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51.10(4m)(b) (b) Any person admitted under par. (a) 1. who fails to indicate a desire to leave the facility but who refuses or is unable to sign an application for admission is presumed to consent to admission and may be held for up to 7 days as a voluntary patient.
51.10(4m)(c) (c) On the first court day following admission under par. (a) 1., the facility shall notify the court assigned to exercise probate jurisdiction for the county in which the facility is located of the admission. Within 24 hours after receiving this notice, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, the court shall appoint a guardian ad litem to visit the facility and to determine if there has been compliance with this subsection. The guardian ad litem shall visit the patient within 48 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, to ascertain whether the patient wishes a less restrictive form of treatment and, if so, shall assist the patient in obtaining the proper assistance from the facility. The guardian ad litem shall inform the patient of all rights to which the patient is entitled under this chapter.
51.10(4m)(d) (d) If a patient admitted under par. (a) 1. has not signed a voluntary admission application within 7 days after admission, the patient, the guardian ad litem and the physician who signed the admission request shall appear before the judge or a circuit court commissioner assigned to exercise probate jurisdiction for the county in which the facility is located to determine whether the patient shall remain in the facility as a voluntary patient. If the judge or circuit court commissioner determines that the patient desires to leave the facility, the facility shall discharge the patient. If the facility has reason to believe the patient is eligible for commitment under s. 51.20, the facility may initiate procedures for involuntary commitment.
51.10(5) (5)
51.10(5)(a)(a) At the time of admission to an inpatient facility the individual being admitted shall be informed orally and in writing of his or her right to leave upon submission of a written request to the staff of the facility except when the director or such person's designee files a statement of emergency detention under s. 51.15 with the court by the end of the next day in which the court transacts business.
51.10(5)(b) (b) Writing materials for use in requesting discharge shall be available at all times to any voluntarily admitted individual, and shall be given to the individual upon request. A copy of the patient's and resident's rights shall be given to the individual at the time of admission.
51.10(5)(c) (c) Any patient or resident voluntarily admitted to an inpatient treatment facility shall be discharged on request, unless the treatment director or the treatment director's designee has reason to believe that the patient or resident is dangerous in accordance with a standard under s. 51.20 (1) (a) 2. or (am) and files a statement of emergency detention under s. 51.15 with the court by the end of the next day in which the court transacts business. The patient or resident shall be notified immediately when such a statement is to be filed. Prior to the filing of a statement, the patient or resident may be detained only long enough for the staff of the facility to evaluate the individual's condition and to file the statement of emergency detention. This time period may not exceed the end of the next day in which the court transacts business. Once a statement is filed, a patient or resident may be detained as provided in s. 51.15 (1). The probable cause hearing required under s. 51.20 (7) shall be held within 72 hours after the request for discharge, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays.
51.10(6) (6) A person against whom a petition for involuntary commitment has been filed under s. 51.15 or 51.20 may agree to be admitted to an inpatient treatment facility under this section. The court may permit the person to become a voluntary patient or resident pursuant to this section upon signing an application for voluntary admission, if the director of the appropriate county department under s. 51.42 or 51.437 and the director of the facility to which the person will be admitted approve of the voluntary admission within 30 days of the admission. Except as provided in s. 51.20 (8) (bg) or (bm), the court shall dismiss the proceedings under s. 51.20 30 days after the person's admission if the person is still a voluntary patient or resident or upon the discharge of the person by the treatment director of the facility or his or her designee, if that occurs first. For any person who is a voluntary patient or resident under this subsection, actions required under s. 51.35 (5) shall be initiated within 14 days of admission.
51.10(7) (7) The treatment director of a facility may temporarily admit an individual to an inpatient facility when there is reason to question the competency of such individual. The treatment director shall then apply to the court for appointment of a guardian within 48 hours of the time of admission, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays. The individual may remain at the facility pending appointment of a guardian.
51.10(8) (8) An adult for whom a guardian of the person has been appointed under ch. 880 because of the subject's incompetency may be voluntarily admitted to an inpatient treatment facility under this section only if the guardian and the ward consent to such admission.
51.10(9) (9) Upon admission to an inpatient facility, the facility shall offer the patient orally and in writing the opportunity to execute an informed consent form under s. 51.30 (2), requiring the facility to notify the patient's parent, child or spouse or any other adult of the patient's release. If the patient signs the consent form, the facility shall notify the person specified in the form as soon as possible after the patient requests release.
51.13 51.13 Admission of minors.
51.13(1)(1)Admission through board or department.
51.13(1)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (c) and s. 51.45 (2m), the application for voluntary admission of a minor who is 14 years of age or older to an approved inpatient treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment for alcoholism or drug abuse and the application for voluntary admission of a minor who is under 14 years of age to an approved inpatient treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness, developmental disability, alcoholism, or drug abuse shall be executed by a parent who has legal custody of the minor or the minor's guardian. Any statement or conduct by a minor who is the subject of an application for voluntary admission under this paragraph indicating that the minor does not agree to admission to the facility shall be noted on the face of the application and shall be noted in the petition required by sub. (4).
51.13(1)(b) (b) The application for voluntary admission of a minor who is 14 years of age or older to an approved inpatient treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness or developmental disability shall be executed by the minor and a parent who has legal custody of the minor or the minor's guardian, except as provided in par. (c) 1.
51.13(1)(c)1.1. If a minor 14 years of age or older wishes to be admitted to an approved inpatient treatment facility but a parent with legal custody or the guardian refuses to execute the application for admission or cannot be found, or if there is no parent with legal custody, the minor or a person acting on the minor's behalf may petition the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 in the county of residence of the parent or guardian for approval of the admission. A copy of the petition and a notice of hearing shall be served upon the parent or guardian at his or her last-known address. If, after a hearing, the court determines that the consent of the parent or guardian is being unreasonably withheld, that the parent or guardian cannot be found, or that there is no parent with legal custody, and that the admission is proper under the standards prescribed in sub. (4) (d), the court shall approve the minor's admission without the consent of the parent or guardian.
51.13(1)(c)2. 2. If a minor under 14 years of age wishes to be admitted to an approved inpatient treatment facility but a parent with legal custody or the guardian cannot be found, or if there is no parent with legal custody, the minor or a person acting on the minor's behalf may petition the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 in the county of residence of the parent or guardian for approval of the admission. A copy of the petition and a notice of hearing shall be served upon the parent or guardian at his or her last-known address. If, after a hearing, the court determines that the parent or guardian cannot be found or that there is no parent with legal custody, and that the admission is proper under the standards prescribed in sub. (4) (d), the court shall approve the minor's admission without the consent of the parent or guardian.
51.13(1)(c)3. 3. The court may, at the minor's request, temporarily approve the admission pending hearing on the petition. If a hearing is held under subd. 1. or 2., no review or hearing under sub. (4) is required.
51.13(1)(d) (d) A minor against whom a petition or statement has been filed under s. 51.15, 51.20, or 51.45 (12) or (13) may be admitted under this section. The court may permit the minor to become a voluntary patient under this section upon approval by the court of an application executed under par. (a), (b), or (c). The court shall then dismiss the proceedings under s. 51.15, 51.20, or 51.45 (12) or (13). If a hearing is held under this subsection, no hearing under sub. (4) is required.
51.13(1)(e) (e) A minor may be admitted immediately upon the approval of the application executed under par. (a) or (b) by the treatment director of the facility or his or her designee or, in the case of a center for the developmentally disabled, the director of the center or his or her designee, and the director of the appropriate county department under s. 51.42 or 51.437 if the county department is to be responsible for the cost of the minor's therapy and treatment. Approval shall be based upon an informed professional opinion that the minor is in need of psychiatric services or services for developmental disability, alcoholism, or drug abuse, that the treatment facility offers inpatient therapy or treatment that is appropriate for the minor's needs, and that inpatient care in the facility is the least restrictive therapy or treatment consistent with the minor's needs. In the case of a minor who is being admitted for the primary purpose of treatment for alcoholism or drug abuse, approval shall also be based on the results of an alcohol or other drug abuse assessment that conforms to the criteria specified in s. 938.547 (4).
51.13(1)(f) (f) Admission under par. (c) or (d) shall also be approved by the treatment director of the facility or his or her designee, or in the case of a center for the developmentally disabled, the director of the center or his or her designee, and the director of the appropriate county department under s. 51.42 or 51.437 if the county department is to be responsible for the cost of the minor's therapy and treatment, within 14 days of the minor's admission.
51.13(2) (2)Other admissions.
51.13(2)(a)(a) A minor may be admitted to an inpatient treatment facility without complying with the requirements of this section if the admission does not involve the department or a county department under s. 51.42 or 51.437, or a contract between a treatment facility and the department or a county department. The application for voluntary admission of a minor who is 14 years of age or older to an inpatient treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment for alcoholism or drug abuse and the application for voluntary admission of a minor who is under 14 years of age to an inpatient treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness, developmental disability, alcoholism, or drug abuse shall be executed by a parent who has legal custody of the minor or by the minor's guardian. The application for voluntary admission of a minor who is 14 years of age or older to an inpatient treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness or developmental disability shall be executed by the minor and a parent who has legal custody of the minor or the minor's guardian.
51.13(2)(b) (b) Notwithstanding par. (a), any minor who is 14 years of age or older and who is admitted to an inpatient treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment of mental illness or developmental disability has the right to be discharged within 48 hours after his or her request, as provided in sub. (7) (b). At the time of admission, any minor who is 14 years of age or older and who is admitted to an inpatient treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness or developmental disability, and the minor's parent or guardian, shall be informed of this right orally and in writing by the director of the hospital or such person's designee. This paragraph does not apply to individuals who receive services in hospital emergency rooms.
51.13(2)(c) (c) A copy of the patient's rights established under s. 51.61 shall be given and explained to the minor and the minor's parent or guardian at the time of admission by the director of the facility or such person's designee.
51.13(2)(d) (d) Writing materials for use in requesting a discharge shall be made available at all times to all minors who are 14 years of age or older and who are admitted under this subsection for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness or developmental disability. The staff of the facility shall assist such minors in preparing or submitting requests for discharge.
51.13(3) (3)Notice of rights.
51.13(3)(a)(a) Prior to admission if possible, or as soon thereafter as possible, the minor and the parent or guardian shall be informed by the director of the facility or his or her designee, both orally and in writing, in easily understandable language, of the review procedure in sub. (4), including the standards to be applied by the court and the possible dispositions, the right to a hearing upon request under sub. (4), and the minor's right to appointed counsel as provided in sub. (4) (d) if a hearing is held.
51.13(3)(b) (b) A minor 14 years of age or older who has been admitted to an inpatient treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness or developmental disability, a minor who is voluntarily admitted under sub. (1) (c) 1. or 2., and the minor's parent or guardian shall also be informed by the director or his or her designee, both orally and in writing, in easily understandable language, of the minor's right to request discharge and to be discharged within 48 hours of the request if no petition or statement is filed for emergency detention, emergency commitment, involuntary commitment, or protective placement, and the minor's right to consent to or refuse treatment as provided in s. 51.61 (6).
51.13(3)(c) (c) A minor 14 years of age or older who has been admitted to an inpatient facility for the primary purpose of treatment for alcoholism or drug abuse, a minor under 14 years of age who has been admitted to an inpatient treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness, developmental disability, alcoholism, or drug abuse, and the minor's parent or guardian shall also be informed by the director or his or her designee, both orally and in writing, in easily understandable language, of the right of the parent or guardian to request the minor's discharge as provided in sub. (7) (b) and of the minor's right to a hearing to determine continued appropriateness of the admission as provided in sub. (7) (c).
51.13(3)(d) (d) A copy of the patient's rights established in s. 51.61 shall be given and explained to the minor and the minor's parent or guardian at the time of admission by the director of the facility or such person's designee.
51.13(3)(e) (e) Writing materials for use in requesting a hearing or discharge under this section shall be made available to minors at all times by every inpatient treatment facility. The staff of each such facility shall assist minors in preparing and submitting requests for discharge or hearing.
51.13(4) (4)Review procedure.
51.13(4)(a)(a) Within 3 days after the admission of a minor under sub. (1), or within 3 days after application for admission of the minor, whichever occurs first, the treatment director of the facility to which the minor is admitted or, in the case of a center for the developmentally disabled, the director of the center, shall file a verified petition for review of the admission in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 in the county in which the facility is located. A copy of the application for admission and of any relevant professional evaluations shall be attached to the petition. The petition shall contain all of the following:
51.13(4)(a)1. 1. The name, address and date of birth of the minor.
51.13(4)(a)2. 2. The names and addresses of the minor's parents or guardian.
51.13(4)(a)3. 3. The facts substantiating the petitioner's belief in the minor's need for psychiatric services, or services for developmental disability, alcoholism or drug abuse.
51.13(4)(a)4. 4. The facts substantiating the appropriateness of inpatient treatment in the inpatient treatment facility.
51.13(4)(a)5. 5. The basis for the petitioner's opinion that inpatient care in the facility is the least restrictive treatment consistent with the needs of the minor.
51.13(4)(a)6. 6. Notation of any statement made or conduct demonstrated by the minor in the presence of the director or staff of the facility indicating that inpatient treatment is against the wishes of the minor.
51.13(4)(b) (b) If hardship would otherwise occur and if the best interests of the minor would be served thereby, the court may, on its own motion or on the motion of any interested party, remove the petition to the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 of the county of residence of the parent or guardian.
51.13(4)(c) (c) A copy of the petition shall be provided by the petitioner to the minor and his or her parents or guardian within 5 days after admission.
51.13(4)(d) (d) Within 5 days after the filing of the petition, the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 shall determine, based on the allegations of the petition and accompanying documents, whether there is a prima facie showing that the minor is in need of psychiatric services, or services for developmental disability, alcoholism, or drug abuse, that the treatment facility offers inpatient therapy or treatment that is appropriate to the minor's needs and that inpatient care in the treatment facility is the least restrictive therapy or treatment consistent with the needs of the minor, and, if the minor is 14 years of age or older and has been admitted to the treatment facility for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness or developmental disability, whether the admission is voluntary on the part of the minor. If such a showing is made, the court shall permit voluntary admission. If the court is unable to make those determinations based on the petition and accompanying documents, the court may dismiss the petition as provided in par. (h); order additional information to be produced as necessary for the court to make those determinations within 14 days after admission or application for admission, whichever is sooner; or hold a hearing within 14 days after admission or application for admission, whichever is sooner. If a notation of the minor's unwillingness appears on the face of the petition, or if a hearing has been requested by the minor or by the minor's counsel, parent, or guardian, the court shall hold a hearing to review the admission within 14 days after admission or application for admission, whichever is sooner, and shall appoint counsel to represent the minor if the minor is unrepresented. If the court considers it necessary, the court shall also appoint a guardian ad litem to represent the minor.
51.13(4)(e) (e) Notice of the hearing under this subsection shall be provided by the court by certified mail to the minor, the minor's parents or guardian, the minor's counsel and guardian ad litem if any, the petitioner and any other interested party at least 96 hours prior to the time of hearing.
51.13(4)(f) (f) The rules of evidence in civil actions shall apply to any hearing under this section. A record shall be maintained of the entire proceedings. The record shall include findings of fact and conclusions of law. Findings shall be based on a clear and convincing standard of proof.
51.13(4)(g) (g) If the court finds that the minor is in need of psychiatric services or services for developmental disability, alcoholism, or drug abuse in an inpatient facility, that the inpatient facility to which the minor is admitted offers therapy or treatment that is appropriate for the minor's needs and that is the least restrictive therapy or treatment consistent with the minor's needs, and, in the case of a minor 14 years of age or older who is being admitted for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness or developmental disability, that the application is voluntary on the part of the minor, the court shall permit voluntary admission. If the court finds that the therapy or treatment in the inpatient facility to which the minor is admitted is not appropriate or is not the least restrictive therapy or treatment consistent with the minor's needs, the court may order placement in or transfer to another more appropriate or less restrictive inpatient facility, except that the court may not permit or order placement in or transfer to the northern or southern centers for the developmentally disabled of a minor unless the department gives approval for the placement or transfer, and if the order of the court is approved by all of the following if applicable:
51.13(4)(g)1. 1. The minor if he or she is 14 years of age or older and is being admitted for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness or developmental disability.
51.13(4)(g)2. 2. The treatment director of the facility or his or her designee.
51.13(4)(g)3. 3. The director of the appropriate county department under s. 51.42 or 51.437 if the county department is to be responsible for the cost of the minor's therapy or treatment.
51.13(4)(h) (h) If the court does not permit voluntary admission under par. (g), it shall do one of the following:
51.13(4)(h)1. 1. Dismiss the petition and order the application for admission denied and the minor released.
51.13(4)(h)2. 2. Order the petition to be treated as a petition for involuntary commitment and refer it to the court where the review under this section was held, or if it was not held in the county of legal residence of the subject individual's parent or guardian and hardship would otherwise occur and if the best interests of the subject individual would be served thereby, to the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 in such county for a hearing under s. 51.20 or 51.45 (13).
51.13(4)(h)3. 3. If the minor is 14 years of age or older and appears to be developmentally disabled, proceed in the manner provided in s. 51.67 to determine whether the minor should receive protective placement or protective services, except that a minor shall not have a temporary guardian appointed if he or she has a parent or guardian.
51.13(4)(h)4. 4. If there is a reason to believe the minor is in need of protection or services under s. 48.13 or 938.13 or the minor is an expectant mother of an unborn child in need of protection or services under s. 48.133, dismiss the petition and authorize the filing of a petition under s. 48.25 (3) or 938.25 (3). The court may release the minor or may order that the minor be taken and held in custody under s. 48.19 (1) (c) or (cm) or 938.19 (1) (c).
51.13(4)(i) (i) Approval of an admission under this subsection does not constitute a finding of mental illness, developmental disability, alcoholism or drug dependency.
51.13(5) (5)Appeal. Any person who is aggrieved by a determination or order under this section and who is directly affected thereby may appeal to the court of appeals under s. 809.30.
51.13(6) (6)Short-term admissions.
51.13(6)(a)(a) A minor may be admitted to an inpatient treatment facility without review of the application under sub. (4) for diagnosis and evaluation or for dental, medical, or psychiatric services for a period not to exceed 12 days. The application for short-term admission of a minor shall be executed by the minor's parent or guardian, and, if the minor is 14 years of age or older and is being admitted for the primary purpose of diagnosis, evaluation, or services for mental illness or developmental disability, by the minor. A minor may not be readmitted to an inpatient treatment facility for psychiatric services under this paragraph within 120 days of a previous admission under this paragraph.
51.13(6)(b) (b) The application shall be reviewed by the treatment director of the facility or, in the case of a center for the developmentally disabled, by the director, and shall be accepted only if the director determines that the admission constitutes the least restrictive means of obtaining adequate diagnosis and evaluation of the minor or adequate provision of medical, dental or psychiatric services.
51.13(6)(c) (c) At the end of the 12-day period, the minor shall be released unless an application has been filed for voluntary admission under sub. (1) or a petition or statement has been filed for emergency detention, emergency commitment, involuntary commitment or protective placement.
51.13(7) (7)Discharge.
51.13(7)(a)(a) If a minor is admitted to an inpatient treatment facility while under 14 years of age, and if upon reaching age 14 is in need of further inpatient care and treatment primarily for mental illness or developmental disability, the director of the facility shall request the minor and the minor's parent or guardian to execute an application for voluntary admission. Such an application may be executed within 30 days prior to a minor's 14th birthday. If the application is executed, a petition for review shall be filed in the manner prescribed in sub. (4), unless such a review has been held within the last 120 days. If the application is not executed by the time of the minor's 14th birthday, the minor shall be discharged unless a petition or statement is filed for emergency detention, emergency commitment, involuntary commitment, or protective placement by the end of the next day in which the court transacts business.
51.13(7)(b) (b) Any minor 14 years of age or older who is voluntarily admitted under this section for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness or developmental disability, and any minor who is voluntarily admitted under sub. (1) (c) 1. or 2., may request discharge in writing. In the case of a minor 14 years of age or older who is voluntarily admitted under this section for the primary purpose of treatment for alcoholism or drug abuse or a minor under 14 years of age who is voluntarily admitted under this section for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness, developmental disability, alcoholism, or drug abuse, the parent or guardian of the minor may make the request. Upon receipt of any form of written request for discharge from a minor, the director of the facility in which the minor is admitted shall immediately notify the minor's parent or guardian. The minor shall be discharged within 48 hours after submission of the request, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, unless a petition or statement is filed for emergency detention, emergency commitment, involuntary commitment, or protective placement.
51.13(7)(c) (c) Any minor 14 years of age or older who is voluntarily admitted under this section for the primary purpose of treatment for alcoholism or drug abuse, and who is not discharged under par. (b), and any minor under 14 years of age who is voluntarily admitted under this section for the primary purpose of treatment for mental illness, developmental disability, alcoholism, or drug abuse, and who is not discharged under par. (b), may submit a written request to the court for a hearing to determine the continued appropriateness of the admission. If the director or staff of the inpatient treatment facility to which a minor described in this paragraph is admitted observes conduct by the minor that demonstrates an unwillingness to remain at the facility, including but not limited to a written expression of opinion or unauthorized absence, the director shall file a written request with the court to determine the continued appropriateness of the admission. A request that is made personally by a minor under this paragraph shall be signed by the minor but need not be written or composed by the minor. A request for a hearing under this paragraph that is received by staff or the director of the facility in which the child is admitted shall be filed with the court by the director. The court shall order a hearing upon request if no hearing concerning the minor's admission has been held within 120 days after receipt of the request. The court shall appoint counsel and, if the court considers it necessary, a guardian ad litem to represent the minor and if a hearing is held shall hold the hearing within 14 days after the request, unless the parties agree to a longer period. After the hearing, the court shall make disposition of the matter in the manner provided in sub. (4).
51.13 Annotation Due process rights of a minor child whose parents or guardians seek admission of the child are discussed. Parham v. J. R., 442 U.S. 584 (1979). See also Secretary of Public Welfare v. Institutionalized Juveniles, 442 U.S. 640 (1979).
51.14 51.14 Outpatient treatment of minors.
51.14(1) (1)Definitions. In this section, "outpatient mental health treatment" means treatment and social services for mental illness, except psychotropic medications and 24-hour care and custody, provided by a treatment facility.
51.14(2) (2)Mental health review officer. Each court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 shall designate a mental health review officer to review petitions filed under sub. (3).
51.14(3) (3)Review by mental health review officer.
51.14(3)(a)(a) Either a minor 14 years of age or older or his or her parent or guardian may petition the mental health review officer in the county in which the parent or guardian has residence for a review of a refusal of either the minor or his or her parent or guardian to provide the informed consent for outpatient mental health treatment required under s. 51.61 (6).
51.14(3)(b) (b) A petition filed under this subsection shall contain all of the following:
51.14(3)(b)1. 1. The name, address and birth date of the minor.
51.14(3)(b)2. 2. The name and address of the parent or guardian of the minor.
51.14(3)(b)3. 3. The facts substantiating the petitioner's belief that the minor needs outpatient mental health treatment.
51.14(3)(b)4. 4. Any available information which substantiates the appropriateness of the particular treatment sought for the minor and that the particular treatment sought is the least restrictive treatment consistent with the needs of the minor.
51.14(3)(c) (c) Any professional evaluations relevant under par. (b) 3. or 4. shall be attached to the petition filed under this subsection.
51.14(3)(d) (d) The court which appointed the mental health review officer shall ensure that necessary assistance is provided to the petitioner in the preparation of the petition under this subsection.
51.14(3)(e) (e) The mental health review officer shall notify the county department under s. 51.42 or 51.437 of the contents of any petition received by the mental health review officer under this subsection. The county department under s. 51.42 or 51.437 may, following review of the petition contents, make recommendations to the mental health review officer as to the need for and appropriateness and availability of treatment.
51.14(3)(f) (f) If prior to a hearing under par. (g) either the minor or his or her parent or guardian requests and the mental health review officer determines that the best interests of the minor would be served, a petition may be filed for court review under sub. (4) without further review under this subsection.
51.14(3)(g) (g) Within 21 days after the filing of a petition under this subsection, the mental health review officer shall hold a hearing on the refusal of the minor or the minor's parent or guardian to provide informed consent for outpatient treatment. The mental health review officer shall provide notice of the date, time and place of the hearing to the minor and the minor's parent or guardian at least 96 hours prior to the hearing.
51.14(3)(h) (h) If following the hearing under par. (g) and after taking into consideration the recommendations, if any, of the county department under s. 51.42 or 51.437 made under par. (e), the mental health review officer finds all of the following, he or she shall issue a written order that, notwithstanding the written, informed consent requirement of s. 51.61 (6), the written, informed consent of the minor, if the minor is refusing to provide consent, or the written, informed consent of the minor's parent or guardian, if the parent or guardian is refusing to provide consent, is not required for outpatient mental health treatment for the minor:
51.14(3)(h)1. 1. The informed consent is unreasonably withheld.
51.14(3)(h)2. 2. The minor is in need of treatment.
51.14(3)(h)3. 3. The particular treatment sought is appropriate for the minor and is the least restrictive treatment available.
51.14(3)(h)4. 4. The proposed treatment is in the best interests of the minor.
51.14(3)(i) (i) The findings under par. (h) and the reasons supporting each finding shall be in writing.
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