If the laboratories receive a human biological specimen under s. 51.20 (13) (cr)
, 938.34 (15)
, 971.17 (1m) (a)
, the laboratories shall analyze the deoxyribonucleic acid in the specimen. The laboratories shall maintain a data bank based on data obtained from deoxyribonucleic acid analysis of those specimens. The laboratories may compare the data obtained from one specimen with the data obtained from other specimens. The laboratories may make data obtained from any analysis and comparison available to law enforcement agencies in connection with criminal or delinquency investigations and, upon request, to any prosecutor, defense attorney or subject of the data. The data may be used in criminal and delinquency actions and proceedings. In this state, the use is subject to s. 972.11 (5)
. The laboratories shall destroy specimens obtained under this subsection after analysis has been completed and the applicable court proceedings have concluded.
A person whose deoxyribonucleic acid analysis data has been included in the data bank under sub. (3)
may request expungement on the grounds that his or her conviction or adjudication has been reversed, set aside or vacated. The laboratories shall purge all records and identifiable information in the data bank pertaining to the person and destroy all samples from the person if it receives all of the following:
The person's written request for expungement.
A certified copy of the court order reversing, setting aside or vacating the conviction or adjudication.
Any person who intentionally disseminates a specimen received under this section or any information obtained as a result of analysis or comparison under this section or from the data bank under sub. (3)
in a manner not authorized under this section or the rules under sub. (8)
may be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned for not more than 30 days or both.
Except as necessary to administer this section or as provided under the department's rules under sub. (8)
, the department shall deny access to any record kept under this section.
Whenever a Wisconsin law enforcement agency or a health care professional collects evidence in a case of alleged or suspected sexual assault, the agency or professional shall follow the procedures specified in the department's rules under sub. (8)
. The laboratories shall perform deoxyribonucleic acid analysis of specimens provided by law enforcement agencies under sub. (2)
. The laboratories shall not include data obtained from deoxyribonucleic acid analysis of those specimens in the data bank under sub. (3)
The department shall promulgate rules to administer this section.
History: 1993 a. 16
; 1995 a. 77
Information center; training activities. 165.78(1)
The department shall act as a center for the clearance of information between law enforcement officers. In furtherance of this purpose it shall issue bulletins by mail or its telecommunication system. The department shall at all times collaborate and cooperate fully with the F.B.I. in exchange of information.
The department shall cooperate and exchange information with other similar organizations in other states.
The department may prepare and conduct informational and training activities for the benefit of law enforcement officers and professional groups.
History: 1977 c. 260
; 1985 a. 29
Evidence privileged. 165.79(1)
Evidence, information and analyses of evidence obtained from law enforcement officers by the laboratories is privileged and not available to persons other than law enforcement officers nor is the defendant entitled to an inspection of information and evidence submitted to the laboratories by the state or of a laboratory's findings, or to examine laboratory personnel as witnesses concerning the same, prior to trial, except to the extent that the same is used by the state at a preliminary hearing and except as provided in s. 971.23
. Upon request of a defendant in a felony action, approved by the presiding judge, the laboratories shall conduct analyses of evidence on behalf of the defendant. No prosecuting officer is entitled to an inspection of information and evidence submitted to the laboratories by the defendant, or of a laboratory's findings, or to examine laboratory personnel as witnesses concerning the same, prior to trial, except to the extent that the same is used by the accused at a preliminary hearing and except as provided in s. 971.23
. Employes who made examinations or analyses of evidence shall attend the criminal trial as witnesses, without subpoena, upon reasonable written notice from either party requesting the attendance.
Upon the termination or cessation of the criminal proceedings, the privilege of the findings obtained by a laboratory may be waived in writing by the department and the prosecutor involved in the proceedings. The employes may then be subpoenaed in civil actions in regard to any information and analysis of evidence previously obtained in the criminal investigation, but the laboratories shall not engage in any investigation requested solely for the preparation for trial of a civil matter. Upon appearance as a witness or receipt of a subpoena or notice to prepare for trial in a civil action, or appearance either with or without subpoena, the laboratories shall be compensated by the party at whose request the appearance or preparation was made in a reasonable amount to be determined by the trial judge, which fee shall be paid into the state treasury. In fixing the compensation the court may give consideration to the time spent in obtaining and analyzing the evidence for the purposes of criminal proceedings.
Whether to grant a defendant's request under sub. (1) that the Crime Lab perform tests on the defendant's behalf is a discretionary decision. State v. Lee, 192 W (2d) 260, 531 NW (2d) 351 (Ct. App. 1995). But see also State v. Lee, 197 W (2d) 960, 542 NW (2d) 143 (1996).
Cooperation with other state departments.
For the purpose of coordinating the work of the crime laboratories with the research departments located in the university of Wisconsin, the attorney general and the university of Wisconsin may agree for the use of university laboratories and university physical facilities and the exchange and utilization of personnel between the crime laboratories and the university.
History: 1985 a. 29
; 1997 a. 27
Disposal of evidence. 165.81(1)
Whenever the department is informed by the submitting officer or agency that physical evidence in the possession of the laboratories is no longer needed the department may, unless otherwise provided by law, either destroy the same, retain it in the laboratories or turn it over to the university of Wisconsin upon the request of the head of any department. Whenever the department receives information from which it appears probable that the evidence is no longer needed, the department may give written notice to the submitting agency and the appropriate district attorney, by registered mail, of the intention to dispose of the evidence. If no objection is received within 20 days after the notice was mailed, it may dispose of the evidence.
Any electric weapon, as defined in s. 941.295 (4)
, in the possession of the laboratories shall either be destroyed or turned over to an agency authorized to have electric weapons under s. 941.295 (2)
History: 1981 c. 348
; 1985 a. 29
, 3200 (35)
Criminal history search fee. 165.82(1)
Notwithstanding s. 19.35 (3)
, the department of justice shall impose the following fees for criminal history searches for purposes unrelated to criminal justice or to s. 175.35
For each record check, except a fingerprint card record check, requested by a nonprofit organization, $2.
For each record check, except a fingerprint card record check, requested by a governmental agency, $5.
For each fingerprint card record check requested by a governmental agency or nonprofit organization, $10.
For each record check by any other requester, $13.
Except as provided in s. 175.35
, the department of justice shall not impose fees for criminal history searches for purposes related to criminal justice.
Information link; department of health and family services.
The department of justice shall cooperate with the departments of regulation and licensing and health and family services in developing and maintaining a computer linkup to provide access to the information obtained from a criminal history search.
History: 1997 a. 27
Transaction information for the management of enforcement system; fees.
The department of justice shall administer a transaction information for the management of enforcement system to provide access to information concerning law enforcement. The department of justice may impose fees on law enforcement agencies and tribal law enforcement agencies, as defined in s. 165.83 (1) (e)
, for rentals, use of terminals and related costs and services associated with the system. All moneys collected under this section shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.455 (2) (h)
Transaction information for management of enforcement system; access plan.
The department of justice shall submit to the joint committee on finance a resource allocation plan that sets limits and priorities for access to the transaction information for management of enforcement system if the average daily message volume for any 3-month period exceeds 100,000.
History: 1991 a. 39
Transaction information for management of enforcement system; department of corrections records. 165.8285(1)(1)
The department of justice shall, through the transaction information for management of enforcement system, provide local law enforcement agencies with access to the registry of sex offenders maintained by the department of corrections under s. 301.45
The department of justice shall provide the department of corrections with access to the transaction information for management of enforcement system administrative message process.
Beginning on July 9, 1996, the department of justice and the department of corrections shall cooperate in using the transaction information for management of enforcement system, and in developing or using any other computerized or direct electronic data transfer system, in anticipation of the transfer of the sex offender registry from the department of justice to the department of corrections under 1995 Wisconsin Act 440
and for the purpose of providing access to or disseminating information from the sex offender registry under s. 301.45
History: 1995 a. 440
Criminal identification, records and statistics. 165.83(1)(b)
"Law enforcement agency" means a governmental unit of one or more persons employed full time by the state or a political subdivision of the state for the purpose of preventing and detecting crime and enforcing state laws or local ordinances, employes of which unit are authorized to make arrests for crimes while acting within the scope of their authority.
An act that is committed by a person who has attained the age of 17 and that is a felony or a misdemeanor.
An act that is committed by a person who has attained the age of 10 but who has not attained the age of 17 and that would be a felony or misdemeanor if committed by an adult.
An act that is committed by any person and that is a violation of a city, county, village or town ordinance.
"Tribal law enforcement agency" means an agency of a tribe that is established for the purpose of preventing and detecting crime on the reservation or trust lands of the tribe and enforcing the tribe's laws or ordinances, that employs full time one or more persons who are granted law enforcement and arrest powers under s. 165.92 (2) (a)
and that was created by a tribe that agrees that its law enforcement agency will perform the duties required of the agency under this section and s. 165.84
Obtain and file fingerprints, descriptions, photographs and any other available identifying data on persons who have been arrested or taken into custody in this state:
For an offense which is a felony or which would be a felony if committed by an adult.
For an offense which is a misdemeanor, which would be a misdemeanor if committed by an adult or which is a violation of an ordinance, and the offense involves burglary tools, commercial gambling, dealing in gambling devices, contributing to the delinquency of a child, dealing in stolen property, controlled substances or controlled substance analogs under ch. 961
, firearms, dangerous weapons, explosives, pandering, prostitution, sex offenses where children are victims, or worthless checks.
For an offense charged or alleged as disorderly conduct but which relates to an act connected with one or more of the offenses under subd. 2.
For any other offense designated by the attorney general.
Accept for filing fingerprints and other identifying data, taken at the discretion of the law enforcement or tribal law enforcement agency involved, on persons arrested or taken into custody for offenses other than those listed in par. (a)
Obtain and file fingerprints and other available identifying data on unidentified human corpses found in this state.
Obtain and file information relating to identifiable stolen or lost property.
Obtain and file a copy or detailed description of each arrest warrant issued in this state for the offenses under par. (a)
or s. 800.03 (4)
but not served because the whereabouts of the person named on the warrant is unknown or because that person has left the state. All available identifying data shall be obtained with the copy of the warrant, including any information indicating that the person named on the warrant may be armed, dangerous or possessed of suicidal tendencies.
Collect information concerning the legal action taken in connection with offenses committed in this state from the inception of the complaint to the final discharge of the defendant and such other information as may be useful in the study of crime and the administration of justice. The department may determine any other information to be obtained regarding crime records.
Furnish all reporting officials with forms and instructions which specify in detail the nature of the information required under pars. (a)
and any other matters which facilitate collection.
Cooperate with and assist all law enforcement and tribal law enforcement agencies in the state in the establishment of a state system of criminal identification and in obtaining fingerprints and other identifying data on all persons described in pars. (a)
Offer assistance and, when practicable, instructions to all local and tribal law enforcement agencies in establishing efficient local and tribal bureaus of identification and records systems.
Compare the fingerprints and descriptions that are received from law enforcement and tribal law enforcement agencies with the fingerprints and descriptions already on file and, if the person arrested or taken into custody is a fugitive from justice or has a criminal record, immediately notify the law enforcement and tribal law enforcement agencies concerned and supply copies of the criminal record to these agencies.
Make available all statistical information obtained to the governor and the legislature.
Prepare and publish reports and releases, at least once a year, containing the statistical information gathered under this section and presenting an accurate picture of the operation of the agencies of criminal justice.
Make available upon request, to all local, state and tribal law enforcement agencies in this state, to all federal law enforcement and criminal identification agencies, and to state law enforcement and criminal identification agencies in other states, any information in the law enforcement files of the department which will aid these agencies in the performance of their official duties. For this purpose the department shall operate on a 24-hour a day basis, 7 days a week. The information may also be made available to any other agency of this state or political subdivision of this state, and to any other federal agency, upon assurance by the agency concerned that the information is to be used for official purposes only.
Cooperate with other agencies of this state, tribal law enforcement agencies and the national crime information center systems of the F.B.I. in developing and conducting an interstate, national and international system of criminal identification, records and statistics.
NOTE: 1993 Wis. Act 407
, which creates sub. (1) (d) to (g) and amends sub. (2), contains extensive explanatory notes.
Identification records should be made by local law enforcement agencies of juveniles arrested or taken into custody pursuant to (2) for confidential reporting to the department of justice. 62 Atty. Gen. 45.
Cooperation in criminal identification, records and statistics. 165.84(1)(1)
All persons in charge of law enforcement and tribal law enforcement agencies shall obtain, or cause to be obtained, the fingerprints in duplicate, according to the fingerprint system of identification established by the director of the F.B.I., full face, profile and full length photographs, and other available identifying data, of each person arrested or taken into custody for an offense of a type designated in s. 165.83 (2) (a)
, of all persons arrested or taken into custody as fugitives from justice, and fingerprints in duplicate and other identifying data of all unidentified human corpses in their jurisdictions, but photographs need not be taken if it is known that photographs of the type listed, taken within the previous year, are on file at the department. Fingerprints and other identifying data of persons arrested or taken into custody for offenses other than those designated in s. 165.83 (2) (a)
may be taken at the discretion of the law enforcement or tribal law enforcement agency concerned. Any person arrested or taken into custody and subsequently released without charge, or cleared of the offense through court proceedings, shall have any fingerprint record taken in connection therewith returned upon request.
Fingerprints and other identifying data required to be taken under sub. (1)
shall be forwarded to the department within 24 hours after taking for filing and classification, but the period of 24 hours may be extended to cover any intervening holiday or weekend. Photographs taken shall be forwarded at the discretion of the law enforcement or tribal law enforcement agency concerned, but, if not forwarded, the fingerprint record shall be marked "Photo available" and the photographs shall be forwarded subsequently if the department so requests.
All persons in charge of law enforcement and tribal law enforcement agencies shall forward to the department copies or detailed descriptions of the arrest warrants and the identifying data described in s. 165.83 (2) (e)
immediately upon determination of the fact that the warrant cannot be served for the reasons stated. If the warrant is subsequently served or withdrawn, the law enforcement or tribal law enforcement agency concerned must immediately notify the department of the service or withdrawal. In any case, the law enforcement or tribal law enforcement agency concerned must annually, no later than January 31 of each year, confirm to the department all arrest warrants of this type which continue to be outstanding.
All persons in charge of state penal and correctional institutions shall obtain fingerprints, according to the fingerprint system of identification established by the director of the F.B.I., and full face and profile photographs of all persons received on commitment to these institutions. The prints and photographs so taken shall be forwarded to the department, together with any other identifying data requested, within 10 days after the arrival at the institution of the person committed. Full length photographs in release dress shall be taken immediately prior to the release of these persons from these institutions. Immediately after release, these photographs shall be forwarded to the department.
All persons in charge of law enforcement and tribal law enforcement agencies, all clerks of court, all municipal judges where they have no clerks, all persons in charge of state and county penal and correctional institutions, and all persons in charge of state and county probation, extended supervision and parole offices, shall supply the department with the information described in s. 165.83 (2) (f)
on the basis of the forms and instructions to be supplied by the department under s. 165.83 (2) (g)
All persons in charge of law enforcement and tribal law enforcement agencies in this state shall furnish the department with any other identifying data required in accordance with guidelines established by the department. All law enforcement and tribal law enforcement agencies and penal and correctional institutions in this state having criminal identification files shall cooperate in providing to the department copies of such items in these files as will aid in establishing the nucleus of the state criminal identification file.
Law enforcement standards board. 165.85(1)
Findings and policy.
The legislature finds that the administration of criminal justice is of statewide concern, and that law enforcement work is of vital importance to the health, safety and welfare of the people of this state and is of such a nature as to require training, education and the establishment of standards of a proper professional character. The public interest requires that these standards be established and that this training and education be made available to persons who seek to become law enforcement, tribal law enforcement, jail or secure detention officers, persons who are serving as these officers in a temporary or probationary capacity and persons already in regular service.