Feed for /1995/statutes/statutes/879 PDF
879.31 History History: 1983 a. 219.
879.33 879.33 Costs, if allowed; judgment for. Costs may be allowed in all appealable contested matters in court to the prevailing party, to be paid by the losing party or out of the estate as justice may require; and if costs are allowed they shall be taxed by the register in probate after the notice required in ch. 814. If costs are allowed, the court shall render judgment therefor, stating in whose favor and against whom rendered and the amount, and a list of the items making the amount shall be filed with the papers in the case. Costs shall not be taxed against a guardian ad litem, except as provided in s. 814.14.
879.33 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 50 W (2d) vii (1971); Sup. Ct. Order, 67 W (2d) 783; 1977 c. 449.
879.33 Note Comment of Judicial Council, 1971: Generally, costs shall not be taxed against a guardian ad litem. [Re Order effective July 1, 1971]
879.35 879.35 Costs in will contests. Costs may be awarded out of the estate to an unsuccessful proponent of a will if the unsuccessful proponent is named as an executor therein and propounded the document in good faith, and to the unsuccessful contestant of a will if the unsuccessful contestant is named as an executor in another document propounded by the unsuccessful contestant in good faith as the last will of the decedent.
879.35 History History: 1993 a. 486.
879.35 Annotation A finding of undue influence on the part of the unsuccessful proponent disqualifies it from asserting "good faith" under the statute. In re Estate of Christen, 72 W (2d) 8, 239 NW (2d) 528.
879.37 879.37 Attorney fees in contests. Reasonable attorney fees may be awarded out of the estate to the prevailing party in all appealable contested matters, to an unsuccessful proponent of a will if the unsuccessful proponent is named as an executor therein and propounded the document in good faith, and to the unsuccessful contestant of a will if the unsuccessful contestant is named as an executor in another document propounded by the unsuccessful contestant in good faith as the last will of the decedent.
879.37 History History: 1993 a. 486.
879.37 Annotation See note to 879.35, citing In re Estate of Christen, 72 W (2d) 8, 239 NW (2d) 528.
879.39 879.39 Security and judgment for costs. In all cases under s. 879.33 the court may require the claimant or contestant to give a bond in such sum and with such surety as is approved by the court, to the effect that he or she will pay all costs that may be awarded by the court in the proceeding against him or her. A judgment for costs shall be against the claimant or contestant and the surety.
879.39 History History: 1977 c. 449.
879.41 879.41 Fees in court. Fees in court shall be allowed:
879.41(1) (1) To appraisers, an amount to be fixed by the court;
879.41(2) (2) To jurors, the fees under s. 756.25;
879.41(3) (3) To witnesses and interpreters, the fees under s. 814.67, and to expert witnesses, the fees under s. 814.04 (2);
879.41(4) (4) Travel as fixed by the court;
879.41(5) (5) In cases not provided for, a fair compensation shall be allowed by the court.
879.41 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 W (2d) 585, 783 (1975); 1977 c. 187 s. 135; 1977 c. 449; 1981 c. 317 s. 2202.
879.43 879.43 Money judgment in favor of estate.
879.43(1)(1)Enforcement. All money judgments in court in favor of an estate may be enforced through the court, after costs have been taxed under s. 814.10. The pertinent provisions of ch. 815, relating to executions, apply.
879.43(2) (2)Stay of execution. Execution of judgments may be stayed under chs. 801 to 847.
879.43(3) (3)Entry. Judgments may be entered in the judgment and lien docket in the office of the clerk of circuit court, upon the filing of a certified transcript of the judgment.
879.43(4) (4)Lien. A judgment entered in the judgment and lien docket creates a lien upon the real estate of the debtor under s. 806.15.
879.43 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 W (2d) 585, 784 (1975); 1977 c. 449; 1979 c. 89; 1995 a. 224.
879.45 879.45 Jury trials, practice.
879.45(1) (1)Generally. Jury trials may be had in court in all cases in which a jury trial may be had of similar issues under s. 805.01 (1).
879.45(2) (2)Demand. In all cases under sub. (1), any person having the right of appeal from the determination of the court may file with the court, within 10 days after notice that the matter is to be contested, a written demand for a jury trial.
879.45(3) (3)Framing issues. Upon filing the demand and receipt, the court may order an issue to be framed by the parties within a fixed time, and the matter shall be placed upon the calendar.
879.45(4) (4)Costs. In all jury cases costs shall be allowed as a matter of course to the prevailing party.
879.45(5) (5)Selection of jurors. Jurors and trial juries shall be drawn under ss. 756.04 to 756.096 and trials by jury shall be under ss. 756.04 to 756.096 and ch. 805.
879.45(6) (6)Calendar. At the request of the court, the clerk shall prepare, in the order of their date of issue, a list of cases in which a trial by jury has been demanded. The list shall constitute a jury calendar. In case a continuance in any action upon the jury calendar is asked by any party, the court may grant the continuance and require payment of $10 motion fees.
879.45(7) (7)Pretrial conference. The court may hold a pretrial conference under s. 802.10 (5).
879.45 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 W (2d) 585, 784 (1975); 1977 c. 418 s. 929 (8m); 1977 c. 447 s. 210; 1977 c. 449; 1979 c. 32; 1981 c. 391; Sup. Ct. Order, 95-04, 191 W (2d) xxi (1995).
879.47 879.47 Papers, preparation and filing. The attorney for any person desiring to file any paper in court is responsible for the preparation of the paper. Except as provided in s. 701.16 (4) (d), all papers shall be legibly written on substantial paper and shall state the title of the proceeding in which they are filed and the character of the paper. Either uniform forms or computer-generated forms, if the forms exactly recreate the original forms in wording, format and substance, shall be used. If papers are not so written or if uniform forms or computer-generated forms that exactly recreate the original forms in wording, format and substance are not used, the court may refuse to receive and file them. The court shall show on all papers the date of their filing.
879.47 History History: 1977 c. 449; 1987 a. 220; 1993 a. 130.
879.49 879.49 Papers, withdrawal. No paper filed in any matter may be withdrawn without leave of the court or the judge, and when a paper is withdrawn a copy thereof, attested by the judge or register in probate, shall, if required, be left in its place.
879.51 879.51 Court not to delay in setting matter for hearing. When a petition and proposed order for hearing are filed, the court within 10 days thereafter shall set a time for hearing.
879.53 879.53 Hearings set for a day certain. All matters in court requiring notice of hearing shall be set for hearing on a day certain, and shall be heard on the day set or as soon thereafter as counsel may be heard.
879.53 History History: 1977 c. 449.
879.55 879.55 Correction of clerical errors in court records. Upon verified petition to a court by any person interested or his or her successor in title praying that clerical errors in its records be corrected as specified in the petition, the court shall order a hearing thereon. The hearing shall be held without notice or upon such notice as the court requires. If the court requires notice, it shall be given to those persons interested who will be affected by the change in the records. If on hearing the court finds its record incorrect as a result of clerical error, it shall make its record conform to the truth. The corrected record shall be as valid and binding as though correctly made and entered at the proper time.
879.55 History History: 1977 c. 449.
879.57 879.57 Special administrator; personal representative, guardian. If it is found by the court to be necessary to appoint a personal representative or guardian and there appears to be no person in the state to petition for the appointment or there appears to be no suitable person to be so appointed, the court shall, upon its own motion or upon the petition of any interested party, grant administration of an estate of a decedent or guardianship of the estate of a minor or incompetent person to the interested party or a special administrator, and he or she shall thereupon take possession of the estate and protect and preserve it, and proceed with the administration and with the care and management of the estate. The authority of a special administrator in the administration or guardianship may be revoked at any time upon the appointment and qualification of a personal representative or guardian, or when for any other cause the court deems it just or expedient. Revocation of authority does not invalidate the special administrator's acts performed prior to revocation and does not impair the special administrator's rights to receive from the estate his or her legal charges and disbursements, to be determined by the court.
879.57 History History: 1973 c. 90; 1977 c. 449.
879.57 Cross-reference Cross-reference: For duty of special administrator as to inheritance taxes, see s. 72.31.
879.59 879.59 Compromises.
879.59(1)(1)Between claimants; parties. The court may authorize personal representatives and trustees to adjust by compromise any controversy that may arise between different claimants to the estate or property in their hands to which agreement the personal representatives or trustees and all other parties in being who claim an interest in the estate and whose interests are affected by the proposed compromise shall be parties in person or by guardian as hereinafter provided.
879.59(2) (2)Between testate and intestate distributees; parties. The court also may authorize the person named as executor in one or more instruments purporting to be the last will and testament of a person deceased, or the petitioners for administration with the will or wills annexed, to adjust by compromise any controversy that may arise between the persons claiming as devisees or legatees under the will or wills and the persons entitled to or claiming the estate of the deceased under the statutes regulating the descent and distribution of intestate estates, to which agreement or compromise the persons named as executors or the petitioners for administration with will annexed, those claiming as devisees or legatees and those claiming the estate as intestate shall be parties, provided that persons named as executors in any instrument who have renounced or shall renounce such executorship and any person whose interest in the estate is unaffected by the proposed compromise shall not be required to be parties to the compromise.
879.59(3) (3)Parties subject to guardianship. Where a person subject to guardianship is a necessary party to a compromise under this section the person shall be represented in the proceedings by the person's guardian or by a special guardian appointed by the court, who shall in the name and on behalf of the party the guardian represents make all proper instruments necessary to carry into effect any compromise sanctioned by the court.
879.59(4) (4)Persons unknown or not in being. If it appears to the satisfaction of the court that the interests of persons unknown or the future contingent interests of persons not in being are or may be affected by the compromise, the court shall appoint some suitable person to represent those interests in the compromise and to make all proper instruments necessary to carry into effect any compromise sanctioned by the court. If by the terms of any compromise made under this section money or property is directed to be set apart or held for the benefit of or to represent the interest of persons subject to guardianship or persons unknown or unborn, the same may be deposited in any trust company, or any state or national bank within this state, authorized to exercise trust powers, or with a special administrator, and shall remain subject to the order of the court.
879.59(5) (5)Court approval required. An agreement of compromise made in writing under this section, if found by the court to be just and reasonable in its effects upon the interests in the estate or property of persons subject to guardianship, unknown persons, or the future contingent interests of persons not in being, is valid and binding upon such interests as well as upon the interests of adult persons of sound mind.
879.59(6) (6)Procedure. An application for the approval of a compromise under this section shall be made by verified petition, which shall set forth the provisions of any instrument or documents by virtue of which any claim is made to the property or estate in controversy and all facts relating to the claims of the various parties to the controversy and the possible contingent interests of persons not in being and all facts which make it proper or necessary that the proposed compromise be approved by the court. The court may entertain an application prior to the execution of the proposed compromise by all the parties required to execute it and may permit the execution by the necessary parties to be completed after the inception of the proceedings for approval thereof if the proposed compromise has been approved by the estate representatives described in subs. (1) and (2). The court shall inquire into the circumstances and make such order or decree as justice requires.
879.59 History History: 1973 c. 90; 1993 a. 486.
879.59 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See s. 859.31 which provides for compromise of creditor's claims against the estate.
879.59 Annotation An alleged agreement of compromise will not be enforced where items are disputed and it is not agreed to in writing. Estate of McKillip, 53 W (2d) 202, 191 NW (2d) 856.
879.59 Annotation This section cannot be construed to require that all rights under a will be established and all claims be adjudicated before a compromise of claims is allowed, for that interpretation would not only narrow the area of controversy, eliminate the incentive to compromise, and destroy the purpose thereof (to avoid the costs and risks of litigation), but ignore explicit statutory provisions recognizing the right of executors to compromise controversies involving "persons claiming as devisees or legatees" and "persons entitled to or claiming the estate of the deceased" as heirs at law. Estate of Trojan, 53 W (2d) 293, 193 NW (2d) 8.
879.59 Annotation A guardian ad litem can execute a compromise agreement of his ward's claim in a will contest case where there was no general guardian. Estate of Trojan, 53 W (2d) 293, 193 NW (2d) 8.
879.59 Annotation Court had no authority to approve stipulation under (1) without trustee's approval. In Matter of Estate of McCoy, 118 W (2d) 128, 345 NW (2d) 519 (Ct. App. 1984).
879.61 879.61 Discovery proceedings. Any personal representative or any person interested who suspects that any other person has concealed, stolen, conveyed or disposed of property of the estate; or is indebted to the decedent; possesses, controls or has knowledge of concealed property of the decedent; possesses, controls or has knowledge of writings which contain evidence of or tend to disclose the right, title, interest or claim of the decedent to any property; or possesses, controls or has knowledge of any will of the decedent, may file a petition in the court so stating. The court upon such notice as it directs, may order the other person to appear before the court or a court commissioner for disclosure, may subpoena witnesses and compel the production of evidence and may make any order in relation to the matter as is just and proper.
879.61 History History: 1977 c. 449.
879.63 879.63 Action by person interested to secure property for estate. Whenever there is reason to believe that the estate of a decedent as set forth in the inventory does not include property which should be included in the estate, and the personal representative has failed to secure the property or to bring an action to secure the property, any person interested may, on behalf of the estate, bring an action in the court in which the estate is being administered to reach the property and make it a part of the estate. If the action is successful, the person interested shall be reimbursed from the estate for the reasonable expenses and attorney fee incurred by the person in the action as approved by the court but not in excess of the value of the property secured for the estate.
879.63 History History: 1993 a. 486.
879.63 Annotation Bringing an action under this section is not the exclusive remedy of a party challenging an omission from an inventory. In Matter of Estate of Ruediger, 83 W (2d) 109, 264 NW (2d) 604 (1978).
879.63 Annotation Deferred marital property under 861.02 (1) is property subject to administration for all purposes including payment of claims under 879.63. In Matter of Estate of Moccero, 168 W (2d) 313, 483 NW (2d) 310 (Ct. App. 1992).
879.67 879.67 Out-of-state service on personal representative. If it is necessary to serve upon a personal representative any order, notice or process of the court, and service cannot be made in this state, service may be made under s. 801.11 (1) for the service of summons.
879.67 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 W (2d) 585, 784 (1975); 1977 c. 449.
879.69 879.69 Court must rule on petition. When the personal representative petitions for a ruling or order in regard to any matter connected with the administration of the estate, the court, after hearing on notice under s. 879.03 shall make a ruling or grant or deny the petition by order.
Loading...
Loading...
This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 1995. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?