Special dairy and food inspectors.
Bottled drinking water and soda water beverage; standards; sampling and analysis.
Retail food: agent status for local health departments.
Compulsory inspection of animals, poultry and carcasses.
Meat from dead or diseased animals.
Identification of meat for animal feed; registration and records of buyers.
Labeling of horsemeat.
Sale of certain foods regulated and restricted.
Benzoic acid in foods.
Dairy products, adding foreign fats; oleomargarine permitted.
Adulterated, insanitary milk.
Insanitary or adulterated milk and cream; sale; delivery prohibited.
Adulteration of meats.
Planted or cultivated rice.
Ch. 97 Cross-reference
See definitions in s. 93.01
In this chapter, unless inconsistent with context:
"Butter" means the clean, nonrancid product made by gathering in any manner the fat of fresh or ripened milk or cream into a mass, which also contains a small portion of the other milk constituents, with or without salt or added coloring matter, and contains not less than 80% of milk fat. Renovated or process butter is the product made by melting butter and reworking, without the addition or use of chemicals or any substances except milk, cream or salt, and contains not more than 16% of water and at least 80% of milk fat.
"Color additive" includes as colors black, white and intermediate grays and means a material which is a dye, pigment, or other substance made by a process of synthesis or similar artifice, or extracted, isolated or otherwise derived, with or without intermediate or final change of identity from a vegetable, animal, mineral or other source and which, when added or applied to a food or any part thereof, is capable, alone or through reaction with other substance, of imparting color thereto; except that such term does not include any material which has been or hereafter is exempted under the federal act.
"Contaminated with filth" applies to any food not securely protected from dust, dirt and, as far as may be necessary by all reasonable means, from all foreign or injurious contaminations.
"Department" means the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
"Distressed food" means food, or packages or containers of food, that may have been damaged, or rendered unsafe or unsuitable for sale or use as food while being transported, stored, handled or sold or the food the label of which has been lost, defaced or obliterated.
"Federal act" means the federal food, drug and cosmetic act, as amended (Title 21 USC 301
et seq.) or the federal wholesome meat act, as amended (Title 21 USC 71
et seq.), or the federal poultry products inspection act, as amended (Title 21 USC 451
et seq.), or the federal fair packaging and labeling act (Title 15 USC 1451
et seq.) which may be applicable.
Articles used for food or drink by persons.
Articles used for components of matters specified in pars. (a)
"Food additive" means any substance, the intended use of which results or may be reasonably expected to result, directly or indirectly, in its becoming a component or otherwise affecting the characteristics of any food, (including any substance intended for use in producing, manufacturing, packing, processing, preparing, treating, packaging, transporting or holding food; and including any source of radiation intended for any such use), if such substance is not generally recognized, among experts qualified by scientific training and experience to evaluate its safety, as having been adequately shown through scientific procedures (or, in the case of a substance used in a food prior to January 1, 1958, through either scientific procedures or experience based on common use in food) to be safe under the conditions of its intended use; except that such term does not include a pesticide chemical in or on a raw agricultural commodity, or a pesticide chemical to the extent that it is intended for use or is used in the production, storage, or transportation of any raw agricultural commodity, or a color additive, or any substance used in accordance with a sanction or approval granted prior to the enactment of the food additives amendment of 1958, pursuant to the federal act.
"Label" means a display of written, printed or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any article. A requirement made under this chapter that any word, statement, or other information appear on the label shall not be considered to be complied with unless such word, statement or other information also appears on the outside container or wrapper if any, of the retail package of such article, or is easily legible through the outside container or wrapper. "Immediate container" does not include package liners.
"Labeling" means all labels and other written, printed or graphic matter upon an article or any of its containers or wrappers or accompanying the article.
"Milk" means the whole, fresh, clean, lacteal secretion obtained by the complete milking of one or more healthy cows. Milk shall contain not less than 3% of milk fat, and not less than 8.25% of milk solids not fat. Milk may be standardized by the addition or removal of cream or by the addition of skim milk. When so standardized milk sold in final package form shall contain not less than 3.25% of milk fat, and not less than 8.25% [8.7%] of milk solids not fat.
"Lowfat milk" means milk from which sufficient milk fat has been removed to produce a food having a milk fat content of either 0.5%, 1%, 1.5% or 2% and a milk solids not fat content of not less than 10%.
"Skim milk" means milk from which sufficient milk fat has been removed to reduce its milk fat content to less than 0.5% and which has a milk solids not fat content of not less than 9%.
Sub. (10), as renumbered, is shown as affected by 1983 Wis. Act 536
. Act 536 amends (a) by deleting "8.25%" and inserting "8.7%", here shown in brackets. Act 536 also creates (b) and (c). The effective date of Act 536 is shown in Section 4 as follows:
Effective date text
Section 4. Effective date. This act takes effect on the first day of the 3rd month commencing after the governor certifies, by executive order directed to the secretary of agriculture, trade and consumer protection and published in the official state newspaper, that all states contiguous to the borders of this state have in effect milk content requirements identical to those requirements created by this act.
"Nonfat dry milk" means the product resulting from the removal of fat and water from milk, and contains the lactose, milk proteins and milk minerals in the same relative proportions as in the fresh milk from which made. It contains not over 5% by weight of moisture. The fat content is not over 1 1/2% by weight unless otherwise indicated.
"Package" means any container or wrapper in which any food is enclosed for use in the delivery or display of that food to retail purchasers, but does not include:
Shipping containers or wrappings used solely for the transportation of any food in bulk or in quantity to manufacturers, packers or processors, or to wholesale or retail distributors.
Shipping containers or outer wrappings used by retailers to ship or deliver any food to retail customers if such containers and wrappings bear no printed matter pertaining to any particular commodity.
"Pesticide chemical" means any substance which, alone, in chemical combination, or in formulation with one or more other substances is a "pesticide" within the meaning of s. 94.67 (25)
and which is used in the production, storage or transportation of raw agricultural commodities.
"Raw agricultural commodity" means any food in its raw or natural state, including all fruits that are washed, colored or otherwise treated in their unpeeled natural form prior to marketing.
"Salvaging distressed food" means reconditioning or preparing distressed food for sale or use as food, including cleaning, culling, sorting, scouring, labeling, packaging, processing or treating the food.
"Sell", "sale" or "sold" includes delivering, shipping, consigning, exchanging, offering or exposing for sale, or having in possession with intent to sell.
"Whey cream" means that portion of whey rich in milk fat which is separated from whey by centrifugal force, is fresh and clean and contains not less than 30% of milk fat.
Standards; adulterated food.
A food is adulterated:
If it bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render it injurious to health; but in case the substance is not an added substance such food shall not be considered adulterated under this paragraph if the quantity of such substance in such food does not ordinarily render it injurious to health.
If it bears or contains any added poisonous or added deleterious substance, other than one which is a pesticide chemical in or on a raw agricultural commodity, a food additive or a color additive, which is unsafe within the meaning of the federal act or any deleterious substance not a necessary ingredient in its manufacture.
If it is a raw agricultural commodity and it bears or contains a pesticide chemical which is unsafe within the meaning of the federal act.
If it is or it bears or contains any food additive which is unsafe within the meaning of the federal act, but where a pesticide chemical has been used in or on a raw agricultural commodity in conformity with an exemption granted or tolerance prescribed under the federal act and the raw agricultural commodity has been subjected to processing such as canning, cooking, freezing, dehydrating or milling, the residue of the pesticide chemical remaining in or on the processed food shall, notwithstanding other provisions in this section, not be deemed unsafe if the residue in the processed food when ready-to-eat is not greater than the tolerance prescribed for the raw agricultural commodity.
If it is or bears or contains any color additive which is unsafe within the meaning of the federal act or other provisions in this section.
If it consists in whole or in part of a diseased, contaminated, filthy, putrid or decomposed substance, or if it is otherwise unfit for food.
If it has been produced, prepared, packed or held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have become contaminated with filth, or whereby it may have been rendered diseased, unwholesome or injurious to health.
If it is the product of a diseased animal or an animal which has died otherwise than by slaughter, or that has been fed upon the uncooked offal from a slaughterhouse.
If its container is composed, in whole or in part, of any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render the contents injurious to health.
If any valuable constituent has been in whole or in part omitted or abstracted therefrom.
If any substance has been substituted wholly or in part therefor.
If damage or inferiority has been concealed in any manner.
If any substance has been added thereto or mixed or packed therewith so as to increase its bulk or weight, or reduce its quality or strength or make it appear better or of greater value than it is.
Has partially or completely imbedded therein any nonnutritive object: provided, that this paragraph shall not apply in the case of any nonnutritive object if, in the judgment of the department as provided by regulations, such object is of practical functional value to the confectionary product and would not render the product injurious or hazardous to health;
Bears or contains any alcohol in excess of one-half of one per cent by volume derived solely from the use of flavoring extracts; or
Bears or contains any nonnutritive substance; but this paragraph shall not apply to a safe nonnutritive substance which is in or on confectionary by reason of its use for some practical functional purpose in the manufacture, packaging, or storing of the confectionary if the use of the substance does not promote deception of the consumer or otherwise result in adulteration or misbranding in violation of this chapter. The department may, for the purpose of avoiding or resolving uncertainty as to the application of this paragraph, promulgate rules allowing or prohibiting the use of particular nonnutritive substances.
See also ch. ATCP 55
, Wis. adm. code.
Standards; misbranding. 97.03(1)(a)
If its labeling is false or misleading in any particular.
If it is offered for sale under the name of another food.
If its container is so made, formed or filled as to be misleading.
If in package form, unless it bears a label containing all of the following:
The name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer or distributor.
An accurate statement of the quantity of the contents in terms of weight, measure or numerical count.
If any word, statement or other information required to appear on the label or labeling is not prominently placed thereon with such conspicuousness and in such terms as to render it likely to be read and understood by the ordinary individual under customary conditions of purchase and use.
If it is represented as a food for which a definition and standard of identity has been prescribed under s. 97.09
unless it conforms to such definition and standard and its label, except when its label complies with the federal act, bears the name of the food specified in the definition and standard and the common names of ingredients present in such food.
A food for which a standard of quality has been prescribed under s. 97.09
and its quality falls below such standard unless its label bears, in the manner and form as such regulations specify, a statement that it falls below such standard.
A food for which a standard or standards of fill of container have been prescribed under s. 97.09
and it falls below the standard of fill of container applicable thereto, unless its label bears, in the manner and form as such regulations specify, a statement that it falls below such standard.
If it is a food for which no definition or standard of identity has been prescribed unless it bears a label clearly giving the common or usual name of the food if any, and in case it is fabricated from 2 or more ingredients, the common or usual name of each such ingredient; provided that to the extent that compliance with this subdivision is impractical or results in deception or unfair competition, exemptions shall be established by departmental rule.
If it purports to be or is represented for special dietary uses, unless its label bears such information concerning its vitamin, mineral and other dietary properties as the department determines to be, and prescribes as, necessary in order to fully inform purchasers as to its value for such uses.
If it bears or contains any artificial flavoring, artificial coloring or chemical preservative, unless it bears a label stating that fact.
If it is a product intended as an ingredient of another food and when used according to the directions of the purveyor will result in the final food product being adulterated or misbranded.
If it is a color additive unless its packaging and labeling are in conformity with such packaging and labeling requirements applicable to such color additive prescribed under the federal act.
Packages of fresh fruits and vegetables, the contents of which are plainly visible to the purchaser shall be exempt from a declaration of numerical count and identity under this section if the package contains 6 units or less, except that when the quantity of the food is customarily expressed in terms of weight or measure, as distinguished from numerical count, the food shall bear a label declaring the quantity.