Feed for /1997/statutes/statutes/281 PDF
281.31 Annotation Land as property; changing concepts. Large, 1973 WLR 1039.
281.33 281.33 Construction site erosion control and storm water management.
281.33(1)(1)Objectives. To aid in the fulfillment of the state's role as trustee of its navigable waters, to promote public health, safety and general welfare and to protect natural resources, it is declared to be in the public interest to make studies, establish policies, make plans, authorize municipal construction site erosion control and storm water management zoning ordinances for the efficient use, conservation, development and protection of this state's groundwater, surface water, soil and related resources and establish a state storm water management plan for the efficient use, conservation, development and protection of this state's groundwater, surface water, soil and related resources while at the same time encouraging sound economic growth in this state. The purposes of the municipal ordinances and state plan shall be to further the maintenance of safe and healthful conditions; prevent and control water pollution; prevent and control soil erosion; prevent and control the adverse effects of storm water; protect spawning grounds, fish and aquatic life; control building sites, placement of structures and land uses; preserve ground cover and scenic beauty; and promote sound economic growth.
281.33(2) (2)State storm water management plan. The department, in consultation with the department of commerce, shall promulgate by rule a state storm water management plan. This state plan is applicable to activities contracted for or conducted by any agency, as defined under s. 227.01 (1) but also including the office of district attorney, unless that agency enters into a memorandum of understanding with the department of natural resources in which that agency agrees to regulate activities related to storm water management. The department shall coordinate the activities of agencies, as defined under s. 227.01 (1), in storm water management and make recommendations to these agencies concerning activities related to storm water management.
281.33(3) (3)Standards.
281.33(3)(a)1.1. Except as restricted under subd. 2., the department shall establish by rule minimum standards for activities related to construction site erosion control at sites where the construction activities do not include the construction of a building and to storm water management.
281.33(3)(a)2. 2. The department, in cooperation with the department of transportation, shall establish by rule minimum standards for activities related to construction site erosion control and storm water management if those activities concern street, highway, road or bridge construction, enlargement, relocation or reconstruction.
281.33(3)(a)3. 3. Minimum standards for storm water management established under this paragraph are applicable to the state plan under sub. (2). The department shall encourage a city, village, town or county to comply with minimum standards established under this paragraph for any construction site erosion control and storm water management zoning ordinance enacted under s. 59.693, 60.627, 61.354 or 62.234.
281.33(3)(a)4. 4. The department shall identify low-cost practices which would enable a person to comply with these minimum standards.
281.33(3)(b) (b) The minimum standards for construction site erosion control at sites where the construction activities do not include the construction of a building shall provide for the regulation of any construction activity, at such a site, that:
281.33(3)(b)1. 1. Involves the grading, removal of protective ground cover or vegetation, excavation, land filling or other land disturbing activity which affects an area of 4,000 square feet or more.
281.33(3)(b)2. 2. Involves the excavation or filling or a combination of excavation and filling which affects 400 cubic yards or more of dirt, sand or other excavation or fill material.
281.33(3)(b)3. 3. Involves street, highway, road or bridge construction, enlargement, relocation or reconstruction.
281.33(3)(b)4. 4. Involves the laying, repairing, replacing or enlarging of an underground pipe or facility for a distance of 300 feet or more.
281.33(3)(b)5. 5. Requires a subdivision plat approval or a certified survey.
281.33(3)(c) (c) The minimum standards for storm water management shall provide for the regulation of any construction activity which:
281.33(3)(c)1. 1. Is a residential development with a gross aggregate area of 5 acres or more.
281.33(3)(c)2. 2. Is a residential development with a gross aggregate area of 3 acres or more with at least 1.5 acres of impervious surfaces.
281.33(3)(c)3. 3. Is a development other than a residential development with a gross aggregate area of 3 acres or more.
281.33(3)(c)4. 4. Is likely to result in storm water runoff which exceeds the safe capacity of the existing drainage facilities or receiving body of water, which causes undue channel erosion, which increases water pollution by scouring or the transportation of particulate matter or which endangers downstream property.
281.33(4) (4)Model ordinances; state plan; distribution. The department shall prepare a model zoning ordinance for construction site erosion control at sites where the construction activities do not include the construction of a building and for storm water management in the form of an administrative rule. The model ordinance is subject to s. 227.19 and other provisions of ch. 227 in the same manner as other administrative rules. Following the promulgation of the model ordinance as a rule, the department shall distribute a copy of the model ordinance to any city, village, town or county that submits a request. The department shall distribute a copy of the state plan to any agency which submits a request.
281.33(5) (5)Cooperation. The department, the municipalities and all state agencies shall cooperate to accomplish the objective of this section. To that end, the department shall consult with the governing bodies of municipalities to secure voluntary uniformity of regulations, so far as practicable, shall prepare model ordinances under sub. (4), shall extend assistance to municipalities under this section, shall prepare the plan under sub. (2), shall encourage uniformity through the implementation of this plan and the utilization of memoranda of understanding which are substantially similar to the plan and shall extend assistance to agencies under this section.
281.33 History History: 1983 a. 416; Stats. 1983 s. 144.265; 1983 a. 538 s. 150; Stats. 1983 s. 144.266; 1985 a. 182 s. 57; 1987 a. 27; 1989 a. 31; 1993 a. 16, 246; 1995 a. 27 ss. 4303cm, 9116 (5); 1995 a. 201; 1995 a. 227 s. 434; Stats. 1995 s. 281.33.
281.35 281.35 Water resources conservation and management.
281.35(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
281.35(1)(a) (a) "Approval" means a permit issued under s. 30.18 or an approval under s. 281.17 (1) or 281.41.
281.35(1)(b) (b) "Authorized base level of water loss" means any of the following:
281.35(1)(b)1. 1. The maximum 30-day average water loss authorized as a condition of an approval.
281.35(1)(b)2. 2. If subd. 1. does not apply, the highest average daily water loss over any 30-day period that is reported to the department or the public service commission under sub. (3) (c) or s. 30.18 (6) (c), 196.98, 281.17 (1) or 281.41.
281.35(1)(b)3. 3. If there is no water loss from an existing withdrawal, zero gallons per day.
281.35(1)(c) (c) "Consumptive use" means a use of waters of the state, other than an interbasin diversion, that results in a failure to return any or all of the water to the basin from which it is withdrawn. "Consumptive uses" include, but are not limited to, evaporation and incorporation of water into a product or agricultural crop.
281.35(1)(d) (d) "Great Lakes basin" means the watershed of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence river upstream from Trois Rivieres, Quebec.
281.35(1)(e) (e) "Great Lakes charter" means the document establishing the principles for the cooperative management of Great Lakes water resources, signed by the governors and premiers of the Great Lakes region on February 11, 1985.
281.35(1)(f) (f) "Great Lakes region" means the geographic region composed of the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio and Wisconsin, the commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, Canada.
281.35(1)(g) (g) "Interbasin diversion" means a transfer of the waters of the state from either the Great Lakes basin or the upper Mississippi river basin to any other basin.
281.35(1)(h) (h) "International joint commission" means the commission established by the boundary water agreement of 1909 between the United States and Canada.
281.35(1)(i) (i) "Person" has the meaning given in s. 281.01 (9) and also includes special purpose districts established under s. 66.072, other states and provinces and political subdivisions of other states and provinces.
281.35(1)(j) (j) "Upper Mississippi river basin" means the watershed of the Mississippi river upstream from Cairo, Illinois.
281.35(1)(k) (k) "Upper Mississippi river region" means the geographic region composed of the states of Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri and Wisconsin.
281.35(1)(L) (L) "Water loss" means a loss of water from the basin from which it is withdrawn as a result of interbasin diversion or consumptive use or both.
281.35(1)(m) (m) "Withdrawal" means the removal or taking of water from the waters of the state.
281.35(2) (2)Aggregation of multiple withdrawals.
281.35(2)(a)(a) In calculating the total amount of an existing or proposed withdrawal for purposes of determining the applicability of sub. (3), a person shall include all separate withdrawals which the person makes or proposes to make for a single use or for related uses.
281.35(2)(b) (b) In calculating the total amount of an existing or proposed water loss for purposes of determining the applicability of sub. (4), a person shall include all separate interbasin diversions and consumptive uses, or combinations thereof, which the person makes or proposes to make for a single use or for related uses.
281.35(3) (3)Registration required.
281.35(3)(a)1.1. Except as provided in par. (b), any person who, on January 1, 1986, is making a withdrawal averaging more than 100,000 gallons per day in any 30-day period shall register the withdrawal with the department before July 1, 1987.
281.35(3)(a)2. 2. Except as provided in par. (b), any person who, on or after January 1, 1986, proposes to begin a withdrawal that will average more than 100,000 gallons per day in any 30-day period shall register the proposed withdrawal with the department.
281.35(3)(am) (am) A registration under par. (a) shall contain a statement of and supporting documentation for all of the following:
281.35(3)(am)1. 1. The source of the proposed or existing withdrawal.
281.35(3)(am)2. 2. The location of any discharge or return flow.
281.35(3)(am)3. 3. The location and nature of the proposed or existing water use.
281.35(3)(am)4. 4. The actual or estimated average annual and monthly volumes and rates of withdrawal.
281.35(3)(am)5. 5. The actual or estimated average annual and monthly volumes and rates of water loss from the withdrawal.
281.35(3)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to any of the following:
281.35(3)(b)1. 1. A person making a withdrawal who has been issued an approval and, as a condition of the approval, is reporting the volume and rate of withdrawal and, if applicable, the volume and rate of water loss from the withdrawal to the department or, if the person is a public utility, to the public service commission.
281.35(3)(b)2. 2. A person who is required to comply with sub. (4) before beginning the proposed withdrawal.
281.35(3)(b)3. 3. A person holding a permit under s. 283.31 or the federal water pollution control act, as amended, 33 USC 1251 to 1376, for whom the department has established a water loss coefficient, based on flow diagrams and other water use information provided by the permittee, that the department uses to calculate the permittee's water loss.
281.35(3)(c) (c) Each person who registers a withdrawal under par. (a) shall report the volume and rate of withdrawal and, if applicable, the volume and rate of water loss from the withdrawal to the department in the form and at the times required by the department.
281.35(4) (4)Water loss approval required.
281.35(4)(a)(a) This subsection applies to all of the following:
281.35(4)(a)1. 1. A person to whom a permit has been issued under s. 30.18 or who is required to obtain a permit under that section before beginning or increasing a withdrawal.
281.35(4)(a)2. 2. A person who is operating a well under an approval issued under s. 281.17 (1) or who is required to obtain an approval under that paragraph before constructing or installing a well.
281.35(4)(a)3. 3. An owner who is operating a system or plant under plans approved under s. 281.41 or who is required to submit plans and obtain an approval under that section before construction or extension of a proposed system or plant.
281.35(4)(b) (b) Before any person specified in par. (a) may begin a new withdrawal or increase the amount of an existing withdrawal, the person shall apply to the department under s. 30.18, 281.17 (1) or 281.41 for a new approval or a modification of its existing approval if either of the following conditions applies:
281.35(4)(b)1. 1. The person proposes to begin a new withdrawal that will result in a water loss averaging more than 2,000,000 gallons per day in any 30-day period.
281.35(4)(b)2. 2. The person proposes to increase an existing withdrawal that will result in a water loss averaging more than 2,000,000 gallons per day in any 30-day period above the person's authorized base level of water loss.
281.35(5) (5)Application; approval; denial.
281.35(5)(a)(a) Application. An application under sub. (4) (b) shall contain a statement of and documentation for all of the following:
281.35(5)(a)1. 1. The current operating capacity of the withdrawal system, if the proposed increase requires the expansion of an existing system.
281.35(5)(a)2. 2. The total new or increased operating capacity of the withdrawal system.
281.35(5)(a)3. 3. The place and source of the proposed withdrawal.
281.35(5)(a)4. 4. The place of the proposed discharge or return flow.
281.35(5)(a)5. 5. The place and nature of the proposed water use.
281.35(5)(a)6. 6. The estimated average annual and monthly volumes and rates of withdrawal.
281.35(5)(a)7. 7. The estimated average annual and monthly volumes and rates of water loss.
281.35(5)(a)8. 8. The anticipated effects, if any, that the withdrawal will have on existing uses of water resources and related land uses both within and outside of the Great Lakes basin or the upper Mississippi river basin.
281.35(5)(a)9. 9. Any land acquisition, equipment, energy consumption or the relocation or resiting of any existing community, facility, right-of-way or structure that will be required.
281.35(5)(a)10. 10. The total anticipated costs of any proposed construction.
281.35(5)(a)11. 11. A list of all federal, state, provincial and local approvals, permits, licenses and other authorizations required for any proposed construction.
281.35(5)(a)13. 13. A statement as to whether the proposed withdrawal complies with all applicable plans for the use, management and protection of the waters of the state and related land resources, including plans developed under ss. 281.12 (1) and 283.83 and the requirements specified in any water quantity resources plan under sub. (8).
281.35(5)(a)14. 14. A description of other ways the applicant's need for water may be satisfied if the application is denied or modified.
281.35(5)(a)15. 15. A description of the conservation practices the applicant intends to follow.
281.35(5)(a)16. 16. Any other information required by the department by rule.
281.35(5)(b) (b) Great Lakes basin; consultation required. If the department receives an application that, if approved, will result in a new water loss to the Great Lakes basin averaging more than 5,000,000 gallons per day in any 30-day period, or an increase in an existing withdrawal that will result in a water loss averaging 5,000,000 gallons per day in any 30-day period above the applicant's authorized base level of water loss, the department shall notify the office of the governor or premier and the agency responsible for management of water resources in each state and province of the Great Lakes region and, if required under the boundary water agreement of 1909, the international joint commission. The department shall also request each state and province that has cooperated in establishing the regional consultation procedure under sub. (11) (f) to comment on the application. In making its determination on an application, the department shall consider any comments that are received within the time limit established under par. (c).
281.35(5)(c) (c) Department response. Within the time limit established by the department by rule, which shall be consistent with the time limit, if any, established by the governors and premiers of the Great Lakes states and provinces, the department shall do one of the following in writing:
281.35(5)(c)1. 1. Notify the applicant that the application is approved or denied, and if it is denied, the reason for the denial.
281.35(5)(c)2. 2. Notify the applicant of any modifications necessary to qualify the application for approval.
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This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 1997. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?