Issuance of operator's licenses and identification cards
This bill also permits an elector who is eligible to obtain a Wisconsin
identification card to obtain the card from DOT free of charge if the elector is a U.S.
citizen who will be at least 18 years of age on the date of the next election and the
elector requests that the card be provided without charge for purposes of voting.
Under 2007 Wisconsin Act 20
(the biennial budget act), certain provisions
specified in the federal REAL ID Act are incorporated into state law when DOT
provides notice that it is ready to implement the federal REAL ID Act. Among these
provisions is the requirement that DOT follow certain procedures in processing
applications for driver's licenses and identification cards and that each driver's
license and identification card include a photograph.
This bill allows DOT, upon the implementation of the federal REAL ID Act in
Wisconsin, to process applications for driver's licenses and identification cards in a
manner other than that required by REAL ID if the driver's licenses and
identification cards are marked to indicate that they are not REAL ID compliant and
DOT processes the applications in compliance with DOT practices and procedures
applicable immediately prior to implementation of REAL ID. An applicant for a
REAL ID noncompliant driver's license or identification card will still be required to
provide to DOT: 1) an identification document that includes either the applicant's
photograph or both the applicant's full legal name and date of birth; 2)
documentation showing the applicant's date of birth, which may be the same as item
1); 3) proof of the applicant's social security number or verification that the applicant
is not eligible for a social security number; 4) documentation showing the applicant's
name and address of principal residence; and 5) documentary proof that the
applicant is a U.S. citizen or is otherwise lawfully present in the United States.
However, in processing an application for a REAL ID noncompliant driver's license
or identification card, DOT is not required to meet the standards for document
retention and verification that are imposed for REAL ID compliant products.
Current law provides for limited exceptions allowing DOT to issue a driver's
license that does not contain a photograph of the license holder, including, by DOT
rule, a religious belief exception. There are no similar photograph exceptions under
current law for identification cards. Under current law, after the implementation of
REAL ID, all REAL ID compliant driver's licenses and identification cards must
contain a photograph.
Under this bill, until the implementation of the federal REAL ID Act, the
photograph exception for driver's licenses continues and a new religious belief
photograph exception is created for identification cards. After the implementation
of REAL ID, this bill creates a religious belief photograph exception for REAL ID
noncompliant driver's licenses and identification cards.
Absentee voting in residential care apartment complexes and adult family
Currently, municipalities must send two special voting deputies (one
designated by each major political party if the party wishes) to conduct absentee
voting in nursing homes. Municipalities may also send the deputies to conduct
absentee voting in community-based residential facilities and retirement homes
that qualify for the service in accordance with standards prescribed by law. This bill
permits municipal clerks and boards of election commissioners to send two special
voting deputies to conduct absentee voting in adult family homes and residential
care apartment complexes that qualify for the service in accordance with similar
standards prescribed by law.
Currently, with limited exceptions, an elector must be registered in order to
vote in an election in this state. In order to register, an elector must provide certain
information on a registration form and affirm the correctness of the information with
his or her signature. If an elector is unable, due to physical disability, to sign his or
her registration form, the elector may have another person sign on his or her behalf.
An elector who has not previously registered may register at the polling place serving
his or her residence on election day. Currently, when appearing to vote, an elector
must provide his or her name and address to the election officials and in some cases
must also provide proof of residence. Currently, an absentee elector may vote by mail
or at the office of the municipal clerk of the municipality where he or she resides. The
names of registered electors are checked against a poll list consisting of the names
of registered electors and the names of other electors are entered on a separate list.
Signature requirement for electors voting in person
This bill provides, with limited exceptions, that an elector must also enter his
or her signature on the poll list or other separate list when voting at a polling place
at an election. Under the bill, the election officials must require each elector to enter
his or her signature on the poll list or other separate list before being permitted to
vote. If an elector registers at a polling place on election day, the officials must
require the elector to enter the elector's signature on a separate list. The bill also
provides that if an elector, due to physical disability, authorized another elector to
sign his or her registration form on his or her behalf, the elector is exempt from the
signature requirement. In addition, if an elector signed his or her registration form
but claims to be unable, due to physical disability, to enter his or her signature on the
poll list or other separate list when voting at a particular election, the bill permits
the election officials to waive the signature requirement if they find that, due to
physical disability, the elector is unable to enter his or her signature. Under the bill,
the signature requirement initially applies beginning with elections held on and
after the day the bill becomes law.
Durational residency requirement for voting
Under current law, with certain limited exceptions, an individual must be a
resident of this state and of the municipality and ward, if any, where the elector is
voting for ten days before an election to be eligible to vote in the election. This bill
increases this durational residency requirement to 28 consecutive days. Under the
bill, if an elector who does not meet this residency requirement formerly resided at
another location in this state within the 27-day period preceding an election, the
elector may vote at that location if the elector is otherwise qualified to vote at that
location. Under the bill, the residency requirement initially applies beginning with
the 2012 spring primary.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
"Identification" means any of the following documents issued to an 2
(a) One of the following documents that is unexpired or if expired has expired 4
after the date of the most recent general election:
1. An operator's license issued under ch. 343.
2. An identification card issued under s. 343.50.
3. An identification card issued by a U.S. uniformed service.
4. A U.S. passport.
(b) A certificate of U.S. naturalization that was issued not earlier than 2 years 10
before the date of an election at which it is presented.
(c) An unexpired driving receipt under s. 343.11.
(d) An unexpired identification card receipt issued under s. 343.50.
(e) An identification card issued by a federally recognized Indian tribe in this 14
"Proof of identification" means identification that contains the name 17
of the individual to whom the document was issued, which name conforms to the 18
individual's voter registration form, if the individual is required to register to vote, 19
and that contains a photograph of the individual, except as authorized in s. 343.14 20
(3m) or 343.50 (4g).
(a) 2. A copy of the election fraud laws provided in s. 12.13 (1) and (3) 23
(intro), (d), (f), (g), (k), (L), (o), (q), (r), (u), (v)
and (x), together with the applicable 24
penalties provided in s. 12.60 (1).
(a) 4a. Instructions prescribed by the board for electors for whom proof
2of identification is required under s. 6.79 (2) or for whom
proof of residence under s. 3
6.34 is required under s. 6.55 (2).
Every U.S. citizen age 18 or older who has resided in an election district 6
or ward for 10 28 consecutive
days before any election where the citizen offers to vote 7
is an eligible elector.
Any U.S. citizen age 18 or older who moves within this state later than 1010 28
days before an election shall vote at his or her previous ward or election district 11
if the person is otherwise qualified. If the elector can comply with the 10-day 28-day 12
residence requirement at the new address and is otherwise qualified, he or she may 13
vote in the new ward or election district.
When an elector moves from one ward to another or his or her residence 16
from one ward or
municipality to another ward or municipality
within the state after
17the last registration day but
at least 10 28
days before the election, the elector may 18
vote in and be considered a resident of the new ward or municipality where residing 19
upon transferring registration under s. 6.40 (1) or upon registering at the proper 20
polling place or other registration location in the new ward or municipality under s. 21
6.55 (2) or 6.86 (3) (a) 2. If the elector moves within 10 his or her residence later than
days of before
an election, the elector shall vote in the elector's old former
or municipality if otherwise qualified to vote there.
The residence of an unmarried person sleeping in one ward and 2
boarding in another is the place where the person sleeps. The residence of an 3
unmarried person in a transient vocation, a teacher or a student who boards at 4
different places for part of the week, month,
or year, if one of the places is the 5
residence of the person's parents, is the place of the parents' residence unless through 6
registration or similar act the person elects to establish a residence elsewhere. If the 7
person has no parents and if the person has not registered elsewhere, the person's 8
residence shall be at the place which that
the person considered his or her residence 9
in preference to any other for at least 10 28 consecutive
days before an election. If 10
this place is within the municipality, the person is entitled to all the privileges and 11
subject to all the duties of other citizens having their residence there, including 12
6.15 (1) Qualifications.
Any person who was or who is a qualified an eligible 15
elector under ss. 6.02 and 6.03, except that he or she has been a resident of this state 16
for less than 10 28 consecutive
days prior to the date of the presidential election, is 17
entitled to vote for the president and vice president but for no other offices. The fact 18
that the person was not registered to vote in the state from which he or she moved 19
does not prevent voting in this state if the elector is otherwise qualified.
(a) The elector's request for the application form may be made in person 22
to the municipal clerk of the municipality where the person resides. Application may 23
be made not sooner than 9 27
days nor later than 5 p.m. on the day before the election, 24
or may be made at the proper polling place in the ward or election district in which 25
the elector resides. If an elector makes application before election day, the
application form shall be returned to the municipal clerk after the affidavit has been 2
signed in the presence of the clerk or any officer authorized by law to administer 3
oaths. The affidavit shall be in substantially the following form:
STATE OF WISCONSIN
I, ...., do solemnly swear that I am a citizen of the United States; that prior to 7
establishing Wisconsin residence, my legal residence was in the .... (town) (village) 8
(city) of ...., state of ...., residing at .... (street address); that on the day of the next 9
presidential election, I shall be at least 18 years of age and that I have been a legal 10
resident of the state of Wisconsin since ...., .... (year), residing at .... (street address), 11
in the [.... ward of the .... aldermanic district of] the (town) (village) (city) of ...., county 12
of ....; that I have resided in the state less than 10
days, that I am 13
qualified to vote for president and vice president at the election to be held November 14
...., .... (year), that I am not voting at any other place in this election and that I hereby 15
make application for an official presidential ballot, in accordance with section 6.15 16
of the Wisconsin statutes.
P.O. Address ....
Subscribed and sworn to before me this .... day of ...., .... (year)
(bm) Except as authorized in s. 6.79 (7), when making application in 24
person at the office of the municipal clerk, each applicant shall present proof of 25
identification. If any document presented by the applicant is not proof of residence
under s. 6.34, the applicant shall also present proof of residence under s. 6.34. The 2
clerk shall verify that the name on the proof of identification presented by the elector 3
conforms to the name on the elector's application and shall verify that any 4
photograph appearing on that document reasonably resembles the elector.
(d) 1r. Upon proper completion of the application and cancellation card, 7
the municipal clerk shall require the elector to provide proof of residence under s.
86.34. If the elector cannot provide proof of residence, the elector may have his or her
9residence corroborated in a statement that is signed by another elector of the
10municipality and that contains the current street address of the corroborating
11elector. If the residence is corroborated by another elector, that elector shall then
12provide proof of residence under s. 6.34 permit the elector to cast his or her ballot for
13president and vice president
. The elector shall then mark the ballot in the clerk's 14
presence in a manner that will not disclose his or her vote. The elector shall then fold 15
the ballot so as to conceal his or her vote. The clerk or elector shall then place the 16
ballot in an envelope furnished by the clerk.
6.15 (3) Procedure at polling place.
An eligible elector may appear at the 19
polling place for the ward or election district where he or she resides and make 20
application for a ballot under sub. (2). Except as otherwise provided in this 21
subsection, an elector who casts a ballot under this subsection shall follow the same 22
procedure required for casting a ballot at the municipal clerk's office under sub. (2). 23
The inspectors shall perform the duties of the municipal clerk, except that the 24
inspectors shall return the cancellation card under sub. (2) (b) to the municipal clerk 25
and the clerk shall forward the card as provided in sub. (2) (c) if required. Upon
proper completion of the application and cancellation card and submittal of proof of
2residence under s. 6.34 or providing corroboration of residence
verification of the
3proof of identification and proof of residence, whenever required, as provided in sub.
, the inspectors shall permit the elector to cast his or her ballot for president 5
and vice president. The elector shall mark the ballot and, unless the ballot is utilized 6
with an electronic voting system, the elector shall fold the ballot, and deposit the 7
ballot into the ballot box or give it to the inspector. The inspector shall deposit it 8
directly into the ballot box. Voting machines or ballots utilized with electronic voting 9
systems may only be used by electors voting under this section if they permit voting 10
for president and vice president only.
126.18 Former residents.
If ineligible to qualify as an elector in the state to 13
which the elector has moved, any former qualified Wisconsin elector may vote an 14
absentee ballot in the ward of the elector's prior residence in any presidential election 15
occurring within 24 months after leaving Wisconsin by requesting an application 16
form and returning it, properly executed, to the municipal clerk of the elector's prior 17
Wisconsin residence. When requesting an application form for an absentee ballot, 18
the applicant shall specify the applicant's eligibility for only the presidential ballot. 19Unless application is made under s. 6.86 (1) (ac), or the applicant is exempted from
20providing proof of identification under s. 6.87 (4) (b) 2. or 3., or the applicant is a
21military or overseas elector, the elector shall enclose a copy of his or her proof of
22identification or any authorized substitute document with his or her application.
23The municipal clerk shall verify that the name on the proof of identification conforms
24to the name on the application. The clerk shall not issue a ballot to an elector who
25is required to enclose a copy of proof of identification or an authorized substitute
1document with his or her application unless the copy is enclosed and the proof is
2verified by the clerk.
The application form shall require the following information 3
and be in substantially the following form:
This form shall be returned to the municipal clerk's office. Application must be 5
received in sufficient time for ballots to be mailed and returned prior to any 6
presidential election at which applicant wishes to vote. Complete all statements in 7
APPLICATION FOR PRESIDENTIAL
ELECTOR'S ABSENTEE BALLOT.
(To be voted at the Presidential Election
on November ...., .... (year)
I, .... hereby swear or affirm that I am a citizen of the United States, formerly 13
residing at .... in the .... ward .... aldermanic district (city, town, village) of ...., County 14
of .... for 10 28 consecutive
days prior to leaving the State of Wisconsin. I, .... do 15
solemnly swear or affirm that I do not qualify to register or vote under the laws of 16
the State of ....(State you now reside in) where I am presently residing. A citizen must 17
be a resident of: State ....(Insert time) County ....(Insert time) City, Town or Village 18
....(Insert time), in order to be eligible to register or vote therein. I further swear or 19
affirm that my legal residence was established in the State of ....(the State where you 20
now reside) on .... Month .... Day .... Year.
Address ....(Present address)
Subscribed and sworn to before me this .... day of .... .... (year)
....(Notary Public, or other officer authorized to administer oaths.)
My Commission expires
CITY .... STATE .... ZIP CODE ....
7Penalties for Violations.
Whoever swears falsely to any absent elector affidavit 8
under this section may be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9
6 months or both. Whoever intentionally votes more than once in an election may 10
be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 3 years and 6 months 11
6.22 (7) Extension of privilege.
This section applies to all military electors for 1610 28
days after the date of discharge from a uniformed service or termination of 17
services or employment of individuals specified in sub. (1) (b) 1. to 4.
No names may be added to a registration list for any election after the 20
close of registration, except as authorized under this section or s. 6.55 (2) or 6.86 (3) 21
(a) 2. Any person whose name is not on the registration list but who is otherwise a 22
qualified elector is entitled to vote at the election upon compliance with this section,
23if the person complies with all other requirements for voting at the polling place
(a) Any qualified elector of a municipality who has not previously filed 2
a registration form or whose name does not appear on the registration list of the 3
municipality may register after the close of registration but not later than 5 p.m. or 4
the close of business, whichever is later, on the day before an election at the office of 5
the municipal clerk and at the office of the clerk's agent if the clerk delegates 6
responsibility for electronic maintenance of the registration list to an agent under 7
s. 6.33 (5) (b). The elector shall complete, in the manner provided under s. 6.33 (2), 8
a registration form containing all information required under s. 6.33 (1). The 9
registration form shall also contain the following certification: "I, ...., hereby certify 10
that, to the best of my knowledge, I am a qualified elector, having resided at ... for 11
at least 10 28 consecutive
days immediately preceding this election, and I have not 12
voted at this election". The elector shall also provide proof of residence under s. 6.34. 13Alternatively, if the elector is unable to provide proof of residence under s. 6.34, the
14information contained in the registration form shall be corroborated in a statement
15that is signed by any other elector of the municipality and that contains the current
16street address of the corroborating elector. The corroborating elector shall then
17provide proof of residence under s. 6.34.
If the elector is registering after the close 18
of registration for the general election and the elector presents a valid an unexpired 19
driver's license issued by another state, the municipal clerk or agent shall record on 20
a separate list the name and address of the elector, the name of the state, and the 21
license number and expiration date of the license.
The board shall prescribe the format, size, and shape of registration 24
forms. All forms shall be printed on cards and each item of information shall be of 25
uniform font size, as prescribed by the board. The municipal clerk shall supply
sufficient forms to meet voter registration needs. The forms shall be designed to 2
obtain from each applicant information as to name; date; residence location; 3
citizenship; date of birth; age; the number of a current and
valid operator's license 4
issued to the elector under ch. 343 or the last 4 digits of the elector's social security 5
account number; whether the applicant has resided within the ward or election 6
district for at least 10 28 consecutive
days; whether the applicant has been convicted 7
of a felony for which he or she has not been pardoned, and if so, whether the applicant 8
is incarcerated, or on parole, probation, or extended supervision; whether the 9
applicant is disqualified on any other ground from voting; and whether the applicant 10
is currently registered to vote at any other location. The form shall include a space 11
for the applicant's signature and the signature of any corroborating elector
. The form 12
shall include a space to enter the name of any special registration deputy under s. 13
6.26 or 6.55 (6) or inspector, municipal clerk, or deputy clerk under s. 6.55 (2) who 14
obtains the form and a space for the deputy, inspector, clerk, or deputy clerk to sign 15
his or her name, affirming that the deputy, inspector, clerk, or deputy clerk has 16
accepted the form. The form shall include a space for entry of the ward and 17
aldermanic district, if any, where the elector resides and any other information 18
required to determine the offices and referenda for which the elector is certified to 19
vote. The form shall also include a space where the clerk may record an indication 20
of whether the form is received by mail, a space where the clerk may record an 21
indication of the type of identifying document submitted by the elector as proof of 22
residence under s. 6.34, whenever required, and a space where the clerk, for any 23
applicant who possesses a valid voting identification card issued to the person under 24
s. 6.47 (3), may record the identification serial number appearing on the voting 25
identification card. Each county clerk shall obtain sufficient registration forms for
completion by an elector who desires to register to vote at the office of the county clerk 2
under s. 6.28 (4).