The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
20.435 (1) (ec) of the statutes is created to read:
(ec) Nitrate testing grant program.
As a continuing appropriation, 5
the amounts in the schedule for grants to private well owners for remediation for 6
private wells with excessive nitrate levels and for reimbursement to counties for the 7
actual costs of administering testing and reporting requirements under s. 254.25.
254.25 of the statutes is created to read:
1254.25 Nitrate testing grant program. (1)
In this section, “local health 2
department” has the meaning given in s. 250.01 (4).
(a) From the appropriation under s. 20.435 (1) (ec), subject to subs. (3), (5), 4
and (6), the department shall award grants to private well owners who apply to 5
receive a grant and who satisfy the requirements set forth in this section.
(b) From the appropriation under s. 20.435 (1) (ec), the department shall 7
distribute amounts up to a total of $500,000 to counties that apply to participate in 8
the testing program under this section to provide reimbursement for the actual cost 9
of administering the testing and reporting requirements under sub. (4).
The department shall, to the extent that funds are available under this 11
section, distribute grants to cover costs described in this subsection, according to a 12
schedule promulgated by the department by rule, subject to a limitation of $2500 per 13
private well owner. Grant recipients must use grant moneys to cover costs for a 14
private well with a primary purpose of providing potable water for human 15
consumption to either a residential or nonprofit business property. Eligible costs 16
under this section include any of the following:
(a) Well testing.
(b) Installation of an appropriate filtration system.
(c) Replacement of the well with a well that complies with the requirements 20
under s. 281.75 (12).
(d) Replacement of the water supply.
A private well owner may contact the local health department to have the 23
nitrate levels tested for his or her well. If the well owner's county has chosen to 24
participate in the program under this section, upon request from a private well
owner, the local health department shall collect the necessary samples and do all of 2
(a) Submit the samples for testing to the state laboratory of hygiene or another 4
state certified laboratory, as determined by the department of health services.
(b) Report the test results to the department and the private well owner, 6
together with a recommendation for one or more of the remediation approaches 7
enumerated under sub. (3) (b) to (d), if appropriate, and, if the test results indicate 8
nitrate levels exceeding 10 parts per million, a statement of the fees charged by the 9
local health department for testing and a recommendation that the private well 10
owner receive reimbursement for those costs.
(c) Notify the private well owner that the private well owner may contact the 12
department within 30 days to request a grant for a different approach than was 13
recommended by the local health department.
A private well owner is eligible to apply for a grant under this section 15
if the report provided to the department by a local health department under sub. (4) 16
indicates that nitrate levels in the owner's well water exceed 10 parts per million. 17
A private well owner may receive only one grant per parcel.
(b) The department may not set an income limitation for an applicant to be 19
eligible for a grant under this section.
In considering grant applications under this section, the department shall 21
give preference to applicants who have a household member who is any of the 22
(c) Under the age of 3 years.
(d) Over the age of 65.
(1) No later than September 1, 2020, the department shall submit a report on 4
the grant program under s. 254.25 to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2). The 5
department shall include in the report information on the status of the program and 6
provide recommendations regarding continuation of the program, proposed changes 7
to the program, if any, and a recommendation regarding funding.
This act takes effect on the day after publication, or on the 2nd day after 10
publication of the 2019 biennial budget act, whichever is later.