Time for appeal to the court of appeals. 808.04(1)
Initiating an appeal.
An appeal to the court of appeals must be initiated within 45 days of entry of a final judgment or order appealed from if written notice of the entry of a final judgment or order is given within 21 days of the final judgment or order as provided in s. 806.06 (5)
, or within 90 days of entry if notice is not given, except as provided in this section or otherwise expressly provided by law. Time limits for seeking review of a nonfinal judgment or order are established in s. 809.50
An appeal by a record subject under s. 19.356
shall be initiated within 20 days after the date of entry of the judgment or order appealed from.
An appeal under s. 227.60
shall be initiated within 15 days after entry of judgment or order appealed from.
Except as provided in subs. (4)
, an appeal in a proceeding under s. 971.17
, a criminal case, or a case under ch. 48
, or 980
shall be initiated within the time period specified in s. 809.30 (2)
or 809.32 (2)
, whichever is applicable.
Except as provided in sub. (7m)
, an appeal by the state in a proceeding under s. 971.17
, a criminal case under s. 974.05
, or a case under ch. 48
, or 980
shall be initiated within 45 days of entry of the judgment or order appealed from.
When a party to an action or special proceeding dies during the period allowed for appeal, the time to appeal is the time permitted by law or 120 days after the party's death, whichever is later. If no personal representative qualifies within 60 days after the party's death, any appellant may have a personal representative appointed under s. 856.07 (2)
An appeal by a party other than the state from a judgment or order granting adoption shall be initiated by filing the notice required by s. 809.30 (2) (b)
within 40 days after the date of entry of the judgment or order appealed from. Notwithstanding s. 809.82 (2) (a)
, this time period may not be enlarged.
An appeal from a judgment or order terminating parental rights or denying termination of parental rights shall be initiated by filing the notice required by s. 809.107 (2)
within 30 days after the date of entry of the judgment or order appealed from. Notwithstanding s. 809.82 (2) (a)
, this time period may not be enlarged unless the judgment or order was entered as a result of a petition under s. 48.415
that was filed by a representative of the public under s. 48.09
An appeal from a judgment or order under s. 809.104
shall be initiated by filing the notice required by s. 809.104 (2) (b)
within 30 days after the date of entry of the judgment or order appealed from.
If the record discloses that the judgment or order appealed from was entered after the notice of appeal or intent to appeal was filed, the notice shall be treated as filed after that entry and on the day of the entry.
History: 1977 c. 187
; 1979 c. 32
s. 92 (9)
, (14); 1979 c. 89
; 1981 c. 152
; 1981 c. 314
; 1983 a. 183
; 1983 a. 491
; 1985 a. 182
; Sup. Ct. Order, 130 Wis. 2d xi, xix (1986); Sup. Ct. Order, 136 Wis. 2d xxv (1987); 1989 a. 56
; 1989 a. 192
; 1991 a. 39
; Sup. Ct. Order, 168 Wis. 2d xix (1992); 1993 a. 395
; 1995 a. 77
; 1997 a. 133
; Sup. Ct. Order No. 00-02
, 2001 WI 39, 242 Wis. 2d xxvii; 2003 a. 47
; 2005 a. 293
; 2009 a. 26
; 2017 a. 58
See s. 809.50
for time to file permissive appeals.
Judicial Council Note, 1983: Sub. (2) requires expedited initiation of appeals in recall and eviction cases as well as cases in which the validity of a state law is attacked in federal district court. Sub. (3) references the appeal deadline for criminal, juvenile, mental commitment and protective placement appeals. Sub. (4) references the appeal deadline for appeals by the state in criminal and children's code cases. [Bill 151-S]
Effective date note
Judicial Council Note, 1986: The amendment to sub. (1) clarifies the time limit for notice of entry by cross-referencing s. 806.06 (5). [Re Order eff. 7-1-86]
Effective date note
Judicial Council Note, 1986: Subs. (3) and (4) are amended by removing references to a repealed statute. Sub. (7) requires a party other than the state to commence an appeal from a judgment or order terminating parental rights or granting an adoption by filing notice of intent to pursue relief in the trial court within 40 days after entry. It also prohibits enlargement of this time by the court of appeals. [Re Order eff. 7-1-87]
Judicial Council Note, 1992: Subsection (8) is analogous to Rule (4) (a) (2) of the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure. It is intended to avoid the delay, confusion and prejudice which can result from dismissing appeals solely because they are filed before the judgment or order appealed from is entered. Appeals from judgments or orders which have not been entered are still dismissable. [Re Order effective July 1, 1992]
Judicial Council Note, 2001: The word “final" has been inserted before “judgment or order" in sub. (1). The amendment specifies that the 45- or 90-day time limit applies in appeals from final orders and the 14-day time limit in s. 809.50 applies to appeals from nonfinal orders. [Re Order No. 00-02 effective July 1, 2001]
Notice under sub. (1) may not be given before judgment is entered. Sub-Zero Freezer Co. v. Manhattan Life Insurance Co. 90 Wis. 2d 76
, 279 N.W.2d 492
(Ct. App. 1979).
When a written notice of entry of judgment showed the incorrect date of entry, the time to appeal was not shortened under sub. (1). Mock v. Czemierys, 113 Wis. 2d 207
, 336 N.W.2d 188
(Ct. App. 1983).
To shorten the appeal period under sub. (1), a formal, captioned, and signed notice of entry of judgment stating the date of entry must be filed and served on an opposing party within 21 days of the entry date. Soquet v. Soquet, 117 Wis. 2d 553
, 345 N.W.2d 401
The date stamped on the judgment did not control as to the date of actual filing. Matter of Estate of Ristau, 144 Wis. 2d 421
, 424 N.W.2d 203
A summary contempt proceeding is not “prosecuted by the state" and appeal is pursuant to sub. (1). Matter of Contempt in State v. Simmons, 150 Wis. 2d 178
, 441 N.W.2d 308
(Ct. App. 1989).
Under sub. (1), notice of entry of judgment must be given within 21 days of the entry of the judgment, not of its signing, consistent with s. 806.06 (5). Linnmar, Inc. v. First Enterprises, 161 Wis. 2d 706
, 468 N.W.2d 753
(Ct. App. 1991).
If a motion for reconsideration is filed under s. 805.17 (3), the 45-day time for appeal under sub. (1) applies beginning upon disposal of the motion. Salzman v. DNR, 168 Wis. 2d 523
, 484 N.W.2d 337
(Ct. App. 1992).
Strict compliance with the procedures for providing notice of entry of judgment is required. Notice of entry of judgment is ineffective if it was mailed to an incorrect address. Nichols v. Conlin, 198 Wis. 2d 287
, 542 N.W.2d 194
(Ct. App. 1995), 95-2776
When a judge normally presides in one county but is assigned by substitution to a case filed in another county, the filing and entry for appeal purposes occur when the document comes into the possession of the clerk of court in the county in which the case was commenced. State v. Williams, 230 Wis. 2d 50
, 601 N.W.2d 838
(Ct. App. 1999), 98-3338
Sub. (8) is applicable to appeals under s. 66.0703 as the result of the application of s. 801.02 (2), which makes chs. 801 to 847 applicable in all special proceedings. Mayek v. Cloverleaf Lakes Sanitary District #1, 2000 WI App 182
, 238 Wis. 2d 261
, 617 N.W.2d 235
An attorney who is sanctioned by the circuit court for misconduct in a client's case must file his or her own notice of appeal in order to challenge the sanction and may not intervene in the client's appeal if the notice of appeal deadline has been missed. Absent the attorney's filing of a notice of appeal, the court of appeals lacks jurisdiction to consider a challenge to a sanction for the attorney's misconduct. Ziebell v. Ziebell, 2003 WI App 127
, 265 Wis. 2d 664
, 666 N.W.2d 107
A circuit court order is a final order when: 1) it disposes of the entire matter in litigation under substantive law, and 2) the circuit court considered it to be the last document it would enter in the litigation. Contardi v. American Family Insurance Co. 2004 WI App 104
, 273 Wis. 2d 509
, 684 N.W.2d 139
The proper framework in which to examine the finality of the orders in this case issued by the circuit court over the course of postjudgment proceedings following remittitur was by focusing on whether the orders resulted in the immediate transfer of title to property. If an order led to such a result, it was a final order for purpose of appeal and the time for review was immediate. Orlando Residence, Ltd. v. Nelson, 2013 WI App 81
, 348 Wis. 2d 565
, 834 N.W.2d 416