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224.77(1)(d) (d) Pursued a continued and flagrant course of misrepresentation, or made false promises, whether directly or through agents or advertising.
224.77(1)(e) (e) Acted for more than one party in a transaction without the knowledge and consent of all parties on whose behalf the mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker is acting.
224.77(1)(f) (f) Accepted a commission, money or other thing of value for performing an act as a loan originator unless the payment is from a mortgage banker or mortgage broker who is registered under s. 224.72 (3) as employing the loan originator.
224.77(1)(g) (g) As a loan originator, represented or attempted to represent a mortgage banker other than the mortgage banker who is registered under s. 224.72 (3) as employing the loan originator.
224.77(1)(h) (h) Failed, within a reasonable time, to account for or remit any moneys coming into the mortgage banker's, loan originator's or mortgage broker's possession which belong to another person.
224.77(1)(i) (i) Demonstrated a lack of competency to act as a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker in a way which safeguards the interests of the public.
224.77(1)(j) (j) Paid or offered to pay a commission, money or other thing of value to any person for acts or services in violation of this subchapter.
224.77(1)(k) (k) Violated any provision of this subchapter, ch. 138 or any federal or state statute, rule or regulation which relates to practice as a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker.
224.77(1)(L) (L) Engaged in conduct which violates a standard of professional behavior which, through professional experience, has become established for mortgage bankers, loan originators or mortgage brokers.
224.77(1)(m) (m) Engaged in conduct, whether of the same or a different character than specified elsewhere in this section, which constitutes improper, fraudulent or dishonest dealing.
224.77(1)(o) (o) In the course of practice as a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker, except in relation to housing designed to meet the needs of elderly individuals, treated a person unequally solely because of sex, race, color, handicap, sexual orientation, as defined in s. 111.32 (13m), religion, national origin, age or ancestry, the person's lawful source of income, or the sex or marital status of the person maintaining a household.
224.77(1)(p) (p) Intentionally encouraged or discouraged any person from purchasing or renting real estate on the basis of race.
224.77(1)(q) (q) Because of the age or location of the property or the race of the loan applicant, rather than because of the credit worthiness of the applicant and the condition of the property securing the loan:
224.77(1)(q)1. 1. Refused to negotiate, to offer or to attempt to negotiate a land contract, loan or commitment for a loan, or refused to find a loan.
224.77(1)(q)2. 2. Found a loan or negotiated a loan on terms less favorable than are usually offered.
224.77(1)(r) (r) Failed to notify the division that the mortgage banker's or mortgage broker's net worth fell below the minimum amount required under s. 224.72 (4) (a) 4. or (d) 2. or (4m) (a) 3. or (b) 2., if the mortgage banker or mortgage broker had qualified for registration under s. 224.72 (4) (a) 4. or (d) or (4m) (a) 3. or (b).
224.77(1m) (1m)Administrative forfeiture and hearing rights.
224.77(1m)(a)(a) The division may assess against a person who is registered under this chapter a forfeiture of not more than $2,000 for each violation enumerated under sub. (1) (a) to (o) or (r).
224.77(1m)(b) (b) A person may contest an assessment of forfeiture under par. (a) by sending, within 10 days after receipt of notice of the assessment under par. (a), a written request for hearing under s. 227.44 to the division of hearings and appeals created under s. 15.103 (1). The administrator of the division of hearings and appeals may designate a hearing examiner to preside over the case and recommend a decision to the administrator under s. 227.46. The decision of the administrator of the division of hearings and appeals shall be the final administrative decision. The division of hearings and appeals shall commence the hearing within 30 days after receipt of the request for hearing and shall issue a final decision within 15 days after the close of the hearing. Proceedings before the division of hearings and appeals are governed by ch. 227. In any petition for judicial review of a decision by the division of hearings and appeals, the party, other than the petitioner, who was in the proceeding before the division of hearings and appeals shall be the named respondent.
224.77(1m)(c) (c) All forfeitures shall be paid to the division of banking within 10 days after receipt of notice of assessment or, if the forfeiture is contested under par. (b), within 10 days after receipt of the final decision after exhaustion of administrative review. The division of banking shall remit all forfeitures paid to the secretary of administration for deposit in the school fund.
224.77(1m)(d) (d) The attorney general may bring an action in the name of the state to collect any forfeiture imposed under this subsection if the forfeiture has not been paid following the exhaustion of all administrative and judicial reviews. The only issue to be contested in any such action shall be whether the forfeiture has been paid.
224.77(2) (2)Conduct of officers, directors and others. The division may revoke, suspend or limit a certificate of registration issued under this subchapter or reprimand a mortgage banker or mortgage broker registered under this subchapter, if a director, officer, trustee, partner or member of the mortgage banker or mortgage broker or a person who has a financial interest in or is in any way connected with the operation of the mortgage banker's or mortgage broker's business is guilty of an act or omission which would be cause for refusing to issue a certificate of registration to that individual.
224.77(3) (3)Orders of the division.
224.77(3)(a)(a) Orders to prevent or correct actions. The division may issue general and special orders necessary to prevent or correct actions by a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker that constitute cause under this section for revoking, suspending or limiting a certificate of registration.
224.77(3)(b) (b) Types of special orders. Special orders may direct a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker to cease and desist from engaging in a particular activity or may direct the mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker to refund or remit to a loan applicant or borrower amounts that the mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker got from actions which constitute cause under this section for revoking, suspending or limiting a certificate of registration.
224.77(3)(c) (c) Judicial review. Orders of the division are subject to review as provided in ch. 227.
224.77(3m) (3m)Hearing rights for registration denial, revocation or suspension. A person whose certificate of registration has been denied, revoked or suspended under this section may request a hearing under s. 227.44 within 30 days after the date of denial, revocation or suspension of the certificate of registration. The division may appoint a hearing examiner under s. 227.46 to conduct the hearing.
224.77(4) (4)Period of disciplinary action; ineligibility for registration.
224.77(4)(a)(a) Period. Except as provided in par. (b), the division shall determine in each case the period that a revocation, suspension or limitation of a certificate of registration is effective.
224.77(4)(b) (b) Ineligibility.
224.77(4)(b)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., if the division denies or revokes a certificate of registration under sub. (1), the person is not eligible for a certificate of registration until the expiration of a period determined in each case by the division.
224.77(4)(b)2. 2. If the division revokes a certificate of registration under sub. (1) (p) or (q), the person is not eligible for a certificate of registration until 5 years after the effective date of the revocation.
224.77(5) (5)Penalties for certain discriminatory conduct.
224.77(5)(a)(a) Mandatory revocation or suspension. Notwithstanding sub. (1) (intro.) and (4), if the division finds that a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker has violated sub. (1) (p) or (q), the division shall:
224.77(5)(a)1. 1. For the first offense, suspend the registration of the mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker for not less than 90 days.
224.77(5)(a)2. 2. For the 2nd offense, revoke the registration of the mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker.
224.77(5)(b) (b) Other penalties. The penalty under par. (a) may be imposed in addition to any penalty imposed under s. 66.1011, 106.50 or 224.80.
224.77(6) (6)Restriction or suspension of registration. The department shall restrict or suspend the registration of a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker if the registrant is an individual who fails to comply, after appropriate notice, with a subpoena or warrant issued by the department of children and families or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5) and related to paternity or child support proceedings or who is delinquent in making court-ordered payments of child or family support, maintenance, birth expenses, medical expenses or other expenses related to the support of a child or former spouse, as provided in a memorandum of understanding entered into under s. 49.857. A registrant whose registration is restricted or suspended under this subsection is entitled to a notice and hearing only as provided in a memorandum of understanding entered into under s. 49.857 and is not entitled to any other notice or hearing under this section.
224.77(7) (7)Revocation for liability for delinquent taxes. The department shall revoke the certificate of registration of a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker if the department of revenue certifies under s. 73.0301 that the registrant is liable for delinquent taxes. A registrant whose certificate of registration is revoked under this subsection for delinquent taxes is entitled to a notice under s. 73.0301 (2) (b) 1. b. and a hearing under s. 73.0301 (5) (a) but is not entitled to any other notice, hearing or review under this section.
224.77(8) (8)Voluntary surrender. A mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker may voluntarily surrender a registration to the division, but the division may refuse to accept the surrender if the division has received allegations of unprofessional conduct against the mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker. The division may negotiate stipulations in consideration for accepting the surrender of registration.
224.77 History History: 1987 a. 359; 1987 a. 403 ss. 182, 256; Stats. 1987 s. 440.77; 1993 a. 112; 1995 a. 27 ss. 6598 to 6600; Stats. 1995 s. 224.77; 1997 a. 145, 191, 237; 1999 a. 32, 82; 1999 a. 150 s. 672; 2003 a. 33, 260; 2007 a. 20.
224.77 Cross-reference Cross Reference: See also ch. DFI-Bkg 43, Wis. adm. code.
224.77 Annotation Failure to comply with an administrative rule requiring agreements by loan solicitors to be in writing did not cause an otherwise valid agreement to be unenforceable under this section. Felland v. Sauey, 2001 WI App 257, 248 Wis. 2d 963, 637 N.W.2d 403, 00-2102.
224.78 224.78 Fee splitting. A mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker may not pay a person who is not registered under this subchapter a commission, money or other thing of value for performing an act as a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker.
224.78 History History: 1987 a. 359; 1987 a. 403 s. 182; Stats. 1987 s. 440.78; 1995 a. 27 s. 6601; Stats. 1995 s. 224.78; 1997 a. 145.
224.79 224.79 Consumer mortgage brokerage agreements and consumer disclosures.
224.79(1) (1)Form and content of consumer mortgage brokerage agreements. Every contract between a mortgage broker and a consumer under which the mortgage broker agrees to provide brokerage services to the consumer shall be in writing, in the form prescribed by rule of the division, and shall contain all information required by rule of the division. The division shall promulgate rules to administer this subsection in consultation with the loan originator council under s. 15.187 (1). The division shall design these rules to facilitate the comparison of similar charges and total charges assessed by different mortgage brokers.
224.79(2) (2)Consumer disclosure statement. Before entering into a contract with a consumer to provide brokerage services, a mortgage broker shall give the consumer a copy of a consumer disclosure statement, explain the content of the statement, and ensure that the consumer initials or signs the statement, acknowledging that the consumer has read and understands the statement. The consumer disclosure statement shall contain a brief explanation of the relationship between the consumer and the mortgage broker under the proposed contract, a brief explanation of the manner in which the mortgage broker may be compensated under the proposed contract, and any additional information required by rule of the division. The division shall promulgate rules to administer this subsection in consultation with the loan originator council under s. 15.187 (1) and, by rule, shall specify the form and content of the consumer disclosure statement required under this subsection.
224.79 History History: 2003 a. 260.
224.79 Cross-reference Cross Reference: See also ch. DFI-Bkg 44, Wis. adm. code.
224.80 224.80 Penalties and private cause of action.
224.80(1) (1)Penalties. A person who violates s. 224.72 (1m) may be fined not more than $2,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both. The district attorney of the county where the violation occurs shall enforce the penalty under this subsection on behalf of the state.
224.80(2) (2)Private cause of action. A person who is aggrieved by an act which is committed by a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker and which is described in s. 224.77 (1) may recover all of the following in a private action:
224.80(2)(a) (a) An amount equal to the greater of the following:
224.80(2)(a)1. 1. Twice the amount of the cost of loan origination connected with the transaction, except that the liability under this subdivision may not be less than $100 nor greater than $2,000 for each violation.
224.80(2)(a)2. 2. The actual damages, including any incidental and consequential damages, which the person sustained because of the violation.
224.80(2)(b) (b) The aggregate amount of costs and expenses which the court determines were reasonably incurred by the person in connection with the action, together with reasonable attorney fees, notwithstanding s. 814.04 (1).
224.80 History History: 1987 a. 359; 1987 a. 403 ss. 182, 256; Stats. 1987 s. 440.80; 1989 a. 45; 1995 a. 27 s. 6602; Stats. 1995 s. 224.80; 1997 a. 145; 2003 a. 260.
224.81 224.81 Limitation on actions for commissions and other compensation. A person who is engaged in the business or acting in the capacity of a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker in this state may not bring or maintain an action in this state to collect a commission, money or other thing of value for performing an act as a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker without alleging and proving that the person was registered under this subchapter as a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker when the alleged cause of action arose.
224.81 History History: 1987 a. 359; 1987 a. 403 s. 182; Stats. 1987 s. 440.81; 1995 a. 27 s. 6603; Stats. 1995 s. 224.81; 1997 a. 145.
224.82 224.82 Compensation presumed. In a prosecution arising from a violation of this subchapter, proof that a person acted as a mortgage banker, loan originator or mortgage broker is sufficient, unless rebutted, to establish that compensation was received by, or promised to, that person.
224.82 History History: 1987 a. 359; 1987 a. 403 s. 182; Stats. 1987 s. 440.82; 1995 a. 27 s. 6604; Stats. 1995 s. 224.82; 1997 a. 145.
subch. IV of ch. 224 SUBCHAPTER IV
NONDEPOSITORY SMALL BUSINESS LENDERS
224.90 224.90Definitions. In this subchapter:
224.90(1) (1) "Division" means the division of banking.
224.90(2) (2) "In control" means any of the following:
224.90(2)(a) (a) Owning 10% or more of the outstanding voting stock of a nondepository lender.
224.90(2)(b) (b) Possessing, directly or indirectly, alone or in concert with others, the power to control or vote 10% or more of the outstanding voting stock of a nondepository lender or to elect or control the election of a majority of the board of directors of a nondepository lender.
224.90(3) (3) "Licensee" means a lender licensed under this subchapter.
224.90(4) (4) "Nondepository lender" means a commercial small business lender that participates in the loan guarantee program of the U.S. small business administration described in 13 CFR 120.2 (a) and that provides financial assistance to small businesses that qualify for financial assistance pursuant to 15 USC 636 (a). "Nondepository lender" does not include a bank, credit union, savings and loan association or savings bank.
224.90 History History: 1999 a. 9.
224.92 224.92 License required. No person may engage in business as a nondepository lender in this state without a license issued under this subchapter.
224.92 History History: 1999 a. 9.
224.923 224.923 License application. An application for a license under this subchapter shall be made to the division in writing on a form to be prescribed by the division. An application for a license under this subchapter shall state the full name and business address of the applicant and each officer, director and person in control of the applicant. The application also shall contain the applicant's federal employer identification number. In addition, the application shall contain the applicant's business plan, 3 years of detailed financial projections and other relevant information, all as prescribed by the division.
224.923 History History: 1999 a. 9.
224.927 224.927 Disclosure of certain application information. The division may not disclose an applicant's federal employer identification number received under s. 224.923, except as follows:
224.927(1) (1) The division may disclose the information to the department of revenue for the sole purpose of requesting certification under s. 73.0301.
224.927(2) (2) The division may disclose the information to the department of children and families in accordance with a memorandum of understanding under s. 49.857.
224.927 History History: 1999 a. 9; 2007 a. 20.
224.93 224.93 License approval. After a review of information regarding the directors, officers and controlling persons of the applicant for a license, a review of the applicant's business plan, including at least three years of detailed financial projections and other information considered relevant by the division, the division may approve an application for a license if the division determines that all of the following conditions are met:
224.93(1) (1) The applicant has at least $500,000 in capital and the amount of capital is adequate for the applicant to transact business as a nondepository lender.
224.93(2) (2) Each director, officer and person in control of the applicant is of good character and sound financial standing; the directors and officers of the applicant are competent to perform their functions with respect to the applicant and the directors and officers of the applicant are collectively adequate to manage the business of the applicant as a nondepository lender.
224.93(3) (3) The business plan of the applicant will be honestly and efficiently conducted in accordance with the intent and purpose of this subchapter.
224.93(4) (4) The proposed activity of the applicant possesses a reasonable prospect for success.
224.93(5) (5) The applicant has paid to the division the application fee prescribed by the division, together with the actual cost incurred by the division in investigating the application.
224.93 History History: 1999 a. 9.
224.935 224.935 Expiration of license.
224.935(1) (1)Generally. Except as provided under sub. (2), a license issued under this subchapter expires on the June 30 following the date on which the license was issued.
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