402, s. 67
800.02 (2) (am) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.02 (2) (am) In 1st class cities, all of the written information required under par. (a), except the information under par. (a) (ag) 1. to 4.
, 9m., and 10., shall be printed in Spanish on a separate sheet attached to the citation or provided in Spanish on the citation.
402, s. 68
800.02 (2) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.02 (2) (b) Except for parking violations, in traffic regulation actions in municipal court, the uniform traffic citation specified in s. 345.11 shall be used in lieu of the citation form specified in par. (a) (ag). In actions for violations of local ordinances enacted in accordance with s. 23.33 (11) (am) or 30.77, the citation form specified in s. 23.54 shall be used in lieu of the citation form specified in par. (a) (ag).
402, s. 69
800.02 (3) of the statutes is repealed.
402, s. 70
800.025 of the statutes is amended to read:
800.025 Amended citation and complaint. A citation or complaint under s. 800.02 may be amended once as a matter of course by the municipality prior to the initial appearance of the defendant. A copy of the amended citation or complaint shall be served personally on the defendant or sent to the defendant by 1st class mail. Otherwise, the citation or complaint may be amended only by leave of the court or by written consent of the defendant, upon notice and an opportunity to be heard, at the discretion of the court. At trial, the court may amend a citation or complaint to conform to the evidence. If the court amends the citation or complaint to conform to the evidence, the court shall allow both parties an opportunity to present evidence with respect to the amended citation or complaint.
402, s. 71
800.03 of the statutes is repealed.
402, s. 72
800.035 of the statutes is created to read:
800.035 Initial appearance. (1) A defendant may make an initial appearance in person or by submitting a written response to the citation or complaint except when the judge has required an appearance under s. 800.02 (2) (ag) 4.
(2) If a defendant appears in person, all of the following shall occur:
(a) The court shall, either orally or in writing, do all of the following:
1. Inform the defendant of each charge and explain the range of penalties for each charge.
2. Inform the defendant that he or she may plead guilty, not guilty, or no contest or may request a continuance.
3. Inform the defendant of the right to a jury trial on charges filed under an ordinance in conformity with s. 346.63 (1) or (5).
4. Inform the defendant that if he or she is unable to pay the forfeiture, costs, fees, or surcharges due to poverty, he or she may request an installment payment, community service, or a stay of the judgment.
(b) The defendant shall enter a plea or request a continuance.
(c) If the defendant refuses to enter a plea or request a continuance, the court shall enter a plea of not guilty on the defendant's behalf.
(d) If the defendant pleads guilty or no contest, the court may find the defendant guilty of the offense to which the plea is entered and render judgment as provided under s. 800.09, and then determine if the defendant is unable to pay the judgment because of poverty, as that term is used in s. 814.29 (1) (d).
(e) If the defendant pleads not guilty and a trial is not held immediately, the court shall schedule the case for a pretrial conference under s. 800.045, further proceedings, or trial, at the discretion of the court.
(3) If the defendant submits a written response to the citation or complaint and enters a plea of guilty or no contest, the court shall proceed under sub. (2) (d).
(4) If the defendant submits a written response to the citation or complaint and enters a plea of not guilty, the court shall proceed under sub. (2) (e).
(5) (a) If a defendant is charged with a violation of an ordinance in conformity with s. 346.63 (1) or (5), the municipality may, by ordinance, require the defendant to appear in person before the court.
(b) If a person fails to make a required personal appearance under this subsection and the judge issues an arrest warrant, the law enforcement agency that filed or transmitted the uniform traffic citation shall file a detailed description of the warrant with the department of justice.
(6) In all cases, a defendant may enter a plea of no contest and provide a deposit at any time before the initial appearance.
402, s. 73
800.037 of the statutes is created to read:
800.037 Deposit amount and schedule. The deposit in traffic cases shall be made as provided in s. 345.26. In boating cases, the deposit shall be made as provided in s. 23.66 and 23.67. The municipal court, with the approval of the governing body of the municipality, shall set the deposit schedule for all other cases. The deposit amount in the schedule may not exceed the maximum penalty established by the municipality for the offense, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814.
402, s. 74
800.04 (title) of the statutes is repealed.
402, s. 75
800.04 (1) (a) to (c) of the statutes are repealed.
402, s. 76
800.04 (1) (d) of the statutes is renumbered 800.035 (5) (c) and amended to read:
800.035 (5) (c) If a defendant charged with a violation of an ordinance which that is in conformity with s. 346.63 (1) or (5) pleads not guilty and within 10 days after entry of the plea requests a jury trial and pays the required fees, the municipal judge shall promptly transmit all papers and fees in the cause to the clerk of the circuit court of the county where the violation occurred for a jury trial under s. 345.43. The plea of not guilty and request for jury trial may be made by mail in writing. If the person refused to take a test under s. 343.305 (3) and requested a hearing under s. 343.305 (9) to determine if the person's refusal was proper, the papers and fees involved in that action shall be transferred to the same circuit court, which shall conduct the refusal hearing. The amount of deposit set out in the citation shall accompany the mailed request. Upon receipt of the request, the circuit court shall set a time for trial. Any deposit made personally or by mail in writing is forfeited upon nonappearance at the time set for trial. The required fee for a jury is prescribed in s. 814.61 (4).
402, s. 77
800.04 (1) (e) of the statutes is repealed.
402, s. 78
800.04 (1) (f) of the statutes is repealed.
402, s. 79
800.04 (2) (a) of the statutes is renumbered 800.035 (7) (a).
402, s. 80
800.04 (2) (b) of the statutes is renumbered 800.035 (7) (b) and amended to read:
800.035 (7) (b) If the municipal judge determines that the defendant should not be released under par. (a) and the defendant is charged with a traffic or boating violation, the municipal judge shall release the defendant on a deposit in the amount established by the uniform deposit schedule under s. 345.26 (2) (a) or under s. 23.66. For other violations, the municipal judge shall establish a deposit in an amount not to exceed the maximum penalty for the offense, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814 for the violation. If the judge in a 1st class city determines that a defendant appearing before the judge through interactive video and audio transmission should not be released under par. (a), the judge shall inform the defendant that he or she has the right to appear personally before a judge for a determination, not prejudiced by the first appearance, as to whether he or she should be released without a deposit. On failure of the defendant to make a deposit under this paragraph, he or she may be committed to jail pending trial, for not more than 48 hours, only if the judge finds that there is a reasonable basis to believe the person will not appear in court.
402, s. 81
800.04 (2) (c) of the statutes is renumbered 800.035 (8) and amended to read:
800.035 (8) If the defendant has made a deposit under par. (b) or s. 800.03 and does not appear, but has made a deposit in the amount set for the violation, he or she is deemed to have tendered a plea of no contest and submits to a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not exceeding the amount of the deposit. The court may impose any other penalties allowed by law. The court may either accept the plea of no contest and enter judgment accordingly, or reject the plea and issue a summons. If the court finds that the violation meets the conditions in s. 800.093 (1), the court may summon the alleged violator into court to determine if restitution shall be ordered under s. 800.093. If the defendant fails to appear in response to the summons, the court shall may issue a warrant under s. 968.09. If the defendant has made a deposit but does appear, the court shall allow the defendant to withdraw the plea of no contest.
402, s. 82
800.04 (2m) of the statutes is renumbered 800.035 (9) and amended to read:
800.035 (9) If a defendant does not appear at the initial appearance and has not made a deposit in the amount set for the violation, upon proof of jurisdiction under s. 800.01 (2), the court may issue a warrant to bring the defendant before the court. Upon proof of personal service of the summons or citation under s. 800.01 (1), or upon proof of service of the summons or citation under s. 801.11 (1) (b), the court may either enter a default judgment by reason of the failure of a defendant to respond to a citation under s. 800.02 (2) (a) or a summons under s. 800.02 (4) under s. 800.09 or issue a warrant or summons to bring the defendant before the court. If a warrant is issued for a defendant under this subsection, the defendant may be detained in jail, for not more than 48 hours, prior to the initial appearance.
402, s. 83
800.04 (3) of the statutes is repealed.
402, s. 84
800.04 (4) of the statutes is repealed.
402, s. 85
800.04 (5) of the statutes is repealed.
402, s. 86
800.045 of the statutes is created to read:
800.045 Pretrial conferences. (1) The municipal judge may schedule a pretrial conference. Upon agreement of the parties, the parties may waive a pretrial conference.
(2) If the defendant does not appear at the pretrial conference, the court may proceed under s. 800.035 (8) or (9).
(3) If the parties reach an agreement, the agreement shall be submitted to the court for the court's approval. If an agreement is not reached, or if the court does not approve an agreement, the court shall schedule the action for further proceedings.
402, s. 87
800.05 (title) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.05 (title) Substitution or disqualification of municipal judge.
402, s. 88
800.05 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.05 (1) In cases specified in s. 800.02 (1), a person charged with a violation A defendant may file a written request for a substitution of a new judge for the municipal judge assigned to the trial of that case. The written request shall be filed not later than 7 days after the initial appearance in person or by an attorney. The municipal judge against whom a request has been filed may set initial bail and accept a plea of not guilty.
402, s. 89
800.05 (2) of the statutes is repealed.
402, s. 90
800.05 (3) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.05 (3) In municipal court, upon
Upon receipt of the written request under sub. (1), the original judge shall have no further jurisdiction in the case except as provided in sub. (1) and except to determine if the request was made timely and in proper form. If Upon such a determination, or if no determination is made within 7 days, the court shall refer transfer the matter to the chief judge of the judicial administrative district for the determination and reassignment of the action as necessary. If the request is determined to be proper, the case shall be transferred as provided in s. 751.03 (2). Upon transfer, the municipal judge shall immediately transmit to the appropriate court all the papers records in the action and the action shall proceed as if it had been commenced in that court. Upon receipt of the records, the new judge shall specify the court's location in which the case will be heard. In all such cases, the parties shall remain the same, the prosecutor of the transferring court shall be responsible for prosecution in the new court, and the judgment, if any, shall be payable to the transferring court.
402, s. 91
800.05 (4) of the statutes is renumbered 800.05 (4) (b).
402, s. 92
800.05 (4) (a) of the statutes is created to read:
800.05 (4) (a) If a new judge is assigned to the trial of the action, and the defendant has not exercised the right to substitute an assigned judge, a written request for the substitution of the new judge may be filed within 7 days after the giving of actual notice or sending of the notice of assignment to the defendant or the defendant's attorney. If the notice occurs within 48 hours of the trial, or if there has been no notification, the defendant may make an oral or written request for substitution prior to the commencement of the proceedings.
402, s. 93
800.05 (5) of the statutes is created to read:
800.05 (5) If the municipal judge disqualifies himself or herself under s. 757.19 or SCR 60.04, the case shall be transferred under sub. (3).
402, s. 94
800.06 (1) of the statutes is repealed and recreated to read:
800.06 (1) If any municipal judge is to be temporarily absent or is sick or disabled, the municipal judge may, by written request, subject to the order of the chief judge of the judicial administrative district, designate another municipal judge from any municipality within the state to perform his or her duties for a period not to exceed 30 days.
402, s. 95
800.06 (2) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.06 (2) If any municipal judge is incompetent, unable or fails to act, s. 751.03 (2) applies. The parties and their attorneys shall be notified of the transfer to another judge or to circuit court prior to trial. The judge designated or the circuit court to which the case is transferred may, while in possession of the court record, issue execution upon or give a certified transcript of any unsatisfied judgment appearing in the record.
402, s. 96
800.06 (3) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.06 (3) Notwithstanding s. 751.03 (2), if there is a permanent vacancy in the office of municipal judge, the chief judge of the judicial administrative district may, upon request by the municipal governing body, designate another municipal judge to perform the duties of the office until the municipal governing body fills the vacancy by temporary appointment under s. 8.50 (4) (fm). The chief judge of the 1st judicial administrative district may designate a municipal judge under this subsection from any municipality within the state. The chief judge of a judicial administrative district other than the 1st judicial administrative district may designate a municipal judge under this subsection from any municipality within the same judicial administrative district as the chief judge. The municipal judge designated under this subsection may exercise all of the authority of the municipal court to which he or she is assigned.
402, s. 97
800.065 (title) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.065 (title) Temporary reserve Reserve municipal judges; service.
402, s. 98
800.065 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.065 (1) Definitions. In this section, "temporary reserve municipal judge" means a former municipal judge for a municipal court for any municipality within the judicial administrative district who has complied with s. 755.03 and is appointed by the chief judge of that the former municipal judge's judicial administrative district to perform such specified duties on a day-by-day basis as the chief judge may direct.
402, s. 99
800.065 (3) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.065 (3) Compensation. Notwithstanding s. 755.04, temporary reserve municipal judges under this section shall receive compensation in an amount agreed to by contract between the municipality and the temporary reserve municipal judge. The judge may not serve until the contract is entered into and the judge has complied with s. 755.03.
402, s. 100
800.065 (4) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.065 (4) Training. All persons serving as temporary reserve municipal judges under this section are subject to s. 755.18.
402, s. 101
800.07 of the statutes is amended to read:
800.07 Neither party is entitled to pretrial discovery in any action in municipal court, including refusal hearings held by a municipal court under s. 343.305 (9), except that if the defendant moves for pretrial discovery within 30 days after the initial appearance in person or by an attorney and shows cause therefor, the court may order that the defendant be allowed to inspect documents, including lists of names and addresses of witnesses, if available, and to test under s. 804.09, under such conditions as the court prescribes, any devices used by the plaintiff to determine whether a violation has been committed. The defendant may move for pretrial discovery at any other time upon a showing of cause for that discovery.
402, s. 102
800.08 (1) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.08 (1) In a At trial before a municipal court, the municipality may the plaintiff shall provide a prosecutor who is an attorney authorized or licensed to practice law in this state. The municipality plaintiff shall first offer evidence in support of the citation or complaint. The defendant may offer evidence after the municipality plaintiff has rested. If the municipality plaintiff and the defendant have offered evidence upon the citation or complaint, the parties may then respectively offer rebuttal testimony only, unless the court permits them to offer evidence upon their original case. Both parties shall have the opportunity to question all witnesses.
402, s. 103
800.08 (2) (a) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.08 (2) (a) Before testifying in a municipal court, every witness shall be required to declare that he or she will testify truthfully, by oath or affirmation administered in a form calculated to awaken his or her conscience and impress the witness with the duty to testify truthfully.
402, s. 104
800.08 (2) (b) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.08 (2) (b) The oath may be administered by the municipal judge or his or her designee substantially in the following form: Do you solemnly swear that the testimony you shall give in this matter shall be the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth, so help you God.
402, s. 105
800.08 (3) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.08 (3) The standard of proof for conviction of any person charged with violation of any municipal ordinance, bylaw or resolution specified in s. 800.02 (1) shall be evidence that is clear, is satisfactory, and convincing convinces the judge to a reasonable certainty.
402, s. 106
800.08 (4) of the statutes is amended to read:
800.08 (4) Except as provided in s. 938.17 (2) (h) 3., municipal courts the court shall be bound by the rules of evidence specified in chs. 901 to 911.
402, s. 107
800.085 of the statutes is created to read:
800.085 Telephone and audiovisual proceedings. At any proceeding under this chapter, a party, witness, or interpreter may appear by telephone or by audiovisual means if any of the following apply:
(1) The parties so stipulate and the court approves.
(2) The court finds good cause after considering the factors under s. 807.13 (2) (c).