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961.437(4)(a) (a) For a first offense, the person shall be fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $100,000 or imprisoned for not more than 7 years and 6 months or both.
961.437(4)(b) (b) For a 2nd or subsequent offense, the person shall be fined not less than $5,000 nor more than $150,000 or imprisoned for not more than 15 years or both.
961.437(5) (5) Each day of a continuing violation of sub. (2) (a) or (b) constitutes a separate offense.
961.437 History History: 1999 a. 129.
961.438 961.438 Minimum sentence. Any minimum sentence under this chapter is a presumptive minimum sentence. Except as provided in s. 973.09 (1) (d), the court may impose a sentence that is less than the presumptive minimum sentence or may place the person on probation only if it finds that the best interests of the community will be served and the public will not be harmed and if it places its reasons on the record.
961.438 History History: 1989 a. 121; 1995 a. 448 s. 270; Stats. 1995 s. 961.438.
961.438 Annotation "Except as provided in s. 973.09 (1) (d)" separates minimum sentences of one year or less from other sentences; that part of the statute regarding making certain findings relates only to situations not arising under s. 973.09 (1) (d). State v. DeLeon, 171 Wis. 2d 200, 490 N.W.2d 767 (Ct. App. 1992).
961.44 961.44 Penalties under other laws. Any penalty imposed for violation of this chapter is in addition to, and not in lieu of, any civil or administrative penalty or sanction otherwise authorized by law.
961.44 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1995 a. 448 s. 271; Stats. 1995 s. 961.44.
961.45 961.45 Bar to prosecution. If a violation of this chapter is a violation of a federal law or the law of another state, a conviction or acquittal under federal law or the law of another state for the same act is a bar to prosecution in this state.
961.45 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1995 a. 448 s. 272; Stats. 1995 s. 961.45.
961.45 Annotation Under this section, a "prosecution" is to be equated with a conviction or acquittal. The date on which sentence is imposed is not relevant to the determination of whether a "prosecution" has occurred. State v. Petty, 201 Wis. 2d 337, 548 N.W.2d 817 (1996).
961.455 961.455 Using a child for illegal drug distribution or manufacturing purposes.
961.455(1) (1) Any person who has attained the age of 17 years who knowingly solicits, hires, directs, employs or uses a person who is 17 years of age or under for the purpose of violating s. 961.41 (1) may be fined not more than $50,000 or imprisoned for not more than 15 years or both.
961.455(2) (2) The knowledge requirement under sub. (1) does not require proof of knowledge of the age of the child. It is not a defense to a prosecution under this section that the actor mistakenly believed that the person solicited, hired, directed, employed or used under sub. (1) had attained the age of 18 years, even if the mistaken belief was reasonable.
961.455(3) (3) Solicitation under sub. (1) occurs in the manner described under s. 939.30, but the penalties under sub. (1) apply instead of the penalties under s. 939.30 or 948.35.
961.455(4) (4) If the conduct described under sub. (1) results in a violation under s. 961.41 (1), the actor is subject to prosecution and conviction under s. 961.41 (1) or this section or both.
961.455 History History: 1989 a. 121; 1991 a. 153; 1995 a. 27; 1995 a. 448 ss. 273 to 275; Stats. 1995 s. 961.455; 1997 a. 283.
961.46 961.46 Distribution to persons under age 18.
961.46(1)(1) Except as provided in sub. (3), any person 17 years of age or over who violates s. 961.41 (1) by distributing or delivering a controlled substance included in schedule I or II which is a narcotic drug or a controlled substance analog of a controlled substance included in schedule I or II which is a narcotic drug to a person 17 years of age or under who is at least 3 years his or her junior is punishable by the fine authorized by s. 961.41 (1) (a) or a term of imprisonment of up to twice that authorized by s. 961.41 (1) (a), or both.
961.46(2) (2) Except as provided in sub. (3), any person 17 years of age or over who violates s. 961.41 (1) by distributing or delivering any other controlled substance included in schedule I, II, III, IV or V or a controlled substance analog of any other controlled substance included in schedule I or II to a person 17 years of age or under who is at least 3 years his or her junior is punishable by the fine authorized by s. 961.41 (1) (b), (i) or (j) or a term of imprisonment of up to twice that authorized by s. 961.41 (1) (b), (i) or (j) or both.
961.46(3) (3) If any person 17 years of age or over violates s. 961.41 (1) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g), (h) or (im) by distributing or delivering cocaine, cocaine base, heroin, phencyclidine, lysergic acid diethylamide, psilocin, psilocybin, amphetamine, methamphetamine, methcathinone, flunitrazepam or any form of tetrahydrocannabinols or a controlled substance analog of any of these substances to a person 17 years of age or under who is at least 3 years his or her junior, any applicable minimum and maximum fines and minimum and maximum periods of imprisonment under s. 961.41 (1) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g), (h) or (im) are doubled.
961.46 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1985 a. 328; 1987 a. 339; 1989 a. 121; 1993 a. 98, 118, 490; 1995 a. 27; 1995 a. 448 ss. 276 to 279; Stats. 1995 s. 961.46; 1999 a. 48, 57.
961.465 961.465 Distribution to prisoners.
961.465(1) (1) Except as provided in sub. (2), any person who violates s. 961.41 (1) or (1m) by delivering, distributing or possessing with intent to deliver or distribute a controlled substance or controlled substance analog to a prisoner within the precincts of any prison, jail or house of correction is subject to the applicable fine under s. 961.41 (1) or (1m) or a term of imprisonment of up to twice that authorized by s. 961.41 (1) or (1m) or both.
961.465(2) (2) If a person violates s. 961.41 (1) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g) or (h) or (1m) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g) or (h) by delivering, distributing or possessing with intent to deliver or distribute cocaine, cocaine base, heroin, phencyclidine, lysergic acid diethylamide, psilocin, psilocybin, amphetamine, methamphetamine, methcathinone or any form of tetrahydrocannabinols, or a controlled substance analog of any of these substances, to a prisoner within the precincts of any prison, jail or house of correction, any applicable minimum and maximum fines and minimum and maximum periods of imprisonment under s. 961.41 (1) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g) or (h) or (1m) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g) or (h) are doubled.
961.465(2m) (2m) A person may be subject to increased penalties under both this section and s. 961.49 regarding the same unlawful act.
961.465(3) (3) In this section, "precinct" means a place where any activity is conducted by a prison, jail or house of correction.
961.465 History History: 1979 c. 116; 1985 a. 328; 1987 a. 339; 1989 a. 121; 1993 a. 87, 98, 118, 490; 1995 a. 448 ss. 280 to 284; Stats. 1995 s. 961.465; 1999 a. 48.
961.47 961.47 Conditional discharge for possession or attempted possession as first offense.
961.47(1) (1) Whenever any person who has not previously been convicted of any offense under this chapter, or of any offense under any statute of the United States or of any state or of any county ordinance relating to controlled substances or controlled substance analogs, narcotic drugs, marijuana or stimulant, depressant or hallucinogenic drugs, pleads guilty to or is found guilty of possession or attempted possession of a controlled substance or controlled substance analog under s. 961.41 (3g) (b), the court, without entering a judgment of guilt and with the consent of the accused, may defer further proceedings and place him or her on probation upon terms and conditions. Upon violation of a term or condition, the court may enter an adjudication of guilt and proceed as otherwise provided. Upon fulfillment of the terms and conditions, the court shall discharge the person and dismiss the proceedings against him or her. Discharge and dismissal under this section shall be without adjudication of guilt and is not a conviction for purposes of disqualifications or disabilities imposed by law upon conviction of a crime, including the additional penalties imposed for 2nd or subsequent convictions under s. 961.48. There may be only one discharge and dismissal under this section with respect to any person.
961.47(2) (2) Within 20 days after probation is granted under this section, the clerk of court shall notify the department of justice of the name of the individual granted probation and any other information required by the department. This report shall be upon forms provided by the department.
961.47 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1985 a. 29; 1989 a. 121; 1991 a. 39; 1995 a. 448 s. 285; Stats. 1995 s. 961.47.
961.47 Annotation If a defendant desires either a final judgment or order in the nature of a final judgment for appeal purposes, he has only to withhold his consent. State v. Ryback, 64 Wis. 2d 574, 219 N.W.2d 263.
961.47 Annotation The reference to s. 161.41 (3) [now 961.41 (3g) (b)] in sub. (1) means that proceedings may only be deferred for convictions for crimes encompassed by s. 161.41 (3) [now 961.41 (3g) (b)]. State v. Boyer, 198 Wis. 2d 837, 543 N.W.2d 562 (Ct. App. 1995).
961.472 961.472 Assessment; certain possession or attempted possession offenses.
961.472(1) (1) In this section, "facility" means an approved public treatment facility, as defined under s. 51.45 (2) (c).
961.472(2) (2) Except as provided in sub. (5), if a person pleads guilty or is found guilty of possession or attempted possession of a controlled substance or controlled substance analog under s. 961.41 (3g) (a) 2., (c), (d) or (dm), the court shall order the person to comply with an assessment of the person's use of controlled substances. The court's order shall designate a facility that is operated by or pursuant to a contract with the county department established under s. 51.42 and that is certified by the department of health and family services to provide assessment services to perform the assessment and, if appropriate, to develop a proposed treatment plan. The court shall notify the person that noncompliance with the order limits the court's ability to determine whether the treatment option under s. 961.475 is appropriate. The court shall also notify the person of the fee provisions under s. 46.03 (18) (fm).
961.472(3) (3) The facility shall submit an assessment report within 14 days to the court. At the request of the facility, the court may extend the time period by not more than 20 additional workdays. The assessment report may include a proposed treatment plan.
961.472(4) (4) The court shall consider the assessment report in determining whether the treatment option under s. 961.475 is appropriate.
961.472(5) (5) If the court finds that a person under sub. (2) is already covered by or has recently completed an assessment under this section or a substantially similar assessment, the court is not required to make the order under sub. (2).
961.472 History History: 1985 a. 328; 1987 a. 339; 1989 a. 121; 1993 a. 118; 1995 a. 27 s. 9126 (19); 1995 a. 448 s. 286; Stats. 1995 s. 961.472; 1999 a. 48.
961.475 961.475 Treatment option. Whenever any person pleads guilty to or is found guilty of possession or attempted possession of a controlled substance or controlled substance analog under s. 961.41 (3g), the court may, upon request of the person and with the consent of a treatment facility with special inpatient or outpatient programs for the treatment of drug dependent persons, allow the person to enter the treatment programs voluntarily for purposes of treatment and rehabilitation. Treatment shall be for the period the treatment facility feels is necessary and required, but shall not exceed the maximum sentence allowable unless the person consents to the continued treatment. At the end of the necessary and required treatment, with the consent of the court, the person may be released from sentence. If treatment efforts are ineffective or the person ceases to cooperate with treatment rehabilitation efforts, the person may be remanded to the court for completion of sentencing.
961.475 History History: 1971 c. 219, 336; 1985 a. 328; 1987 a. 339; 1989 a. 121; 1993 a. 118; 1995 a. 448 s. 287; Stats. 1995 s. 961.475.
961.48 961.48 Second or subsequent offenses.
961.48(1) (1) Except as provided in subs. (2) and (4), any person who is charged under sub. (2m) with a 2nd or subsequent offense under this chapter and convicted of that 2nd or subsequent offense may be fined an amount up to twice that otherwise authorized or imprisoned for a term up to twice the term otherwise authorized or both.
961.48(2) (2) If any person is charged under sub. (2m) with a 2nd or subsequent offense under this chapter that is specified in s. 961.41 (1) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g) or (h), (1m) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g) or (h) or (3g) (a) 2., (c), (d), (dm) or (e), and he or she is convicted of that 2nd or subsequent offense, any applicable minimum and maximum fines and minimum and maximum periods of imprisonment under s. 961.41 (1) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g) or (h), (1m) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g) or (h) or (3g) (a) 2., (c), (d), (dm) or (e) are doubled. A person convicted of a 2nd or subsequent offense under s. 961.41 (3g) (c), (d) or (e) is guilty of a felony and the person may be imprisoned in state prison.
961.48(2m) (2m)
961.48(2m)(a)(a) Whenever a person charged with an offense under this chapter may be subject to a conviction for a 2nd or subsequent offense, he or she is not subject to an enhanced penalty under sub. (1) or (2) unless any applicable prior convictions are alleged in the complaint, indictment or information or in an amended complaint, indictment or information that is filed under par. (b) 1. A person is not subject to an enhanced penalty under sub. (1) or (2) for an offense if an allegation of applicable prior convictions is withdrawn by an amended complaint filed under par. (b) 2.
961.48(2m)(b) (b) Notwithstanding s. 971.29 (1), at any time before entry of a guilty or no contest plea or the commencement of a trial, a district attorney may file without leave of the court an amended complaint, information or indictment that does any of the following:
961.48(2m)(b)1. 1. Charges an offense as a 2nd or subsequent offense under this chapter by alleging any applicable prior convictions.
961.48(2m)(b)2. 2. Withdraws the charging of an offense as a 2nd or subsequent offense under this chapter by withdrawing an allegation of applicable prior convictions.
961.48(3) (3) For purposes of this section, an offense is considered a 2nd or subsequent offense if, prior to the offender's conviction of the offense, the offender has at any time been convicted under this chapter or under any statute of the United States or of any state relating to controlled substances or controlled substance analogs, narcotic drugs, marijuana or depressant, stimulant or hallucinogenic drugs.
961.48(4) (4) This section does not apply to offenses under s. 961.41 (3g) (a) 1., (b) and (f).
961.48 Annotation The trial court erred in imposing a 2nd sentence on a defendant convicted of a 2nd violation of 161.41 (1) (a) and 161.14 (3) (k) [now 961.41 (1) (a) and 961.14 (3) (k)]. While the repeater statute, 161.48 [now 961.48], allows imposition of a penalty not exceeding twice that allowable for a 1st offense, it does not of itself create a crime and cannot support a separate and independent sentence. Olson v. State, 69 Wis. 2d 605, 230 N.W.2d 634.
961.48 Annotation For offenses under ch. 161 [now 961], the court may apply this section or s. 939.62, but not both. State v. Ray, 166 Wis. 2d 855, 481 N.W.2d 288 (Ct. App. 1992).
961.48 Annotation In sentencing a defendant when the maximum sentence is doubled under this section, the court considers the same factors it considers in all sentencing, including prior convictions. State v. Canadeo, 168 Wis. 2d 559, 484 N.W.2d 340 (Ct. App. 1992).
961.48 Annotation Sentencing under this section was improper when the defendant neither admitted a prior conviction nor did the state offer proof of one. State v. Coolidge, 173 Wis. 2d 783, 496 N.W.2d 701 (Ct. App. 1993).
961.48 Annotation Sub. (4) sets forth a limitation on the 2nd or subsequent offense; the previous offense may be any conviction under ch. 161 [now 961]. State v. Robertson, 174 Wis. 2d 36, 496 N.W.2d 221 (Ct. App. 1993).
961.48 Annotation This section is self-executing; a prosecutor may not prevent the imposition of the sentences under this section by not charging the defendant as a repeater. State v. Young, 180 Wis. 2d 700, 511 N.W.2d 309 (Ct. App. 1993).
961.48 Annotation Conviction under this section for a second or subsequent offense does not require proof of the prior offense at trail beyond a reasonable doubt. State v. Miles, 221 Wis. 2d 56, 584 N.W.2d 704 (Ct. App. 1998).
961.48 Annotation A conviction for possessing drug paraphernalia under s. 961.573 qualifies as a prior offense under sub. (3). State v. Moline, 229 Wis. 2d 38, 598 N.W.2d 929 (Ct. App. 1999).
961.49 961.49 Distribution of or possession with intent to deliver a controlled substance on or near certain places.
961.49(1)(1) If any person violates s. 961.41 (1) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g) or (h) by delivering or distributing, or violates s. 961.41 (1m) (cm), (d), (e), (em), (f), (g) or (h) by possessing with intent to deliver or distribute, cocaine, cocaine base, heroin, phencyclidine, lysergic acid diethylamide, psilocin, psilocybin, amphetamine, methamphetamine, methcathinone or any form of tetrahydrocannabinols or a controlled substance analog of any of these substances and the delivery, distribution or possession takes place under any of the following circumstances, the maximum term of imprisonment prescribed by law for that crime may be increased by 5 years:
961.49(1)(a) (a) While the person is in or on the premises of a scattered-site public housing project.
961.49(1)(b) (b) While the person is in or on or otherwise within 1,000 feet of any of the following:
961.49(1)(b)1. 1. A state, county, city, village or town park.
961.49(1)(b)2. 2. A jail or correctional facility.
961.49(1)(b)3. 3. A multiunit public housing project.
961.49(1)(b)4. 4. A swimming pool open to members of the public.
961.49(1)(b)5. 5. A youth center or a community center.
961.49(1)(b)6. 6. Any private or public school premises.
961.49(1)(b)7. 7. A school bus, as defined in s. 340.01 (56).
961.49(1)(c) (c) While the person is in or on the premises of an approved treatment facility, as defined in s. 51.01 (2), that provides alcohol and other drug abuse treatment.
961.49(1)(d) (d) While the person is within 1,000 feet of the premises of an approved treatment facility, as defined in s. 51.01 (2), that provides alcohol and other drug abuse treatment, if the person knows or should have known that he or she is within 1,000 feet of the premises of the facility or if the facility is readily recognizable as a facility that provides alcohol and other drug abuse treatment.
961.49(2) (2)
961.49(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), the court shall sentence a person as provided in par. (am) if the person violates s. 961.41 (1) by delivering or distributing, or violates s. 961.41 (1m) by possessing with intent to deliver or distribute, a controlled substance included in schedule I or II, a controlled substance analog of a controlled substance included in schedule I or II or ketamine or flunitrazepam under any of the following circumstances:
961.49(2)(a)1. 1. While the person is in or on the premises of a scattered-site public housing project.
961.49(2)(a)2. 2. While the person is in or on or otherwise within 1,000 feet of any of the following:
961.49(2)(a)2.a. a. A state, county, city, village or town park.
961.49(2)(a)2.b. b. A jail or correctional facility.
961.49(2)(a)2.c. c. A multiunit public housing project.
961.49(2)(a)2.d. d. A swimming pool open to members of the public.
961.49(2)(a)2.e. e. A youth center or a community center.
961.49(2)(a)2.f. f. Any private or public school premises.
961.49(2)(a)2.g. g. A school bus, as defined in s. 340.01 (56).
961.49(2)(a)3. 3. While the person is in or on the premises of an approved treatment facility, as defined in s. 51.01 (2), that provides alcohol and other drug abuse treatment.
961.49(2)(a)4. 4. While the person is within 1,000 feet of the premises of an approved treatment facility, as defined in s. 51.01 (2), that provides alcohol and other drug abuse treatment, if the person knows or should have known that he or she is within 1,000 feet of the premises of the facility or if the facility is readily recognizable as a facility that provides alcohol and other drug abuse treatment.
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This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 1999. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?