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91.19(6) (6) The department shall release from a farmland preservation agreement any land acquired for use as an electric generating facility authorized under s. 196.491 (3), or which involves acquisition of the fee by a utility or a cooperative organized under ch. 185 for purposes of generating electricity or other utility uses.
91.19(6m) (6m) The department shall release from a farmland preservation agreement any lands acquired by the state or the federal government for public improvements or structures, including highway improvements.
91.19(6p) (6p) The department shall release from a farmland preservation agreement any land subject to a farmland preservation agreement if the owner of the land has, before December 31, 1988, obtained state, county, city, village and town licenses, permits or approvals, other than those required under this chapter, to develop the land as a concert park.
91.19(6s) (6s)
91.19(6s)(a)(a) The department may release from a farmland preservation agreement any land acquired or to be acquired by a local unit of government, as defined in s. 106.215 (1) (e), for public improvements or structures, including highway improvements, if all of the following occur:
91.19(6s)(a)1. 1. An application for release of the land, made by either the owner or the local unit of government, is approved by the local governing body having jurisdiction and the board under the procedures of subs. (2) to (5).
91.19(6s)(a)2. 2. The department finds that the conditions listed in sub. (2) (c) 1. exist.
91.19(6s)(a)3. 3. The department considers the factors listed in sub. (2) (c) 2.
91.19(6s)(b) (b) If an owner of land subject to a farmland preservation agreement opposes an application brought by a local unit of government for release of that land, the owner may appeal the approval of that application by the local governing body having jurisdiction to the board according to the procedures in par. (c).
91.19(6s)(c) (c) If the application for release of any land from the agreement is approved by the local governing body having jurisdiction, the application shall be returned to the applicant, and a copy of the application to the owner, with a written statement regarding the reasons for approval. Within 30 days after receipt of a copy of the approved application, the owner may appeal the approval to the board. The board shall, within 60 days after the appeal has been received, upon consideration of the factors listed in sub. (2) (b) and (c) 2., approve or reject the request to disapprove the release. If the board approves the owner's appeal it shall notify the local governing body having jurisdiction.
91.19(6s)(d) (d) The board may waive its approval authority under this subsection for applications affecting less than 5 acres of land.
91.19(6t) (6t) The department shall relinquish from a farmland preservation agreement land that has been subject to a farmland preservation agreement for at least 10 years if the owner of the land so requests.
91.19(7) (7) Whenever a farmland preservation agreement is relinquished under sub. (2) or (6t) or all or part of the land is released from a farmland preservation agreement under sub. (2) or (6p) or a transition area agreement is relinquished under sub. (2) or, subject to subs. (12) and (13), a transition area agreement is relinquished under sub. (1) or (1m), the department shall cause to be prepared and recorded a lien against the property formerly subject to the agreement for the total amount of all credits received by all owners of such lands under subch. IX of ch. 71 during the last 10 years that the land was eligible for such credit, plus interest at the rate of 9.3% per year compounded annually on the credits received from the time the credits were received until the lien is paid for farmland preservation agreements relinquished under sub. (6t) and 6% per year compounded annually on the credits received from the time the credits were received until the lien is paid for other agreements. No interest shall be compounded for any period during which the farmland is subject to a subsequent farmland preservation agreement or transition area agreement or is zoned for exclusive agricultural use under an ordinance certified under subch. V.
91.19(8) (8) Subject to subs. (12) and (13), upon the relinquishment of a farmland preservation agreement under sub. (1) or (1m), the department shall cause to be prepared and recorded a lien against the property formerly subject to the farmland preservation agreement for the total amount of the credits received by all owners thereof under subch. IX of ch. 71 during the last 10 years that the land was eligible for such credit, plus 6% interest per year compounded from the time of relinquishment. No interest shall be compounded for any period during which the farmland is subject to a subsequent farmland preservation agreement or transition area agreement or is zoned for exclusive agricultural use under an ordinance certified under subch. V.
91.19(9) (9) A lien recorded under this section shall be effective upon recording and shall be subordinate to a lien of mortgage which is recorded prior to the recording of the lien under this section.
91.19(10) (10) The lien may be paid and discharged at any time and shall become payable to the state by the owner of record at the time the land or any portion of it is sold by the owner of record to any person except the owner's child or if the land is converted to a use prohibited by the former farmland preservation agreement. Upon reentry in an agreement under this subchapter or upon zoning for exclusively agricultural use under an ordinance certified under subch. V, the portion of the lien on the land reentered or so zoned shall be discharged. The discharge of a lien does not affect the calculation of any subsequent lien under sub. (7) or (8). The proceeds from the payment shall be paid into the general fund.
91.19(12) (12) No lien may be filed under sub. (7) or (8), on the date of relinquishment, release or termination, for tax credits paid on lands or any portion of them which are zoned for exclusively agricultural use under an ordinance certified under subch. V.
91.19(13) (13) No lien may be filed under sub. (7) or (8) for any amount of tax credits paid under subch. IX of ch. 71 to any owner of farmland if, up to the date of relinquishment under sub. (1) or (1m) of the applicable farmland preservation agreement or transition area agreement, all of the requirements under this subchapter that relate to the agreement have been satisfied by the owner.
91.21 91.21 Penalty for use change.
91.21(1) (1) If the owner or a successor in title of the land upon which a farmland preservation agreement has been recorded under this chapter changes the use of the land to a prohibited use without first acting under ss. 91.17 and 91.19 and the land is not relinquished under s. 91.19 (6p) or (6t), the owner or successor in title may be enjoined by the state, acting through the attorney general, or by the local governing body having jurisdiction, acting through its attorney, and is subject to a civil penalty for actual damages, but in no case to exceed double the value of the land as established at the time the application for the agreement was approved.
91.21(3) (3) If the owner or a successor in title of the land upon which a farmland preservation agreement has been recorded under this chapter fails to comply with s. 91.13 (8) (d) or (dm), such person shall be given one year to restore compliance before the remedies of sub. (1) shall be applicable.
91.21 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1989 a. 31; 1991 a. 39, 286.
91.23 91.23 Conversion. An owner under a farmland preservation agreement may at any time apply for a transition area agreement, and an owner under a transition area agreement may at any time apply for a farmland preservation agreement. If such an application is approved, the prior agreement shall be relinquished without a lien being filed under s. 91.19.
91.23 History History: 1977 c. 29, 169.
subch. III of ch. 91 SUBCHAPTER III
INITIAL AGREEMENTS
91.31 91.31 Eligibility. Prior to October 1, 1982, an owner may apply for an initial farmland preservation agreement under this subchapter if the county in which the land is located does not have a certified agricultural preservation plan in effect and if the eligible farmland is not in an area zoned for exclusive agricultural use under an ordinance certified under subch. V. Subchapter II applies to such farmland preservation agreements except as specifically provided in this subchapter. No agreements shall be made under this subchapter after September 30, 1982.
91.31 History History: 1977 c. 29.
91.33 91.33 Applications. An application under this subchapter need not include the soil classification of the lands involved.
91.33 History History: 1977 c. 29.
91.35 91.35 Agreement provisions.
91.35(1) (1) Farmland preservation agreements under this subchapter shall require that a county land conservation committee conservation plan be either under development or in effect.
91.35(2) (2) Except as provided in s. 91.39, farmland preservation agreements under this subchapter shall expire on September 30, 1982.
91.35 History History: 1977 c. 29, 169; 1981 c. 346 s. 38.
91.37 91.37 Liens.
91.37(1)(1) If the owner withdraws during the term of an agreement under this subchapter, the lien shall apply to the amount of all credit under subch. IX of ch. 71 received for the period the land was subject to the agreement plus 6% interest per year compounded annually from the time the credit was received until it is paid.
91.37(2) (2) If at the end of an agreement under this subchapter, the owner does not apply for a renewal under s. 91.39 or an agreement under subch. II, the lien shall apply, without interest, to the credit received under subch. IX of ch. 71 for the last 2 years the land was eligible for such credit if the land is not subject to a certified exclusive agricultural use zoning ordinance under subch. V and either the county in which the land is located has not adopted a certified agricultural preservation plan, or, if such a plan is adopted, the farmland would not be eligible for an agreement under the terms of the plan.
91.37(3) (3) If at the end of an agreement under this subchapter, the owner does not apply for a renewal under s. 91.39 or an agreement under subch. II, although the land is eligible for an agreement under subch. II and is not subject to a certified exclusive agricultural use zoning ordinance under subch. V, the lien shall apply to all credit received during the period the land was subject to an agreement under this subchapter, plus 6% interest per year compounded from the time of expiration.
91.37(4) (4) If at the end of an agreement under this subchapter, the farmland is not eligible for an agreement under subch. II because s. 91.11 (2), (3) or (4) is applicable, the lien shall apply, without interest, to the credit received under subch. IX of ch. 71 for the last 2 years the land was eligible for such credit. If after the expiration of an agreement the land or any portion of the land is zoned for exclusive agricultural use under an ordinance certified under subch. V, all or any portion of a lien filed under this subsection against such land shall be discharged. The discharge of a lien under this subsection does not affect the calculation of any subsequent lien under s. 91.77 (2).
91.37(5) (5) If at the end of an agreement under this subchapter, the owner does not apply for a renewal under s. 91.39 or an agreement under subch. II and only a portion of the land subject to the agreement is eligible for an agreement under subch. II, the lien shall be calculated under sub. (2) or (4) on that part of the land which is ineligible and under sub. (3) on that part which is eligible.
91.37(6) (6) No lien may be filed, on the date of the relinquishment or termination of an agreement or of the release of land from an agreement under this subchapter, for tax credits paid on lands or any portion thereof which are zoned for exclusively agricultural use under an ordinance certified under subch. V.
91.39 91.39 Renewal. Such agreements may be renewed for a single one-year period only if an agricultural preservation plan is adopted by the county in which the farmland is located and the farmland is eligible for an agreement under subch. II under such plan.
91.39 History History: 1977 c. 29.
91.41 91.41 Conversion. Any person subject to a farmland preservation agreement under this subchapter may apply under subch. II whenever the county in which the land is located adopts a certified agricultural preservation plan under subch. IV or whenever the farmland becomes subject to a certified exclusive agricultural use zoning ordinance under subch. V. In such case, the farmland preservation agreement under this chapter shall be relinquished under s. 91.19 without a lien being filed.
91.41 History History: 1977 c. 29, 169.
subch. IV of ch. 91 SUBCHAPTER IV
AGRICULTURAL PRESERVATION PLANNING
91.51 91.51 Purpose. The purpose of this subchapter is to specify standards for county agricultural preservation plans required to enable farmland owners to enter into farmland preservation agreements under this chapter. Agricultural preservation planning shall be undertaken in accordance with s. 59.69 and agricultural preservation plans shall be a component of and consistent with any county development plan prepared under s. 59.69 (3).
91.51 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1995 a. 201.
91.53 91.53 Studies. County agricultural preservation plans shall be based upon, without limitation because of enumeration, surveys, studies and analyses of agricultural use and productivity, natural resources and open space, population and population density, urban growth, housing and the character, location, timing, use and capacity of existing and future public facilities.
91.53 History History: 1977 c. 29.
91.55 91.55 Content of plans.
91.55(1)(1) County agricultural preservation plans shall, at a minimum, include:
91.55(1)(a) (a) Statements of policy regarding preservation of agricultural lands, urban growth, the provision of public facilities and the protection of significant natural resource, open space, scenic, historic or architectural areas.
91.55(1)(b) (b) Maps identifying agricultural areas to be preserved, areas of special environmental, natural resource or open space significance and, if any, transition areas. Transition areas shall be areas in predominantly agricultural use which the plan identifies for future development. Any agricultural preservation areas mapped must be a minimum of 100 acres. Any transition areas mapped must be a minimum of 35 acres. In mapping agricultural preservation areas, the maps identifying preliminary agricultural preservation areas prepared under s. 91.05 shall be considered if the map is provided to the county at least 12 months prior to adoption of the agricultural preservation plan.
91.55(2) (2) The maps may include areas other than those mapped under s. 91.05. Areas mapped under s. 91.05 may be excluded from the county maps upon a finding that one or more of the following conditions exist:
91.55(2)(a) (a) Existing or planned activities adjacent to the identified agricultural area are incompatible with agricultural use.
91.55(2)(b) (b) The area is not economically viable for agricultural use.
91.55(2)(c) (c) Substantial urban growth in the area or planned urban expansion has created a public need to convert agricultural land use to other uses.
91.55(2)(d) (d) Maintenance of the area in agricultural use is not consistent with the goals and objectives of a county agricultural preservation plan.
91.55(3) (3) Statements regarding the coordination requirements of s. 91.59.
91.55 History History: 1977 c. 29.
91.57 91.57 Implementation programs. County agricultural preservation plans shall include a program of specific public actions designed to preserve agricultural lands and guide urban growth. Such implementation programs shall include, without limitation because of enumeration:
91.57(1) (1) A general description of land use controls and programs to implement the policy statements of s. 91.55 (1).
91.57(2) (2) A program that describes the character, location, timing, use, capacity and financing of existing and proposed public facilities to serve existing and new development.
91.57(3) (3) An identification of procedures and standards for controlling the installation and maintenance of private waste disposal systems, specifically identifying areas not suitable for the installation of such systems.
91.57(4) (4) A program to protect areas of special environmental, natural resource or open space significance.
91.57 History History: 1977 c. 29.
91.59 91.59 Coordination.
91.59(1)(1) County agricultural preservation plans shall include agricultural preservation plans adopted by municipalities within the county if such plans comply with ss. 91.55 and 91.57.
91.59(2) (2) At least 60 days prior to the public hearing under s. 59.69 (3) (d), copies of the agricultural preservation plan shall be submitted for review and comment to all cities, villages and towns within the county, all adjoining counties and the regional planning commission to which the county belongs.
91.59(3) (3) County agricultural preservation plans must indicate how they compare with regional plans prepared under s. 66.0309 and must explain any discrepancies between the plans.
91.59 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1995 a. 201; 1999 a. 150 s. 672.
91.61 91.61 Certification. Upon completion of county agricultural preservation plans described in this subchapter, copies of the plan may be submitted to the board for review and certification under s. 91.06.
91.61 History History: 1977 c. 29.
91.63 91.63 Revisions. Counties shall continually review and evaluate the agricultural preservation plan in light of changing needs and conditions and shall provide for periodic revision of the agricultural preservation plan set forth in this subchapter. Revisions shall be made in the same manner as adoption of the plan.
91.63 History History: 1977 c. 29.
subch. V of ch. 91 SUBCHAPTER V
EXCLUSIVE AGRICULTURAL ZONING
91.71 91.71 Purpose. The purpose of this subchapter is to specify the minimum requirements for zoning ordinances designating certain lands for exclusively agricultural use, allowing the owners of such lands to claim the farmland preservation credit permitted under subch. IX of ch. 71.
91.71 History History: 1977 c. 29, 418; 1987 a. 312 s. 17.
91.73 91.73 Procedures.
91.73(1)(1) Except as otherwise provided, exclusive agricultural zoning ordinances shall be adopted and administered in accordance with ss. 59.69, 59.692, 59.693 and 59.694, 61.35 or 62.23 or subch. VIII of ch. 60.
91.73(2) (2) Exclusive agricultural zoning ordinances shall be consistent with county agricultural preservation plans established under subch. IV.
91.73(3) (3) A majority of towns in a county with a population density of 100 or more persons per square mile may reject adoption of a county exclusive agricultural use zoning ordinance under this subchapter for all towns within the county only by filing within 6 months after adoption of the ordinance by the county board certified copies of resolutions disapproving the ordinance with the county clerk. Notwithstanding s. 59.69 (5) (c), the procedure established in this subsection shall be the only procedure by which a town in such a county may reject the application of a county exclusive agricultural use zoning ordinance in that town.
91.73(4) (4) Amendments to the texts of existing county zoning ordinances to bring the ordinances into compliance with this chapter, which are adopted by the county board, shall be effective in any town which does not file a certified copy of a resolution disapproving of the amendment pursuant to s. 59.69 (5) (e) 3. or 6. In those towns which disapprove of the amendment the former agricultural zoning remains in effect and shall be so designated on the official zoning map.
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