(1s) Proceeds of sale. If the owner of an animal sold under sub. (1m) (b) files a claim and provides proof of ownership within 30 days after the sale, the sale proceeds, less the cost of custody, care, treatment and sale, shall be returned to the owner.
(2) Animals not returned to owner. If an animal in the custody of a political subdivision, other than an animal to which sub. (1m) applies, is not returned to the owner under sub. (1) or (5) (b) or s. 173.12 (2), 173.21 (4) or 173.22 or disposed of under sub. (4) or (5) (a) or s. 173.12 (3), it shall be disposed of under a court order under sub. (3) or s. 951.18 (4).
(3) Court order. (a) A political subdivision may petition the circuit court for an order doing any of the following with respect to an animal taken into custody by a law enforcement officer or a humane officer or withheld under s. 173.21 (1):
1. Providing for payment for the custody, care or treatment of the animal.
2. Requiring the owner of the animal to post bond for the costs of custody, care or treatment of the animal pending the outcome of any other proceeding.
3. Authorizing the sale, destruction or other disposal of the animal.
(b) The petition shall set forth the basis for the petitioned-for relief.
(c) The political subdivision shall serve a copy of the petition, in the manner provided in s. 801.11, upon the owner of the animal, if known.
(d) The court shall conduct a hearing on the petition. The petitioner and any person upon whom a copy of the petition was served may appear as a party.
(e) The court shall issue its order after hearing and may grant, modify and grant or deny the petitioned-for relief, after considering the interests of the animal, the owner of the animal, the political subdivision and the public.
(4) Injured or dangerous animals. A political subdivision or person contracting under s. 173.15 (1) who has custody of an animal may have the animal euthanized if there are reasonable grounds to believe that any of the following apply:
(a) The animal is hopelessly injured beyond any reasonable chance of recovery.
(b) The animal poses an imminent threat to public health or safety.
(c) The animal poses an imminent threat to the health or safety of itself or its custodian.
(5) Animal not confined as required by quarantine order. (a) A political subdivision or person contracting under s. 173.15 (1) that has custody of an animal that was not confined as required by a quarantine order issued under any statute, rule or ordinance relating to the control of any animal disease shall confine the animal for the duration of the quarantine or shall euthanize the animal with the written permission of the owner or, if the animal is determined to be diseased, at the direction of the person issuing the quarantine order.
(b) Unless the person issuing the quarantine order directs that the animal be euthanized because it is diseased, at the end of the quarantine period the political subdivision or person contracting under s. 173.15 (1) shall return the animal to its owner if the owner complies with sub. (1) (a) to (d) no later than the 7th day after the day on which the political subdivision or person contracting under s. 173.15 (1) demands that the owner claim the animal and pay for its custody, care and treatment.
(c) If an owner does not comply with sub. (1) (a) to (d) within the time provided in par. (b), the animal is considered an unclaimed animal under sub. (1m).
(d) Before euthanizing an animal that is in custody because it was not confined as required by a quarantine order, the person with custody of the animal shall notify the person who issued the order. If the person who issued the order determines that testing of specimens is necessary to determine the disease status of the animal, the person with custody shall collect the specimens.
(6) Noncompliance by owner. If an owner is ordered under sub. (3) to pay, or post bond for the payment of, costs of custody, care or treatment of an animal, and refuses to do so upon demand, the animal shall be treated as an unclaimed animal subject to sub. (1m).
173.25 Immunity for euthanizing animals. A political subdivision, a person contracting under s. 173.15 (1), a humane officer or a law enforcement officer who has reasonable grounds to believe that s. 173.23 (1m) (c), (4) or (5) or a court order issued under s. 173.23 (3) authorize an animal to be euthanized is not liable for damages for the loss of the animal resulting from euthanizing the animal.
173.27 Duties of the department. The department shall do all of the following:
(1) Rules. (a) Adopt, by rule, standards for the training and certification of humane officers to ensure that humane officers are at least minimally qualified to perform the duties of a humane officer. The standards shall provide for training offered by the department or by others.
(b) Adopt, by rule, deadlines by which humane officers must obtain certification.
(2) Training. Offer training courses for humane officers or approve training courses offered by others, or both. The department may charge a fee sufficient to recover the costs of training courses that it provides.
(3) Certification. Examine, as necessary, and certify humane officers as qualified. The department may charge a fee, established by rule, sufficient to recover the costs of certification.
(4) Registry of humane officers. Maintain and keep current a registry of all persons serving as humane officers for political subdivisions.
174.01 (2) of the statutes is amended to read:
174.01 (2) Inapplicable to officers, veterinarians and persons killing their own dog. This section does not apply to an officer acting in the lawful performance of his or her duties under s. 29.05 (8) (b), 95.21, 173.23 (1m) (c), (3) or (4) or 174.02 (3) or 174.046 (9), or to a veterinarian killing a dog in a proper and humane manner or to a person killing his or her own dog in a proper and humane manner.
174.046 of the statutes is repealed.
174.13 (3) of the statutes is amended to read:
174.13 (3) An officer or pound which
that has custody of unclaimed dogs shall maintain records as provided under s. 174.046 173.17.
757.69 (1) (n) of the statutes is created to read:
757.69 (1) (n) Hold hearings and issue orders on petitions under s. 173.23 (3).
895.57 (1) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
895.57 (1) (a) "Humane officer" means an officer appointed under s. 58.07 173.03.
943.75 (1) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
943.75 (1) (a) "Humane officer" means an officer appointed under s. 58.07 173.03.
951.01 (3e) of the statutes is created to read:
951.01 (3e) "Humane officer" means an officer appointed under s. 173.03.
951.01 (4) of the statutes is amended to read:
951.01 (4) "Law enforcement officer" has the meaning assigned under s. 967.02 (5) and includes a humane officer under s. 58.07 but does not include a conservation warden appointed under s. 23.10.
951.03 of the statutes is amended to read:
951.03 Dognapping and catnapping. No person may take the dog or cat of another from one place to another without the owner's consent or cause such a dog or cat to be confined or carried out of this state or held for any purpose without the owner's consent. This section does not apply to law enforcement officers or humane society agents officers engaged in the exercise of their official duties.
951.15 (title) of the statutes is repealed and recreated to read:
951.15 (title) Abandoning animals.
951.15 (1) of the statutes is renumbered 951.15.
951.15 (2) to (4) of the statutes are repealed.
951.16 of the statutes is renumbered 173.10 and amended to read:
173.10 Investigation of cruelty complaints. A person may apply for a search warrant under s. 968.12 if there is reason to believe that a violation of this chapter ch. 951 has taken place or is taking place. If the court is satisfied that probable cause exists, it shall issue a search warrant directing a law enforcement officer in the county to proceed immediately to the location of the alleged violation with a doctor of veterinary medicine, if the court determines that a veterinarian is necessary for purposes of the search, and directing the law enforcement officer to search the place designated in the warrant, retaining in his or her custody subject to the order of the court such property or things as are specified in the warrant, including any animal. If the person applying for the search warrant is a humane officer, the warrant shall direct that the humane officer accompany the law enforcement officer who is directed to perform the search. The warrant shall be executed and returned to the court which issued the warrant in accordance with ss. 968.15 and 968.17. This section shall does not affect other powers and duties of law enforcement officers.
951.162 (title) of the statutes is repealed.
951.162 of the statutes is renumbered 173.12 (1) and amended to read:
173.12 (1) Any veterinarian who has reason to believe that an animal has been in a fight in violation of s. 951.08 shall report the matter to the local humane officer or society or county or municipal pound or to a local law enforcement agency. The report shall be in writing and shall include a description and the location of the animal, any injuries suffered by the animal and the name and address of the owner or person in charge of the animal, if known. The general penalty provisions under s. 939.61 do not apply to this section.
951.165 (title), (1), (2) and (3) of the statutes are renumbered 173.12 (title), (1m), (2) and (3), and 173.12 (1m) and (3), as renumbered, are amended to read:
173.12 (1m) If an animal has been seized because it is alleged that the animal has been used in or constitutes evidence of any crime specified in s. 951.08, the animal shall may not be returned to the owner by an officer under s. 968.20 (2). In any hearing under s. 968.20 (1), the court shall determine if the animal is needed as evidence or there is reason to believe that the animal has participated in or been trained for fighting. If the court makes such a finding, the animal shall be retained in custody under s. 951.16.
(3) (a) If the owner is convicted under s. 951.08 or is subject to the restrictions under s. 951.08 (2m), the animal shall be delivered to the local humane society
officer or county or municipal pound. If there is no local humane officer or pound, the animal may be delivered to a local humane society or to another person designated by the court. If the animal is one year old or older or shows indication of having participated in fighting, the animal shall be disposed of in a proper and humane manner.
(b) If the animal is less than one year old and shows no indication of having participated in fighting, the animal shall be released to a person other than the owner or disposed of in a proper and humane manner. If the animal is a dog, the release or disposal shall be in accordance with s. 174.046 (8) or (9), except s. 174.046 (8) (a) does not apply and 173.23 (1m), except that the fees under s. 174.046 (8) (d) 173.23 (1m) (a) 4. are covered under s. 951.17 173.24.
951.17 of the statutes is renumbered 173.24, and 173.24 (1), (2) (a) and (3), as renumbered, are amended to read:
173.24 (1) A court shall assess the expenses under this section in any case in which there has been a search authorized under s. 951.16 173.10 or in which an animal has been seized because it is alleged that the animal has been used in or constitutes evidence of any crime under this chapter ch. 951.
(2) (a) Investigative expenses of any search under s. 951.16 173.10 or any seizure under this chapter.
(3) If the person alleged to have violated this chapter ch. 951 is found guilty of the violation, the person shall be assessed the expenses under subs. (1) and (2). If the person is not found guilty, the county treasurer shall pay the expenses from the general fund of the county.
951.18 (1) and (4) (a) 2. and (b) of the statutes are amended to read:
951.18 (1) Any person violating s. 951.02, 951.025, 951.03, 951.04, 951.05, 951.06, 951.07, 951.09, 951.10, 951.11, 951.13, 951.14 or 951.15 (1) is subject to a Class C forfeiture. Any person who violates any of these provisions within 3 years after a humane officer issues an abatement order under s. 173.11 prohibiting the violation of that provision is subject to a Class A forfeiture. Any person who intentionally or negligently violates any of those sections is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. Any person who intentionally violates s. 951.02, resulting in the mutilation, disfigurement or death of an animal, is guilty of a Class E felony. Any person who intentionally violates s. 951.02 or 951.06, knowing that the animal that is the victim is used by a law enforcement agency to perform agency functions or duties and causing injury to the animal, is guilty of a Class E felony.
(4) (a) 2. A sentencing court shall require a criminal violator to pay restitution to a person, including any local humane officer or society or county or municipal pound or a law enforcement officer, for any pecuniary loss suffered by the person as a result of the crime, including expenses in keeping any animal that is involved in the crime. This requirement applies regardless of whether the criminal violator is placed on probation under s. 973.09. If restitution is ordered, the court shall consider the financial resources and future ability of the criminal violator to pay and shall determine the method of payment. Upon the application of any interested party, the court shall schedule and hold an evidentiary hearing to determine the value of any pecuniary loss under this paragraph.
(b) 1. A sentencing court may order that an animal be delivered to the local humane officer or society or the county or municipal pound or to a law enforcement officer if a person commits a crime under this chapter, the person is the owner of the animal that is involved in the crime and the court considers the order to be reasonable and appropriate. The society, pound or officer shall release the animal to a person other than the owner or dispose of the animal in a proper and humane manner. If the animal is a dog, the release or disposal shall be in accordance with s. 174.046 (8) or (9), except s. 174.046 (8) (a) does not apply and 173.23 (1m), except that the fees under s. 174.046 (8) (d) 173.23 (1m) (a) 4. do not apply if the expenses are covered under s. 951.17 173.24. If the animal is not a dog, the society, pound or officer may charge a fee for the release of the animal.
2. If the court is sentencing a person covered under s. 951.165 173.12 (3) (a) and an animal has been seized under s. 951.165 173.12, the court shall act in accordance with s. 951.165 173.12 (3).
968.20 (1) (intro.) and (2) of the statutes are amended to read:
968.20 (1) (intro.) Any person claiming the right to possession of property seized pursuant to a search warrant or seized without a search warrant may apply for its return to the circuit court for the county in which the property was seized or where the search warrant was returned. The court shall order such notice as it deems adequate to be given the district attorney and all persons who have or may have an interest in the property and shall hold a hearing to hear all claims to its true ownership. If the right to possession is proved to the court's satisfaction, it shall order the property, other than contraband or property covered under sub. (1m) or (1r) or s. 951.165 173.12 or 173.21 (4) (b), returned if:
(2) Property not required for evidence or use in further investigation, unless contraband or property covered under sub. (1m) or (1r) or s. 951.165 173.12, may be returned by the officer to the person from whom it was seized without the requirement of a hearing.
(1) Advisory committee. The department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection shall appoint a committee under section 227.13 of the statutes to advise the department concerning rules required to be promulgated under this act. The department shall ensure that the members of the committee represent a variety of interests related to animals.
This act takes effect on the first day of the 19th month beginning after publication, except as follows:
(1) Section 33 (1
) of this act takes effect on the day after publication.