Appointments; promotions and removals in classified service.
On and after January first next succeeding the date when ss. 63.01
become applicable in any county no person shall be appointed or promoted to, reduced in, transferred to or in, or removed from the classified service in any such county, except in accordance with the provisions of said sections.
Certifications; appointments; temporary assignments. 63.05(1)(1)
If an appointing authority in any county with a commission under ss. 63.01
learns that a vacancy has occurred or is about to occur in any position in the classified service in his or her department, the appointing authority shall notify the director of personnel of the vacancy. The appointing authority shall include with the notice of the vacancy a recommendation as to whether the vacancy should be filled by promotion, reduction or reinstatement of a named individual employee from any county department or from an eligible list established under s. 63.08
. The director of personnel, with the approval of the commission, may:
After verification by the appointing authority that the recommendation of the appointing authority is based on the employee's merit and fitness for the position and that the employee meets the established minimum qualifications for the position, certify the employee's name to the appointing authority; or
Certify to the appointing authority the number of persons standing highest on the eligible list. The number of persons certified may be set by the commission by rule, subject to s. 63.08 (1) (f)
. The number set by the commission may not be less than 5. If less than 5 names appear on an eligible list at the time that the director of personnel receives the notice of a vacancy, the director may certify the names on the list and the appointing authority may:
From the names certified under sub. (1) (b)
, the appointing authority shall make a selection to fill a vacant position based solely on merit and fitness.
If at the time the director of personnel receives a notice of a vacancy under sub. (1)
there is no eligible list for the vacant position, the appointing authority may fill, temporarily, the position by an emergency appointment, subject to any rule or restriction which the commission adopts.
History: 1977 c. 196
; 1983 a. 148
Rights of employees in military service.
Any person in the classified service in any such county who is now or hereafter becomes an active member of the military or naval forces of the United States during a period officially proclaimed to be a national emergency or limited national emergency or under P.L. 87-117
, shall be granted leave of absence, such leave to be continuous for the duration of the existing emergency or duty, plus 90 days. Service toward seniority or salary advancement shall be deemed not to be interrupted by such military service, provided that persons occupying a probationary status upon commencing such military leave shall revert to such status upon reinstatement. Application for reinstatement shall be made within 90 days from honorable discharge from the military service. Evidence of honorable discharge shall be presented to the civil service commission with such application. The position of the person so on leave shall not be filled except by appointment through the certification of the persons next eligible. Upon application of the person so on leave and presentation of evidence of such honorable discharge and of such evidence of physical fitness to perform the duties of the position formerly occupied as shall be satisfactory to the civil service commission the person shall be reinstated in the position formerly occupied by the person or in a position having similar character and standards of duties and compensation, if such military service was not for more than 4 years unless extended by law. The person appointed to fill such position during the absence of the person so on military leave shall, upon the latter's reinstatement, be transferred to a similar position if one is available, or if not, that person's name shall be placed on the appropriate reinstatement list in accordance with the rules of the civil service commission.
History: 1991 a. 316
Elected county or state officers.
A permanent employee in the classified service of any county having a population of 750,000 or more, who is elected to a county or state office shall be granted a leave of absence without pay from a position for the period of his or her entire service as an elected county or state officer and thereafter shall be entitled to return to the former position or to one with equivalent responsibility and pay in the classified service without loss of seniority or civil service status. At the discretion of the civil service commission, any elected state officer, while on leave of absence, may also be permitted to return to a former position or to one with equivalent responsibility and pay in the classified service for such periods of time as may be set by the commission. This section shall not apply to any department head in the classified service whenever the commission has established a list of department heads or employees of any county department under s. 46.215
A person returning from an approved leave of absence to classified service, without loss of seniority under this section, is treated for seniority purposes as having never left the position in classified service. 78 Atty. Gen. 11
Temporary appointments. 63.07(1)(a)
When need exists for the filling of a position in the classified service for a period of not to exceed 6 months' duration, a temporary appointment shall be made for such period from the proper eligible list or as provided in s. 63.05 (3)
. Such temporary appointment may be extended once for not to exceed 6 months by resolution of the county board after receipt by it of a recommendation for such extension from the civil service commission. The acceptance or refusal by an eligible of a temporary appointment shall not affect that person's standing on the eligible register for permanent employment nor shall the period of service of any temporary appointment be counted as a part of the probationary service required after appointment to a permanent position.
This subsection shall apply to a position created on a temporary basis or to a temporary appointment to a position created on a permanent basis. As to either of such methods of filling a position which has existed for more than one year on June 19, 1941, the county board shall within 60 days after said date provide for filling such position on a permanent basis or abolish the same.
History: 1983 a. 148
; 1991 a. 316
Eligible lists. 63.08(1)(a)(a)
Any applicant for an examination under s. 63.05
, other than an applicant for a deputy sheriff position under s. 59.26 (8) (a)
, shall be a resident of this state before applying for an examination, but the commission may not require any period of residency in the county for entrance to an examination or employment in the county. The commission may require an applicant to file a written application form which bears upon the applicant's fitness for a vacant position and which the commission deems necessary. For a position offering a skilled, technical, or professional service, upon a finding that a suitable number of qualified applicants cannot be obtained from within the state, the commission may open the examination to residents of other states. Residency in this state may be waived for an applicant for an examination for a position which requires a license in a health care field. No question pertaining to political affiliation or religious faith may be asked of any applicant for an examination.
Every examination, including minimum training and experience requirements, to fill a vacant position under this section shall be job-related in compliance with appropriate validation standards. Any experience, whether paid or unpaid, which is relevant to the duties of the position shall be applied toward satisfaction of experience requirements. The names of the persons passing the examination shall be placed on an eligible list in the order of their final grades in the examination. The director of personnel shall certify the list under s. 63.05
No otherwise qualified handicapped person shall be discriminated against in examination, reexamination, appointment, reappointment, promotion or demotion relating to a vacant position under s. 63.05 (1)
unless the handicap is reasonably related to the individual's ability to adequately undertake the job-related responsibilities of that individual's employment.
To ensure competitive equality in an examination under this section between a handicapped applicant and an applicant who is not handicapped, the handicapped applicant may request that the commission furnish a reader or an appropriate place to take the examination or other similar accommodations.
Upon the request of a person who is applying or eligible for a position under this section and who is handicapped, the department of health services shall obtain from the commission a detailed description of the duties of the position, shall investigate the necessity of physical, sensory and mental abilities in the fulfillment of the duties and shall determine and report its findings to the commission as to the physical ability of the applicant or eligible person to perform the duties. The finding shall be conclusive as to the physical qualifications of any applicant or eligible person examined under this paragraph.
The commission may not impose any restriction as to age on any veteran who is applying or eligible for a position under this section. The commission shall give preference points to veterans and their spouses under par. (fm)
, except as provided under subd. 2.
Notwithstanding par. (fm)
, persons shall be certified from the eligible list under s. 63.05 (1) (b)
without adding any preference points to any person's grade.
After the certification under subd. 2.
, any veteran or veteran's spouse whose grade, plus the points to which the veteran or spouse is entitled under par. (fm)
, is equal to or higher than the lowest grade on the list made under subd. 2.
shall be added to the certification list under s. 63.05 (1) (b)
. The number of persons added to a certification list under this subdivision may not exceed the number of persons initially certified under subd. 2.
A preference shall be given to those veterans and to those spouses of veterans specified in subd. 1. a.
who gain eligibility on any competitive employment register and who do not currently hold a permanent appointment or have mandatory restoration rights to a permanent appointment to any position. A preference means the following:
For a veteran, that 10 points shall be added to his or her grade.
For a disabled veteran, that 15 points shall be added to his or her grade.
For a disabled veteran whose disability is at least 30 percent, that 20 points shall be added to his or her grade.
For the spouse of a disabled veteran whose disability is at least 70 percent, that 10 points shall be added to the spouse's grade.
For the unremarried spouse of a veteran who was killed in action, that 10 points shall be added to the spouse's grade.
For the unremarried spouse of a veteran who died of a service-connected disability, that 10 points shall be added to the spouse's grade.
An applicant who is certified for a position after receiving a preference under subd. 1. d.
, or f.
and who is appointed to that position may not obtain a preference under subd. 1. d.
, or f.
for any other civil service position for which the applicant subsequently applies.
The time and place of an examination under this section, the requirements of the position and other necessary information shall be sufficiently advertised to give notice of the examination.
(2) Noncompetitive examination. 63.08(2)(a)
The director of personnel, with the approval of the commission, may hold a noncompetitive entrance examination or a noncompetitive promotional examination if it is impractical to hold a competitive examination and if the examination is for a position:
In an unskilled class of work which has no administrative or supervisory responsibilities and which requires no verbal or clerical skills for proper performance of the duties of the position; or
Requiring highly specialized or technical training which can be adequately demonstrated by possession of related certification or licensing.
The names of the persons qualified under par. (a)
shall be placed on the eligible list under the rules of the commission. The requirements of sub. (1) (a)
shall apply to applicants for examination under this subsection.
Certification and appointment of handicapped; special lists of eligibles.
The director of personnel, with the approval of the commission, may prepare without examination special lists of eligible persons certified as having a severe physical or mental impairment and as being physically and mentally capable and adequately trained to qualify for a position in the classified service. The names of persons placed on the special list shall be certified to the appointing authority in addition to those certified under s. 63.05 (1) (b)
. The director shall determine that a person on the special list meets the minimum qualifications for a vacant position prior to certifying the person to the appointing authority for the position. The appointing authority may appoint a person from the special list to a temporary appointment for a period of 6 months. Successful demonstration of the ability to perform the duties of a position under a temporary appointment shall qualify a person for permanent appointment to the position. The director may fix the maximum number of persons who may be appointed from the special list of eligibles under this section.
History: 1983 a. 148
Efficiency records; promotions.
The director of personnel, under the direction of the commission and with the advice of the heads of the departments involved, shall devise and introduce as rapidly and extensively as practicable a system of efficiency records to be based, among other things, upon the quantity and quality of the work performed and the regularity and punctuality of attendance. After such system is introduced, the various departments thereby affected shall maintain it. The director of personnel shall also, under the direction of the commission, prepare a classification of subordinate positions in accordance with their natural tendency to fit their incumbents to fill higher offices or positions in the service of the county. The commission shall provide in its rules that the efficiency records of an employee in one of the aforesaid lower positions shall be given due weight in the examination of such employee for higher offices or positions to which they naturally lead, to the end that such higher offices or positions in the service shall be filled as far as possible by promotion.
History: 1983 a. 148
Demotion; dismissal; procedure. 63.10(1)(1)
Whenever a person possessing appointing power in the county, the chief executive officer of a department, board or institution, the county park commission, county election commission, civil service commission, and county board of welfare as to officers and employees under their respective jurisdictions, believes that an officer or employee in the classified service in that person's, commission's or board's department has acted in such a manner as to show the officer or employee to be incompetent to perform the officer's or employee's duties or to have merited demotion or dismissal, the person, commission or board shall report in writing to the civil service commission setting forth specifically the complaint against the officer or employee, and may suspend the officer or employee at the time such complaint is filed. It is the duty of the director of personnel to file charges against any officer or employee in the classified service upon receipt of evidence showing cause for demotion or discharge of the officer or employee in cases where a department head or appointing authority neglects or refuses to file charges. Charges may be filed by any citizen against an officer or employee in the classified service where in the judgment of the commission the facts alleged under oath by the citizen and supported by affidavit of one or more witnesses would if charged and established amount to cause for the discharge of the officer or employee. The commission shall forthwith notify the accused officer or employee of the filing of the charges and on request provide the officer or employee with a copy of the same. Nothing in this subsection shall limit the power of the department head to suspend a subordinate for a reasonable period not exceeding 10 days. In case an employee is again suspended within 6 months for any period whatever, the employee so suspended shall have the right of hearing by the commission on the second suspension or any subsequent suspension within said period the same as herein provided for in demotion or dismissal proceedings.
The commission shall appoint a time and place for the hearing of said charges, the time to be within 3 weeks after the filing of the same, and notify the person possessing the appointing power and the accused of the time and place of such hearing. At the termination of the hearing the commission shall determine whether or not the charge is well founded and shall take such action by way of suspension, demotion, discharge or reinstatement, as it may deem requisite and proper under the circumstances and as its rules may provide. The decision of the commission shall be final. Neither the person possessing the appointing power nor the accused shall have the right to be represented by counsel at said hearing, but the commission may in its discretion permit the accused to be represented by counsel and may request the presence of an assistant district attorney to act with the commission in an advisory capacity.
If the county and a labor organization representing employees of the county enter into a collective bargaining agreement under subch. IV of ch. 111
, the agreement may provide that the provisions of the agreement relating to dismissal, demotion and suspension shall supersede this section with respect to employees covered by the agreement while the agreement is in effect. This subsection does not apply to any action under sub. (1)
to suspend an employee with pay.
The 10 day suspension under sub. (1) applies only to minor cases warranting intradepartmental discipline, not to serious charges referred to the civil service commission. State ex rel. Messner v. Milwaukee County Civil Service Commission, 56 Wis. 2d 438
, 202 N.W.2d 13
The time limitation under sub. (2) is mandatory. Karow v. Milwaukee County Civil Service Commission, 82 Wis. 2d 565
, 263 N.W.2d 214
When an employee resigns and adequately alleges that the resignation was coerced, a timely demand for reinstatement or a hearing requires the commission to schedule a hearing. Watkins v. Milwaukee County Civil Service Commission, 88 Wis. 2d 411
, 276 N.W.2d 775
Review of an order under this section shall be by certiorari. Iushewitz v. Personnel Review Board, 176 Wis. 2d 706
, 500 N.W.2d 634
A county rule that allowed the imposition of a reevaluation period after suspension of an employee did not conflict with sub. (2) or s. 59.52 (8). The legislative decision in sub. (2) to permit a local government to impose discipline as its rules provide was dispositive in this case. When there had been a just cause determination and hearing for the conduct at issue, the county could impose a reevaluation period with consequences for another instance of that conduct without running afoul of the requirements of the statutes. However, the reevaluation period was required to conform to the county rule's requirements for specificity and relationship to the employee's violations. Miller v. Milwaukee County Personnel Review Board, 2016 WI App 83
, 372 Wis. 2d 440
, 887 N.W.2d 919
Standard scale of compensation.
The director of personnel, under the direction of the commission and in cooperation with the county clerk, or county auditor, if any, and with the heads of the various departments, shall devise and recommend to the board of supervisors a standardized scale of wages and salaries for all county offices and positions in the classified service. The wage scale shall be graduated according to the duties performed, the length of service and efficiency records of the officers or employees, and the time of day or night those services are performed by the establishment of shifts. The supervisors shall consider and act in some way upon this scale at the last meeting of the board of supervisors in the month of October next following its recommendation, and if adopted it shall go into effect on the first day of January following its adoption, or at such other date as may be provided by law.
History: 1983 a. 148
; 1995 a. 225
Public employment is a property right for those given tenure by operation of civil service regulations or laws. Vorwald v. School District of River Falls, 167 Wis. 2d 549
, 482 N.W.2d 93
Investigations; testimonial powers; witnesses. 63.12(1)(1)
Each member of the commission may subpoena witnesses, administer oaths, examine witnesses and compel the production of documents, records, and papers of all sorts in conducting such investigations as the commission may deem necessary or proper in order to ascertain whether or not the provisions of ss. 63.01
are being carried into effect. The commission may examine such public records as it requires in relation to any such investigation. All officers and other persons in the civil service of the county shall attend and testify when required to do so by the commission.
In case of the refusal of any person to comply with any subpoena issued hereunder or to testify to any matter regarding which the person may be lawfully interrogated, the circuit court of the county or the judge thereof, on application of any one of the commissioners, shall issue an order requiring such person to comply with such subpoena and to testify, or either, and any failure to obey such order of the court may be punished by the court as a contempt thereof.
Each person, not in the civil service of the county, who appears before the commission by its order shall receive for attendance the fees and mileage provided for witnesses in civil actions in courts of record which shall be paid out of the appropriation to the commission. But no witness subpoenaed at the instance of parties other than the commission shall be entitled to witness fees or mileage unless the commission certifies that the testimony of the witness was relevant and material to the matter investigated.
History: 1991 a. 316
Certification of payrolls.
No payment for personal services of any officer or employee in the classified service of any county wherein ss. 63.01
are applicable shall be made by any county officer unless the commission has certified that the officer or employee claiming such payment is holding a position legally under the provisions of said ss. 63.01
and the rules of the commission. Such certification shall be required on each and every payroll for each and every office and position in the county service, which is subject to the provisions of said ss. 63.01
. County officers making payments in violation of this section shall be liable for the full amount thus paid and shall be deemed guilty of a violation of the provisions of said ss. 63.01
, and subject to the penalties provided in s. 63.17
History: 1991 a. 316
Prohibited influences and practices. 63.14(1)(1)
Except as provided otherwise by s. 63.08 (1) (f)
, no factor or influence other than the fitness of a person to perform the duties of the position in which the person is acting or employed, or to which the person is seeking appointment, shall affect the determination of appointments, promotions, transfers, suspensions or discharges with respect to any position within the scope of ss. 63.01
The following practices are especially forbidden in any county wherein ss. 63.01
are applicable: Pernicious political activity by any county officer or employee in the classified service; the giving of any consideration, whether financial or otherwise, in return for appointment to a position in the service of said county; the obstruction or deceiving of any person desiring to take an examination under the provisions of said sections, or desiring to secure information concerning any such examination; the deliberate mismarking or miscalculation of grades of any applicant taking an examination under said sections; the impersonation by any person of any other person in connection with the holding of any examination under said sections; and the giving to or receiving by candidates for examination information or assistance enabling such candidates to obtain an unfair or improper advantage over other candidates for the same examination.
No county specified in s. 63.01
or any department, officer or employee thereof shall hire or employ a person, subject to civil service in such county, at a wage or salary less than that advertised by the civil service commission of such county for the position to be filled, nor shall such county, department, officer or employee pay, or cause to be paid, salaries or wages of different amounts to persons in the same classification and stage of advancement, unless such difference in salaries or wages shall be based on difference of work performed or the time of day or night of performance of work; provided that where there has been a general reclassification of title and compensation of positions the county board is authorized to provide by ordinance that persons having civil service tenure at the effective date of such reclassification and occupying positions which have been reclassified, so as to result in a decrease in compensation, may continue to serve under the position title as it existed prior to such reclassification and receive the compensation thereof according to the former range during their tenure, and in the event that such general reclassification shall result in a position being reclassified to a higher grade, and the present incumbent of such position shall not have or by examination attain eligibility for certification to such higher grade, the incumbent shall retain the status and compensation of the position during the incumbent's tenure of the position in conformity with civil service.
The county board of any county specified in s. 63.01
is authorized to provide by ordinance the establishment of wage or salary differentials to collect shift differentials within one classification based upon the time of day or night of the performance of work.
A county's statutory “home rule" power under s. 59.03 (1) did not authorize it to pay two groups of sheriff's captains differently and its home rule authority did not trump sub. (3). Roberson v. Milwaukee County, 2011 WI App 50
, 332 Wis. 2d 787
, 798 N.W.2d 256
Existing officers and employees, how affected. 63.15(1)(a)
The commission shall administer a noncompetitive examination to any person who is appointed by the county for a definite term, who is included within the classified service of the county on the date that ss. 63.01
go into effect in the county and who has been in service and on the payroll of the county less than 4 years preceding that date. The person shall retain his or her position if the commission determines, based on the person's performance on the examination, that the person is qualified for the position.
Any person who is included within the classified service appointed by the county for a definite term, who is included within the classified service of the county on the date that ss. 63.01
go into effect in the county and who has been in service and on the payroll of the county continuously for at least the 4 years immediately preceding that date shall retain his or her position without any examination.
If a department, unit or other established entity and its employees are brought into the county service in a county in which ss. 63.01
are in effect, any employee in a position required to be in classified service shall retain his or her position if the person takes a noncompetitive examination and if the commission determines, based on the examination, that the person is qualified for the position.
No provision of this section prevents suspension, demotion or discharge of any employee subject to ss. 63.01
under s. 63.10
or an applicable collective bargaining agreement.
History: 1983 a. 148
; 1987 a. 153
Appropriation for commission.
A sufficient sum shall be provided each year by the county board of supervisors of each county in which ss. 63.01
become operative to enable the commission created thereunder, to exercise the powers and perform the duties therein specified.
Violations, county civil service.
Any person who willfully, or through culpable negligence, violates any provisions of ss. 63.01
, or any rule promulgated in accordance with the provisions thereof, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not less than $50 nor more than $1,000, or by imprisonment in the county jail for a term of not less than 30 days, nor more than one year or by both such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the court.