942.09(3m)(b)1. 1. The parent, guardian, or legal custodian of the person depicted if the private representation does not violate s. 948.05 or 948.12 and the posting or publication is not for the purpose of sexual arousal, gratification, humiliation, degradation, or monetary or commercial gain.
942.09(3m)(b)2. 2. A law enforcement officer or agent acting in his or her official capacity in connection with the investigation or prosecution of a crime.
942.09(3m)(b)3. 3. A person who posts or publishes a private representation that is newsworthy or of public importance.
942.09(3m)(b)4. 4. A provider of an interactive computer service, as defined in 47 USC 230 (f) (2), or to an information service or telecommunications service, as defined in 47 USC 153, if the private representation is provided to the interactive computer service, information service, or telecommunications service by a 3rd party.
942.09(4) (4)
942.09(4)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b) or (c), whoever solicits an intimate or private representation from a person who the actor believes or has reason to believe has not attained the age of 18 years is guilty of a Class I felony.
942.09(4)(b) (b) If the person who solicits the intimate or private representation has attained the age of 18 years but has not attained the age of 21 years and if the child solicited is not more than 3 years younger than the person who solicits the intimate or private representation, he or she is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.
942.09(4)(c) (c) Paragraph (a) does not apply if the person who solicits the intimate or private representation has not attained the age of 18 years.
942.09(5) (5)
942.09(5)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (am), whoever, while present in a locker room, intentionally captures a representation of a nude or partially nude person while the person is nude or partially nude in the locker room is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. This paragraph does not apply if the person consents to the capture of the representation and one of the following applies:
942.09(5)(a)1. 1. The person is, or the actor reasonably believes that the person is, 18 years of age or over when the person gives his or her consent.
942.09(5)(a)2. 2. The person's parent, guardian, or legal custodian consents to the capture of the representation.
942.09(5)(am) (am) A person who commits a violation specified under par. (a) is guilty of a Class I felony if the person represented in violation of par. (a) had not, at the time of the violation, attained the age of 18 years.
942.09(5)(b)1.1. Except as provided in par. (bn), whoever intentionally does any of the following is guilty of a Class I felony:
942.09(5)(b)1.a. a. Captures a representation of a nude or partially nude person while the actor is present in, and the person is nude or partially nude in, the locker room and exhibits or distributes the representation to another.
942.09(5)(b)1.b. b. Transmits or broadcasts an image of a nude or partially nude person from a locker room while the person is nude or partially nude in the locker room.
942.09(5)(b)2. 2. This paragraph does not apply if the person consents to the exhibition or distribution of the representation or the transmission or broadcast of the image and one of the following applies:
942.09(5)(b)2.a. a. The person is, or the actor reasonably believes that the person is, 18 years of age or over when the person gives his or her consent.
942.09(5)(b)2.b. b. The person's parent, guardian, or legal custodian consents to the exhibition, distribution, transmission, or broadcast.
942.09(5)(bn) (bn) A person who commits a violation specified under par. (b) is guilty of a Class H felony if the person represented in violation of par. (a) had not, at the time of the violation, attained the age of 18 years.
942.09 History History: 1995 a. 249; 2001 a. 16; 2001 a. 33 ss. 2 to 13; Stats. 2001 s. 942.09; 2001 a. 109; 2007 a. 118; 2013 a. 243; 2015 a. 292, 320, 370; 2017 a. 129; 2017 a. 365 ss. 91, 110, 112.
942.09 Annotation Sub. (2) (a) [now sub. (2m) (a) 1.] requires that the person who is depicted nude is in a circumstance in which he or she has an assumption that he or she is secluded from the presence or view of others, and that assumption is a reasonable one under all the circumstances, according to an objective standard. State v. Nelson, 2006 WI App 124, 294 Wis. 2d 578, 718 N.W.2d 168, 05-2300.
942.09 Annotation A “legitimate expectation of privacy" for purposes of a search or seizure under the 4th amendment is not consistent with the context and purpose of this section. The 4th amendment embodies a balance between society's interest in law enforcement and the privacy interest asserted by the individual that is not relevant to this section. Construing “reasonable expectation of privacy" according to its common meaning does not render the statute unconstitutionally vague and provides sufficient notice of the conduct prohibited under sub. (2) (a) [now sub. (2m) (a) 1.]. State v. Nelson, 2006 WI App 124, 294 Wis. 2d 578, 718 N.W.2d 168, 05-2300.
942.09 Annotation Nelson did not purport to provide a definition of reasonable expectation of privacy covering all circumstances. The question for purposes of the privacy element is not whether the nude person had a reasonable expectation that the defendant would view him or her nude at the time of the recording, but whether the nude person had a reasonable expectation, under the circumstances, that he or she would not be recorded in the nude. State v. Jahnke, 2009 WI App 4, 316 Wis. 2d 324, 762 N.W.2d 696, 07-2130.
942.09 Annotation Permission to be viewed in the nude does not mean permission to be recorded in the nude, and permission to engage in sexual acts with someone does not mean permission to record that person in the nude. That the defendant and the woman who was recorded were engaged in the crime of prostitution does not mean that the woman relinquished her reasonable expectation of privacy under sub. (2) (am) 1. State v. Adams, 2015 WI App 34, 361 Wis. 2d 766, 863 N.W.2d 640, 14-1158.
942.09 Annotation Nelson did not add a “legitimate reason" exception to the reasonable expectation of privacy prong of the statute. Recording someone nude in violation of sub. (2) (am) 1. in order to protect against possible adverse scenarios is not a legitimate reason or defense. State v. Adams, 2015 WI App 34, 361 Wis. 2d 766, 863 N.W.2d 640, 14-1158.
942.09 Annotation Putting existing images into a sexual context is not the same as making the images. The defendant created something new by cutting images of girls out of larger photographs, isolating each cropped image on a page in a notebook, and adding sexual comments. But the defendant did not, under any common definition of the term, “make" new visual representation of the girls under sub. (1) (a). State v. Chagnon, 2015 WI App 66, 364 Wis. 2d 719, 870 N.W.2d 27, 14-2770.
942.09 Annotation The phrase “stores in any medium data that represents a visual image" in sub. (1) (a) refers to the creation of images by digital means. The term does not include the mere possession of visual images. State v. Chagnon, 2015 WI App 66, 364 Wis. 2d 719, 870 N.W.2d 27, 14-2770.
942.10 942.10 Use of a drone. Whoever uses a drone, as defined in s. 175.55 (1) (a), with the intent to photograph, record, or otherwise observe another individual in a place or location where the individual has a reasonable expectation of privacy is guilty of Class A misdemeanor. This section does not apply to a law enforcement officer authorized to use a drone pursuant to s. 175.55 (2).
942.10 History History: 2013 a. 213.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective prior to November 13, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 13, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-13-18)