For the use of the district schools, the district board may:
Purchase or lease materials, supplies and equipment.
Purchase or lease suitable land and buildings and rent to others any portion of such land and buildings not needed for school purposes.
Construct, enlarge and improve buildings. Existing school buildings and equipment shall be used as far as practicable.
If there is a county teachers college in the district which is no longer in operation, the district board shall utilize the existing buildings and equipment of the college to the extent possible.
With the approval of the director under s. 38.04 (2)
, the district board may sell any property which it finds to be no longer needed by the district.
All conveyances, leases and contracts under this subsection shall be in the name of the district.
Lease facilities to others for school purposes. The district board may not enter into a lease under this subdivision after June 30, 1991.
Lease land to others for the construction of a building for school purposes if any future acquisition of the building by the district board will not expose the district board to an expenditure exceeding $500,000, excluding moneys received from gifts, grants or federal funds. The district board may not enter into a lease under this subdivision after June 30, 1991.
The district board may enter into contracts to provide educational services to public and private educational institutions, federal and state agencies, local governmental bodies, industries and businesses.
The district board may enter into contracts with local community-based organizations for basic skills instruction.
The district board may enter into contracts to provide fiscal and management services to public and private educational institutions, federal and state agencies and local governmental units.
A district board may contract with a foreign government or any business which is not operating in this state, if a district board demonstrates that the district will receive a direct and measurable benefit from the contract and that the contract will not result in a reduction in the quality of education at district schools and if all of the following conditions are met:
The contract meets all of the requirements for a district board contract under this subsection.
The contract provides for full cost recovery so that no direct or indirect costs under the contract will be funded by the district.
The district board reviews all cost allocation and record-keeping systems for all services provided under the contract, which shall be subject to audit by the district board, and provides guidelines which conform with the requirements of this paragraph.
The district board agrees to conduct an audit, on at least an annual basis, to determine that no state aids or district tax funds are spent in the execution of the contract.
No district employe may receive compensation from a contract under par. (c)
in excess of the compensation that he or she receives as compensation as a district employe, and any compensation that a district employe receives from a contract under par. (c)
shall be paid in proportion to the percentage of an employe's workload that represents the amount of time that an employe is assigned to work under a contract.
The district board shall establish and file with the board policies governing contracting under this subsection. By December 1, 1990, and annually by December 1 thereafter, the district board shall submit to the board, in a form determined by the board, a report identifying all contracts under which the district board provided services under this subsection in the preceding fiscal year, and any other information requested by the board.
(4) Gifts and grants.
The district board may accept gifts, grants and bequests to be used in the execution of its functions and may accept grants to provide fiscal and management services for the office of justice assistance in the department of administration or its subsidiaries or, if applicable, its successor agency.
(5) Advisory committees.
The district board may establish advisory committees representing every occupation in the district. Each advisory committee shall consist of equal numbers of employers and employes selected by the district board from recommendations submitted by representative organizations and associations of each occupation. The district board and the district director may request the advice and assistance of these advisory committees in selecting, purchasing and installing equipment, in preparing course materials, in developing instructional methods and vocational guidance programs and for such other purposes as the district board desires.
The district board may provide transportation for students within the district, but no state aid may be paid for this service.
(7) Sale of articles.
The district board may sell at market value articles manufactured in district schools. The proceeds from such sales shall be paid to the district treasurer.
(9) Activity, incidental and vocational-adult seminar and workshop fees.
The district board may establish student activity and incidental fees to fund, in whole or in part, the cost of services and activities offered as support services for regular instruction. With the approval of the state director, the district board may establish fees for vocational-adult seminars and workshops, not to exceed the full cost of the seminar or workshop less the fee charged under s. 38.24 (1m)
(10) Bonds for officers and employes.
The district board may require an officer or employe of the district board to give security for the faithful performance of his or her duties in such form and amount as the district board determines, and may require at any time additional bonds and sureties of any officer or employe.
(11) Displaced homemakers' program.
The district board may apply for and spend grant funds from the board for displaced homemakers' programs. The district board may spend those grant funds for contracts with local community organizations.
(12) Integrated service programs for children with severe disabilities.
If the county board of supervisors establishes an integrated service program for children with severe disabilities under s. 59.53 (7)
, the district board may participate in an integrated service program for children with severe disabilities under s. 59.53 (7)
and may enter into written interagency agreements or contracts under the program.
(13) Parking regulations and fees.
The district board may adopt resolutions regulating the parking of motor vehicles on property under its jurisdiction. The resolutions may establish a fee for the parking of motor vehicles by students, faculty, staff and visitors and fines for the violation of any parking regulation. Nothing in this subsection requires that all users of the parking facilities be charged a parking fee.
The Milwaukee technical college may acquire and operate a retail service station as a part of a vocational training program. 58 Atty. Gen. 23.
See note to art. VIII, sec. 10, citing 60 Atty. Gen. 231.
VTAE districts and the state board of vocational, technical and adult education do not have the power of eminent domain and, therefore, are not subject to 32.19 to 32.27, the relocation act. 63 Atty. Gen. 367.
VTAE board may subsidize public bus line to provide transportation under (6). 65 Atty. Gen. 305.
Responsibilities of students.
The students of each district, subject to the responsibilities and powers of the board, the state director, the district board, the district director and the faculty, shall be active participants in the immediate governance of and policy development for the district and may participate in all matters affecting student interests to the extent not in conflict with the terms of any collective bargaining agreement. As such, students have primary responsibility for the formulation and review of policies concerning student life and services. Students in consultation with the district director and subject to the final confirmation of the district board have the responsibility for the disposition of student activity and incidental fees under s. 38.14 (9)
. The students of each district may organize themselves in a manner that they determine and select their representatives to participate in district governance. This section does not prohibit the board, the state director, the district board, the district director or the faculty from selecting students to participate in district governance but any students selected by those bodies or persons shall not be considered to be representatives of the students for the purposes of the students' right to select their representatives to participate in district governance.
History: 1993 a. 101
Financing of capital expenditures. 38.15(1)
Subject to sub. (3)
, if the district board intends to make a capital expenditure in excess of $500,000, excluding moneys received from gifts, grants or federal funds, for the acquisition of sites, purchase or construction of buildings, the lease/purchase of buildings if costs exceed $500,000 for the lifetime of the lease, building additions or enlargements or the purchase of fixed equipment relating to any such activity, it shall adopt a resolution stating its intention to do so and identifying the anticipated source of revenue for each project and shall submit the resolution to the electors of the district for approval. The referendum shall be noticed, called and conducted as provided in s. 67.05 (3)
insofar as applicable. For the purposes of this section, all projects located on a single campus site within one district which are bid concurrently or which are approved by the board under s. 38.04 (10)
within a 2-year period shall be considered as one capital expenditure project.
No more than $500,000 in reserve funds, consisting of property tax revenues and investment earnings on those revenues, may be utilized by the district board to finance capital expenditures in excess of $500,000 for the purposes under sub. (1)
This section applies to building program actions approved by the board after January 31, 1980. This section does not apply to building remodeling or improvement projects.
This section does not apply to the acquisition of a building as a result of a lease under s. 38.14 (2) (d) 2.
if the district makes no cash expenditure to acquire the building.
For a building acquired as a result of a lease under s. 38.14 (2) (d) 2.
, the purchase price is a capital expenditure under sub. (1)
in the fiscal year commencing on the 2nd July 1 following the acquisition of the building.
This section requires approval by referendum of general building plan and source of funding, not specific project proposal which is definite as to cost, location and campus configuration. Ball v. District No. 4, Area Board, 117 W (2d) 529, 345 NW (2d) 389 (1984).
District tax levy. 38.16(1)(1)
Annually by October 31, or within 10 days after receipt of the equalized valuations from the department of revenue, whichever is later, the district board may levy a tax, not exceeding 1.5 mills on the full value of the taxable property of the district, for the purpose of making capital improvements, acquiring equipment and operating and maintaining the schools of the district, except that the mill limitation is not applicable to taxes levied for the purpose of paying principal and interest on valid bonds or notes now or hereafter outstanding as provided in s. 67.035
. The district board secretary shall file with the clerk of each city, village and town, any part of which is located in the district, a certified statement showing the amount of the levy and the proportionate amount of the tax to be spread upon the tax rolls for collection in each city, village and town. Such proportion shall be ascertained on the basis of the ratio of full value of the taxable property of that part of the city, village or town located in the district to the full value of all taxable property in the district, as certified to the district board secretary by the department of revenue. Upon receipt of the certified statement from the district board secretary, the clerk of each city, village and town shall spread the amounts thereof upon the tax rolls for collection. When the taxes are collected, such amounts shall be paid by the treasurer of each city, village and town to the district board treasurer.
The district board may borrow money and levy taxes to be used for the purchase or construction of buildings and for additions, enlargements and improvements to buildings and for the acquisition of sites and equipment. In financing activities under this subsection, the district may issue its bonds or promissory notes under ch. 67
to pay the cost thereof.
This section is constitutional. West Milwaukee v. Area Bd. Vocational, T. & A. Ed. 51 W (2d) 356, 187 NW (2d) 387.
Contracts and bidding.
All contracts made by a district board for public construction in a district, the estimated cost of which exceeds $10,000, shall be let by the district board to the lowest responsible bidder in accordance with s. 62.15 (1)
. For purposes of this section, the district board shall possess the powers conferred by s. 62.15
on the board of public works and the common council. All contracts made under this section shall be made in the name of the district and shall be executed by the district board chairperson and district board secretary.
Adjustment of assets and liabilities. 38.20(1)
Except as provided in sub. (2)
, upon the creation of a district the property, assets, claims, contracts, obligations, rights, duties and liabilities relating and pertaining to the existing technical colleges in the territory included in the district shall become the property, assets, claims, contracts, obligations, rights, duties and liabilities of the district.
Upon the creation of a district the property, assets, claims, contracts, obligations, rights, duties and liabilities relating and pertaining to the existing technical college operated in a city, village or town located in the territory included in the district shall remain the property, assets, claims, contracts, obligations, rights, duties and liabilities of such city, village or town, unless the governing body of such city, village or town transfers the whole or any portion thereof to the district under an agreement between such city, village or town and the district as to the use, obligation and ownership thereof.
The purchase price of such property, except as otherwise agreed upon under par. (a)
, shall be the fair market value as determined by an independent appraiser selected jointly by the governing body of the city or village and the district board, less any outstanding obligations against the property which shall be assumed by the district.
In financing the purchase of property transferred to the district under this subsection, the district may issue its bonds or promissory notes under ch. 67
to pay the cost thereof including assumption of outstanding obligations.
The city or village shall deposit the proceeds of the sale of technical college property in the debt service fund, if any, created for payment of existing technical college obligations. The indebtedness of such city or village shall, for purposes of computing its legal debt limit, be deemed reduced by the amount of such deposit. The city or village may invest these debt service fund moneys under s. 66.04 (2)
or 67.11 (2)
. Bonds and notes issued by districts for purposes of this subsection shall not be subject to referendum. The purchase agreement shall include an irrevocable clause providing that the district shall pay annually to the city or village a sum of money equal to the amount in which the interest received by the city or village upon investments authorized hereunder is less than the amount of interest paid by the city or village on the bonds of the city or village for technical college purposes.
The district purchasing property under this subsection may, with approval of the city council or village board involved, pay the purchase price by issuing and delivering directly to the city or village the general obligation promissory notes or the notes of the district under s. 67.12 (12)
, except that no referendum may be held and the 10-year limitation on such notes shall be inapplicable to such notes issued under this paragraph. Such notes shall mature and be payable at such times, in such amounts and at such rate of interest as will amortize and pay when due the principal and interest on the outstanding obligations of the city or village for technical college purposes. All such notes, upon execution and delivery to the city or village, shall in all respects be held and considered as an authorized investment under s. 66.04 (2)
or 67.11 (2)
of the debt service fund created for payment of the city or village obligations issued for technical college purposes and shall be offset against city or village indebtedness in computing legal debt limit to the same extent as other authorized investments of the debt service fund and such notes may be sold and hypothecated. If the offset against city or village indebtedness under this paragraph is determined to be invalid in any respect, such city or village immediately may require the district issuing the promissory notes to such city or village to comply with pars. (c)
to the extent necessary to cure such invalidity.
Admission requirements. 38.22(1)
Except as provided in subs. (1m)
and s. 118.37
, every person who is at least the age specified in s. 118.15 (1) (b)
is eligible to attend the schools of a district if the person is:
A nonresident of this state, and if the district board of attendance approves the enrollment.
Notwithstanding sub. (1) (intro.)
, a person who is at least 15 years and 6 months of age, who satisfies the other requirements for admission under sub. (1)
and who obtains a letter from his or her high school principal recommending that the person be permitted to attend the schools of a district in order to take a course in motorcycle safety is eligible to attend the schools of a district for the purpose of taking a course in motorcycle safety. A person under the age of 16 years who takes a course in motorcycle safety under this subsection may not use in the course a motorcycle other than a motorcycle provided by the school of the district for the course.
Notwithstanding sub. (1) (intro.)
, an individual under the age of 16 is eligible to attend the schools of a district if all of the following apply:
The district board agrees to admit the individual.
The individual satisfies the other requirements for admission under sub. (1)
The individual has the written permission of his or her parent or guardian.
Nonresident students shall be subject to the same rules and regulations as resident students.
The board shall establish procedures to determine the residence of students attending district schools. In the case of any disagreement as to the residence of any student, the board shall make the final determination.
The board shall promulgate rules establishing the priority to be given by a district board in admitting students who are residents of the district, students who are not residents of the district but are residents of this state and students who are not residents of this state.
The following persons are residents of this state for the purposes of this section and s. 38.24
Any person who has been employed as a migrant worker for at least 2 months each year for 3 of the 5 years next preceding the beginning of the semester or session for which the person wishes to enroll at a district school, or for at least 3 months each year for 2 of the 5 years next preceding the beginning of the semester or session for which the person wishes to enroll at a district school, any adult whose parent or legal guardian has been so employed while the adult was a minor, and any minor whose parent or legal guardian has been so employed. In this paragraph, "migrant worker" has the meaning specified in s. 103.90 (5)
Any minor, or adult who is a dependent of his or her parents or guardian under 26 USC 152
(a), whose natural parents are divorced or legally separated, if one or both of the person's parents have been bona fide residents of this state for at least 12 months next preceding the beginning of the semester or session for which the person wishes to enroll at a district school.
Any person continuously employed full time in this state, who was relocated to this state by his or her current employer or who moved to this state for employment purposes and accepted his or her current employment before applying for admission to a district school and before moving, and the spouse and dependents of any such person, if the student demonstrates an intent to establish and maintain a permanent home in Wisconsin. In this paragraph, "dependents" has the meaning given in 26 USC 152
Any person who is a refugee, as defined under 8 USC 1101
(a) (42), who moved to this state immediately upon arrival in the United States and who has resided in this state continuously since then, if he or she demonstrates an intent to establish and maintain a permanent home in Wisconsin.
District may not refuse to admit nonresident Wisconsin students to approved apprenticeship program because district of student's residence fails to reimburse district, unless state board adopts rules sanctioning refusal. 69 Atty. Gen. 257.
Student discrimination prohibited. 38.23(1)
No student may be denied admission to, participation in or the benefits of, or be discriminated against in any service, program, course or facility of the board or any district because of the student's race, color, creed, religion, sex, national origin, disability, ancestry, age, sexual orientation, pregnancy, marital status or parental status.
Each district board shall establish policies and procedures to protect students from discrimination under sub. (1)
. The policies and procedures shall do all of the following:
Provide criteria for determining whether sub. (1)
has been violated.
Require a complainant to file a complaint with the district director within 300 days of the alleged violation of sub. (1)
Provide periods within which the complainant and the district director must act for each procedural step leading to the issuance of a final decision and for appeal of the final decision to the district board.