)(b) (b) That each receiving state will assume the duties of visitation of and supervision over probationers, persons on extended supervision or parolees of any sending state and in the exercise of those duties will be governed by the same standards that prevail for its own probationers, persons on extended supervision and parolees.
304.13(1m)(c) (c) That the duly accredited officers of a sending state may at all times enter a receiving state and there apprehend and retake any person on probation, extended supervision or parole. For that purpose no formalities will be required other than establishing the authority of the officer and the identity of the person to be retaken. All legal requirements to obtain extradition of fugitives from justice are expressly waived on the part of states party hereto, as to such persons. The decision of the sending state to retake a person on probation, extended supervision or parole shall be conclusive upon and not reviewable within the receiving state; provided, however, that if at the time when a state seeks to retake a probationer, person on extended supervision or parolee there should be pending against that person within the receiving state any criminal charge, or that person should be suspected of having committed within such state a criminal offense, that person shall not be retaken without the consent of the receiving state until discharged from prosecution or from imprisonment for such offense.
304.13(1m)(d) (d) That the duly accredited officers of the sending state will be permitted to transport prisoners being retaken through any and all such states parties to this compact, without interference.
304.13(1m)(e) (e) That the governor of each state may designate an officer who, acting jointly with like officers of other contracting states, if and when appointed, shall promulgate such rules and regulations as may be deemed necessary to more effectively carry out the terms of this compact.
304.13(1m)(f) (f) That this compact shall become operative immediately upon its ratification by any state as between it and any other state or states so ratifying. When ratified it shall have the full force and effect of law within such state, the form of ratification to be in accordance with the laws of the ratifying state.
304.13(1m)(g) (g) That this compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon such ratifying state until renounced by it. The duties and obligations hereunder of a renouncing state shall continue as to parolees, persons on extended supervision or probationers residing therein at the time of withdrawal or until finally discharged by the sending state. Renunciation of this compact shall be by the same authority which ratified it, by sending 6 months' notice in writing of its intention to withdraw the compact to the other states party thereto.
304.13(1m)(h) (h) In this subsection:
304.13(1m)(h)1. 1. “Receiving state" means a party to this compact other than a sending state.
304.13(1m)(h)2. 2. “Sending state" means a party to this compact permitting its probationers, persons on extended supervision and parolees to reside in a receiving state.
304.13(1m)(i) (i) This subsection may be cited as the “Uniform Act for Out-of-State Parolee Supervision".
304.13(2m) (2m)Subsection (1m) does not apply to this state's supervision of a person who is on probation, parole, or extended supervision from another state or another state's supervision of a person who is on probation, parole, or extended supervision from this state if all of the following have occurred:
304.13(2m)(a) (a) The compact authorized by s. 304.16 is in effect.
304.13(2m)(b) (b) Both this state and the other state are parties to the compact under s. 304.16.
304.13(2m)(c) (c) The other state has renounced the compact entered into with this state under sub. (1m).
304.13 History History: 1979 c. 89; 1983 a. 189; 1989 a. 31 s. 1713; Stats. 1989 s. 304.13; 1991 a. 316; 1997 a. 283; 2001 a. 96.
304.13 Note NOTE: See Appendix for a list of states which have ratified this compact.
304.13 Annotation The statutory distinction between parolees out-of-state under s. 57.13 [now s. 304.13] and absconding parolees, which denies extradition to the former but not the latter, is a constitutionally valid classification under the equal protection clause. State ex rel. Niederer v. Cady, 72 Wis. 2d 311, 240 N.W.2d 626 (1976).
304.13 Annotation Although the sending state could retake a compact parolee under s. 57.13 [now s. 304.13] without process, if it chooses to extradite the parolee it must meet extradition requirements. State ex rel. Reddin v. Meekma, 99 Wis. 2d 56, 298 N.W.2d 192 (Ct. App. 1980).
304.13 AnnotationAffirmed. 102 Wis. 2d 358, 306 N.W.2d 664 (1981).
304.13 Annotation Preapproval of an interstate probation transfer is contemplated by this provision, but when the probationer had consented to the transfer of probation supervision to Wisconsin, compliance with the statute was not required. State v. Martinez, 198 Wis. 2d 222, 542 N.W.2d 215 (Ct. App. 1995), 94-3006.
304.13 Annotation A probationer, like a parolee, is entitled to a preliminary and a final revocation hearing. Gagnon v. Scarpelli, 411 U.S. 778.
304.135 304.135 Out-of-state supervision of parolees and persons on extended supervision without compact.
304.135(1)(a) (a) If the compact authorized under s. 304.16 is not in effect, the department may permit any person convicted of an offense within this state and placed on probation or released on extended supervision or parole to reside in any other state not a party to the compact authorized by s. 304.13 (1m) whenever the authorities of the receiving state agree to assume the duties of visitation of and supervision over the probationer, person on extended supervision, or parolee, governed by the same standards that prevail for its own probationers, persons on extended supervision, and parolees, on the same terms as are provided in s. 304.13 (1m) (a) and (b), in the case of states signatory to the compact authorized by s. 304.13 (1m).
304.135(1)(b) (b) If the compact authorized under s. 304.16 is in effect, the department may permit any person convicted of an offense within this state and placed on probation or released on extended supervision or parole to reside in any other state that is not a party to the compact authorized by s. 304.13 (1m), or the compact authorized under s. 304.16, whenever the authorities of the receiving state agree to assume the duties of visitation of and supervision over the probationer, person on extended supervision, or parolee, governed by the same standards that prevail for its own probationers, persons on extended supervision, and parolees, on the same terms as are provided by rules promulgated by the interstate commission, as defined in s. 304.16 (2) (f), in the case of compacting states, as defined in s. 304.16 (2) (e).
304.135(2) (2)Before permitting any probationer, person on extended supervision, or parolee to leave this state under sub. (1), the department shall obtain from him or her a signed agreement to return to this state upon demand of the department and an irrevocable waiver of all procedure incidental to extradition. The department may, in a manner comparable to that provided in sub. (1), receive for supervision probationers, persons on extended supervision, and parolees convicted in a state that is not a party to the compact authorized by s. 304.13 (1m) or the compact authorized by s. 304.16, and shall have the same custody and control of those persons as it has over probationers, persons on extended supervision, and parolees of this state.
304.135 History History: 1989 a. 31 s. 1714; Stats. 1989 s. 304.135; 1997 a. 283; 2001 a. 96.
304.135 Annotation A probation order to spend 3 years in India doing charitable work exceeded the trial court's authority. State v. Dean, 102 Wis. 2d 300, 306 N.W.2d 286 (Ct. App. 1981).
304.137 304.137 Determination concerning submission of human biological specimen.
304.137(1)(1)Persons released or placed on probation before January 1, 2000. If the department accepts supervision of a probationer, person on extended supervision, or parolee from another state under s. 304.13 (1m), 304.135, or 304.16 and the person was placed on probation or released on parole or extended supervision before January 1, 2000, the department shall determine whether the violation of law for which the person is on probation, extended supervision, or parole is comparable to a violation of s. 940.225 (1) or (2), 948.02 (1) or (2), 948.025, or 948.085. If the department determines that a person on probation, extended supervision, or parole from another state who is subject to this subsection violated a law that is comparable to a violation of s. 940.225 (1) or (2), 948.02 (1) or (2), 948.025, or 948.085, the department shall direct the probationer, person on extended supervision, or parolee to provide a biological specimen under s. 165.76.
304.137(2) (2)Persons released or placed on probation on or after January 1, 2000. If the department accepts supervision of a probationer, person on extended supervision, or parolee from another state under s. 304.13 (1m), 304.135, or 304.16 and the person was placed on probation or released on parole or extended supervision on or after January 1, 2000, the department shall determine whether the violation of law for which the person is on probation, extended supervision, or parole would constitute a felony if committed by an adult in this state. If the department determines that a person on probation, extended supervision, or parole from another state who is subject to this subsection violated a law that would constitute a felony if committed by an adult in this state, the department shall direct the probationer, person on extended supervision, or parolee to provide a biological specimen under s. 165.76.
304.14 304.14 Cooperative return of parole, extended supervision and probation violators. The secretary may deputize any person regularly employed by another state to act as an officer and agent of this state in effecting the return of any person who has violated the terms and conditions of parole, extended supervision or probation as granted by this state. In any matter relating to the return of such person, any agent so deputized shall have all the powers of a police officer of this state. Any deputization pursuant to this section shall be in writing and any person authorized to act as an agent under this section shall carry formal evidence of the deputization and shall produce the same upon demand.
304.14 History History: 1989 a. 31 s. 1715; Stats. 1989 s. 304.14; 1991 a. 316; 1997 a. 283.
304.16 304.16 Interstate compact for adult offender supervision.
304.16(1)(1)Article I — Purpose.
304.16(1)(a) (a) The compacting states to this interstate compact recognize that each state is responsible for the supervision, in the community, of adult offenders who are authorized under the bylaws and rules of this compact to travel across state lines to and from each compacting state in such a manner as to enable each compacting state to track the location of offenders, transfer supervision authority in an orderly and efficient manner, and, when necessary, return offenders to their original jurisdictions. The compacting states recognize also that congress, by enacting the Crime Control Act, 4 USC 112, has authorized and encouraged compacts for cooperative efforts and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime. It is the purpose of this compact and the interstate commission created under sub. (3), through means of joint and cooperative action among the compacting states, to do all of the following:
304.16(1)(a)1. 1. Provide the framework for the promotion of public safety and protect the rights of victims through the control and regulation of the interstate movement of offenders in the community.
304.16(1)(a)2. 2. Provide for the effective tracking, supervision, and rehabilitation of these offenders by the sending and receiving states.
304.16(1)(a)3. 3. Equitably distribute the costs, benefits, and obligations of the compact among the compacting states.
304.16(1)(b) (b) This compact will do all of the following:
304.16(1)(b)1. 1. Create an interstate commission that will establish uniform procedures to manage the movement between states of adults placed under community supervision and released to the community under the jurisdiction of courts, paroling authorities, or corrections or other criminal justice agencies and that will promulgate rules to achieve the purpose of this compact.
304.16(1)(b)2. 2. Ensure an opportunity for input and timely notice to victims and to jurisdictions where defined offenders are authorized to travel or to relocate across state lines.
304.16(1)(b)3. 3. Establish a system of uniform data collection, access to information on active cases by authorized criminal justice officials, and regular reporting of compact activities to heads of state councils or boards, state executive, judicial, and legislative branches, and the attorney general.
304.16(1)(b)4. 4. Monitor compliance with rules governing interstate movement of offenders and intervene to address and correct noncompliance.
304.16(1)(b)5. 5. Coordinate training and education regarding the regulation of interstate movement of offenders for officials involved in such activity.
304.16(1)(c) (c) The compacting states recognize that there is no right of any offender to live in another state and that duly accredited officers of a sending state may at any time enter a receiving state to apprehend and retake any offender under supervision subject to the provisions of this compact and to bylaws adopted and rules promulgated under this section. The activities conducted by the interstate commission created in this section are the formation of public policies and are public business.
304.16(2) (2)Article II — Definitions. In this section:
304.16(2)(a) (a) “Adult" means both individuals legally classified as adults and juveniles treated as adults by court order, statute, or operation of law.
304.16(2)(b) (b) “Bylaws" means the bylaws established by the interstate commission for its governance or for directing or controlling the interstate commission's actions or conduct.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective prior to November 13, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 13, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-13-18)