Feed for /2003/statutes/statutes/938 PDF
938.209(1)(a)4. 4. Adequate supervision is provided.
938.209(1)(a)5. 5. The judge reviews the status of the juvenile every 3 days.
938.209(1)(b) (b) The juvenile presents a substantial risk of physical harm to other persons in the secure detention facility, as evidenced by previous acts or attempts, which can only be avoided by transfer to the jail. The conditions of par. (a) 1. to 5. shall be met. The juvenile shall be given a hearing and transferred only upon order of the judge.
938.209(2m) (2m)
938.209(2m)(a)(a) A juvenile who is alleged to have committed a delinquent act may be held in a municipal lockup facility if all of the following criteria are met:
938.209(2m)(a)1. 1. The department has approved the municipal lockup facility as a suitable place for holding juveniles in custody.
938.209(2m)(a)2. 2. The juvenile is held in the municipal lockup facility for not more than 6 hours while awaiting his or her hearing under s. 938.21 (1) (a).
938.209(2m)(a)3. 3. There is sight and sound separation between the juvenile and any adult who is being held in the municipal lockup facility.
938.209(2m)(a)4. 4. The juvenile is held for investigative purposes only.
938.209(2m)(b) (b) The department shall promulgate rules establishing minimum requirements for the approval of a municipal lockup facility as a suitable place for holding juveniles in custody and for the operation of such a facility. The rules shall be designed to protect the health, safety and welfare of the juveniles held in those facilities.
938.209(3) (3) The restrictions of this section do not apply to the use of jail for a juvenile who has been waived to adult court under s. 938.18 or who is under the jurisdiction of an adult court under s. 938.183, unless the juvenile is under the jurisdiction of an adult court under s. 938.183 (1) and is under 15 years of age.
938.209 History History: 1995 a. 77, 352; 1997 a. 35, 296.
938.21 938.21 Hearing for juvenile in custody.
938.21(1) (1)Hearing; when held.
938.21(1)(a)(a) If a juvenile who has been taken into custody is not released under s. 938.20, a hearing to determine whether the juvenile shall continue to be held in custody under the criteria of ss. 938.205 to 938.209 (1) shall be conducted by the judge or circuit court commissioner within 24 hours after the end of the day that the decision to hold the juvenile was made, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays. By the time of the hearing a petition under s. 938.25 shall be filed, except that no petition need be filed where a juvenile is taken into custody under s. 938.19 (1) (b) or (d) 2., 6., or 7. or where the juvenile is a runaway from another state, in which case a written statement of the reasons for holding a juvenile in custody shall be substituted if the petition is not filed. If no hearing has been held within 24 hours or if no petition or statement has been filed at the time of the hearing, the juvenile shall be released except as provided in par. (b). A parent not present at the hearing shall be granted a rehearing upon request for good cause shown.
938.21(1)(b) (b) If no petition has been filed by the time of the hearing, a juvenile may be held in custody with the approval of the judge or circuit court commissioner for an additional 48 hours from the time of the hearing only if, as a result of the facts brought forth at the hearing, the judge or circuit court commissioner determines that probable cause exists to believe that the juvenile is an imminent danger to himself or herself or to others, or that probable cause exists to believe that the parent, guardian or legal custodian of the juvenile or other responsible adult is neglecting, refusing, unable or unavailable to provide adequate supervision and care. The extension may be granted only once for any petition. In the event of failure to file a petition within the 48-hour extension period provided for in this paragraph, the judge or circuit court commissioner shall order the juvenile's immediate release from custody.
938.21(2) (2)Proceedings concerning runaway or delinquent juveniles.
938.21(2)(ag)(ag) Proceedings concerning a juvenile who comes within the jurisdiction of the court under s. 938.12 or 938.13 (7) or (12) shall be conducted according to this subsection.
938.21(2)(am) (am) A juvenile held in a nonsecure place of custody may waive in writing his or her right to participate in the hearing under this section. After any waiver, a rehearing shall be granted upon the request of the juvenile or any other interested party for good cause shown. Any juvenile transferred to a secure detention facility shall thereafter have a rehearing under this section.
938.21(2)(b) (b) A copy of the petition shall be given to the juvenile at or prior to the time of the hearing. Prior notice of the hearing shall be given to the juvenile's parent, guardian and legal custodian and to the juvenile in accordance with s. 938.20 (8).
938.21(2)(c) (c) Prior to the commencement of the hearing, the juvenile shall be informed by the judge or circuit court commissioner of the allegations that have been or may be made, the nature and possible consequences of this hearing as compared to possible future hearings, the provisions of s. 938.18 if applicable, the right to counsel under s. 938.23 regardless of ability to pay if the juvenile is not yet represented by counsel, the right to remain silent, the fact that the silence may not be adversely considered by the judge or circuit court commissioner, the right to confront and cross-examine witnesses and the right to present witnesses.
938.21(2)(d) (d) If the juvenile is not represented by counsel at the hearing and the juvenile is continued in custody as a result of the hearing, the juvenile may request through counsel subsequently appointed or retained or through a guardian ad litem that the order to hold in custody be reheard. If the request is made, a rehearing shall take place as soon as possible. Whether or not counsel was present, any order to hold the juvenile in custody shall be subject to rehearing for good cause.
938.21(3) (3)Proceedings concerning juveniles in need of protection or services.
938.21(3)(ag)(ag) Proceedings concerning a juvenile who comes within the jurisdiction of the court under s. 938.13 (4), (6), (6m) or (14) shall be conducted according to this subsection.
938.21(3)(am) (am) The parent, guardian, or legal custodian may waive his or her right to participate in the hearing under this section. After any waiver, a rehearing shall be granted at the request of the parent, guardian, legal custodian, or any other interested party for good cause shown.
938.21(3)(b) (b) If present at the hearing, a copy of the petition shall be given to the parent, guardian or legal custodian, and to the juvenile if he or she is 12 years of age or older, before the hearing begins. Prior notice of the hearing shall be given to the juvenile's parent, guardian and legal custodian and to the juvenile if he or she is 12 years of age or older in accordance with s. 938.20 (8).
938.21(3)(d) (d) Prior to the commencement of the hearing, the parent, guardian or legal custodian shall be informed by the court of the allegations that have been made or may be made, the nature and possible consequences of this hearing as compared to possible future hearings, the right to confront and cross-examine witnesses and the right to present witnesses.
938.21(3)(e) (e) If the parent, guardian or legal custodian or the juvenile is not represented by counsel at the hearing and the juvenile is continued in custody as a result of the hearing, the parent, guardian, legal custodian or juvenile may request through counsel subsequently appointed or retained or through a guardian ad litem that the order to hold the juvenile in custody be reheard. If the request is made, a rehearing shall take place as soon as possible. Any order to hold the juvenile in custody shall be subject to rehearing for good cause, whether or not counsel was present.
938.21(3m) (3m)Parental notice required. If the juvenile has been taken into custody because he or she committed an act which resulted in personal injury or damage to or loss of the property of another, the court, prior to the commencement of any hearing under this section, shall attempt to notify the juvenile's parents of the possibility of disclosure of the identity of the juvenile and the parents, of the juvenile's police records and of the outcome of proceedings against the juvenile for use in civil actions for damages against the juvenile or the parents and of the parents' potential liability for acts of their juveniles. If the court is unable to provide the notice before commencement of the hearing, it shall provide the juvenile's parents with the specified information in writing as soon as possible after the hearing.
938.21(4) (4) If the judge or circuit court commissioner finds that the juvenile should be continued in custody under the criteria of s. 938.205, he or she shall enter one of the following orders:
938.21(4)(a) (a) Place the juvenile with a parent, guardian, legal custodian or other responsible person and may impose reasonable restrictions on the juvenile's travel, association with other persons or places of abode during the period of placement, including a condition requiring the juvenile to return to other custody as requested; or subject the juvenile to the supervision of an agency agreeing to supervise the juvenile. Reasonable restrictions may be placed upon the conduct of the parent, guardian, legal custodian or other responsible person which may be necessary to ensure the safety of the juvenile.
938.21(4)(b) (b) Order the juvenile held in an appropriate manner under s. 938.207, 938.208 or 938.209 (1).
938.21(4m) (4m)Electronic monitoring. The judge or circuit court commissioner may include in an order under sub. (4) (a) or (b) a condition that the juvenile be monitored by an electronic monitoring system.
938.21(5) (5)Orders in writing.
938.21(5)(a)(a) All orders to hold in custody shall be in writing, listing the reasons and criteria forming the basis for the decision.
938.21(5)(b) (b) An order relating to a juvenile held in custody outside of his or her home shall also include all of the following:
938.21(5)(b)1. 1. A finding that continued placement of the juvenile in his or her home would be contrary to the welfare of the juvenile. Unless the judge or circuit court commissioner finds that any of the circumstances specified in s. 938.355 (2d) (b) 1. to 4. applies, the order shall in addition include a finding as to whether the person who took the juvenile into custody and the intake worker have made reasonable efforts to prevent the removal of the juvenile from the home, while assuring that the juvenile's health and safety are the paramount concerns, and a finding as to whether the person who took the juvenile into custody and the intake worker have made reasonable efforts to make it possible for the juvenile to return safely home or, if for good cause shown sufficient information is not available for the judge or circuit court commissioner to make a finding as to whether those reasonable efforts were made to prevent the removal of the juvenile from the home, a finding as to whether those reasonable efforts were made to make it possible for the juvenile to return safely home and an order for the county department or agency primarily responsible for providing services to the juvenile under the custody order to file with the court sufficient information for the judge or circuit court commissioner to make a finding as to whether those reasonable efforts were made to prevent the removal of the juvenile from the home by no later than 5 days after the date of the order.
938.21(5)(b)2. 2. If the juvenile is held in custody outside the home in a placement recommended by the intake worker, a statement that the court approves the placement recommended by the intake worker or, if the juvenile is placed outside the home in a placement other than a placement recommended by the intake worker, a statement that the court has given bona fide consideration to the recommendations made by the intake worker and all parties relating to the placement of the juvenile.
938.21(5)(b)3. 3. If the judge or circuit court commissioner finds that any of the circumstances specified in s. 938.355 (2d) (b) 1. to 4. applies with respect to a parent, a determination that the county department or agency primarily responsible for providing services under the custody order is not required to make reasonable efforts with respect to the parent to make it possible for the juvenile to return safely to his or her home.
938.21(5)(c) (c) The judge or circuit court commissioner shall make the findings specified in par. (b) 1. and 3. on a case-by-case basis based on circumstances specific to the juvenile and shall document or reference the specific information on which those findings are based in the custody order. A custody order that merely references par. (b) 1. or 3. without documenting or referencing that specific information in the custody order or an amended custody order that retroactively corrects an earlier custody order that does not comply with this paragraph is not sufficient to comply with this paragraph.
938.21(5)(d)1.1. If the judge or circuit court commissioner finds that any of the circumstances specified in s. 938.355 (2d) (b) 1. to 4. applies with respect to a parent, the judge or circuit court commissioner shall hold a hearing within 30 days after the date of that finding to determine the permanency plan for the juvenile. If a hearing is held under this subdivision, the agency responsible for preparing the permanency plan shall file the permanency plan with the court not less than 5 days before the date of the hearing.
938.21(5)(d)2. 2. If a hearing is held under subd. 1, at least 10 days before the date of the hearing the court shall notify the juvenile, any parent, guardian, and legal custodian of the juvenile, and any foster parent, treatment foster parent, or other physical custodian described in s. 48.62 (2) of the juvenile of the time, place, and purpose of the hearing.
938.21(5)(d)3. 3. The court shall give a foster parent, treatment foster parent, or other physical custodian described in s. 48.62 (2) who is notified of a hearing under subd. 2. an opportunity to be heard at the hearing by permitting the foster parent, treatment foster parent, or other physical custodian to make a written or oral statement during the hearing, or to submit a written statement prior to the hearing, relevant to the issues to be determined at the hearing. A foster parent, treatment foster parent, or other physical custodian who receives a notice of a hearing under subd. 2. and an opportunity to be heard under this subdivision does not become a party to the proceeding on which the hearing is held solely on the basis of receiving that notice and opportunity to be heard.
938.21(6) (6)Amendment of order. An order placing a juvenile under sub. (4) (a) on conditions specified in this section may at any time be amended, with notice, so as to return the juvenile to another form of custody for failure to conform to the conditions originally imposed. A juvenile may be transferred to secure custody if he or she meets the criteria of s. 938.208.
938.21(7) (7)Deferred prosecution. If the judge or circuit court commissioner determines that the best interests of the juvenile and the public are served, he or she may enter a consent decree under s. 938.32 or order the petition dismissed and refer the matter to the intake worker for deferred prosecution in accordance with s. 938.245.
938.21 History History: 1995 a. 77, 275; 1997 a. 35, 237, 296; 2001 a. 16, 61, 109.
938.21 Annotation When a district attorney receives notice of a deferred prosecution agreement from an intake worker under s. 938.24 (5), the 20 days during which the district attorney may terminate the agreement under s. 938.245 (6) begins. When a court orders a deferred prosecution agreement under s. 938.21 (7), the intake worker need not notify the district attorney and nothing triggers a district attorney's authority to terminate the agreement under s. 938.245(6). An order under s. 938.21 (7) dismissing a petition and referring for deferred prosecution does not require district attorney consent. The district attorney may not override the order by filing a new petition with the same charges and facts. State v. Lindsey A.F. 2002 WI App 223, 257 Wis. 2d 650, 653 N.W.2d 116. Affirmed. 2003 WI 63, 262 Wis. 2d 200, 663 N.W.2d 757, 01-0081.
938.21 Annotation Deferred prosecutions under sub. (7) are not limited to situations in which the child is in custody. State v. Lindsey A.F. 2003 WI 63, 262 Wis. 2d 200, 663 N.W.2d 757, 01-0081.
938.22 938.22 Establishment of county or private juvenile facilities.
938.22(1)(1)
938.22(1)(a)(a) Subject to s. 48.66 (1) (b), the county board of supervisors of any county may establish a secured group home or a secure detention facility in accordance with ss. 301.36 and 301.37 or the county boards of supervisors for 2 or more counties may jointly establish a secured group home or a secure detention facility in accordance with ss. 46.20, 301.36 and 301.37. The county board of supervisors of any county may establish a shelter care facility in accordance with ss. 46.16 and 46.17 or the county boards of supervisors for 2 or more counties may jointly establish a shelter care facility in accordance with ss. 46.16, 46.17 and 46.20. A private entity may establish a secure detention facility in accordance with ss. 301.36 and 301.37 and contract with one or more county boards of supervisors under s. 938.222 for holding juveniles in the private secure detention facility.
938.22(1)(b) (b) Subject to sub. (3) (ar), in counties having a population of less than 500,000, the nonjudicial operational policies of a public secured group home, secure detention facility or shelter care facility shall be determined by the county board of supervisors or, in the case of a public secured group home, secure detention facility or shelter care facility established by 2 or more counties, by the county boards of supervisors for the 2 or more counties jointly. Those policies shall be executed by the superintendent appointed under sub. (3) (a).
938.22(1)(c) (c) In counties having a population of 500,000 or more, the nonjudicial operational policies of a public secured group home, secure detention facility and the detention section of the children's court center shall be established by the county board of supervisors, and the execution thereof shall be the responsibility of the director of the children's court center.
938.22(1)(d) (d) The nonjudicial operational policies of a private secure detention facility shall be established by the private entity operating the secure detention facility. Those policies shall be executed by the superintendent appointed under sub. (3) (bm).
938.22(2) (2)
938.22(2)(a)(a) Counties shall submit plans for the secured group home, secure detention facility or juvenile portion of the county jail to the department of corrections and submit plans for the shelter care facility to the department of health and family services. A private entity that proposes to establish a secure detention facility shall submit plans for the secure detention facility to the department of corrections. The applicable department shall review the submitted plans. A county or a private entity may not implement any such plan unless the applicable department has approved the plan. The department of corrections shall promulgate rules establishing minimum requirements for the approval of the operation of secured group homes, secure detention facilities and the juvenile portion of county jails. The plans and rules shall be designed to protect the health, safety and welfare of the juveniles placed in those facilities.
938.22(2)(b) (b) If the department approves, a secure detention facility or a holdover room may be a part of a public building in which there is a jail or other facility for the detention of adults if the secure detention facility or holdover room is so physically segregated from the jail or other facility that the secure detention facility or holdover room may be entered without passing through areas where adults are confined and that juveniles detained in the secure detention facility or holdover room cannot communicate with or view adults confined therein.
938.22(2)(c) (c) A shelter care facility shall be used for the temporary care of juveniles. A shelter care facility, other than a holdover room, may not be in the same building as a facility for the detention of adults.
938.22(3) (3)
938.22(3)(a)(a) In counties having a population of less than 500,000, public secured group homes, secure detention facilities and public shelter care facilities shall be in the charge of a superintendent. The county board of supervisors or, where 2 or more counties operate joint public secured group homes, secure detention facilities or shelter care facilities, the county boards of supervisors for the 2 or more counties jointly shall appoint the superintendent and other necessary personnel for the care and education of the juveniles placed in those facilities, subject to par. (am) and to civil service regulations in counties having civil service.
938.22(3)(am) (am) If a secure detention facility or holdover room is part of a public building in which there is a jail or other facility for the detention of adults, the sheriff or other keeper of the jail or other facility for the detention of adults may nominate persons to be considered under par. (a) for the position of superintendent of the secure detention facility or holdover room. Nominees under this paragraph shall have demonstrated administrative abilities and a demonstrated interest in the problems of juvenile justice and the welfare of juveniles.
938.22(3)(ar) (ar) Notwithstanding sub. (1) (b), if a secure detention facility or holdover room is part of a public building in which there is a jail or other facility for the detention of adults, the sheriff or other keeper of the jail or other facility for the detention of adults shall determine the policies of that secure detention facility or holdover room relating to security and emergency response and shall determine the procedures for implementing those policies.
938.22(3)(b) (b) In counties having a population of 500,000 or more, the director of the children's court center shall be in charge of and responsible for public secured group homes, secure detention facilities, the secure detention section of the center and the personnel assigned to this section, including a detention supervisor or superintendent. The director of the children's court center may also serve as superintendent of detention if the county board of supervisors so determines.
938.22(3)(bm) (bm) A private secure detention facility shall be in the charge of a superintendent appointed by the private entity operating the secure detention facility.
938.22(3)(c) (c) All superintendents appointed under par. (a), (b) or (bm) after May 1, 1992, shall, within one year after that appointment, successfully complete an administrative training program approved or provided by the department of justice.
938.22(5) (5) A county board of supervisors, or 2 or more county boards of supervisors jointly, may contract with privately operated secure detention facilities, shelter care facilities or home detention programs for purchase of services. A county board of supervisors may delegate this authority to its county department.
938.22(7) (7)
938.22(7)(a)(a) No person may establish a shelter care facility without first obtaining a license under s. 48.66 (1) (a). To obtain a license under s. 48.66 (1) (a) to operate a shelter care facility, a person must meet the minimum requirements for a license established by the department of health and family services under s. 48.67, meet the requirements specified in s. 48.685 and pay the license fee under par. (b). A license issued under s. 48.66 (1) (a) to operate a shelter care facility is valid until revoked or suspended, but shall be reviewed every 2 years as provided in s. 48.66 (5).
938.22(7)(b) (b) Before the department of health and family services may issue a license under s. 48.66 (1) (a) to operate a shelter care facility, the shelter care facility must pay to that department a biennial fee of $60.50, plus a biennial fee of $18.15 per juvenile, based on the number of juveniles that the shelter care facility is licensed to serve. A shelter care facility that wishes to continue a license issued under s. 48.66 (1) (a) shall pay the fee under this paragraph by the continuation date of the license. A new shelter care facility shall pay the fee under this paragraph by no later than 30 days before the opening of the shelter care facility.
938.22(7)(c) (c) A shelter care facility that wishes to continue a license issued under s. 48.66 (1) (a) and that fails to pay the fee under par. (b) by the continuation date of the license or a new shelter care facility that fails to pay the fee under par. (b) by 30 days before the opening of the shelter care facility shall pay an additional fee of $5 per day for every day after the deadline that the facility fails to pay the fee.
938.22 History History: 1995 a. 27 s. 9126 (19); 1995 a. 77, 352; 1997 a. 27, 35, 252; 1999 a. 9.
938.222 938.222 Contracts with private entities for secure detention facility services.
938.222(1) (1) The county board of supervisors of any county may contract with a private entity that operates a secure detention facility for the use of the secure detention facility for the holding of juveniles who meet the criteria under s. 48.208, 938.17 (1), 938.183 (1m) (a) or 938.208 or who are subject to a disposition under s. 938.17 (1) (b) or 938.34 (3) (f), a sanction under s. 938.355 (6) (d) 1. or short-term detention under s. 938.355 (6d) or 938.534 (1).
938.222(2) (2)
938.222(2)(a)(a) A contract under sub. (1) shall require all of the following:
938.222(2)(a)1. 1. That the private secure detention facility meet or exceed the minimum requirements for the approval and operation of a secure detention facility established by the department by rules promulgated under s. 938.22 (2) (a) and that the private secure detention facility be approved by the department under s. 301.36.
938.222(2)(a)2. 2. That the private secure detention facility provide educational programming, health care and other care that is equivalent to that which a juvenile would receive if held in a public secure detention facility.
938.222(2)(b) (b) In addition to the requirements under par. (a), a contract under sub. (1) shall include all of the following:
938.222(2)(b)1. 1. The rates to be paid by the county for holding a juvenile in the private secure detention facility and the charges to be paid by the county for any extraordinary medical and dental expenses and any programming provided for a juvenile who is held in the private secure detention facility.
938.222(2)(b)2. 2. An agreement that the county retains jurisdiction over a juvenile who is held in the private secure detention facility.
938.222(2)(b)3. 3. An agreement that the private secure detention facility is subject to investigation and inspection by the department under s. 301.36.
938.222(2)(b)4. 4. Any other matters that are necessary and appropriate concerning the obligations, responsibilities and rights of the contracting counties and the department.
938.222 History History: 1997 a. 27.
938.223 938.223 Contracts with Minnesota counties for secure detention facility services.
938.223(1) (1) The county board of supervisors of any county may contract with one or more counties in Minnesota that operate a secure detention facility for the use of one or more Minnesota secure detention facilities for the holding of juveniles who meet the criteria under s. 48.208, 938.17 (1), 938.183 (1m) (a) or 938.208 or who are subject to a disposition under s. 938.17 (1) (b) or 938.34 (3) (f), a sanction under s. 938.355 (6) (d) 1. or short-term detention under s. 938.355 (6d) or 938.534 (1).
938.223(2) (2)
938.223(2)(a)(a) A contract under sub. (1) shall require all of the following:
938.223(2)(a)1. 1. That the Minnesota secure detention facility meet or exceed the minimum requirements for the approval and operation of a Wisconsin secure detention facility established by the department by rules promulgated under s. 938.22 (2) (a) and that the Minnesota secure detention facility be approved by the department under s. 301.36.
Loading...
Loading...
This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 2003. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?