The public use would benefit a cross-section of the population.
The land parcel will not be purchased for the generation of profit either through the sale price or its long-term intended public use.
If a county, municipality, or a local school district expresses interest in acquiring the land for public use related to transportation or infrastructure, the department may offer the county, municipality, or the local school district the property, for less than the appraised value of the property, if all of the following are true:
The county, municipality, or local school district provides a plan to the department identifying the proposed use of the property for transportation or infrastructure purposes.
The county, municipality, or local school district agrees to a permanent restriction on the use of the land for the purpose identified.
If the conditions of subd. 2.
are met, the department shall transfer ownership of the land parcel to the county, municipality, local school district, or department of natural resources upon receipt of the appraised value of the land parcel. If the conditions of subd. 2m.
are met, the department shall transfer ownership of the land parcel to the county, municipality, or local school district upon receipt of the agreed purchase price of the land parcel. Ownership of the land parcel shall be transferred contingent upon the public use identified under subd. 2.
, and shall remain in the ownership of the public entity preserving the public use.
Subject to the approval of the governor in the manner, scope, and form provided by sub. (5) (a)
, the department may convey lands or interests therein acquired pursuant to this section and improvements installed thereon to municipalities within whose limits such lands or interests therein are located. The conveyance of said lands or interests therein and improvements shall restrict the use of the premises by the municipality to the uses for which they were acquired, except that said lands or interests therein declared by the department to be excess may be so conveyed without restrictions as to use. This subsection shall apply only to the sale of property acquired by the department for a project that is completed before May 25, 2006. The department may sell property that is acquired by the department for a project that is completed after May 25, 2006, to a municipality under sub. (5) (c)
, as applicable.
In lieu of the sale or conveyance of property under sub. (5)
, the department may, subject to the approval of the governor, donate real property that is adjacent to the veterans memorial site located at The Highground in Clark County and owned by the state and under the jurisdiction of the department to the Wisconsin Vietnam Veterans Memorial Project, Inc., for the purpose of the veterans memorial site located at The Highground in Clark County for the purpose of a memorial hall specified in s. 70.11 (9)
. The department may donate property under this subsection only when the department determines that the property is no longer necessary for the state's use for transportation purposes and is not the subject of a petition under s. 560.9810 (2)
and is transferred with a restriction that the donee may not subsequently transfer the real property to any person except to this state, which shall not be charged for any improvements thereon. Such restriction shall be recorded in the office of the register of deeds in the county in which the property is located. The department shall present to the governor a full and complete report of the property to be donated, the reason for the donation, and the minimum price for which the property could likely be sold under sub. (5)
, together with an application for the governor's approval of the donation. The governor shall thereupon make such investigation as he or she considers necessary and approve or disapprove the application. Upon such approval, the department shall by appropriate deed or other instrument transfer the property to the donee. The approval of the governor is not required for donation of property having an appraised value at the time of donation of not more than $15,000. Any expense incurred by the department in connection with the donation shall be paid from the transportation fund.
In lieu of the sale or conveyance of personal property under sub. (5)
, the department of transportation may, upon the request of the department of tourism, transfer to the department of tourism, at no cost, personal property that is owned by the state and under the jurisdiction of the department of transportation and that the department of transportation has determined is no longer necessary for the state's use for highway purposes.
Lands held by any other state department or independent agency may, with the approval of the governor, be conveyed to the department in the manner prescribed by statute and, if none is prescribed, then by a conveyance authorized by appropriate order or resolution of the head of the department or independent agency concerned.
When transportation funds or federal aid are involved in financing an expressway project under s. 59.84
, the department, proceeding under the general authority in this section, may order that all or certain parts of the required land or interests therein shall be acquired by the county board or its designated standing committee. When so ordered, the county board or its designated standing committee and the department shall appraise and agree on the maximum price, including all damages recoverable in condemnation proceedings, considered reasonable for the lands or interests to be so acquired. The county board or its designated standing committee shall endeavor to obtain easements or title in fee simple by conveyance of the lands or interests required, to the county or the state as grantee, all as directed in the department's order. The instrument of conveyance shall be subject to approval by the department, and shall be recorded in the office of the register of deeds and filed with the department. If the needed lands or interests therein cannot be purchased expeditiously within the agreed appraised price, the county board or its designated standing committee may acquire them by condemnation under ch. 32
, but any award by the county board or its designated standing committee in excess of the agreed appraisal price shall be subject to review by the department. For the purposes and in the manner provided in s. 59.84 (2) (d) 1.
, when so directed in the department's order, the county board or its designated standing committee may acquire remnants, and with the approval of the department the county board may dispose of remnants and may improve, use, maintain or lease lands and interests acquired and held in trust for the state until they are actually needed for expressway construction. The net proceeds of the sales or rentals shall be remitted to the state or retained and used for expressway purposes when so directed by the department.
In this subsection, "surplus land" means land under the jurisdiction of the department which is unused and not needed for department operations or included in the department's plan for construction or development.
Biennially, beginning on January 1, 1984, the department shall submit to the state building commission and the joint committee on finance an inventory of surplus land containing a general description of the location and an estimated value of each parcel. For each inventory submitted after May 25, 2006, the inventory shall contain a report including the estimated marketable value totals, by marketable type, of the land parcels, the net gain and net sale of surplus properties in the previous 2-year period, and a summary of the 5 most recent reports submitted under this paragraph.
History: 1971 c. 40
; 1973 c. 118
; 1977 c. 29
, 1654 (1)
, (8) (a), (b); 1977 c. 272
; 1979 c. 310
; 1983 a. 27
; 1991 a. 39
; 1993 a. 246
; 1995 a. 201
; 1997 a. 27
; 1999 a. 83
; 2003 a. 33
; 2005 a. 25
; 2007 a. 20
Federal law required consideration and minimization of impact on lands containing Indian artifacts in designing a highway project, but did not specifically require mitigation. Condemnation for mitigation outside the highway right-of-way was not authorized by this section. Mitton v. DOT, 184 Wis. 2d 738
, 516 N.W.2d 709
Neither the interest of a potential purchaser of property for sale under sub. (5) nor the general public's interest in such sales are within the zone of interests the statute is intended to protect. As such, a potential purchaser does not have standing to bring an action based on violation of the procedures under sub. (5). Chenequa Land Conservancy, Inc. v. Village of Hartland, 2004 WI App 144, 275 Wis. 2d 533
, 685 N.W.2d 573
The commission has the power to condemn lands of one property owner to provide a public access road to another property owner who would otherwise be landlocked. 61 Atty. Gen. 36.
The highway commission may properly engage in hardship acquisitions under this section without the filing of an environmental impact statement under either federal or state law, but must in such instances comply with the requirements of ss. 84.09 and 32.25 (1). 62 Atty. Gen. 200.
Cooperative acquisition of rights-of-way. 84.093(1)(1)
The department, acting in the public interest, may contract with a public utility, as defined in s. 196.01 (5)
, or with a rural electric cooperative association, as described in s. 32.02 (10)
, for the receipt or furnishing of services, or the joint exercise of any power or duty required or authorized by law, relating to the acquisition, development or maintenance of rights-of-way to be used jointly by the department and a public utility or rural electric cooperative association. If parties to a contract under this section have varying powers or duties under the law, each may act under the contract to the extent of its lawful powers and duties. This section shall be interpreted liberally in favor of cooperative action between the department and a public utility or rural electric cooperative association.
Any contract under this section may provide a plan for administration of the function or project, which may include provisions as to proration of the expenses involved, deposit and disbursement of funds appropriated, submission and approval of budgets and formation and letting of contracts.
History: 1997 a. 91
; 1999 a. 32
Transportation project plats. 84.095(1)(a)
"Parcel" means one or more pieces of land, or interests or rights in land, under the same ownership or control to be acquired or disposed of for a project and depicted on a plat.
"Parcel number" means a unique number assigned to each parcel depicted on a plat.
"Plat" means a map that is prepared for a project, or a part of a project. The plat shall consist of a single sheet or a detail and a title sheet.
"Project" means a public transportation or transportation-related improvement project.
"Project number" means a unique number assigned to the project by the department or the city, village, town or county that is undertaking the project.
"Title sheet" means a sheet that includes, but is not limited to, limits of the project, location map, and identification of plat symbols and abbreviations.
The department, or a city, village, town, or county, may submit any order or resolution relating to a project in the form of a plat for filing or recording in the office of the register of deeds in the county in which the parcel is located. The plat may include a separate title sheet and shall be filed or recorded within 20 days after the plat is signed under sub. (4) (a) 4.
The register of deeds shall file or record any plat submitted under this subsection as a transportation project plat. A project authorized by an order or resolution may be described in more than one plat. Whenever a project is described in more than one plat, each plat may be submitted separately for filing or recording.
Plats filed or recorded under this section are for parcel or right of way delineation purposes only and do not effect a transfer or encumbrance of any title to real or personal property.
Submitting a plat for filing or recording under this section satisfies the requirements of ss. 32.05 (1)
, 83.08 (1)
, 84.09 (1)
and 114.33 (6)
with respect to filing with the county clerk or county highway committee any orders, resolutions, maps or plats for a project.
An order, resolution or plat filed or recorded under this section may be amended or vacated only by the entity that submitted the order, resolution or plat for filing or recording. Any amendment or vacation of an order, resolution or plat filed or recorded under this section may be filed or recorded. The office of the register of deeds shall make suitable notations on the plat affected by an amendment or vacation that is filed or recorded. The register of deeds shall number any amendments to a plat consecutively in the order filed or recorded and shall describe each amendment as follows:
Amendment .... (number) of transportation project plat .... (project number), recorded in volume .... (number) of transportation project plats, page .... (number), on .... (date), .... (county name) register of deeds, and located in .... (quarter section, section, township and range; recorded private claim; or federal reservation).
Corrections to a plat may be made only by the entity that prepared or submitted the plat for filing or recording and only if the correction does not affect the interests or rights required. Corrections to a plat shall be made by filing or recording with the register of deeds an affidavit of correction that identifies the affected plat and states the defect in or change to the plat along with the correct information. An affidavit of correction may not be used to reconfigure parcels or rights and interests required for the project. Affidavits of correction may be used to correct distances, angles, directions, bearings, chords, lot and block numbers, street names, or other scrivener errors. The register of deeds shall make suitable notations on the plat to which the affidavit refers. The record of the affidavit of correction, or a certified copy of the record, is prima facie evidence of the facts stated in the affidavit.
No plat may be filed or recorded in any office of a register of deeds unless the plat includes a certification that it contains all of the following, either as part of the drawing or written elsewhere on the plat:
An official order or resolution of the department, city, village, town or county authorizing the project. If the plat is to be used only to delineate existing highway right-of-way, the plat must refer to a resolution or revised relocation order from a previous project. If a recorded or revised relocation order does not exist, the department may establish right-of-way.
The plat number, the date on which the plat was prepared and the signature of the person under whose direction the plat was prepared.
The signature of the person authorized by the department or the city, village, town or county to sign the plat.
The existing and new locations of the transportation facility.
The delineation of each parcel. For each parcel, a description of the following shall be included:
Reference to platted land surveys or other surveys of record and the locations of known monuments established for such surveys.
In addition to the information required under par. (a)
, a plat for a highway project shall include the following:
The designation of the highway and any adjacent or intersecting streets or highways by name, number or letter.
A description of the reference line for the highway by bearing and distance.
The location of the highway reference line by bearing and distance from a boundary line of a section or from a recorded private claim or federal reservation.
A description of the highway right-of-way boundaries by bearing and distance.
The locations of existing reference lines and right-of-way lines.
Notwithstanding its depiction on a plat, the boundary of a parcel extends to the boundary of the adjoining property parcel or body of water.
The requirements under this section and in Wisconsin Administrative Code AE-7.08, entitled "U.S. public land survey monument record" in effect on January 1, 2004, contain all of the requirements for a transportation project plat.
(5) Surveyor's certificate.
A plat prepared for filing or recording under this section shall include a certificate of a land surveyor registered under s. 443.06
that the plat is a correct representation of the project described and that the identification and location of each parcel can be determined from the plat. This subsection does not apply to plats prepared by the department.
No plat may be filed or recorded in the office of a register of deeds unless the plat has a one-inch margin on all sides, and is produced on any material that is capable of clearly legible reproduction or other media that is acceptable to the register of deeds. The dimensions of the plat shall be 22 inches wide by 30 inches long. Larger plats may be used if acceptable to the register of deeds and agreeable to the agency who submitted the plat. A plat that is submitted for filing or recording shall contain a blank space at least 3 inches by 3 inches in size for use by the register of deeds.
(7) Description for parcels and remnant parcels. 84.095(7)(a)(a)
Whenever a plat has been filed or recorded under this section, any parcel depicted in the plat that is required for a project by conveyance or eminent domain proceedings shall be described as follows:
Parcel .... (number) of transportation project plat .... (project number), recorded in volume .... (number) of transportation project plats, page .... (number), as document .... (number), recorded in .... (county name), Wisconsin.
Subsequent conveyances, mortgages, and other instruments affecting title to an adjoining parcel of land and its associated rights or interests may refer to the parcel description in par. (a)
as an exception to the conveyance.
The plat may be used to depict remnant parcels to be disposed of or to delineate existing highway right-of-way.
The register of deeds shall index plats filed or recorded under this section in the manner described in s. 59.43 (12m)
, whether or not the county board has enacted an ordinance requiring such an index.
Within 3 working days after the date on which a plat is submitted for recording under this section, the register of deeds shall assign a document number and volume and page of recording for the plat and the register of deeds shall provide written notice of the recording information to the agency that submitted the plat.
(8m) Surplus parcels.
The department may not divide a surplus parcel, as defined by the department, under this section.
(9) Local review.
No state agency, city, village, town or county may require the review or approval of a plat as a condition of filing or recording the plat if the plat is prepared in accordance with this section.
History: 1997 a. 282
; 2005 a. 446
Maintenance and operation of bridges not on state trunks. 84.10(1)(1)
The amounts allocated under s. 20.395 (3) (cq)
for the purposes described in this subsection shall be expended by the department for the maintenance and operation of bridges not on the state trunk highway system which were constructed, reconstructed, or purchased under s. 84.11
before August 9, 1989, and under s. 84.12
and free bridges located in connecting highways in 4th class cities, and towns, which have a length, not including approaches, of 300 feet or more, or a swing or lift span. Except as provided in a jurisdictional transfer agreement under s. 84.16
, all matters relating to the maintenance and operation of such bridges shall be under the control of the department. Maintenance and operation shall not include the roadway lighting system and shall not include snow and ice removal and control for bridges located on connecting highways. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the department shall designate and mark the bridge specified in s. 84.1024
in the manner and under the conditions specified in s. 84.1024
. The department may arrange with any county highway committee or with any city, village or town for the operation or maintenance or both of any such bridge; and any county highway committee, city, village or town may enter into such arrangement. This subsection does not apply to sub. (2)
The joint committee on finance may transfer moneys to s. 20.395 (3) (cq)
from any other segregated revenue appropriations of the department for state operations from the transportation fund, upon request of the department, for the purpose of supplementing moneys allocated under s. 20.395 (3) (cq)
for the rehabilitation of a local bridge for which improvement is a state responsibility and which has been posted with a weight limitation as provided in s. 349.16 (2)
Military memorial highways and bridges.
The department shall maintain all markers that designate any state trunk highway or bridge on the state trunk highway system as a memorial that is associated with the armed forces or any branch or unit of the armed forces, any specific soldier or soldiers, any armed forces award or honor, or any war or armed conflict, or that is otherwise military in nature, and, notwithstanding ss. 84.1028 (2)
, 84.1029 (2)
, 84.1031 (2)
, 84.1034 (2)
, 84.1036 (2)
, 84.1039 (2)
, and 84.1041 (2)
, the department shall bear the cost, in an amount not to exceed a total of $2,000 per year on a statewide basis, of such maintenance and shall only perform maintenance under this section in amounts above that sum to the extent that the department has received local or private funding for such maintenance.
History: 2007 a. 167
Veterans of the American Revolution Memorial Bridge. 84.1018(1)(1)
The department shall designate and, subject to sub. (2)
, mark the bridge on I 39/90/94 across the Wisconsin River between the towns of Dekorra and Caledonia in Columbia County as the "Veterans of the American Revolution Memorial Bridge," as a living memorial to and in honor of veterans who are buried in Wisconsin who served this nation in the American Revolution.
Upon receipt of sufficient contributions from interested parties, including any county, city, village, or town, to cover the costs of erecting and maintaining markers, the department shall erect and maintain, at the 2 interstate rest areas located nearest to the bridge specified in sub. (1)
, markers identifying the bridge as the "Veterans of the American Revolution Memorial Bridge." No state funds, other than from the receipt of contributions under this subsection, may be expended for the erection or maintenance of the markers.