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121.006 History History: 1973 c. 90, 157; 1977 c. 26; 1977 c. 29 s. 1097; 1977 c. 178, 203, 206, 273, 447; Stats. 1977 s. 121.006; 1979 c. 221; 1995 a. 27 ss. 4031, 9145 (1); 1997 a. 27.
121.007 121.007 Use of state aid; exemption from execution. All moneys paid to a school district under s. 20.255 (2) (ac), (bc), (cg), (cr) and (q) shall be used by the school district solely for the purposes for which paid. Such moneys are exempt from execution, attachment, garnishment or other process in favor of creditors, except as to claims for salaries or wages of teachers and other school employees and as to claims for school materials, supplies, fuel and current repairs.
subch. II of ch. 121 SUBCHAPTER II
121.01 121.01 Purpose. It is declared to be the policy of this state that education is a state function and that some relief should be afforded from the local general property tax as a source of public school revenue where such tax is excessive, and that other sources of revenue should contribute a larger percentage of the total funds needed. It is further declared that in order to provide reasonable equality of educational opportunity for all the children of this state, the state must guarantee that a basic educational opportunity be available to each pupil, but that the state should be obligated to contribute to the educational program only if the school district provides a program which meets state standards. It is the purpose of the state aid formula set forth in this subchapter to cause the state to assume a greater proportion of the costs of public education and to relieve the general property of some of its tax burden.
121.01 Annotation The school finance system under ch. 121 is constitutional under both art. I, sec. 1 and art. X, sec. 3. Students have a fundamental right to an equal opportunity for a sound basic education. Uniform revenue-raising capacity among districts is not required. Vincent v. Voight, 2000 WI 93, 236 Wis. 2d 588, 614 N.W.2d 388.
121.01 Annotation A "uniform" education: reform of local property tax school finance systems through state constitutions. 62 MLR 565.
121.02 121.02 School district standards.
121.02(1) (1) Except as provided in s. 118.40 (2r) (d), each school board shall:
121.02(1)(a)1.1. Ensure that every teacher, supervisor, administrator and professional staff member holds a certificate, license or permit to teach issued by the department before entering on duties for such position.
121.02(1)(a)2. 2. Ensure that all instructional staff of charter schools located in the school district hold a license or permit to teach issued by the department. The state superintendent shall promulgate rules defining "instructional staff" for purposes of this subdivision and s. 118.40 (2r) (d) 1.
121.02(1)(b) (b) Annually, establish with school board employees a professional staff development plan designed to meet the needs of individuals or curriculum areas in each school.
121.02(1)(c) (c) Provide remedial reading services for a pupil in grades kindergarten to 4 if any of the following occurs:
121.02(1)(c)1. 1. The pupil fails to meet the reading objectives specified in the reading curriculum plan developed by the school board under par. (k).
121.02(1)(c)2. 2. The pupil fails to score above the state minimum performance standard on the reading test under par. (r) and:
121.02(1)(c)2.a. a. A teacher in the school district and the pupil's parent or guardian agree that the pupil's test performance accurately reflects the pupil's reading ability; or
121.02(1)(c)2.b. b. A teacher in the school district determines, based on other objective evidence of the pupil's reading comprehension, that the pupil's test performance accurately reflects the pupil's reading ability.
121.02(1)(d) (d) Operate a 5-year-old kindergarten program, except in union high school districts.
121.02(1)(e) (e) Provide guidance and counseling services.
121.02(1)(f)1.1. Schedule at least 180 school days annually, less any days during which the state superintendent determines that school is not held or educational standards are not maintained as the result of a strike by school district employees.
121.02(1)(f)2. 2. Annually, schedule at least 437 hours of direct pupil instruction in kindergarten, at least 1,050 hours of direct pupil instruction in grades 1 to 6 and at least 1,137 hours of direct pupil instruction in grades 7 to 12. Scheduled hours under this subdivision include recess and time for pupils to transfer between classes but do not include the lunch period. A school board operating a 4-year-old kindergarten program may use up to 87.5 of the scheduled hours for outreach activities.
121.02(1)(g) (g) Provide for emergency nursing services.
121.02(1)(h) (h) Provide adequate instructional materials, texts and library services which reflect the cultural diversity and pluralistic nature of American society.
121.02(1)(i) (i) Provide safe and healthful facilities. The facilities shall comply with ss. 254.11 to 254.178 and any rule promulgated under those sections.
121.02(1)(j) (j) Ensure that instruction in elementary and high schools in health, physical education, art and music is provided by qualified teachers.
121.02(1)(k)1.1. By September 1, 1988, develop a written, sequential curriculum plan in at least 3 of the following subject areas: reading, language arts, mathematics, social studies, science, health, computer literacy, environmental education, vocational education, physical education, art and music. The plan shall specify objectives, course content and resources and shall include a program evaluation method.
121.02(1)(k)2. 2. By September 1, 1989, develop a written, sequential curriculum plan in at least 3 additional subject areas specified in subd. 1.
121.02(1)(k)3. 3. By September 1, 1990, develop a written, sequential curriculum plan in all of the remaining subject areas specified in subd. 1.
121.02(1)(L)1.1. In the elementary grades, provide regular instruction in reading, language arts, social studies, mathematics, science, health, physical education, art and music.
121.02(1)(L)2. 2. In grades 5 to 8, provide regular instruction in language arts, social studies, mathematics, science, health, physical education, art and music. The school board shall also provide pupils with an introduction to career exploration and planning.
121.02(1)(L)3. 3. In grades 9 to 12, provide access to an educational program that enables pupils each year to study English, social studies, mathematics, science, vocational education, foreign language, physical education, art and music. In this subdivision, "access" means an opportunity to study through school district course offerings, independent study, cooperative educational service agencies or cooperative arrangements between school boards and postsecondary educational institutions.
121.02(1)(L)4. 4. Beginning September 1, 1991, as part of the social studies curriculum, include instruction in the history, culture and tribal sovereignty of the federally recognized American Indian tribes and bands located in this state at least twice in the elementary grades and at least once in the high school grades.
121.02(1)(L)5. 5. Provide regular instruction in foreign language in grades 7 and 8 beginning in the 1996-97 school year.
121.02(1)(m) (m) Provide access to an education for employment program approved by the state superintendent. Beginning in the 1997-98 school year, the program shall incorporate applied curricula; guidance and counseling services under par. (e); technical preparation under s. 118.34; college preparation; youth apprenticeship under s. 106.13 or other job training and work experience; and instruction in skills relating to employment. The state superintendent shall assist school boards in complying with this paragraph.
121.02(1)(n) (n) Develop a plan for children at risk under s. 118.153.
121.02(1)(o) (o) Annually distribute the performance disclosure report under s. 115.38 (2). The school board may include additional information in the report.
121.02(1)(p) (p) Comply with high school graduation standards under s. 118.33 (1).
121.02(1)(q) (q) Evaluate, in writing, the performance of all certified school personnel at the end of their first year and at least every 3rd year thereafter.
121.02(1)(r) (r) Except as provided in s. 118.40 (2r) (d) 2., annually administer a standardized reading test developed by the department to all pupils enrolled in the school district in grade 3, including pupils enrolled in charter schools located in the school district.
121.02(1)(s) (s) Administer the examinations as required under s. 118.30.
121.02(1)(t) (t) Provide access to an appropriate program for pupils identified as gifted or talented.
121.02(1m) (1m) A school district may provide for scoring the test administered under sub. (1) (r) or have it scored by the department. If the school district provides for scoring the test, the department shall reimburse the school district for the cost of scoring the test, not exceeding what the department's cost would be to score the test. Costs of scoring the tests and reimbursing school districts for scoring the tests shall be paid from the appropriation under s. 20.255 (1) (a).
121.02(2) (2) In order to ensure compliance with the standards under sub. (1), the department shall conduct an inquiry into compliance with the standards upon receipt of a complaint and may, on its own initiative, conduct an audit of a school district.
121.02(3) (3) Prior to any finding that a school district is not in compliance with the standards under sub. (1), the state superintendent shall, upon request of the school board or upon receipt of a petition signed by the maximum number of electors allowed for nomination papers of school district officers under s. 8.10 (3) (i), (km) or (ks), conduct a public hearing in the school district. If the state superintendent, after the hearing, finds that the district is not in compliance with the standards, the state superintendent may develop with the school board a plan which describes methods of achieving compliance. The plan shall specify the time within which compliance shall be achieved. The state superintendent shall withhold up to 25% of state aid from any school district that fails to achieve compliance within the specified period.
121.02(4) (4) Any school district which is completely surrounded by water may meet the requirements of this section by being in substantial compliance with the standards in sub. (1). Annually by August 15, the school district shall submit to the state superintendent for approval a report describing the methods by which the school district intends to substantially comply with the standards. The state superintendent shall allow any such school district maximum flexibility in the school district's substantial compliance plans.
121.02(5) (5) The state superintendent shall promulgate rules to implement and administer this section, including rules defining "regular instruction" for the purpose of sub. (1) (L) 1. and 2.
121.05 121.05 Budget and membership report.
121.05(1) (1) The school district clerk shall include, as part of the annual school district report under s. 120.18, all of the following:
121.05(1)(a) (a) The average of the number of pupils enrolled on the 3rd Friday of September and the 2nd Friday of January of the previous school year, including all of the following:
121.05(1)(a)1. 1. Pupils enrolled concurrently in the school district and in a special education program operated by a county children with disabilities education board and in facilities of the school district. This subdivision does not apply beginning on the effective date of a resolution adopted under s. 115.817 (9) (c).
121.05(1)(a)2. 2. Pupils enrolled in home instruction or any other school district special education program.
121.05(1)(a)3. 3. Pupils for whom tuition is paid under s. 121.78.
121.05(1)(a)5. 5. Pupils attending a technical college under s. 118.15 (1) (b) and pupils attending an institution of higher education or a technical college under s. 118.55.
121.05(1)(a)6. 6. Pupils enrolled in a special education program operated by a county children with disabilities education board under contract with the school board. This subdivision applies beginning on the effective date of a resolution adopted under s. 115.817 (9) (c).
121.05(1)(a)7. 7. Pupils enrolled in a nonsectarian private school or program under s. 118.15 (1) (d) 4.
121.05(1)(a)8. 8. Pupils enrolled in the Wisconsin School for the Deaf or the school operated by the Wisconsin Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired under subch. III of ch. 115 for whom the school district is paying tuition under s. 115.53 (2) determined by multiplying the total number of periods in each day in which the pupils are enrolled in the local public school by the total number of days for which the pupils are enrolled in the local public school and dividing the product by 1,080.
121.05(1)(a)9. 9. Pupils enrolled in a charter school, other than a charter school under s. 118.40 (2r).
121.05(1)(a)10. 10. Pupils attending a private school or agency under contract with the board under s. 119.235.
121.05(1)(a)11. 11. Pupils residing in the school district but attending a public school in another school district under s. 118.51 or 121.84 (4) or 121.85 (3) (a).
121.05 Note NOTE: Subd. 11. is shown as affected by two acts of the 1999 legislature and as merged by the revisor under s. 13.93 (2) (c).
121.05(1)(a)12. 12. Pupils attending public school under s. 118.145 (4).
121.05(1)(b) (b) The number of teachers employed in the school district on the 3rd Friday of September of the previous school year.
121.05(1)(c) (c) The estimated budget for the current school year which shall be based upon the uniform accounting system prescribed by the department.
121.05(1)(d) (d) The number of pupils for whom contracts with private education services are entered into under s. 120.13 (26).
121.05(3) (3) If a school district is unable to hold school on either of the 2 dates specified in sub. (1) (a), the state superintendent shall designate alternative membership counting dates.
121.05(4) (4) The school board of a school district in which a foster or group home that is not exempt under s. 70.11 is located may submit a report to the state superintendent. If the school board submits a report, it shall submit it by June 30. The report shall indicate, on a full-time equivalent basis, the number of pupils residing in such foster or group homes who were provided educational services by the school district during the current school year but were not included in the September or January membership count under sub. (1) (a). The state superintendent shall adjust the school district's membership based on the report. The state superintendent shall make proportional adjustments to the memberships of the school districts in which the pupil was previously enrolled during that school year. The state superintendent shall obtain from such school districts the information necessary to make such adjustments. The state superintendent shall promulgate rules to implement and administer this subsection.
121.06 121.06 Determination and certification of equalized valuation.
121.06(1)(1) Annually on or before October 1, the full value of the taxable property in each part of each city, village and town in each school district shall be determined by the department of revenue according to its best judgment from all sources of information available to it and shall be certified by the department of revenue to the state superintendent.
121.06(2) (2) The state superintendent shall certify to each school district clerk the appropriate full values certified to the state superintendent under sub. (1).
121.06(3) (3) For purposes of computing state aid under s. 121.08 equalized valuations calculated under sub. (1) and certified under sub. (2) shall exclude property taxed under s. 70.114, 1981 stats., s. 70.116, 1981 stats., s. 70.117, 1981 stats., or s. 70.175, 1981 stats.
121.06(4) (4) For purposes of computing state aid under s. 121.08, equalized valuations calculated under sub. (1) and certified under sub. (2) shall include the full value of computers that are exempt under s. 70.11 (39) as determined under s. 79.095 (3).
121.07 121.07 General provisions; state aid computation. In this subchapter:
121.07(1) (1)Basis for statistics.
121.07(1)(a)(a) The membership of the school district in the previous school year and the shared cost for the previous school year shall be used in computing general aid. If a school district has a state trust fund loan as a result of s. 24.61 (3) (c) 2., the school district's debt service costs shall be based upon current school year costs for the term of the loan and for one additional school year.
121.07(1)(b) (b) If the school district valuation is increased or decreased due to an alteration in school district boundaries before the 3rd Friday in September, the estimated shared cost for the current school year and the estimated mill levy rate shall be based on the school district equalized valuation of the territory comprising the altered school district.
121.07(1)(c) (c) If an order of school district reorganization under ch. 117 is not effective due to litigation until after the 3rd Friday in September but takes effect before April 1 of the current school year, state aid for any affected school district for the first year of operation shall be computed after the order takes effect using calculations by the state superintendent of the number of pupils enrolled and teacher-pupil ratio for the territory in the affected school district, which shall be made as if the school district had been in existence on the 3rd Friday in September.
121.07(6) (6)Shared cost.
121.07(6)(a)(a) "Shared cost" is the sum of the net cost of the general fund and the net cost of the debt service fund, except that "shared cost" excludes any costs, including attorney fees, incurred by a school district as a result of its participation in a lawsuit commenced against the state, beginning with such costs incurred in the fiscal year in which the lawsuit is commenced, excludes any expenditures from a capital improvement fund created under s. 120.135 and excludes the costs of transporting those transfer pupils for whom the school district operating under ch. 119 does not receive intradistrict transfer aid under s. 121.85 (6) as a result of s. 121.85 (6) (am). In this paragraph, "net cost of the debt service fund" includes all of the following amounts:
121.07(6)(a)1. 1. If a school board makes an expenditure from a capital expansion fund created under s. 120.10 (10m), an amount determined by dividing the expenditure by the number of years in which the school district levied a tax for the capital project. This subdivision applies for the number of years equal to the number of years in which the school district levied a tax for the capital project.
121.07(6)(a)2. 2. The annual cost of leasing a school or other school district facility if the lease provides for construction of the school or facility and the lease either provides that ownership of the school or facility transfers to the school district at the termination of the lease or provides an option for such a transfer.
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