Feed for /2005/statutes/statutes/938 PDF
938.396(2g)(m)5. 5. In addition to the disclosure made under subd. 2. or 4., if a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent and as a result of the dispositional order is enrolled in a different school district or private school from the school district or private school in which the juvenile is enrolled at the time of the dispositional order, the court clerk, within 5 days after the date on which the dispositional order is entered, shall provide the school board of the juvenile's new school district, the governing body of the juvenile's new private school, or the designee of the school board or governing body with the information specified in subd. 2. or 4., whichever is applicable, and, in addition, shall notify that school board, governing body, or designee of whether the juvenile has been adjudicated delinquent previously by that court, the nature of any previous violations committed by the juvenile, and the dispositions imposed on the juvenile under s. 938.34 as a result of those previous violations.
938.396(2g)(m)6. 6. Except as required under subds. 1. to 5. or by order of the court, no information from the juvenile's court records may be disclosed to the school board of the school district, or the governing body of the private school, in which the juvenile is enrolled or the designee of the school board or governing body. Any information from a juvenile's court records provided to the school board of the school district, or the governing body of the private school, in which the juvenile is enrolled or the designee of the school board or governing body shall be disclosed by the school board, governing body, or designee to employees of the school district or private school who work directly with the juvenile or who have been determined by the school board, governing body, or designee to have legitimate educational interests, including safety interests, in the information. A school district or private school employee to whom that information is disclosed may not further disclose the information. A school board may not use any information from a juvenile's court records as the sole basis for expelling or suspending a juvenile or as the sole basis for taking any other disciplinary action, including action under the school district's athletic code, against the juvenile. A member of a school board or of the governing body of a private school or an employee of a school district or private school may not be held personally liable for any damages caused by the nondisclosure of any information specified in this subdivision unless the member or employee acted with actual malice in failing to disclose the information. A school district or private school may not be held liable for any damages caused by the nondisclosure of any information specified in this subdivision unless the school district, private school, or its agent acted with gross negligence or with reckless, wanton, or intentional misconduct in failing to disclose the information.
938.396(2g)(n) (n) Firearms restriction record search. If a juvenile is adjudged delinquent for an act that would be a felony if committed by an adult, the court clerk shall notify the department of justice of that fact. No other information from the juvenile's court records may be disclosed to the department of justice except by order of the court. The department of justice may disclose any information provided under this subsection only as part of a firearms restrictions record search under s. 175.35 (2g) (c).
938.396(2g)(o) (o) Criminal history record search. If a juvenile is adjudged delinquent for committing a serious crime, as defined in s. 48.685 (1) (c), the court clerk shall notify the department of justice of that fact. No other information from the juvenile's court records may be disclosed to the department of justice except by order of the court. The department of justice may disclose any information provided under this subsection only as part of a criminal history record search under s. 48.685 (2) (am) 1. or (b) 1. a.
938.396(3) (3)Motor vehicle violation records. This section does not apply to proceedings for violations of chs. 340 to 349 and 351 or any county or municipal ordinance enacted under ch. 349, except that this section does apply to proceedings for violations of ss. 342.06 (2) and 344.48 (1), and ss. 30.67 (1) and 346.67 (1) when death or injury occurs.
938.396(4) (4)Operating privilege records. When a court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 or a municipal court exercising jurisdiction under s. 938.17 (2) revokes, suspends, or restricts a juvenile's operating privilege under this chapter, the department of transportation may not disclose information concerning or relating to the revocation, suspension, or restriction to any person other than a court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48, a municipal court exercising jurisdiction under s. 938.17 (2), a district attorney, county corporation counsel, or city, village, or town attorney, a law enforcement agency, the juvenile whose operating privilege is revoked, suspended, or restricted, or the juvenile's parent or guardian. Persons entitled to receive this information may not disclose the information to other persons or agencies.
938.396(10) (10)Sexually violent person commitment. A law enforcement agency's records and records of the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 shall be open for inspection by authorized representatives of the department of corrections, the department of health and family services, the department of justice, or a district attorney for use in the prosecution of any proceeding or any evaluation conducted under ch. 980, if the records involve or relate to an individual who is the subject of the proceeding or evaluation. The court in which the proceeding under ch. 980 is pending may issue any protective orders that it determines are appropriate concerning information made available or disclosed under this subsection. Any representative of the department of corrections, the department of health and family services, the department of justice, or a district attorney may disclose information obtained under this subsection for any purpose consistent with any proceeding under ch. 980.
938.396 History History: 1995 a. 27 s. 9126 (19); 1995 a. 77, 352, 440, 448; 1997 a. 27, 35, 80, 95, 181, 205, 252, 258, 281; 1999 a. 9, 32, 89; 2001 a. 95; 2003 a. 82, 292; 2005 a. 344, 434; 2005 a. 443 s. 265; s. 13.93 (2) (c).
938.396 Annotation The juvenile court must make a threshold relevancy determination by an in camera review when confronted with: 1) a discovery request under s. 48.293(2); 2) an inspection request of juvenile records under ss. 48.396 (2) and 938.396 (2); or 3) an inspection request of agency records under ss. 48.78 (2) (a) and 938.78(2) (a). The test for permissible discovery is whether the information sought appears reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. Courtney F. v. Ramiro M.C. 2004 WI App 36, 269 Wis. 2d 709, 676 N.W.2d 545, 03-3018.
subch. IX of ch. 938 SUBCHAPTER IX
JURISDICTION OVER PERSONS 17 OR OLDER
938.44 938.44 Jurisdiction over persons 17 or older. The court has jurisdiction over persons 17 years of age or older as provided under ss. 938.355 (4) and 938.45 and as otherwise specified in this chapter.
938.44 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344.
938.45 938.45 Orders applicable to adults.
938.45(1) (1)Orders when adult contributed to condition of juvenile.
938.45(1)(a)(a) If in the hearing of a case of a juvenile alleged to be delinquent under s. 938.12 or in need of protection or services under s. 938.13 it appears that any person 17 years of age or older has been guilty of contributing to, encouraging, or tending to cause by any act or omission, such condition of the juvenile, the court may make orders with respect to the conduct of that person in his or her relationship to the juvenile, including orders relating to determining the ability of the person to provide for the maintenance or care of the juvenile and directing when, how, and where funds for the maintenance or care shall be paid.
938.45(1)(b) (b) An act or failure to act contributes to a condition of a juvenile as described in s. 938.12 or 938.13, even if the juvenile is not found to come within the provisions of s. 938.12 or 938.13, if the natural and probable consequences of that act or failure to act would be to cause the juvenile to come within the provisions of s. 938.12 or 938.13.
938.45(1m) (1m)Orders imposing conditions on juvenile's parent, guardian, or legal custodian.
938.45(1m)(a)(a) In a proceeding in which a juvenile has been adjudicated delinquent or has been found to be in need of protection or services under s. 938.13, the court may order the juvenile's parent, guardian, or legal custodian to comply with any conditions determined by the court to be necessary for the juvenile's welfare. An order may include participation in mental health treatment, anger management, individual or family counseling or parent training and education, and a requirement for a reasonable contribution, based on ability to pay, toward the cost of those services.
938.45(1m)(b) (b) A court may not order inpatient treatment under par. (a) for a juvenile's parent, guardian or legal custodian. All inpatient treatment commitments or admissions must be conducted in accordance with ch. 51.
938.45(1r) (1r)Order for parent to pay restitution or forfeiture.
938.45(1r)(a)(a) In a proceeding in which a juvenile is found to have committed a delinquent act or a civil law or ordinance violation that has resulted in damage to the property of another, or in actual physical injury to another excluding pain and suffering, the court may order a parent who has custody, as defined in s. 895.035 (1), of the juvenile to make reasonable restitution for the damage or injury. Except for recovery for retail theft under s. 943.51, the maximum amount of any restitution ordered for damage or injury resulting from any one act of a juvenile or from the same act committed by 2 or more juveniles in the custody of the same parent may not exceed $5,000. The order shall include a finding that the parent is financially able to pay the amount ordered and may allow up to the date of expiration of the order for the payment. Any recovery under this paragraph shall be reduced by the amount recovered as restitution for the same act under s. 938.34 (5) or 938.343 (4).
938.45(1r)(b) (b) In a proceeding in which the court has determined under s. 938.34 (8) or 938.343 (2) that the imposition of a forfeiture would be in the best interest of the juvenile and in aid of rehabilitation, the court may order a parent who has custody, as defined in s. 895.035 (1), of the juvenile to pay the forfeiture. The amount of any forfeiture ordered may not exceed $5,000. The order shall include a finding that the parent is financially able to pay the amount ordered and shall allow up to 12 months after the date of the order for the payment. Any recovery under this paragraph shall be reduced by the amount recovered as a forfeiture for the same act under s. 938.34 (8) or 938.343 (2).
938.45(2) (2)Right to hearing on orders. No order under sub. (1) (a), (1m) (a), or (1r) (a) or (b) may be entered until the person who is the subject of the contemplated order is given an opportunity to be heard on the order. The court shall cause notice of the time, place, and purpose of the hearing to be served on the person personally at least 10 days before the date of hearing. The procedure in these cases shall, as far as practicable, be the same as in other cases in the court. At the hearing the person may be represented by counsel and may produce and cross-examine witnesses. A person who fails to comply with an order issued by a court under sub. (1) (a), (1m) (a), or (1r) (a) or (b) may be proceeded against for contempt of court. If the person's conduct involves a crime, the person may be proceeded against under the criminal law.
938.45(3) (3)Prosecution of adult contributing to delinquency of juvenile. If it appears at a court hearing that any person 17 years of age or older has violated s. 948.40, the court shall refer the record to the district attorney. This subsection does not prohibit prosecution of violations of s. 948.40 without the prior reference by the court to the district attorney.
938.45 History History: 1995 a. 77; 1997 a. 35, 205; 2003 a. 138; 2005 a. 344.
938.45 Annotation Municipal courts have statutory authority to order parents of a juvenile to pay a forfeiture imposed on their child for violating a nontraffic municipal ordinance. OAG 4-00.
subch. X of ch. 938 SUBCHAPTER X
REHEARING AND APPEAL
938.46 938.46 New evidence. A juvenile whose status is adjudicated by the court under this chapter, or the juvenile's parent, guardian or legal custodian, may at any time within one year after the entering of the court's order petition the court for a rehearing on the ground that new evidence has been discovered affecting the advisability of the court's original adjudication. Upon a showing that such evidence does exist, the court shall order a new hearing. This section does not apply to motions made under s. 974.07 (2).
938.46 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2001 a. 16.
subch. XI of ch. 938 SUBCHAPTER XI
AUTHORITY
938.48 938.48 Authority of department. The department may do all of the following:
938.48(1) (1)Enforcement of laws. Promote the enforcement of the laws relating to delinquent juveniles and juveniles in need of protection or services and take the initiative in all matters involving the interests of those juveniles when adequate provision for those matters is not made. This duty shall be discharged in cooperation with the courts, county departments, licensed child welfare agencies, parents, and other individuals interested in the welfare of juveniles.
938.48(2) (2)Juvenile welfare services. Assist in extending and strengthening juvenile welfare services with appropriate federal agencies and in conformity with the federal Social Security Act and in cooperation with parents, other individuals, and other agencies so that all juveniles needing such services are reached.
938.48(3) (3)Supervision and special treatment or care. Accept supervision over juveniles transferred to it by the court under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (4), and provide special treatment or care to juveniles when directed by the court. Except as provided in s. 938.505 (2), a court may not direct the department to administer psychotropic medications to juveniles who receive special treatment or care under this subsection.
938.48(4) (4)Care, training, and placement. Provide appropriate care and training for juveniles under its supervision under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (4), including serving those juveniles in their own homes, placing them in licensed foster homes or licensed treatment foster homes or licensed group homes under s. 48.63, contracting for their care by licensed child welfare agencies or replacing them in juvenile correctional facilities or secured residential care centers for children and youth in accordance with rules promulgated under ch. 227, except that the department may not purchase the educational component of private day treatment programs for a juvenile in its custody unless the department, the school board, as defined in s. 115.001 (7), and the state superintendent of public instruction all determine that an appropriate public education program is not available for the juvenile. Disputes between the department and the school district shall be resolved by the state superintendent of public instruction.
938.48(4m) (4m)Continuing care and services for juveniles over 17. Continue to provide appropriate care, training and services to any person who meets all of the following qualifications:
938.48(4m)(a) (a) Is at least 17 years of age.
938.48(4m)(b) (b) Was under the supervision of the department under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m) or (4n) or 938.357 (4) when the person reached 17 years of age.
938.48(4m)(c) (c) Is less than 19 years of age.
938.48(4m)(d) (d) Is determined by the department to be in need of care and services designed to fit the person for gainful employment and has requested and consented to receive the care and services.
938.48(5) (5)Moral and religious training. Provide for the moral and religious training of a juvenile under its supervision under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (4) according to the religious beliefs of the juvenile or of the juvenile's parents.
938.48(6) (6)Emergency surgery. Consent to emergency surgery under the direction of a licensed physician or surgeon for any juvenile under its supervision under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (4) upon notification by a licensed physician or surgeon of the need for the surgery and if reasonable effort, compatible with the nature and time limitation of the emergency, has been made to secure the consent of the juvenile's parent or guardian.
938.48(13) (13)Allowances and cash grants. Promulgate rules for the payment of an allowance to juveniles in its institutions and a cash grant to a juvenile being discharged from its institutions or released to aftercare supervision.
938.48(14) (14)School-related expenses for juveniles over 17. Pay maintenance, tuition, and related expenses from the appropriation under s. 20.410 (3) (ho) for persons who, when they attained 17 years of age, were students regularly attending a school, college, or university or regularly attending a course of vocational or technical training designed to prepare them for gainful employment, and who upon attaining that age were under the supervision of the department under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (4) as a result of a judicial decision.
938.48(16) (16)Standards for services. Establish and enforce standards for services under s. 938.183, 938.34, or 938.345.
938.48 History History: 1995 a. 77; 1997 a. 27; 2001 a. 38; 2005 a. 344.
938.48 Cross-reference Cross Reference: See also chs. DOC 371, 373, 374, 375, 376, 379, 380, 381, 383, 393, and 397, Wis. adm. code.
938.48 Annotation Sub. (4m) permits a juvenile court to order an adjudged delinquent to a secured correctional facility. Under sub. (16), a trial court, after ordering a disposition, may stay the execution of the dispositional order contingent on the juvenile's satisfactory compliance with any conditions the court specifies in the dispositional order and explains to the juvenile. That the Racine County juvenile court, Racine County Human Services Department and Racine Unified School District joined together to offer a voluntary residential treatment program for adjudged juvenile delinquents as an alternative to a "secured correctional facility" not found in this section does not make a juvenile's participation illegal. State v. Andrew J. K. 2006 WI App 126, ___ Wis. 2d ___, 718 N.W.2d 229, 05-2395.
938.49 938.49 Notification by court of placement with department; information for department.
938.49(1) (1)Notice to department of placement. When a court places a juvenile in a juvenile correctional facility or secured residential care center for children and youth under the supervision of the department, the court shall immediately notify the department of that action. The court shall, in accordance with procedures established by the department, provide transportation for the juvenile to a receiving center designated by the department or deliver the juvenile to department personnel.
938.49(2) (2)Transfer of court report and pupil records. When a court places a juvenile in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth under the supervision of the department, the court and all other public agencies shall immediately do all of the following:
938.49(2)(a) (a) Transfer to the department a copy of the report submitted to the court under s. 938.33 or, if the report was presented orally, a transcript of the report and all other pertinent data in their possession.
938.49(2)(b) (b) Notify the juvenile's last school district in writing of its obligation under s. 118.125 (4).
938.49 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344.
938.50 938.50 Examination of juveniles under supervision of department. The department shall examine every juvenile who is placed under its supervision to determine the type of placement best suited to the juvenile and to the protection of the public. The examination shall include an investigation of the personal and family history of the juvenile and his or her environment, any physical or mental examinations necessary to determine the type of placement appropriate for the juvenile, and an evaluation under s. 938.533 (2) to determine whether the juvenile is eligible for corrective sanctions supervision or serious juvenile offender supervision. The department shall screen a juvenile who is examined under this section to determine whether the juvenile is in need of special treatment or care because of alcohol or other drug abuse, mental illness, or severe emotional disturbance. In making the examination the department may use any facilities, public or private, that offer assistance in determining the correct placement for the juvenile.
938.50 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344.
938.505 938.505 Juveniles placed under correctional supervision.
938.505(1)(1)Rights and duties of department or county department. When a juvenile is placed under the supervision of the department under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m) or (4n) or 938.357 (4) or (5) (e) or under the supervision of a county department under s. 938.34 (4n), the department or county department having supervision over the juvenile shall have the right and duty to protect, train, discipline, treat and confine the juvenile and to provide food, shelter, legal services, education and ordinary medical and dental care for the juvenile, subject to the rights, duties and responsibilities of the guardian of the juvenile and subject to any residual parental rights and responsibilities and the provisions of any court order.
938.505(2) (2)Psychotropic medication.
938.505(2)(a)(a) If a juvenile 14 years of age or older is under the supervision of the department or a county department as described in sub. (1), is not residing in his or her home, and wishes to be administered psychotropic medication but a parent with legal custody or the guardian refuses to consent to the administration of psychotropic medication or cannot be found, or if there is no parent with legal custody, the department or county department acting on the juvenile's behalf may petition the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 in the county in which the juvenile is located for permission to administer psychotropic medication to the juvenile. A copy of the petition and a notice of hearing shall be served upon the parent or guardian at his or her last-known address. If, after hearing, the court determines that all of the following apply, the court shall grant permission for the department or county department to administer psychotropic medication to the juvenile without the parent's or guardian's consent:
938.505(2)(a)1. 1. The parent's or guardian's consent is unreasonably withheld, the parent or guardian cannot be found, or there is no parent with legal custody, except that the court may not determine that a parent's or guardian's consent is unreasonably withheld solely because the parent or guardian relies on treatment by spiritual means through prayer for healing in accordance with his or her religious tradition.
938.505(2)(a)2. 2. The juvenile is 14 years of age or older, is competent to consent to the administration of psychotropic medication, and voluntarily consents to the administration of psychotropic medication.
938.505(2)(a)3. 3. The juvenile, based on the recommendation of a physician, is in need of psychotropic medication, and psychotropic medication is appropriate for the juvenile's needs and is the least restrictive treatment consistent with those needs.
938.505(2)(b) (b) The court may, at the request of the department or county department, temporarily approve the administration of psychotropic medication, for not more than 10 days after the date of the request, pending the hearing on the petition. The hearing shall be held within that 10-day period.
938.505 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344.
938.505 Cross-reference Cross Reference: See also chs. DOC 375 and 383, Wis. adm. code.
938.51 938.51 Notification of release or escape of juvenile from correctional custody or supervision.
938.51(1) (1)Release from secured facility or supervision. At least 15 days prior to the date of release from a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth of a juvenile who has been adjudicated delinquent and at least 15 days prior to the release from the supervision of the department or a county department of a juvenile who has been adjudicated delinquent, the department or county department having supervision over the juvenile shall make a reasonable attempt to do all of the following:
938.51(1)(a) (a) Notify all of the following local agencies in the community in which the juvenile will reside of the juvenile's return to the community:
938.51(1)(a)1. 1. The law enforcement agencies.
938.51(1)(a)2. 2. The school district.
938.51(1)(a)3. 3. The county departments under ss. 46.215, 46.22, 46.23, 51.42 and 51.437.
938.51(1)(b) (b) Subject to pars. (c) and (cm), notify any known victim of the act for which the juvenile has been found delinquent of the juvenile's release, if all of the following apply:
938.51(1)(b)2. 2. The victim can be found.
938.51(1)(b)3. 3. The victim has sent in a request card under sub. (2) or, if the victim was under 18 years of age when his or her parent sent in a request card under sub. (2), the parent or guardian authorized on the request card direct notification of the victim after the victim attains 18 years of age.
938.51(1)(c) (c) Subject to par. (cm), notify an adult relative of the victim of the juvenile's release if all of the following apply:
938.51(1)(c)1. 1. The victim died as a result of the juvenile's delinquent act.
938.51(1)(c)2. 2. The adult relative can be found.
938.51(1)(c)3. 3. The adult relative has sent in a request card under sub. (2).
938.51(1)(cm) (cm) Notify the victim's parent or legal guardian of the juvenile's release if all of the following apply:
938.51(1)(cm)1. 1. The victim is younger than 18 years of age.
938.51(1)(cm)2. 2. The parent or legal guardian can be found.
938.51(1)(cm)3. 3. The parent or legal guardian has sent in a request card under sub. (2).
938.51(1)(d) (d) Notify any witness who testified against the juvenile in any court proceeding involving the delinquent act of the juvenile's release if all of the following apply:
938.51(1)(d)1. 1. The witness can be found.
938.51(1)(d)2. 2. The witness has sent in a request card under sub. (2).
Loading...
Loading...
This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 2005. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?