2019 - 2020 LEGISLATURE
March 19, 2019 - Introduced by Representatives Brooks, Tusler, Kuglitsch,
Ramthun and Wichgers, cosponsored by Senator Jacque. Referred to
Committee on Regulatory Licensing Reform.
1An Act to repeal
440.99 (4), 440.997 (2), 440.997 (3) and 440.997 (5); to
440.994 (2) (a); to renumber and amend
440.9945 (1); to amend
440.99 (6), 440.99 (7), 440.99 (11), 440.991 (2) (b), 440.9915 (title), 440.9915 (1) 4
(intro.), 440.9915 (1) (a), 440.9915 (1) (b), 440.9915 (1) (c), 440.9915 (1) (e), 5
440.9915 (1) (f), 440.9915 (1) (h), 440.9915 (1) (i), 440.9915 (1) (j), 440.9915 (1) 6
(k), 440.9915 (1) (L), 440.992 (1), 440.992 (2) (intro.), 440.992 (2) (e), 440.992 (2) 7
(f), 440.992 (2) (g), 440.992 (4), 440.9925 (1), 440.9925 (2), 440.994 (1), 440.994 8
(2) (intro.), 440.994 (3), 440.994 (4), 440.994 (5), 440.9945 (2), 440.995 (1), 9
440.995 (2), 440.995 (3), 440.9955 (1) (intro.), 440.9955 (1) (b), 440.9955 (1) (c), 10
440.9955 (2), 440.996 (1) (intro.), 440.996 (2) (intro.), 440.996 (2) (a), 440.996 11
(2) (b), 440.996 (2) (g), 440.997 (1), 440.9975 and 440.998; to repeal and
440.99 (2), 440.9915 (2), 440.992 (5) and 440.9985; and
440.99 (4r), 440.99 (5d), 440.99 (6c), 440.99 (6r), 440.99 (8c), 440.99 (9m), 14
440.9915 (1) (bm), 440.9915 (1) (gm), 440.9915 (1) (he), 440.9915 (1) (hm),
440.9915 (1) (hs), 440.9915 (1) (m), 440.9915 (1) (n), 440.9915 (1) (o), 440.9925 2
(1m), 440.994 (2) (ag), 440.994 (3m), 440.994 (6), 440.9945 (1g), 440.9945 (3), 3
440.9945 (4), 440.9945 (5), 440.9945 (6), 440.9945 (7), 440.9945 (8), 440.997 4
(2m) and 440.997 (3m) of the statutes; relating to: adopting revisions to the
5state's uniform athlete agents act and providing a penalty.
Analysis by the Legislative Reference Bureau
In 2000, the Uniform Law Commission, also known as the National Conference
of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, promulgated the Uniform Athlete Agents
Act (UAAA). Wisconsin adopted the UAAA in 2003 Wisconsin Act 150
. In 2015, the
Uniform Law Commission adopted the Revised Uniform Athlete Agents Act
This bill adopts, with some modifications, the changes to the UAAA made by
the RUAAA, including the changes discussed below.
Definition of “athlete agent”
Under current law, a person may not act as an athlete agent in Wisconsin unless
the person is registered with the Department of Safety and Professional Services.
The bill expands the definition of “athlete agent” to include, subject to the exceptions
specified in the bill, an individual who does any of the following:
1. Directly or indirectly attempts to influence the choice of an athlete agent or
the choice to enter into an agency contract or both by a student athlete. Such
influence does not include giving advice in a family, coaching, or social situation
unless the person giving the advice does so in order to receive an economic benefit
from an athlete agent.
2. For compensation, procures employment or offers, promises, attempts, or
negotiates to obtain employment for a student athlete as a professional athlete or
member of a professional sports team or organization.
3. For compensation or in anticipation of compensation in connection with a
student athlete's participation in athletics, serves the student athlete in an advisory
capacity on a matter related to finances, business pursuits, or career management
4. In anticipation of representing a student athlete for a purpose related to the
student athlete's participation in athletics, gives anything of value to the student
athlete or another person; serves the student athlete in an advisory capacity on a
matter related to finances, business pursuits, or career management decisions; or
manages the business affairs of the student athlete by providing assistance with
bills, payments, contracts, or taxes.
Applications for registration
The bill requires that certain additional information be submitted to DSPS in
an application for registration as an athlete agent, including the following:
1. The applicant's social media accounts.
2. Whether, within the prior 15 years, the applicant has been a defendant or
respondent in a civil proceeding.
3. Whether the applicant has an unsatisfied judgment or a judgment of
4. Whether, within the prior ten years, the applicant was adjudicated bankrupt
or was an owner of a business that was adjudicated bankrupt.
5. Each state in which the applicant is registered or has applied for registration
as an athlete agent.
6. Details concerning the applicant's certification or registration by a
professional league or players association, including the date of any denial of an
application for, suspension or revocation of, refusal to renew, withdrawal of, or
termination of, the certification or registration or any reprimand or censure related
to the certification or registration.
The bill makes a number of changes to the requirements for reciprocal
registration of out-of-state athlete agents, including the following:
1. Eliminates the requirement that an out-of-state athlete agent must have
submitted his or her registration application to his or her home state within six
months before the submission of an application for reciprocal registration in
2. Requires DSPS to issue a certificate of registration to an applicant for
reciprocal registration who satisfies the application requirements set forth in the bill
and pays the initial credential fee if DSPS determines that the application and
registration requirements of the applicant's home state are substantially similar to
or more restrictive than the requirements in this state, the registration of the
applicant's home state has not been revoked or suspended, and no action involving
the applicant's conduct as an athlete agent is pending against the applicant or the
applicant's registration in any state.
3. Requires DSPS to develop a common reciprocal registration form with other
states and exchange information concerning athlete agents, including disciplinary
information, with the other states.
The bill requires that an agency contract between an athlete agent and a
student athlete specify the states in which the athlete agent is registered and be
accompanied by an acknowledgement of the student athlete that signing the agency
contract may make the student athlete ineligible to participate in athletics at an
The bill establishes a number of new notice requirements, including the
1. If an athlete agent enters into an agency contract with a student athlete and
the student athlete subsequently enrolls at an educational institution, the athlete
agent must notify the educational institution of the existence of the contract.
2. Under certain conditions, if an athlete agent has a prior relationship with
a student athlete and the student athlete enrolls at an educational institution and
receives an athletic scholarship, the athlete agent must notify the educational
institution of the relationship.
3. An athlete agent must notify the educational institution at which a student
athlete is enrolled before the athlete agent or another person on behalf of the athlete
agent communicates or attempts to communicate with the student athlete to
influence the student athlete to enter into an agency contract.
4. If a communication or attempt to communicate with an athlete agent is
initiated by a student athlete, the athlete agent must notify the educational
institution at which the student athlete is enrolled.
Under the bill, none of those notices are subject to disclosure under Wisconsin's
public records law.
Prohibited conduct and enforcement
The bill authorizes a student athlete, in addition to an educational institution,
to bring a civil action against an athlete agent for damages caused by a violation of
the laws governing athlete agents. The bill specifies the conditions under which the
civil action may be brought.
The bill prohibits an athlete agent from encouraging another person to engage
in conduct the athlete agent is prohibited from doing by law. The bill also provides
that any violation by an athlete agent of the laws governing athlete agents in
Wisconsin constitutes an unfair method of competition and unfair trade practice, and
the bill increases the maximum forfeiture amount for violations of the law by an
athlete agent from $25,000 to $50,000.
Parent or guardian
The bill extends application of the laws governing athlete agents and their
duties to and interactions with student athletes to the parent or guardian of a
student athlete if the student athlete is a minor.
Because this bill creates a new crime or revises a penalty for an existing crime,
the Joint Review Committee on Criminal Penalties may be requested to prepare a
For further information see the state fiscal estimate, which will be printed as
an appendix to this bill.
The people of the state of Wisconsin, represented in senate and assembly, do
enact as follows:
440.99 (2) of the statutes is repealed and recreated to read:
(a) “Athlete agent” means an individual, whether or not registered 3
under this act, who does any of the following:
1. Directly or indirectly recruits or solicits or, for compensation, procures 2
employment or offers, promises, attempts, or negotiates to obtain employment for a 3
student athlete as a professional athlete or member of a professional sports team or 4