2019 - 2020 LEGISLATURE
November 21, 2019 - Introduced by Representatives Ott, Bowen, Sargent,
Wichgers, Born, Ramthun, Gundrum, Brooks, Brandtjen, Kulp, Steffen,
Subeck, Considine, Petersen, Skowronski and Hutton, cosponsored by
Senators Stroebel, Erpenbach, Craig and Nass. Referred to Committee on
Ways and Means.
1An Act to amend
66.1105 (2) (f) 2. d., 66.1105 (4) (f), 66.1105 (4) (h) 2. and 66.1105 2
(4m) (b) 2.; and to create
66.1105 (4m) (b) 2e. of the statutes; relating to:
3changes to a tax incremental district joint review board's voting requirements,
4requiring that a tax incremental district's project plan include alternative
5economic projections, and limiting the amount of cash grants a city or village
6may provide to a developer.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
This bill changes the voting requirements for a tax incremental district's joint
review board (JRB), generally limits the amount of cash grants that a city or village
may make to a person for a tax incremental financing district's project costs, and
requires an additional item to be included in a tax incremental district's project plan.
Under the current tax incremental financing program, a city or village may
create a TID in part of its territory to foster development under certain conditions.
Currently, towns and counties also have a limited ability to create a TID under
certain limited circumstances. Before a city or village may create a TID, several
steps and plans are required. These steps and plans include public hearings on the
proposed TID within specified time frames, preparation and adoption by the local
planning commission of a proposed project plan for the TID, approval of the proposed
project plan by the common council or village board, approval of the city's or village's
proposed TID by a joint review board that consists of members who represent the
overlying taxation districts, and adoption of a resolution by the common council or
village board that creates the TID as of a date provided in the resolution.
Currently, a project plan must include a number of elements, such as
information regarding the kind, number, and location of all proposed public works
or improvements within the district, an economic feasibility study, a detailed list of
estimated project costs, and a description of financing methods for the project costs.
Generally, project costs are defined to include public works such as sewers, streets,
and lighting systems; financing costs; site preparation costs; and professional service
costs. Certain items are specifically prohibited from being considered project costs,
such as the cost of constructing or expanding certain municipal buildings and cash
grants to developers, although exceptions are allowed. For example, current law
authorizes a city or village to make cash grants to owners, lessees, or developers of
land in a TID if the grant recipient has entered into a development agreement with
the city or village.
Under this bill, the total of all such allowable cash grants may not exceed 20
percent of the total project costs of a TID, including financing costs attributable to
the grants, unless the grant recipient's development agreement with the city or
village specifies that the developer agrees to finance the cost of all public
infrastructure improvements within the proposed TID, and further agrees to receive
reimbursement for these costs solely from the payment of cash grants.
This bill requires the project plan to also include alternative economic
projections of the TID's finances and feasibility under different economic situations,
including a slower pace of development and lower rate of property value growth than
expected in the TID.
Generally, under current law, a JRB consists of five members, three members
who represent the TID's overlying taxation districts (school board, county, and
technical college districts), one member from the city or village that created the TID,
and one public member. To take certain actions, such as approving the creation of
a TID, amending a TID's project plan, or having a TID's tax incremental base
redetermined, a majority vote is required.
Under this bill, on October 1, 2020, a majority vote will generally require three
affirmative votes. However, the bill requires unanimous JRB approval for a vote to
amend a TID's project plan that would either add territory to the TID or extend its
original termination date. After October 1, 2020, the bill also removes the limit of
four amendments to a TID's project plan to modify the TID's boundaries.
For further information see the state and local fiscal estimate, which will be
printed as an appendix to this bill.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
66.1105 (2) (f) 2. d. of the statutes is amended to read:
(f) 2. d. Cash grants made by the city to owners, lessees, or 2
developers of land that is located within the tax incremental district unless the grant 3
recipient has signed a development agreement with the city, a copy of which shall be 4
sent to the appropriate joint review board or, if that joint review board has been 5
dissolved, retained by the city in the official records for that tax incremental district. 6The total of all cash grants that are made under this subd. 2. d. may not exceed 20
7percent of the total project costs of the tax incremental district, including financing
8costs attributable to the grants, except that this limitation does not apply if, in the
9signed development agreement, the private developer or another private entity,
10agrees to create improvements in the proposed district and agrees to finance the cost
11of all public infrastructure improvements associated with that district in return for
12the city's agreement to repay the developer or other entity for those infrastructure
13costs solely through the payment of cash grants as described in this subd. 2. d.
66.1105 (4) (f) of the statutes is amended to read:
(f) Adoption by the planning commission of a project plan for each 16
tax incremental district and submission of the plan to the local legislative body. The 17
plan shall include a statement listing the kind, number and location of all proposed 18
public works or improvements within the district or, to the extent provided in sub. 19
(2) (f) 1. k. and 1. n., outside the district, an economic feasibility study, a detailed list 20
of estimated project costs, and a description of the methods of financing all estimated 21
project costs and the time when the related costs or monetary obligations are to be 22
incurred. The project plan shall also contain alternative projections of the district's
23finances and economic feasibility under different economic scenarios, including the
24scenario in which work on a public work or improvement specified in the project plan
25begins 3 years later than expected and the scenario in which the rate of property
1value growth in the district is at least 10 percent lower than expected.
The plan shall 2
also include a map showing existing uses and conditions of real property in the 3
district; a map showing proposed improvements and uses in the district; proposed 4
changes of zoning ordinances, master plan, if any, map, building codes and city 5
ordinances; a list of estimated nonproject costs; and a statement of the proposed 6
method for the relocation of any persons to be displaced. The plan shall indicate how 7
creation of the tax incremental district promotes the orderly development of the city. 8
The city shall include in the plan an opinion of the city attorney or of an attorney 9
retained by the city advising whether the plan is complete and complies with this 10
66.1105 (4) (h) 2. of the statutes is amended to read:
(h) 2. Except as provided in subds. 4., 5., 7., 8., 9., 10., and 11., the 13
planning commission may adopt an amendment to a project plan under subd. 1. to 14
modify the district's boundaries, not more than 4 times during the district's 15
existence, by subtracting territory from the district in a way that does not remove 16
contiguity from the district or by adding territory to the district that is contiguous 17
to the district and that is served by public works or improvements that were created 18
as part of the district's project plan. A single amendment to a project plan that both 19
adds and subtracts territory shall be counted under this subdivision as one 20
amendment of a project plan. The limitations on the number of allowable
21amendments to a project plan specified in this subdivision do not apply after October
66.1105 (4m) (b) 2. of the statutes is amended to read:
(b) 2. No tax incremental district may be created and no project 25
plan may be amended unless the board approves the resolution adopted under sub.
(4) (gm) or (h) 1., and no tax incremental base may be redetermined under sub. (5) 2
(h) unless the board approves the resolution adopted under sub. (5) (h) 1., by a 3
majority vote within 45 days after receiving the resolution.
Except as provided under
4subd. 2e., for actions described under this subdivision, a majority vote is required,
5and, except for a multijurisdictional tax incremental district, 3 affirmative votes are
6required to constitute a majority.
With regard to a multijurisdictional tax 7
incremental district created under this section, each public member of a 8
participating city must be part of the majority that votes for approval of the 9
resolution or the district may not be created. The board may not approve the 10
resolution under this subdivision unless the board's approval contains a positive 11
assertion that, in its judgment, the development described in the documents the 12
board has reviewed under subd. 1. would not occur without the creation of a tax 13
incremental district. The board may not approve the resolution under this 14
subdivision unless the board finds that, with regard to a tax incremental district that 15
is proposed to be created by a city under sub. (17) (a), such a district would be the only 16
existing district created under that subsection by that city.
66.1105 (4m) (b) 2e. of the statutes is created to read:
(b) 2e. A unanimous vote of the board is required for any of the 19
a. An amendment of a project plan under sub. (4) (h) 1. if the amendment adds 21
any territory to a district.
b. An amendment of a project plan if the amendment would extend the original 23
termination date of the district.
The treatment of s. 66.1105 (2) (f) 2. d. and (4) (f) first applies to a tax 2
incremental district that is created on October 1, 2020, or whose project plan is 3
amended on October 1, 2020.
This act takes effect on the day after publication, 5
except as follows:
The treatment of s. 66.1105 (4m) (b) 2. and 2e. takes effect on October 1, 7